Cinnamomum verum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
cinnamon

Cinnamomum verum, called "true cinnamon", Ceylon cinnamon or Sri Lanka cinnamon is a small evergreen tree belonging to the family Lauraceae, native to Sri Lanka. Among other species, its inner bark is used to make cinnamon. The old botanical synonym for the tree—Cinnamomum zeylanicum—is derived from Sri Lanka's former name, Ceylon. Sri Lanka still produces 80–90% of the world's supply of Cinnamomum verum, and it is also cultivated on a commercial scale in Seychelles and Madagascar. Cinnamomum verum trees are 10–15 metres tall. The leaves are ovate-oblong in shape, 7–18 cm long. The flowers, which are arranged in panicles, have a greenish color, and have a distinct odor. The fruit is a purple 1-cm drupe containing a single seed.

Cinnamomum verum

Medical use

Economic importance of Cinnamomum verum

Food additives flavoring flavoring
Materials esential oils esential oils
Medicines folklore folklore

Gallery

Cinnamomum verum Cinnamomum verum Cinnamomum verum Cinnamomum verum Cinnamomum verum Cinnamomum verum Cinnamomum verum Cinnamomum verum Cinnamomum verum Cinnamomum verum Cinnamomum verum

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Western Indian Ocean: Comoros; Mauritius; Mayotte; Seychelles
    Cultivated
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Seychelles
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Cultivated
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Karnataka, Kerala; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Myanmar - Tenasserim
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • Mexico
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia
    • Southwestern Pacific: American Samoa; Fiji; Samoa
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Caribbean: West Indies
    Cultivated
    • Caribbean: Jamaica; Martinique
    • Northern South America: French Guiana
    • Brazil: Brazil

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6300 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant (168 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Myrcene found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Acetyl-eugenol found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant (168 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Benzyl-acetate found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Benzyl-benzoate found in Bark (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Leaf (3895 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (840000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf (3.6 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Bark
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Bark (1900 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Bark (3 ppm)
Adrenergic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant (168 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Bark
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Myrcene found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
Allelochemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Terpinolene found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Root Bark
Trans-cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (54000 ppm);found in Leaf (4130 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (470000 ppm);found in Leaf (335 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Camphene found in Bark (72 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (31 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Leaf (85 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm)
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark (144 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (1160 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Root Bark
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Benzyl-benzoate found in Bark (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Leaf (3895 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (840000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (76 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Bark
Cinnamic-alcohol found in Bark ;found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf (3.6 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Farnesol found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Geranyl-acetate found in Bark
Isoeugenol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13300 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13300 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bark (448 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (5500 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Phenol found in Root Bark
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Boron found in Bark (15 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13300 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Bark
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (245 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Phenol found in Root Bark
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Fiber found in Bark (285000 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Mannitol found in Plant
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (10 ppm);found in Leaf (14.4 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (10 ppm);found in Leaf (14.4 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
AntiCVI
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
AntiEBV
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Geranial found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
AntiHIV
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Opcs found in Bark
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
AntiMS
Phenol found in Root Bark
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (140 ppm);found in Leaf (101.6 ppm)
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant (168 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bark (448 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (5500 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark (144 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (1160 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Root Bark
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Chromium found in Bark (10 ppm);found in Leaf (14.4 ppm)
Sulfur found in Bark (1900 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark (144 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (1160 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Root Bark
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Farnesol found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Bark (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (4.2 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Geranial found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antiaggregant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Acetyl-eugenol found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Estragole found in Root Bark
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Eugenyl-acetate found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Leaf (1340 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Salicylates found in Bark (150 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (10 ppm);found in Leaf (14.4 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Bark (421 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Manganese found in Bark (140 ppm);found in Leaf (101.6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Opcs found in Bark
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark (144 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (1160 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Root Bark
Antialopecic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6300 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Opcs found in Bark
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6300 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Bark (9 ppm);found in Leaf (10.9 ppm)
Iron found in Bark (421 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (140 ppm);found in Leaf (101.6 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Antianginal
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Copper found in Bark (9 ppm);found in Leaf (10.9 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (140 ppm);found in Leaf (101.6 ppm)
Sulfur found in Bark (1900 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Benzyl-benzoate found in Bark (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Leaf (3895 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (840000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Opcs found in Bark
