Carthamus tinctorius Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
dyer's-saffron false saffron safflower
Carthamus tinctorius

Medical use

Economic importance of Carthamus tinctorius

Food additives adulterant
Harmful organism host crop diseases
Bee plants honey production
Environmental ornamental
Human food oil/fat starch
Animal food foder
Materials lipids tanin/dyestuf
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius Carthamus tinctorius

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Egypt; Tunisia
    Cultivated
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Morocco
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia; Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • West Tropical Africa: Burkina Faso; Mali; Nigeria
    • South Tropical Africa: Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Naturalized
    • Western Asia: Lebanon; Syria
    • Caucasus: Armenia
    • China: China - Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Zhejiang
    Cultivated
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Iraq; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    Cultivated
    • Australia: Australia
  • EUROPE
    Naturalized
    • Middle Europe: Austria
    • East Europe: Moldova; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Greece; Italy; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
    Adventive
    • Northern Europe: Ireland; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Czech Republic; Germany; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    Cultivated
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Hungary
    • Southeastern Europe: Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Romania
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Massachusetts, Ohio
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Utah
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja California, San Luis Potosi
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Michoacan
    Cultivated
    • Canada
    • Mexico
    • United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile
    Cultivated
    • Southern South America: Argentina

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (206580 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18780 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6260 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Flower (100000 ppm)
Acaricide
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Flower (0.84 ppm);found in Leaf (0.12 ppm)
Allelochemic
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Verbenone found in Flower (0.16 ppm)
Allelopathic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (0.1 ppm)
Allergenic
Benzaldehyde found in Bud (0.1 ppm);found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower (0.88 ppm);found in Leaf (0.09 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (206580 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (206580 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.03 ppm)
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (206580 ppm)
Anesthetic
Benzaldehyde found in Bud (0.1 ppm);found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (93000 ppm);found in Seed (582000 ppm);found in Plant (582000 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (19100 ppm);found in Flower (22400 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Flower (0.48 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (3.1 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (3.1 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
AntiCRP
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (26 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
AntiHIV
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (3.6 ppm);found in Seed (2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (53 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.03 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (0.1 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (3.1 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Flower (0.84 ppm);found in Leaf (0.12 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (0.1 ppm)
Tin found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Flower (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (3.1 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Flower (2200 ppm);found in Seed (102 ppm);found in Flower (8 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (53 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (0.1 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (206580 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18780 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (206580 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18780 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Flower (26 ppm)
Iron found in Flower (2200 ppm);found in Seed (102 ppm);found in Flower (8 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (53 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Flower (3.6 ppm);found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (19100 ppm);found in Flower (22400 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Silicon found in Flower (4.7 ppm);found in Flower (4.7 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (26 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (53 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (0.1 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (3.1 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (26 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.03 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bud (0.1 ppm);found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower (0.88 ppm);found in Leaf (0.09 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Flower (0.84 ppm);found in Leaf (0.12 ppm)
