Centella asiatica Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Asiatic pennywort gotu kola Indian pennywort marsh pennywort pennyweed sheeprot thankuni

Centella asiatica, commonly known as centella and gotu kola, is a small, herbaceous, annual plant of the family Mackinlayaceae or subfamily Mackinlayoideae of family Apiaceae, and is native to wetlands in Asia. It is used as a medicinal herb in Ayurvedic medicine, traditional African medicine, and traditional Chinese medicine. It is also known as the Asiatic pennywort or Indian pennywort in English, among various other names in other languages.

Centella asiatica

Medical use

Economic importance of Centella asiatica

Human food vegetable
Medicines source of asiaticoside

Gallery

Centella asiatica Centella asiatica Centella asiatica Centella asiatica Centella asiatica Centella asiatica Centella asiatica Centella asiatica Centella asiatica Centella asiatica Centella asiatica Centella asiatica

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea
    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    Naturalized
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Seychelles
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu , Jiangxi, Shaanxi , Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea; Taiwan
    Naturalized
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Cambodia
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales , Queensland
  • EUROPE
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Norway
  • PACIFIC
    Native
    • Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau
    • Southwestern Pacific: Solomon Islands
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay
    Naturalized
    • Western South America: Ecuador - Galapagos Islands

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Astragalin found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (4000 ppm);found in Shoot
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Shoot
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Abortifacient
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot
Acaricide
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (4000 ppm);found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Plant
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Astragalin found in Leaf
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (4000 ppm);found in Shoot
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Shoot
Nerolidol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Camphene found in Shoot
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Farnesol found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Shoot
Nerolidol found in Shoot
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Amebicide
Asiaticoside found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Anesthetic
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Shoot
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (38693 ppm);found in Leaf (3870 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Methanol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm);found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (27.7 ppm);found in Leaf (27.7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (4000 ppm);found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Antiacid
Glycine found in Plant
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Nerolidol found in Shoot
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Tin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Farnesol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (290 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (27.7 ppm);found in Leaf (27.7 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Plant
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antialopecic
Inositol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Antianemic
Iron found in Leaf (290 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (27.7 ppm);found in Leaf (27.7 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm);found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (38693 ppm);found in Leaf (3870 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Silicon found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (27.7 ppm);found in Leaf (27.7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Leaf (60000 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Asiaticoside found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Shoot
Nerol found in Shoot
Nerolidol found in Shoot
Oxyasiaticoside found in Plant
Pectin found in Leaf (60000 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Tin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (290 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Nerolidol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm);found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm);found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm);found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm);found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (290 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm);found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Inositol found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Shoot
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Linalool found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Shoot
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm);found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (38693 ppm);found in Leaf (3870 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (27.7 ppm);found in Leaf (27.7 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf (60000 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Pectin found in Leaf (60000 ppm);found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Leaf (27.7 ppm);found in Leaf (27.7 ppm)
Antidote
Methanol found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Tannin found in Plant
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Leaf (27.7 ppm);found in Leaf (27.7 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Asiaticoside found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot
Glucose found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot
Madecassoside found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antielastase
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalopathic
Glycine found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Leaf (60000 ppm);found in Leaf
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (27.7 ppm);found in Leaf (27.7 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Shoot
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (38693 ppm);found in Leaf (3870 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (4000 ppm);found in Shoot
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot
Nerolidol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifertility
Asiaticoside found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Brahminoside found in Plant (1600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf (60000 ppm);found in Leaf