Piperitone found in Bark (28 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark (144 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (1160 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Root Bark
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Opcs found in Bark
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (10 ppm);found in Leaf (14.4 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Bark (448 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (5500 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Antibacterial
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (235 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Bornyl-acetate found in Bark (20 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorine found in Bark (300 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Bark
Cis-ocimene found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Root Bark
Citronellal found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf (3.6 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Bark (100 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Geranial found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Iodine found in Bark (3 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Seed (304000 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Plant
Opcs found in Bark
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bark (448 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (5500 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Phenol found in Root Bark
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Sabinene found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark (144 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (1160 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Root Bark
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Antibiotic
Opcs found in Bark
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Antibrucellosic
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Anticanker
Iron found in Bark (421 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Bark (421 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Fenchone found in Plant ;found in Root Bark
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Bark (10 ppm);found in Leaf (14.4 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antidandruff
Sulfur found in Bark (1900 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Antidiabetic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (10 ppm);found in Leaf (14.4 ppm)
Copper found in Bark (9 ppm);found in Leaf (10.9 ppm)
Fiber found in Bark (285000 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (140 ppm);found in Leaf (101.6 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Bark (140 ppm);found in Leaf (101.6 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antidrepanocytic
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Bark (140 ppm);found in Leaf (101.6 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Benzyl-benzoate found in Bark (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Leaf (3895 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (840000 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Opcs found in Bark
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Antienterococcic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Manganese found in Bark (140 ppm);found in Leaf (101.6 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antierythemic
Opcs found in Bark
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Antiesherichic
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Antiexudative
Opcs found in Bark
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (10 ppm);found in Leaf (14.4 ppm)
Copper found in Bark (9 ppm);found in Leaf (10.9 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Bornyl-acetate found in Bark (20 ppm)
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Root Bark
Trans-cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (54000 ppm);found in Leaf (4130 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (470000 ppm);found in Leaf (335 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6300 ppm)
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
P-cymene found in Bark (448 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (5500 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Opcs found in Bark
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Bark (10 ppm);found in Leaf (14.4 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Bark (3 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Bark (1900 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Nerol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Plant
Sabinene found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Phenol found in Root Bark
Antihepatitic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Bark (20 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Chlorine found in Bark (300 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Opcs found in Bark
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Antihydrocoele
Phenol found in Root Bark
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Antihyperglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Fiber found in Bark (285000 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antiincontinence
Phenol found in Root Bark
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (76 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Bark
Copper found in Bark (9 ppm);found in Leaf (10.9 ppm)
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Delta-3-carene found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Eugenyl-acetate found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Leaf (1340 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13300 ppm)
Opcs found in Bark
Salicylates found in Bark (150 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Bark (20 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Antiischemic
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Antiklebsiellic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Antilactobacillic
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antileukemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Farnesol found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13300 ppm)
Antileukotriene
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Antilisteria
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Antilymphedemic
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antimalarial
Beta-selinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Humulene found in Bark (124 ppm)
Antimange
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Farnesol found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Bark (421 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Antimitotic
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Antimononuccleotic
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antimutagenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Bark
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Trans-cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (54000 ppm);found in Leaf (4130 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (470000 ppm);found in Leaf (335 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Antimycoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Antinephritic
Mannitol found in Plant
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant (168 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Myrcene found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Root Bark
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Copper found in Bark (9 ppm);found in Leaf (10.9 ppm)
Myrcene found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Bark (20 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (10 ppm);found in Leaf (14.4 ppm)
Fiber found in Bark (285000 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Opcs found in Bark
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antiodontalgic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antionychogryphotic
Phenol found in Root Bark
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Bark (20 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Boron found in Bark (15 ppm)
Sulfur found in Bark (1900 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Boron found in Bark (15 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Copper found in Bark (9 ppm);found in Leaf (10.9 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (140 ppm);found in Leaf (101.6 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Bark (1100 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Phenol found in Root Bark