Hexanal found in Bud (0.06 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.03 ppm)
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (0.1 ppm)
Tin found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Flower (10 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bud (0.1 ppm);found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (26 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Flower (2200 ppm);found in Seed (102 ppm);found in Flower (8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Beta-ionone found in Flower (0.88 ppm);found in Leaf (0.09 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Flower (0.84 ppm);found in Leaf (0.12 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Flower (3.6 ppm);found in Seed (2 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (3.6 ppm);found in Seed (2 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (3.6 ppm);found in Seed (2 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (3.6 ppm);found in Seed (2 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Flower (2200 ppm);found in Seed (102 ppm);found in Flower (8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (3.6 ppm);found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Flower (3.1 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (3.6 ppm);found in Seed (2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (19100 ppm);found in Flower (22400 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (3.1 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (26 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (93000 ppm);found in Seed (582000 ppm);found in Plant (582000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (53 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Flower (53 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Flower (53 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (53 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Tracheloside found in Seed
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (3.1 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (26 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (19100 ppm);found in Flower (22400 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Antifeedant
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Flower (4.5 ppm);found in Leaf (1.14 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18780 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antiflu
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.03 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Flower (3.6 ppm);found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Flower (3.1 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Antigout
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Lignoceric-acid found in Seed
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Antihydrocoele
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (93000 ppm);found in Seed (582000 ppm);found in Plant (582000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (19100 ppm);found in Flower (22400 ppm)
Tracheloside found in Seed
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antiincontinence
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (26 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (26 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (206580 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Flower (3.6 ppm);found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antileukemic
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (206580 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antimalarial
Beta-selinene found in Flower (0.29 ppm);found in Leaf (0.11 ppm)
Humulene found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.13 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Beta-ionone found in Flower (0.88 ppm);found in Leaf (0.09 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Flower (2200 ppm);found in Seed (102 ppm);found in Flower (8 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (3.6 ppm);found in Seed (2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bud (0.1 ppm);found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Flower (100000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Flower (26 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (3.1 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (93000 ppm);found in Seed (582000 ppm);found in Plant (582000 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antionychogryphotic
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Silicon found in Flower (4.7 ppm);found in Flower (4.7 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (26 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (53 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Flower (2370 ppm);found in Flower (2370 ppm);found in Seed (3526 ppm);found in Plant (3400 ppm)
Silicon found in Flower (4.7 ppm);found in Flower (4.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antiotitic
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Flower (53 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (26 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Manganese found in Flower (53 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (9390 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18780 ppm)