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Glycine found in Plant
Pectin found in Leaf (60000 ppm);found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Essential Oil (30000 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm);found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Shoot
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigout
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Nerol found in Shoot
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Leaf (2500 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Glucose found in Plant
Lignoceric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (38693 ppm);found in Leaf (3870 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Asiaticoside found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot
Elaidic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Madecassoside found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Antikeloid
Asiaticoside found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm);found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Asiaticoside found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antileukemic
Astragalin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Farnesol found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Elaidic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf (60000 ppm);found in Leaf
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimange
Linalool found in Shoot
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Farnesol found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (290 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Leaf (60000 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm);found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Shoot
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Shoot
Pectin found in Leaf (60000 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Saponins found in Leaf (2500 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Plant
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot
Pectin found in Leaf (60000 ppm);found in Leaf
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (27.7 ppm);found in Leaf (27.7 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2804 ppm);found in Leaf (2800 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (27.7 ppm);found in Leaf (27.7 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Campesterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Camphene found in Shoot
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (4000 ppm);found in Shoot
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Manganese found in Leaf (27.7 ppm);found in Leaf (27.7 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Shoot
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm);found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm);found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm);found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Essential Oil (30000 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Glutamic-acid found in Plant
Glycine found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Glycine found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Plant
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot
Beta-sesquiphellandrene found in Shoot
Antisalmonella
Geraniol found in Shoot
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Nerol found in Shoot
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Antishock
Linalool found in Shoot
Antisickling
Glycine found in Plant
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Leaf (2060 ppm);found in Leaf (2060 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Farnesol found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Shoot
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (38693 ppm);found in Leaf (3870 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot
Nerolidol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (38693 ppm);found in Leaf (3870 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (27.7 ppm);found in Leaf (27.7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Shoot
Antituberculic
Asiaticoside found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antitussive
Pectin found in Leaf (60000 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Asiaticoside found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Beta-sesquiphellandrene found in Shoot
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm)
Glycine found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Nerol found in Shoot
Pectin found in Leaf (60000 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Leaf (2060 ppm);found in Leaf (2060 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Plant
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2804 ppm);found in Leaf (2800 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (38693 ppm);found in Leaf (3870 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Essential Oil (30000 ppm);found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Farnesol found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm)
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Shoot
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Plant
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Shoot
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (38693 ppm);found in Leaf (3870 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Shoot
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Shoot
CNS-Depressant
Brahminoside found in Plant (1600 ppm)
Brahmoside found in Plant (3700 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Pyridine found in Shoot
CNS-Stimulant
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Shoot
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot
Glycine found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Leaf (60000 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm);found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Leaf (2060 ppm);found in Leaf (2060 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Geraniol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Candidistat
Limonene found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Asiaticoside found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (7.3 ppm);found in Leaf (7.3 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (38693 ppm);found in Leaf (3870 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (14 ppm);found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (38693 ppm);found in Leaf (3870 ppm)
Carminative
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Shoot
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Shoot
Pectin found in Leaf (60000 ppm);found in Leaf
Choleretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Cholesterolytic
Inositol found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Asiaticoside found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Asiatic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Convulsant
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Counterirritant