Antiototic
Manganese found in Bark (140 ppm);found in Leaf (101.6 ppm)
Antioxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Acetyl-eugenol found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Campesterol found in Bark (30 ppm)
Camphene found in Bark (72 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (31 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Leaf (85 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Lauric-acid found in Seed (304000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (245 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (140 ppm);found in Leaf (101.6 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (25550 ppm)
Opcs found in Bark
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6300 ppm)
Phenol found in Root Bark
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Riboflavin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Bark (20 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark (144 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (1160 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Root Bark
Terpinolene found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Root Bark
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Beta-selinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Humulene found in Bark (124 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Antipolio
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Eugenyl-acetate found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Leaf (1340 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Phenol found in Root Bark
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Bark (260 ppm)
Antipruritic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antipseudomonic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Antipsittacotic
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Salicylates found in Bark (150 ppm)
Antipyruvetic
Phenol found in Root Bark
Antiradicular
Acetyl-eugenol found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Opcs found in Bark
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Antiretinopathic
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Bark (448 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (5500 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Sulfur found in Bark (1900 ppm)
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Beta-pinene found in Bark (76 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Chlorine found in Bark (300 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf (3.6 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Furfural found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Root Bark
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Hexanol found in Plant
Iodine found in Bark (3 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Nerol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Plant
O-methoxycinnamaldehyde found in Bark
Oxalic-acid found in Bark
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
Phenol found in Root Bark
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Sabinene found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Sulfur found in Bark (1900 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark (144 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (1160 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Root Bark
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Antishock
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Antisickling
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Phenol found in Root Bark
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant (168 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm)
Benzyl-benzoate found in Bark (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Leaf (3895 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (840000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (76 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Bornyl-acetate found in Bark (20 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Eugenyl-acetate found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Leaf (1340 ppm)
Farnesol found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (245 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark (144 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (1160 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Root Bark
Antispastic
Phenol found in Root Bark
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (235 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Root Bark
Citronellal found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf (3.6 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Citronellal found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf (3.6 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Antistroke
Potassium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (10 ppm);found in Leaf (14.4 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (140 ppm);found in Leaf (101.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Bark (3 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antitoxoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Bark (10 ppm);found in Leaf (14.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (85 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm)
Benzyl-benzoate found in Bark (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Leaf (3895 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (840000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Plant
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Fiber found in Bark (285000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark (144 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (1160 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Root Bark
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Fiber found in Bark (285000 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Plant
Sabinene found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark (144 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (1160 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Root Bark
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Antiurease
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Bark (150 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Antiviral
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Bark (20 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Chlorine found in Bark (300 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Geranial found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Iodine found in Bark (3 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Seed (304000 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Opcs found in Bark
P-cymene found in Bark (448 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (5500 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Phenol found in Root Bark
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Stigmasterol found in Bark (20 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Antiwrinkle
Phenol found in Root Bark
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Geranial found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Bark (1100 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Farnesol found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Artemicide
Benzyl-benzoate found in Bark (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Leaf (3895 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (840000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Bark (20 ppm)
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark (144 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (1160 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Root Bark
Bacteristat
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Bark (285000 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Bruchiphobe
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Benzyl-benzoate found in Bark (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Leaf (3895 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (840000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Phenol found in Root Bark
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Bark
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Benzyl-benzoate found in Bark (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Leaf (3895 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (840000 ppm)