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (3.6 ppm);found in Seed (2 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (0.1 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (3.6 ppm);found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Bud (0.1 ppm);found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (3.6 ppm);found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Beta-selinene found in Flower (0.29 ppm);found in Leaf (0.11 ppm)
Humulene found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.13 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (26 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antipyruvetic
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.03 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Hexanal found in Bud (0.06 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Antiseptic
(e)-2-hexenal found in Flower (0.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.67 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bud (0.1 ppm);found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Hexanal found in Bud (0.06 ppm)
Hexanol found in Bud (0.27 ppm);found in Leaf (1.06 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (0.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Flower (84 ppm);found in Flower (84 ppm)
Antisinusitic
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bud (0.1 ppm);found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Ethyl-acetate found in Flower (0.14 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (19100 ppm);found in Flower (22400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (0.1 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Antispastic
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Flower (0.84 ppm);found in Leaf (0.12 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (19100 ppm);found in Flower (22400 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (3.1 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (53 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Flower (3.1 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Antitumor
1-pentadecene found in Flower (110 ppm);found in Leaf (138 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bud (0.1 ppm);found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower (0.88 ppm);found in Leaf (0.09 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (93000 ppm);found in Seed (582000 ppm);found in Plant (582000 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (26 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Antitussive
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (0.1 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (93000 ppm);found in Seed (582000 ppm);found in Plant (582000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (0.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Flower (84 ppm);found in Flower (84 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.03 ppm)
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Antiwrinkle
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Flower (2370 ppm);found in Flower (2370 ppm);found in Seed (3526 ppm);found in Plant (3400 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (19100 ppm);found in Flower (22400 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Attifuge
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Flower (4.5 ppm);found in Leaf (1.14 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (0.1 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Flower (93000 ppm);found in Seed (582000 ppm);found in Plant (582000 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (19100 ppm);found in Flower (22400 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Ethyl-acetate found in Flower (0.14 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Seed
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-cedrene found in Flower (1.4 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower (0.88 ppm);found in Leaf (0.09 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (93000 ppm);found in Seed (582000 ppm);found in Plant (582000 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Mucilage found in Flower
Myristic-acid found in Seed (9390 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (206580 ppm)
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (3.6 ppm);found in Seed (2 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Flower (84 ppm);found in Flower (84 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bud (0.1 ppm);found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Candidistat
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Flower (2.6 ppm);found in Flower (2.6 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (3.1 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (26 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (93000 ppm);found in Seed (582000 ppm);found in Plant (582000 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (26 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (19100 ppm);found in Flower (22400 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Silicon found in Flower (4.7 ppm);found in Flower (4.7 ppm)
Cardiosedative
Tracheloside found in Seed
Cardiotonic
Tracheloside found in Seed
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Flower (19100 ppm);found in Flower (22400 ppm)
Carminative
Ethyl-acetate found in Flower (0.14 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (206580 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Coleopterifuge
Verbenone found in Flower (0.16 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Flower (26 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Cosmetic
Behenic-acid found in Seed