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Culicide
Linalool found in Shoot
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot
Cytotoxic
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Decongestant
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Deliriant
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Demulcent
Pectin found in Leaf (60000 ppm);found in Leaf
Deodorant
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Dermagenic
Asiaticoside found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Plant
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (38693 ppm);found in Leaf (3870 ppm)
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Shoot
Emetic
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Shoot
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Leaf (2060 ppm);found in Leaf (2060 ppm)
Toluene found in Shoot
Energizer
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Shoot
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (7.3 ppm);found in Leaf (7.3 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Nerol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm)
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Astragalin found in Leaf
Beta-sesquiphellandrene found in Shoot
Camphene found in Shoot
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
FLavor
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Camphene found in Shoot
Farnesol found in Shoot
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (4000 ppm);found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Shoot
Nerol found in Shoot
Nerolidol found in Shoot
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Pyridine found in Shoot
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Flatugenic
Raffinose found in Plant
Fungicide
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linalool found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Shoot
Pectin found in Leaf (60000 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Shoot
Fungistat
Limonene found in Shoot
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Shoot
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Shoot
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Hemostat
Pectin found in Leaf (60000 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot
Histaminic
Limonene found in Shoot
Hypercholesterolemic
Asiaticoside found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Hyperglycemic
Asiaticoside found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Glucose found in Plant
Hypertensive
Brahminoside found in Plant (1600 ppm)
Brahmoside found in Plant (3700 ppm)
Sodium found in Leaf (10400 ppm);found in Leaf (10400 ppm)
Hyperthermic
Brahminoside found in Plant (1600 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Plant
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Shoot
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Campesterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Leaf (60000 ppm);found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (27.7 ppm);found in Leaf (27.7 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Pectin found in Leaf (60000 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Astragalin found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (38693 ppm);found in Leaf (3870 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Hypothermic
Brahmoside found in Plant (3700 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Shoot
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Saponins found in Leaf (2500 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Astragalin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2804 ppm);found in Leaf (2800 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Plant
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Insect-Repellent
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Camphene found in Shoot
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (4000 ppm);found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Shoot
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Trans-beta-farnesene found in Plant
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Irritant
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (4000 ppm);found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Shoot
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Phellandrene found in Plant
Pyridine found in Shoot
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Juvabional
Farnesol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Larvicide
Linalool found in Shoot
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Shoot
Lipotropic
Inositol found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Brahminoside found in Plant (1600 ppm)
Brahmoside found in Plant (3700 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot
Mucogenic
Asiaticoside found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Shoot
Myorelaxant
Limonene found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Shoot
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Shoot
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Nematicide
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Farnesol found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Nerolidol found in Shoot
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Plant
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Plant
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Plant
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2804 ppm);found in Leaf (2800 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Shoot
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Shoot
P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Perfumery
Alpha-humulene found in Shoot
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Farnesol found in Shoot
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (4000 ppm);found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Shoot
Nerol found in Shoot
Nerolidol found in Shoot
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Shoot
Pectin found in Leaf (60000 ppm);found in Leaf
Pesticide
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Aluminum found in Leaf (2060 ppm);found in Leaf (2060 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Asiaticoside found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Beta-sesquiphellandrene found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Camphene found in Shoot
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Shoot
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot
Farnesol found in Shoot
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (4000 ppm);found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot
Germacrene-d found in Essential Oil (160000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm);found in Shoot
Nerol found in Shoot
Nerolidol found in Shoot
Oxyasiaticoside found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Leaf (60000 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (14 ppm)
Tin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Trans-beta-farnesene found in Plant