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
COMP-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Seed (304000 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Seed (304000 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Plant
Estragole found in Root Bark
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Plant
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Bark
Cinnamic-acid-ethyl-ester found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Root Bark
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Estragole found in Root Bark
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark
Fiber found in Bark (285000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Mucilage found in Bark (37000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (25550 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13300 ppm)
Opcs found in Bark
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
Phenol found in Root Bark
Riboflavin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Stigmasterol found in Bark (20 ppm)
Trans-cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (54000 ppm);found in Leaf (4130 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (470000 ppm);found in Leaf (335 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (76 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Chlorine found in Bark (300 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf (3.6 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Lauric-acid found in Seed (304000 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Candidistat
Isoeugenol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Capillaritonic
Opcs found in Bark
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Estragole found in Root Bark
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Phenol found in Root Bark
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Cardiodepressant
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Bark (0.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (10 ppm);found in Leaf (14.4 ppm)
Copper found in Bark (9 ppm);found in Leaf (10.9 ppm)
Fiber found in Bark (285000 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Cardiotonic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Benzyl-acetate found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Carminative
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Geranial found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Myrcene found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
Cholagogue
Acetyl-eugenol found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13300 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Choline-Sparing
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Chronotropic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Circulatory-Stimulant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Collagenase-Inhibitor
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Bark (1900 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Bark (9 ppm);found in Leaf (10.9 ppm)
Controlled
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Myristic-acid found in Seed (25550 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Fenchone found in Plant ;found in Root Bark
Culicide
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P488-Inducer
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Cytotoxic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
DME-Inhibitor
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
DNA-Binder
Estragole found in Root Bark
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark
Methyl-chavicol found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Plant
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Deliriant
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Bark (37000 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Deodorant
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Terpinolene found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Root Bark
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (235 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Dermatitigenic
Cinnamic-acid found in Bark
Delta-3-carene found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Iodine found in Bark (3 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13300 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Fiber found in Bark (285000 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Potassium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark (144 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (1160 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Root Bark
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Elastase-Inhibitor
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Embryotoxic
Citronellal found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf (3.6 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (235 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Benzyl-acetate found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Calcium-oxalate found in Bark
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Mannitol found in Plant
Phenol found in Root Bark
Energizer
Chromium found in Bark (10 ppm);found in Leaf (14.4 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Bark (0.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.1 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Boron found in Bark (15 ppm)
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Geranial found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Nerol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Bark (20 ppm)
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (9.4 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Bark (20 ppm)
Camphene found in Bark (72 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (31 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Leaf (85 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm)
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
FEMA
Cinnamic-alcohol found in Bark ;found in Leaf (90 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
3-phenyl-propyl-acetate found in Bark (52 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (235 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant (168 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm)
Benzyl-acetate found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Benzyl-alcohol found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Benzyl-benzoate found in Bark (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Leaf (3895 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (840000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (76 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Bornyl-acetate found in Bark (20 ppm)
Camphene found in Bark (72 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (31 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Leaf (85 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Bark
Cinnamyl-acetate found in Bark (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (320 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Citronellal found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf (3.6 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Bark (100 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm)
Estragole found in Root Bark
Ethyl-cinnamate found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Farnesol found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Fenchone found in Plant ;found in Root Bark
Furfural found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Root Bark
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Geranyl-acetate found in Bark
Hexanol found in Plant
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (245 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Bark
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Methyl-n-amylketone found in Plant
Myrcene found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm)
N-octanal found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Plant
O-methoxycinnamaldehyde found in Bark
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13300 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bark (448 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (5500 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6300 ppm)
Piperitone found in Bark (28 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Root Bark
Trans-cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (54000 ppm);found in Leaf (4130 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (470000 ppm);found in Leaf (335 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Bark