Myristic-acid found in Seed (9390 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6260 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (26 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Beta-ionone found in Flower (0.88 ppm);found in Leaf (0.09 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Flower (0.84 ppm);found in Leaf (0.12 ppm)
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Flower
Deodorant
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (206580 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (93000 ppm);found in Seed (582000 ppm);found in Plant (582000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (19100 ppm);found in Flower (22400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (0.1 ppm)
Dye
Carthamin found in Flower (6000 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Flower (100000 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Flower (84 ppm);found in Flower (84 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Flower (3.1 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Flower (2.6 ppm);found in Flower (2.6 ppm)
Expectorant
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bud (0.1 ppm);found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Ethyl-acetate found in Flower (0.14 ppm)
Hexanal found in Bud (0.06 ppm)
Hexanol found in Bud (0.27 ppm);found in Leaf (1.06 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Flower (0.08 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (206580 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.03 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18780 ppm)
Phenyl-acetaldehyde found in Flower (1.22 ppm);found in Leaf (0.07 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6260 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Fungicide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower (0.88 ppm);found in Leaf (0.09 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.03 ppm)
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (0.1 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Fungistat
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Flower (4.5 ppm);found in Leaf (1.14 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18780 ppm)
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Herbicide
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.03 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (0.1 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Seed
Myristic-acid found in Seed (9390 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18780 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Flower (2320 ppm);found in Flower (2320 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower (0.88 ppm);found in Leaf (0.09 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (3.1 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (26 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (93000 ppm);found in Seed (582000 ppm);found in Plant (582000 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (26 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Mucilage found in Flower
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (206580 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6260 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (3.1 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (53 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (3.1 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (93000 ppm);found in Seed (582000 ppm);found in Plant (582000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (19100 ppm);found in Flower (22400 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Flower (93000 ppm);found in Seed (582000 ppm);found in Plant (582000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (449 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Chromium found in Flower (3.1 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (26 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bud (0.1 ppm);found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Flower (2370 ppm);found in Flower (2370 ppm);found in Seed (3526 ppm);found in Plant (3400 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Insecticide
Benzaldehyde found in Bud (0.1 ppm);found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Benzene found in Flower (0.25 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Flower (0.08 ppm)
Insectifuge
Benzaldehyde found in Bud (0.1 ppm);found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Flower (4.5 ppm);found in Leaf (1.14 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (206580 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.03 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (0.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Verbenone found in Flower (0.16 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Flower (3.1 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Irritant
Alpha-cedrene found in Flower (1.4 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (206580 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.03 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (0.1 ppm)
Larvicide
Benzene found in Flower (0.25 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Flower (4.5 ppm);found in Leaf (1.14 ppm)
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (93000 ppm);found in Seed (582000 ppm);found in Plant (582000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.03 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (9390 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18780 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6260 ppm)
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Flower (3.1 ppm);found in Flower (3.1 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Benzaldehyde found in Bud (0.1 ppm);found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (26 ppm)