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Pheromonal
Farnesol found in Shoot
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Essential Oil (160000 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Shoot
Pilogenic
Asiaticoside found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Prooxidant
2,3-dihydrobenzofuran found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (290 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Linalool found in Shoot
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (1100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Protisticide
Asiaticoside found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Plant
Rubefacient
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Brahminoside found in Plant (1600 ppm)
Brahmoside found in Plant (3700 ppm)
Farnesol found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Nerol found in Shoot
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant (40 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Camphene found in Shoot
Phellandrene found in Plant
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Stimulant
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Stomachic
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot
Beta-sesquiphellandrene found in Shoot
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Sweetener
Inositol found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Taenicide
Tin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Termitifuge
Linalool found in Shoot
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Shoot
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Brahminoside found in Plant (1600 ppm)
Brahmoside found in Plant (3700 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Shoot
Trichomonicide
Farnesol found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot
Linalool found in Shoot
Nerol found in Shoot
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Shoot
Phellandrene found in Plant
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (369 ppm);found in Leaf (615 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Inositol found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm);found in Plant
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Glycine found in Plant
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Brahminoside found in Plant (1600 ppm)
Brahmoside found in Plant (3700 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (15890 ppm);found in Leaf (15888 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (187000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3200 ppm);found in Leaf (3200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (112 ppm);found in Leaf (112 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (38693 ppm);found in Leaf (3870 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Essential Oil
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Leaf (374 ppm);found in Plant (138 ppm)
Asiaticoside found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Zinc found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Leaf (3.4 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1-methyl-4-(1,2,2-trimethyl-cyclo-pentyl)-benzene Shoot
2,3-dihydrobenzofuran Shoot
2-methyl-butan-2-ol Shoot
3-glucosylkaempferol Plant
3-glucosylquercetin Plant
7-glucosylkaempferol Plant
Alpha-alanine Plant
Alpha-chamigrene Shoot
Alpha-copaene Essential Oil 9,000
Alpha-humulene Shoot
Alpha-pinene Essential Oil 2,000
Plant
Shoot
Alpha-terpineol Shoot
Aluminum Leaf 2,060
Leaf 220 2,060
Aminobutyrate Plant
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 40 374
Leaf 40 374
Plant 138
Ash Leaf 16,000 150,000
Leaf 16,050 150,000
Asiatic-acid Plant
Asiaticentoic-acid Plant
Asiaticoside Leaf 700 1,200
Shoot
Plant
Asiaticoside-a Leaf
Asiaticoside-b Leaf
Aspartic-acid Plant
Astragalin Leaf
Beta-acoradiene Shoot
Beta-bisabolene Shoot
Beta-carotene Leaf 40 369
Leaf 66 615
Beta-caryophyllene Essential Oil 125,000
Shoot
Plant
Beta-chamigrene Shoot
Beta-elemene Essential Oil 30,000
Leaf
Beta-farnesene Plant
Beta-pinene Essential Oil 2,000
Plant
Beta-sesquiphellandrene Shoot
Beta-sitosterol Essential Oil 2,000
Plant
Betulic-acid Plant 1,100
Betulinic-acid Plant 1,100
Bicycloelemene Essential Oil 13,000
Plant
Borneol-acetate Essential Oil 2,000
Brahmic-acid Plant 970
Brahminoside Plant 1,600
Brahmoside Plant 3,700
Calcium Leaf 1,700 15,890
Leaf 1,700 15,888
Campesterol Essential Oil 2,000
Plant
Camphene Shoot
Camphor Essential Oil
Carbohydrates Leaf 69,000
Leaf 70,192 656,000
Caryophyllene-oxide Shoot
Centella-asiatica-compound-bk Plant
Centellic-acid Plant
Centellinic-acid Plant
Centellose Plant
Centelloside Plant
Centoic-acid Plant
Chromium Leaf 0.1 1
Leaf 1
Cineole Essential Oil
Cobalt Leaf 7.3
Leaf 0.8 7.3
Delta-cadinene Shoot
Elaidic-acid Plant
Eo Leaf 321 6,000
Plant 3,000 6,000
Epiglobulol Shoot
Farnesol Shoot
Fat Leaf 6,000 56,000
Leaf 5,992 56,000
Fiber Leaf 20,000 187,000
Fiber(crude) Leaf 187,000
Fiber(dietary) Leaf 302,000
Furan-2-carboxaldehyde Shoot
Gamma-terpinene Essential Oil 4,000
Shoot
Geraniol Shoot
Germacrene Leaf
Germacrene-d Essential Oil 160,000
Shoot
Plant
Glucose Plant
Glutamic-acid Plant
Glycine Plant
Hept-trans-2-en-1-al Shoot
Heptan-1-al Shoot
Hex-3-en-2-one Shoot
Hexan-1-al Shoot
Hydrocotylegenins Plant
Hydrocotyline Plant 16
Indocentelloside Plant 4,000
Indocentoic-acid Plant
Inositol Plant
Iron Leaf 31 290
Leaf 3 29
Isobrahmic-acid Plant 9,000
Isoquercitrin Leaf
Isothankunic-acid Plant
Isothankuniside Plant
Kaempferol Leaf
Plant
Kilocalories Leaf 340 3,180
Lignocene Plant
Lignoceric-acid Plant
Limonene Shoot
Linalool Shoot
Linamarase Leaf
Linoleic-acid Plant
M-xylene Shoot
Madasiatic-acid Plant
Madecassic-acid Plant
Madecassoside Plant
Shoot
Magnesium Leaf 342 3,200
Leaf 3,200
Manganese Leaf 3 27.7
Leaf 27.7
Medicassic-acid Plant
Meso-inositol Plant 15
Mesoinosital Plant
Methanol Plant
Myo-inositol Plant
Myrcene Essential Oil 6,000
Shoot
N-dodecane Essential Oil
Nerol Shoot
Nerolidol Shoot
Niacin Leaf 12 112
Leaf 12 112
Non-3-en-2-one Shoot
Oct-trans-2-en-1-al Shoot
Oleic-acid Plant
Oxyasiaticoside Plant
P-cymol Plant
P-vinyl-guaiacol Shoot
Palmitic-acid Plant
Pectin Leaf 6,420 60,000
Leaf
Petan-1-al Shoot
Phellandrene Plant
Phosphorus Leaf 300 2,804
Leaf 300 2,800
Polyacetylenes Root
Populnin Leaf
Potassium Leaf 4,140 38,693
Leaf 414 3,870
Protein Leaf 16,050 150,000
Leaf 16,000 150,000
Pyridine Shoot
Quercetin Plant
Raffinose Plant
Resin Plant
Rhamnose Plant
Riboflavin Leaf 1.4 13
Leaf 1.4 13
Saponin Plant 11,000 80,000
Saponins Leaf 268 2,500
Selenium Leaf 0.1 1.2
Leaf 1.2
Silicon Leaf 14
Leaf 1.5 14
Sodium Leaf 10,400
Leaf 1,113 10,400
Stearic-acid Plant
Stigmasterol Essential Oil 2,000
Plant 40
Sugars Leaf 9,630 90,000
Tannin Plant
Thankunic-acid Plant
Thankuniside Plant
Thiamin Leaf 1.5 14
Thiamine Leaf 1.5 14
Tin Leaf 12
Leaf 1.3 12
Toluene Shoot
Trans-beta-farnesene Plant
Vellarine Plant
Water Leaf 893,000
Plant 893,000
Widdrene Shoot
Zinc Bark 3.4
Leaf 0.4 3.4
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]