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Flatugenic
Mannitol found in Plant
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (235 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Benzyl-alcohol found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Beta-phellandrene found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (9.4 ppm)
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Plant
Chlorine found in Bark (300 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Bark
Cis-ocimene found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Root Bark
Citronellal found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf (3.6 ppm)
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Cuminaldehyde found in Bark (100 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Furfural found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Root Bark
Geranial found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Iodine found in Bark (3 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm)
O-methoxycinnamaldehyde found in Bark
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bark (448 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (5500 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Phenol found in Root Bark
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark (144 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (1160 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Root Bark
Terpinolene found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Root Bark
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Fungistat
Isoeugenol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark ;found in Leaf
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Glutathionigenic
Geranial found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Bark (3 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6300 ppm)
Phenol found in Root Bark
Hemorrhagic
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Bark
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Estragole found in Root Bark
Methyl-chavicol found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Plant
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Hepatoregenerative
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (76 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Bark
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
O-methoxycinnamaldehyde found in Bark
P-cymene found in Bark (448 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (5500 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Piperitone found in Bark (28 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark (144 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (1160 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Root Bark
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Histaminic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Opcs found in Bark
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Seed (304000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (25550 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6300 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Salicylates found in Bark (150 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Bark (287 ppm)
Hyperthermic
Phellandrene found in Bark (252 ppm)
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Bark (3 ppm)
Hypnotic
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Campesterol found in Bark (30 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (10 ppm);found in Leaf (14.4 ppm)
Copper found in Bark (9 ppm);found in Leaf (10.9 ppm)
Fiber found in Bark (285000 ppm)
Mucilage found in Bark (37000 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13300 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Bark (260 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Bark (20 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (10 ppm);found in Leaf (14.4 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Manganese found in Bark (140 ppm);found in Leaf (101.6 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Salicylates found in Bark (150 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Benzyl-acetate found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Benzyl-benzoate found in Bark (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Leaf (3895 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (840000 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (10 ppm);found in Leaf (14.4 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Fiber found in Bark (285000 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Hypothermic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Estragole found in Root Bark
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Plant
Myrcene found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Bark (285000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (10 ppm);found in Leaf (14.4 ppm)
Copper found in Bark (9 ppm);found in Leaf (10.9 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Opcs found in Bark
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Immunostimulant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Phosphorus found in Bark (1100 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Bark
Inhalant
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Inotropic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant (168 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Plant
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Estragole found in Root Bark
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Furfural found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Root Bark
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Plant
Methyl-cinnamate found in Bark
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant (168 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm)
Benzyl-benzoate found in Bark (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Leaf (3895 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (840000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (76 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Bornyl-acetate found in Bark (20 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Camphene found in Bark (72 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (31 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Leaf (85 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm)
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Citronellal found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf (3.6 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm)
Estragole found in Root Bark
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13300 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bark (448 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (5500 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Piperitone found in Bark (28 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark (144 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (1160 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Root Bark
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (235 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Geranyl-acetate found in Bark
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Bark (1.1 ppm);found in Leaf (4.2 ppm)
Insulinogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (10 ppm);found in Leaf (14.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (235 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Benzyl-acetate found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Benzyl-benzoate found in Bark (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Leaf (3895 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (840000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (76 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Cinnamic-alcohol found in Bark ;found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf (3.6 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Bark (100 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Furfural found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Root Bark
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13300 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Bark
P-cymene found in Bark (448 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (5500 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Phellandrene found in Bark (252 ppm)