Narcotic
Benzaldehyde found in Bud (0.1 ppm);found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Natriuretic
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (26 ppm)
Nematicide
Benzaldehyde found in Bud (0.1 ppm);found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower (0.88 ppm);found in Leaf (0.09 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Flower (0.08 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (9390 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18780 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (0.1 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Mercury found in Flower (0.02 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Flower (2370 ppm);found in Flower (2370 ppm);found in Seed (3526 ppm);found in Plant (3400 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Beta-ionone found in Flower (0.88 ppm);found in Leaf (0.09 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Flower (0.84 ppm);found in Leaf (0.12 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
PKC-Inhibitor
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (26 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (206580 ppm)
Perfume
Alpha-cedrene found in Flower (1.4 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Beta-selinene found in Flower (0.29 ppm);found in Leaf (0.11 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Flower (0.08 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (206580 ppm)
Phenyl-acetaldehyde found in Flower (1.22 ppm);found in Leaf (0.07 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6260 ppm)
Verbenone found in Flower (0.16 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Pesticide
(e)-2-hexenal found in Flower (0.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.67 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Aluminum found in Flower (84 ppm);found in Flower (84 ppm)
Arsenic found in Flower (0.48 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Bud (0.1 ppm);found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Benzene found in Flower (0.25 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower (0.88 ppm);found in Leaf (0.09 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Caryophyllene-epoxide found in Flower (4.5 ppm);found in Leaf (1.14 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Flower (0.84 ppm);found in Leaf (0.12 ppm)
Germacrene-d found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Hexanal found in Bud (0.06 ppm)
Hexanol found in Bud (0.27 ppm);found in Leaf (1.06 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Methyl-cinnamate found in Flower (0.08 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.03 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18780 ppm)
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (0.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (6.2 ppm)
Tin found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Flower (10 ppm)
Verbenone found in Flower (0.16 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Flower (100000 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Iron found in Flower (2200 ppm);found in Seed (102 ppm);found in Flower (8 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (481394 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (206580 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18780 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6260 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (0.1 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Tracheloside found in Seed
Respirastimulant
Tracheloside found in Seed
Respirotoxic
Ethyl-acetate found in Flower (0.14 ppm)
Rodenticide
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Flower (26 ppm)
Sedative
Benzaldehyde found in Bud (0.1 ppm);found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.03 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (18780 ppm)
Spermicide
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (0.1 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Stimulant
Ethyl-acetate found in Flower (0.14 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (6260 ppm)
Taenicide
Tin found in Flower (10 ppm);found in Flower (10 ppm)
Termiticide
Benzaldehyde found in Bud (0.1 ppm);found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Flower (50 ppm);found in Leaf (28 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Flower (0.84 ppm);found in Leaf (0.12 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Transdermal
Limonene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.01 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Beta-ionone found in Flower (0.88 ppm);found in Leaf (0.09 ppm)
P-cymene found in Bud (0.01 ppm);found in Leaf (0.03 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Bud (0.1 ppm);found in Leaf (0.04 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Flower (90 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Flower (2 ppm);found in Flower (2 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (7700 ppm);found in Seed (1324 ppm);found in Flower (4430 ppm);found in Plant (17000 ppm)
Fiber found in Flower (93000 ppm);found in Seed (582000 ppm);found in Plant (582000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (2260 ppm);found in Flower (1860 ppm)
Niacin found in Flower ;found in Seed (5.3 ppm)