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark (144 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (1160 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Root Bark
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Juvabional
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Farnesol found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Bark (1900 ppm)
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Cuminaldehyde found in Bark (100 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Larvistat
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (235 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Benzyl-acetate found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Bark
Cinnamic-acid found in Bark
Fiber found in Bark (285000 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
P-cymene found in Bark (448 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (5500 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Sulfur found in Bark (1900 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Opcs found in Bark
Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Bark
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Bark
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (25550 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6300 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Lymphocytogenic
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Lymphokinetic
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Bark (10 ppm);found in Leaf (14.4 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Monoaminergic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf (3.6 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (245 ppm)
Motor-Stimulant
Isoeugenol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Mutagenic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Estragole found in Root Bark
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Benzyl-benzoate found in Bark (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Leaf (3895 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (840000 ppm)
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Bornyl-acetate found in Bark (20 ppm)
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Narcotic
Benzaldehyde found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm)
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Cumene found in Bark (264 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm)
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Cinnamyl-acetate found in Bark (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (320 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Citronellal found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf (3.6 ppm)
Ethyl-cinnamate found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Farnesol found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Bark
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Myristic-acid found in Seed (25550 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6300 ppm)
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark (144 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (1160 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Root Bark
Nephrotoxic
Mannitol found in Plant
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Bark (1100 ppm)
Ovicide
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Bark (20 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant (168 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Citronellal found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf (3.6 ppm)
Myrcene found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Pancreatogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Bark (1900 ppm)
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Benzyl-benzoate found in Bark (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Leaf (3895 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (840000 ppm)
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13300 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Perfumery
3-phenyl-propyl-acetate found in Bark (52 ppm)
Alpha-humulene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (85 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (55 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (235 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant (168 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (9.4 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (76 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Beta-selinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Citronellal found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf (3.6 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Bark (100 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Estragole found in Root Bark
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Eugenyl-acetate found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Leaf (1340 ppm)
Farnesol found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Fenchone found in Plant ;found in Root Bark
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Geranyl-acetate found in Bark
Isocaryophyllene found in Bark
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (245 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Bark
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Methyl-n-amylketone found in Plant
Myrcene found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm)
N-octanal found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Plant
O-methoxycinnamaldehyde found in Bark
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13300 ppm)
Piperitone found in Bark (28 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Sabinene found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Terpinolene found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Root Bark
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Pesticide
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (235 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant (168 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Benzyl-benzoate found in Bark (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Leaf (3895 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (840000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (76 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Bornyl-acetate found in Bark (20 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Camphene found in Bark (72 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (31 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Leaf (85 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm)
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Plant
Chlorine found in Bark (300 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Bark
Cinnamyl-acetate found in Bark (2040 ppm);found in Leaf (320 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf
Cinnamyl-alcohol found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Citronellal found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf (3.6 ppm)
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Cuminaldehyde found in Bark (100 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Farnesol found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Furfural found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Root Bark
Gamma-terpinene found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Geranial found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Hexanol found in Plant
Isoeugenol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Mannitol found in Plant
Methyl-chavicol found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Plant
Methyl-cinnamate found in Bark
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf (42 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Plant
O-methoxycinnamaldehyde found in Bark
Opcs found in Bark
Oxalic-acid found in Bark
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bark (448 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (5500 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6300 ppm)
Phenol found in Root Bark
Piperitone found in Bark (28 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Sulfur found in Bark (1900 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark (144 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (1160 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Root Bark
Terpinolene found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Root Bark
Thiamin found in Bark (1 ppm)
Trans-cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (54000 ppm);found in Leaf (4130 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (470000 ppm);found in Leaf (335 ppm)
Vanillin found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Pheromonal
Farnesol found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Piscicide
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Iron found in Bark (421 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Propecic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (13300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6300 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Eugenol-acetate found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (10000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
Protisticide
Iodine found in Bark (3 ppm)
Psychoactive
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark (144 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (1160 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Root Bark
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Bark
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Respirodepressant
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Rodenticide
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Phenol found in Root Bark
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Scabicide
Benzyl-benzoate found in Bark (400 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (23 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Leaf (3895 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (840000 ppm)
Sulfur found in Bark (1900 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Bark (9 ppm);found in Leaf (10.9 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Secretolytic
Fenchone found in Plant ;found in Root Bark
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Bornyl-acetate found in Bark (20 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf (3.6 ppm)
Coumarin found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Cuminaldehyde found in Bark (100 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Farnesol found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Geranyl-acetate found in Bark
Isoeugenol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Bark ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (245 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark ;found in Leaf
Nerol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Plant
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bark (448 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (5500 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Stigmasterol found in Bark (20 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (6300 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant (168 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (180 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (76 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Camphene found in Bark (72 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (31 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Leaf (85 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Bark (252 ppm)
Spasmolytic
Geranial found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark (144 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (1160 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Root Bark
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Sprout-Inhibitor
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Stimulant
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Opcs found in Bark
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Sweetener
Mannitol found in Plant
Trans-cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (54000 ppm);found in Leaf (4130 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (470000 ppm);found in Leaf (335 ppm)
Teratogenic
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (185 ppm);found in Leaf (3.6 ppm)
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Bark (1316 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Bark (3 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Borneol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Root Bark
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Bark (236 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (88 ppm);found in Leaf (80 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Leaf (180 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (76 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (32 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Bark (184 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Bark Essent. Oil
Tremorigenic
Safrole found in Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (23000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (34 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Bark (800 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (16500 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (70 ppm);found in Leaf (110 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (6000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Farnesol found in Bark (12 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Geraniol found in Bark (24 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Nerol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Leaf (120 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Plant
P-cymene found in Bark (448 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (5500 ppm);found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Leaf (75 ppm);found in Root Bark ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf (350 ppm);found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Bark (8 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Eugenyl-acetate found in Leaf (25 ppm);found in Leaf (1340 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Bark (956 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root Bark ;found in Twig ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Bark Essent. Oil (23000 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Bark (252 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Benzyl-acetate found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Bark (104 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Bark
Cuminaldehyde found in Bark (100 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bark (14 ppm)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Catechins found in Bark
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Bark (2 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark (210 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Bark (100 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (3.6 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (2500 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Salicylates found in Bark (150 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Varroacide
Benzyl-acetate found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Bark
Vasodilator
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Fiber found in Bark (285000 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (8 ppm)
Phenol found in Root Bark
Potassium found in Bark (6000 ppm)
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Vasorelaxant
Proanthocyanidins found in Bark
Vermifuge
Cinnamic-acid found in Bark
Eugenol found in Bark (16800 ppm);found in Leaf (16800 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (1000 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (38270 ppm);found in Leaf (15210 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (945000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (420000 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Bark Essent. Oil ;found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Leaf (9.4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Cinnamaldehyde found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark ;found in Essential Oil (800000 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (31000 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (765000 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Bark (264 ppm);found in Leaf (47 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (0 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1500 ppm);found in Stem Bark ;found in Root Bark ;found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark (309 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Bark (144 ppm);found in Leaf (24 ppm);found in Leaf (1160 ppm);found in Bark Essent. Oil (4000 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Root Bark
Zinc found in Bark (20 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark (11 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bark (6 ppm)
Opcs found in Bark