Phenol found in Bud (0.04 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (19100 ppm);found in Flower (22400 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (100 ppm);found in Seed (0 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Flower (0.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower ;found in Flower (32 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(e)-11-tridecene-3,5,7,9-tetrayne-1,2-diol Sprout Seedling 5.9 6.2
(e)-2-heptenal Bud 0.02
Leaf 0.04
(e)-2-hexenal Flower 0.5 0.6
Leaf 1.67
(e)-2-hexenol Bud 0.22
Leaf 0.73
(e)-2-methyl-2-butenal Bud 0.05
(e)-2-pentenal Plant
(e)-2-pentenol Bud 0.01
Leaf 0.1
(e)-beta-farnesene Flower 0.05 0.19
Leaf 0.04
(e,e)-2,4-decadienal Flower 0.15
(e,e)-3,11-tridecadiene-5,7,9-triyne-1,2-diol Sprout Seedling
(e,z)-2,8-decadiene-4,6-diyne-1-yl-3-methylbutyrate Flower 1.09
(e,z,e)-1,3,5,11-tridecatetraene-7,9-diyne Flower 2 28
Leaf 3
(fungicide) Plant
(z)-2-heptenal Bud 0.03
(z)-2-pentenol Bud 0.23
(z)-3-hexenol Bud 0.57
Leaf 1.41
(z)-3-hexenyl-benzoate Bud 0.04
Leaf 0.05
(z)-3-hexenyl-butyrate Leaf 0.01
(z)-8-decene-4,6-diyne-1-yl-3-methylbutyrate Flower 0.9 19.7
Leaf 0.07
(z,z)-1,8,11-heptadecatriene Flower 0.69 1.42
Leaf 1.74
(z,z)-3,11-tridecatriene-5,7,9-triyne Flower 0.82
(z,z,z)-1,8,11,14-heptadecatetraene Flower 1.54 7.8
1,2,3-trimethoxy-5-methyl-benzene Flower 1.12
1-heptadecene Flower 0.51
Flower 0.31 0.37
Sprout Seedling
1-hexadecene Flower 0.05 0.11
Leaf 0.22
1-pentadecene Flower 9 110
Leaf 138
1-tridecene Bud 0.16
Leaf 0.19
1-tridecene-3,5,7,9,11-pentayne Flower 0.39 0.79
11e-trideca-1,11-diene-3,5,7,9-tetrayne Sprout Seedling
11z-trideca-1,11-diene-3,5,7,9-tetrayne Sprout Seedling
2-hexanol Flower 0.12
2-hydroxyarctiin Flower
2-methyl-butyric-acid Flower 0.11
2-methyl-propanol Bud 0.07
2-methylpent-2-enal Bud 0.2
3,5,11e-trideca-1,3,5,11-tetraene-7,9-diyne Sprout Seedling
3-hexanol Flower 0.1
3-methyl-butyric-acid Flower 1.2
3e,11e-trideca-1,3,11-triene-5,7,9-triyne Flower
Sprout Seedling
3e,5e,11e-trideca-1,3,5,11-tetraene-7,9-diyne Sprout Seedling
3e,5z,11e-trideca-1,3,5,11-tetraene-7,9-diyne Sprout Seedling
3e-trideca-1,3-diene-5,7,9,11-tetrayne Sprout Seedling
3z,11e-trideca-1,3,11-triene-5,7,9-triyne Flower
3z,11z-trideca-1,3,11-triene-5,7,9-triyne Sprout Seedling
3z,11z-trideca-1,3,11-triene-5,7,9-triynr Sprout Seedling
Allo-aromadendrene Bud 0.01
Alpha-cedrene Flower 0.24 1.4
Alpha-copaene Flower 0.17 0.22
Leaf 0.05
Alpha-gurjunene Bud 0.04
Alpha-muurolene Bud 0.09
Alpha-phellandrene Bud 0.01
Leaf 0.01
Alpha-tocopherol Oil 449
Aluminum Flower 84
Flower 12 84
Arachidic-acid Seed 1,000 3,130
Arsenic Flower 0.48
Ascorbic-acid Flower 14 100
Seed 0
Ash Flower 38,000
Plant 15,000 122,000
Seed 40,000 45,000
Flower 5,320 38,000
Behenic-acid Seed
Benzaldehyde Bud 0.1
Leaf 0.04
Benzene Flower 0.13 0.25
Benzothiazole Flower 0.01
Leaf 0.03
Beta-carotene Flower 13 90
Beta-cyclocitral Flower 0.03
Leaf 0.05
Beta-ionone Flower 0.07 0.88
Leaf 0.09
Beta-selinene Flower 0.14 0.29
Leaf 0.11
Calcium Flower 4,430 7,700
Seed 1,260 1,324
Flower 620 4,430
Plant 17,000
Carbohydrates Plant 692,000 892,000
Seed 124,000 530,000
Carthamin Flower 3,000 6,000
Carthamone Flower
Caryophyllene Flower 43 50
Leaf 27 28
Caryophyllene-epoxide Flower 2.4 4.5
Leaf 1.14
Chromium Flower 3.1
Flower 0.4 3.1
Cobalt Flower 2.6
Flower 0.4 2.6
Copper Flower 20 26
Cyclosativene Bud 0.09
Deca-4,6-diyn-1-ol Plant
Deca-4,6-diyn-1-yl-3-methylbutyrate Flower 0.7 12.2
Leaf 0.59
Decanal Flower 0.03
Leaf 0.03
Decane Bud 0.01
Delta-cadinene Flower 0.63 0.84
Leaf 0.12
Dihydroactinidiolide Flower 0.02 0.1
Ethyl-acetate Flower 0.04 0.14
Ethylbenzene Flower 0.4 0.5
Fat Flower 63,000
Flower 8,820 63,000
Seed 200,000 626,000
Plant 16,000 51,000
Fiber Flower 93,000
Seed 251,000 582,000
Plant 109,000 582,000
Fiber(crude) Flower 93,000
Fiber(dietary) Flower 290,000
Gamma-muurolene Bud 0.06
Gamma-tocopherol Oil 26
Germacrene-d Leaf 0.04
Hexanal Bud 0.06
Hexanol Bud 0.27
Leaf 1.06
Hexyl-3-methyl-butyrate Bud 0.01
Humulene Flower 1.6 2
Leaf 1.13
Iron Flower 8 2,200
Seed 97 102
Flower 1 8
Isocarthamin Flower
Kaempferol-glycoside Flower
Kilocalories Seed 4,820 6,470
Lauric-acid Seed
Lignoceric-acid Seed
Limonene Bud 0.01
Leaf 0.01
Linoleic-acid Seed 122,000 481,394
Linolenic-acid Seed 5,200 16,276
Luteolin-7-beta-d-glucoside Leaf
M-xylene Bud 0.12
Magnesium Flower 1,130 2,260
Flower 260 1,860
Manganese Flower 3.1 53
Flower 0.4 3.1
Matairesinol-4-o-beta-glucopyranoside Seed
Matairesinoside Seed
Mercury Flower 0.02
Methyl-cinnamate Flower 0.08
Mucilage Flower
Myristic-acid Seed 3,000 9,390
Neocarthamin Flower
Niacin Flower
Seed 5 5.3
Nonanal Flower 0.03 0.07
Leaf 0.13
O-xylene Flower 0.5 0.11
Oleic-acid Seed 11,000 206,580
P-cymene Bud 0.01
Leaf 0.03
P-xylene Flower 0.5 0.24
Palmitic-acid Seed 6,000 18,780
Pent-1-en-3-ol Flower 0.07 0.31
Pent-3-en-2-one Bud 0.28
Pentanal Leaf 0.04
Pentanol Bud 0.13
Phenol Bud 0.04
Phenyl-acetaldehyde Flower 1.22
Leaf 0.07
Phosphorus Flower 332 2,370
Flower 2,370
Seed 3,100 3,526
Plant 3,400
Potassium Flower 2,674 19,100
Flower 14,000 22,400
Protein Flower 20,720 148,000
Plant 122,000 170,000
Seed 126,000 201,000
Flower 148,000
Riboflavin Flower 0.5 3.6
Seed 1 2
Safflower-yellow Flower 200,000 300,000
Safynol Plant
Sd Plant
Selenium Flower 0.3 2
Flower 2
Serotobenine Plant
Silicon Flower 4.7
Flower 0.7 4.7
Sodium Flower 2,320
Flower 325 2,320
Starch Flower 14,000 100,000
Stearic-acid Seed 2,000 6,260
Sugars Flower 12,600 90,000
Terpinen-4-ol Flower 0.01 0.1
Tetracheloside Flower
Tetradecene Bud 0.08 3.1
Leaf 3.66
Thiamin Seed 5.9 6.2
Thiamine Flower
Tin Flower 10
Flower 1.4 10
Tracheloside Seed
Trideca-1,3,5-triene-7,9,11-triyne Seed
Tridecane Bud 0.02
Ubiquinone-9 Plant
Verbenone Flower 0.16
Water Flower 860,000
Seed 48,000 50,000
Flower 901,000
Zinc Flower
Flower 32
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]