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-alpha-phellandrene Leaf Essent. Oil
(-)-epicatechin Bark 11
(e)(e)-farnesol Leaf 3.6
Leaf 9.4
(e)-beta-ocimene Leaf 9
Leaf 0
(e)-cinnamaldehyde Leaf 295
Leaf 270
(e)-cinnamyl-acetate Leaf 345
Leaf 450
(e)-cinnamyl-alcohol Leaf 0
Leaf 3.6
(e)-methyl-cinnamate Leaf 9.4
Leaf 3.6
(e)-methyl-isoeugenol Leaf 9.4
Leaf 3.6
(z)-beta-ocimene Leaf 3.6
Leaf 0
(z)-cinnamaldehyde Leaf 9.4
Leaf 3.6
(z)-cinnamyl-acetate Leaf 9.4
Leaf 3.6
(z)-methyl-isoeugenol Leaf 9.4
Leaf 0
(z)-ocimenol Leaf 90 180
(z,e)-alpha-farnesene Leaf 3.6
Leaf 0
1,8-cineole Bark 165 800
Bark Essent. Oil 16,500
Root Bark
Stem Bark
Leaf 70
Leaf 110
Essential Oil
Leaf Essent. Oil 1,500 6,000
2-methoxy-cinnamaldehyde Bark
2-phenylacetaldehyde Plant
Root Bark
2-phenylethanol Leaf 3.6
Leaf 0
Root Bark
2-phenylethyl-benzoate Bark
Leaf 38
Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf 3.6
Stem Bark
2-phenylethyl-propionate Leaf 3.6
Leaf 0
2-vinylphenol Bark 3 12
Stem Bark
Leaf Essent. Oil
3-phenyl-propyl-acetate Bark 13 52
3-phenylpropanal Bark 15 160
Leaf 8 20
5,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxyflavan-3,4-diols Bark
Acetoeugenol Bark 16 64
Acetyl-eugenol Leaf
Root Bark
Alcohols Bark 145 1,665
Leaf 205 490
Aldehydes Bark 2,650 30,280
Leaf 120 290
Alpha-humulene Leaf Essent. Oil 2,000
Leaf 85
Root Bark
Stem Bark
Leaf 55
Alpha-phellandrene Bark Essent. Oil
Leaf 235
Stem Bark
Root Bark
Leaf
Leaf 185
Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-phyllandrene Leaf 150 300
Alpha-pinene Bark 20 236
Bark Essent. Oil 2,000
Stem Bark
Root Bark
Leaf 88
Leaf 40 80
Leaf
Leaf 180
Leaf Essent. Oil 2,000
Alpha-terpinene Bark Essent. Oil
Leaf Essent. Oil
Stem Bark
Root Bark
Plant 42 168
Leaf 5
Leaf 9.4
Leaf 90 180
Alpha-terpineol Bark 40 264
Leaf 47
Bark Essent. Oil 0
Leaf Essent. Oil 1,500
Stem Bark
Root Bark
Leaf 25
Alpha-thujene Leaf 11
Leaf 19
Alpha-ylangene Bark 31 124
Stem Bark
Leaf Essent. Oil 2,500 10,000
Bark Essent. Oil
Root Bark
Arabinoxylan Bark
Ascorbic-acid Bark 309
Ash Bark 17,000
Barium Bark 60
Benzaldehyde Bark 26 104
Essential Oil
Stem Bark
Leaf
Bark Essent. Oil
Leaf Essent. Oil 7,000
Benzyl-acetate Leaf Essent. Oil
Benzyl-alcohol Bark
Root Bark
Benzyl-benzoate Bark 66 400
Essential Oil
Leaf 23
Leaf
Stem Bark
Root Bark
Leaf 125 250
Leaf 3,895
Leaf Essent. Oil 26,700 840,000
Beta-carotene Bark 1 2
Beta-caryophyllene Bark Essent. Oil 13,500
Stem Bark
Leaf 405
Leaf 30 60
Leaf 220
Leaf Essent. Oil 18,500
Beta-caryophyllene-oxide Leaf 20
Leaf 47
Beta-elemene Leaf 50
Leaf 120
Beta-phellandrene Leaf 3.6
Leaf
Leaf 9.4
Beta-phyllandrene Leaf 370 740
Beta-pinene Bark 14 76
Stem Bark
Root Bark
Leaf 32
Leaf 25 50
Leaf 75
Leaf Essent. Oil
Beta-selinene Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf 9.4
Leaf 3.6
Plant
Stem Bark
Beta-sitosterol Bark 210
Borneol Bark 2 8
Leaf 9.4
Leaf 22
Root Bark
Borneol-acetate Root Bark
Bornyl-acetate Bark 10 20
Boron Bark 7 15
Bromine Bark 10
Caffeic-acid Bark 6
Calcium Bark 3,415 6,000
Calcium-oxalate Bark
Campesterol Bark 30
Camphene Bark 18 72
Root Bark
Stem Bark
Leaf 31
Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf 20 40
Leaf 85
Bark Essent. Oil 0
Camphor Bark Essent. Oil
Stem Bark
Root Bark
Plant
Leaf 18
Leaf 9.4
Leaf 5
Essential Oil
Car-3-ene Leaf Essent. Oil
Root Bark
Stem Bark
Carbohydrates Bark 455,000 500,000
Caryophyllene Bark 135 1,316
Root Bark
Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide Leaf 25 50
Root Bark
Plant
Catechins Bark
Chlorine Bark 300
Chromium Bark 2 10
Leaf 14.4
Cinnamaldehyde Bark 6,000 30,000
Stem Bark
Root
Root Bark
Essential Oil 800,000
Leaf Essent. Oil 9,700 31,000
Bark Essent. Oil 302,000 765,000
Cinnamic-acid Bark
Cinnamic-acid-acetate Bark Essent. Oil
Essential Oil
Root Bark
Stem Bark
Cinnamic-acid-ethyl-ester Leaf Essent. Oil
Root Bark
Cinnamic-acid-methyl-ester Leaf Essent. Oil
Root Bark
Cinnamic-alcohol Bark
Leaf 45 90
Cinnamyl-acetate Bark 175 2,040
Leaf 160 320
Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf
Cinnamyl-alcohol Bark 26 104
Stem Bark
Root Bark
Leaf
Leaf Essent. Oil 6,000
Bark Essent. Oil
Cinnzeylanin Bark
Cinnzeylanine Bark 350
Cinnzeylanol Bark 63
Cinnzeylanol-1-acetate Plant
Cis-cinnamaldehyde Leaf 5
Cis-linalol-oxide Leaf 9.4
Leaf 3.6
Cis-ocimene Bark 3 12
Root Bark
Citronellal Leaf 185
Leaf 3.6
Cobalt Bark 0.6
Leaf 1.1
Coniferaldehyde Bark
Leaf
Copper Bark 4.9 9
Leaf 10.9
Coumarin Bark
Stem Bark
Leaf Essent. Oil
Cumene Bark 66 264
Cuminaldehyde Bark 4 100
Leaf 9.4
Stem Bark
Root Bark
Leaf 3.6
Bark Essent. Oil 2,500
Delta-3-carene Bark 3 12
Leaf 9
Leaf 9.4
Dihydrocinnamaldehyde Leaf 5
Dihydrofumigatin Bark
Eo Bark 3,500 40,000
Stem Bark
Root Bark
Leaf 5,000 10,000
Leaf 5,000 12,000
Leaf 47,000
Leaf 18,000
Estragole Root Bark
Ethyl-cinnamate Bark
Eugenol Bark 140 16,800
Leaf 1,400 16,800
Stem Bark
Root Bark
Leaf 500 1,000
Essential Oil
Leaf 38,270
Leaf 15,210
Leaf Essent. Oil 701,000 945,000
Bark Essent. Oil 61,000 420,000
Eugenol-acetate Bark
Stem Bark
Root Bark
Essential Oil
Leaf Essent. Oil 10,000
Eugenol-methyl-ether Leaf Essent. Oil
Stem Bark
Eugenyl-acetate Leaf 25
Leaf 1,340
Farnesol Bark 3 12
Stem Bark
Leaf Essent. Oil
Fat Bark 11,000 14,000
Seed 300,000 350,000
Fenchone Plant
Root Bark
Fiber Bark 270,000 285,000
Furfural Bark 3 12
Root Bark
Furfurol Bark
Gamma-cadinene Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf 24
Leaf 14
Gamma-terpinene Bark 3 12
Leaf 9.4
Stem Bark
Root Bark
Leaf 9
Gamma-terpineol Bark
Gamma-ylangene Bark
Geranial Bark
Stem Bark
Leaf Essent. Oil
Geraniol Bark 6 24
Root Bark
Stem Bark
Leaf Essent. Oil
Geraniol-acetate Stem Bark
Geranyl-acetate Bark
Gum Bark
Hexan-1-ol Leaf Essent. Oil
Stem Bark
Root Bark
Hexanol Plant
Humulene Bark 20 124
Hydrocinnamaldehyde Bark 15 160
Leaf 8 20
Root Bark
Iodine Bark 3
Iron Bark 60 421
Isocaryophyllene Bark
Isoeugenol Bark 2 8
Stem Bark
Leaf Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol-methyl-ether Leaf Essent. Oil
Ketones Bark 2.5 28
Kilocalories Bark 2,410
Lauric-acid Seed 260,000 304,000
Lead Bark
Limonene Bark 46 184
Stem Bark
Root Bark
Leaf Essent. Oil
Bark Essent. Oil
Linalol Leaf 665
Leaf 740
Leaf 195 390
Linalool Bark 85 956
Leaf Essent. Oil 15,000
Leaf
Root Bark
Twig
Stem Bark
Bark Essent. Oil 23,000
Linalool-acetate Root Bark
Linalyl-acetate Bark
Leaf 3.6
Leaf 245
Manganese Bark 66 140
Leaf 101.6
Mannitol Plant
Methyl-chavicol Leaf 9.4
Leaf 0
Plant
Methyl-cinnamate Bark
Methyl-eugenol Bark
Leaf
Methyl-n-amylketone Plant
Methyl-vinyl-ketone Bark
Mucilage Bark 20,000 37,000
Myrcene Bark 5 20
Root Bark
Leaf 23
Leaf 42
Myristic-acid Seed 21,900 25,550
N-octanal Leaf 0
Leaf 9.4
Nerol Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf 3.6
Leaf 120
Stem Bark
Plant
Niacin Bark 8
Nickel Bark 1.1
Leaf 4.2
Nonan-1-al Leaf Essent. Oil
Nonyl-aldehyde Bark
O-methoxycinnamaldehyde Bark
Oleic-acid Seed 11,400 13,300
Opcs Bark
Oxalic-acid Bark
P-coumaric-acid Bark 14
P-cymene Bark 39 448
Bark Essent. Oil 5,500
Leaf 55 140
Leaf 75
Root Bark
Stem Bark
Leaf 175 350
Leaf 50
Leaf Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid Seed 5,400 6,300
Pelargonaldehyde Bark
Phellandrene Bark 63 252
Phenol Root Bark
Phenols Bark 85 4,000
Leaf 3,640 8,735
Phenyl-ethyl-alcohol Bark 41 165
Phenylethyl-acetate Bark 7 28
Root Bark
Phenylpropyl-acetate Plant
Phosphorus Bark 674 1,100
Phytosterols Bark 260
Piperitone Bark 7 28
Bark Essent. Oil
Leaf 14
Stem Bark
Root Bark
Leaf 0
Leaf Essent. Oil 1,000
Potassium Bark 5,525 6,000
Proanthocyanidin Bark 958
Proanthocyanidin-a-2 Bark 2.6
Proanthocyanidin-b1 Bark 2.1
Proanthocyanidin-b2 Bark 42
Proanthocyanidin-b5 Bark 3.2
Proanthocyanidin-c1 Bark 132
Proanthocyanidins Bark
Protein Bark 35,000 125,000
Riboflavin Bark 1
Rubidium Bark 20
Sabinene Bark 2 8
Stem Bark
Root Bark
Saccharose Plant
Safrole Bark
Leaf Essent. Oil 6,500 23,000
Leaf
Stem Bark
Root Bark
Leaf 34
Leaf 9.4
Bark Essent. Oil
Salicylates Bark 150
Sesquiterpenes Bark 135 1,535
Leaf 335 805
Sodium Bark 287
Stigmasterol Bark 20
Strontium Bark 80
Sulfur Bark 1,900
Tannins Bark
Terpin-4-en-1-ol Root Bark
Terpinen-4-ol Bark 36 144
Leaf 24
Leaf 580 1,160
Bark Essent. Oil 4,000
Leaf 7
Root Bark
Terpinolene Bark 11 44
Leaf 20
Leaf 24
Root Bark
Tetradecan-1-al Wood Essent. Oil 498,600
Thiamin Bark 1
Titanium Bark 40
Trans-cinnamaldehyde Bark 2,450 54,000
Leaf 2,065 4,130
Bark Essent. Oil 470,000
Leaf 60 335
Trans-cinnamic-acid Plant
Trans-linalol-oxide Leaf 9.4
Leaf 3.6
Trans-linalool-oxide Bark 5 20
Root Bark
Trans-ocimene Plant
Root Bark
Vanillin Plant
Stem Bark
Water Bark 107,000
Zinc Bark 11.4 20
Leaf 34
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]