Capparis spinosa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
caper caperbush Flinders-rose

Wild passionfruit, or "caperbush" is an Australian native plant. It is a subspecies of the caper adapted to deserts. Its name in the Arrernte language of Central Australia is Merne arrutnenge. Wild passionfruit is a tasty bush tucker food. When it ripens, the skin goes orange, splits open and the little black seeds become visible. It is then ready to eat. The seeds are hot and spicy when crushed. It grows prolifically in riverbanks in the desert.

Capparis spinosa

Medical use

Economic importance of Capparis spinosa

Food additives flavoring
Environmental boundary/barier/suport ornamental
Human food vegetable
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Capparis spinosa Capparis spinosa Capparis spinosa Capparis spinosa Capparis spinosa Capparis spinosa Capparis spinosa Capparis spinosa Capparis spinosa Capparis spinosa Capparis spinosa Capparis spinosa Capparis spinosa Capparis spinosa

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Arabian Peninsula: Bahrain; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; United Arab Emirates; Yemen
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • China: China - Xinjiang, Xizang
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Pakistan
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Lesser Sunda Islands; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia - Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • East Europe: Ukraine - Krym
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Croatia; Greece ; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
  • PACIFIC
    Native
    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam
    • Southwestern Pacific: Solomon Islands; Vanuatu

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (2162 ppm);found in Seed (165600 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (1123 ppm);found in Seed (16200 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Flower (348 ppm);found in Seed (16200 ppm)
5-HETE-Inhibitor
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Plant
Acidifier
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Fruit (699 ppm)
Additive
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Allelochemic
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Allergenic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Flower (2162 ppm);found in Seed (165600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Plant
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Flower (2162 ppm);found in Seed (165600 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Flower (2162 ppm);found in Seed (165600 ppm)
Anesthetic
Coumarin found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (79000 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Plant
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Flower
AntiHIV
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (2.16 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
AntiMD
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (720 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (2162 ppm);found in Seed (165600 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (1123 ppm);found in Seed (16200 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Choline found in Fruit (370 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (2162 ppm);found in Seed (165600 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (1123 ppm);found in Seed (16200 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Leaf (720 ppm)
Antianginal
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Flower (2.16 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Iodine found in Fruit (699 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antibrucellosic
Coumarin found in Plant
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (720 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Flower (2.16 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Riboflavin found in Flower (2.16 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Flower (2.16 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (2.16 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (720 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (2.16 ppm)
Antichorea
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antichoreic
Choline found in Fruit (370 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Plant
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Fruit (370 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Plant
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Flower
Anticonvulsant
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Fruit (370 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Plant
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (2.16 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Choline found in Fruit (370 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Choline found in Fruit (370 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (79000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Xylose found in Plant
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Plant
Antidiuretic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Plant
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Fruit (370 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Plant
Antidysmenorrheic
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Glucose found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Antiepitheleomic
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiesherichic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Sinigrin found in Plant
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (1123 ppm);found in Seed (16200 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifibrositic
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Antiflu
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Flower (2.16 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Fruit (699 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Glucose found in Plant
Glucuronic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Fruit (370 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Plant
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (79000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (2162 ppm);found in Seed (165600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Antiischaemic
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Flower (2.16 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (2162 ppm);found in Seed (165600 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Flower
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antilupus
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antilymphedemic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antimanic
Choline found in Fruit (370 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Plant
Antimastalgic
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (720 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Flower (2.16 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Antimitotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antimononuccleotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Antimycoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Flower
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Antimyoclonic
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Antineuralgic
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Flower
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Fruit (370 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (79000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antiophthalmic
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1350 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Plant
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (1123 ppm);found in Seed (16200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Riboflavin found in Flower (2.16 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Antipellagric
Riboflavin found in Flower (2.16 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiphotophobic
Riboflavin found in Flower (2.16 ppm)
Antiplaque
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antipsittacotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antisenility
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Plant
Iodine found in Fruit (699 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Antisickling
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Fruit (370 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Plant
Antisterility
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Antistroke
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antithalassemic
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Flower
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antithrombotic
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antithromboxane-B2
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Fruit (699 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Antitoxemic
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antitoxoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Antitumor
Citric-acid found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (79000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (79000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Antiulcerogenic
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Iodine found in Fruit (699 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1350 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Bacteristat
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (79000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Flower
Bruchiphobe
Coumarin found in Plant
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
COX-1-Inhibitor
Lauric-acid found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Lauric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Flower
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (79000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Mucilage found in Plant
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Flower (2162 ppm);found in Seed (165600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Riboflavin found in Flower (2.16 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Sinigrin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Carcinogenic
Coumarin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Fruit (370 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (79000 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Coumarin found in Plant
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Cerebroprotective
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Fruit (370 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Plant
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Coumarin found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Flower (2162 ppm);found in Seed (165600 ppm)
Cholinergic
Choline found in Fruit (370 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Plant
Circulatory-Stimulant
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Flower
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Flower (348 ppm);found in Seed (16200 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Cytotoxic
Quercetin found in Flower
DME-Inhibitor
Coumarin found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Plant
Dermatitigenic
Iodine found in Fruit (699 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (2162 ppm);found in Seed (165600 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Glucuronic-acid found in Plant
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Plant
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Flower
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (79000 ppm)
Dye
Xylose found in Plant
Emetic
Coumarin found in Plant
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
FLavor
Citric-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Flower (2162 ppm);found in Seed (165600 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (1123 ppm);found in Seed (16200 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Flower (348 ppm);found in Seed (16200 ppm)
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Fungicide
Coumarin found in Plant
Iodine found in Fruit (699 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Fruit (699 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (1123 ppm);found in Seed (16200 ppm)
Hemorrhagic
Coumarin found in Plant
Hemostat
Citric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Choline found in Fruit (370 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Coumarin found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Plant
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (1123 ppm);found in Seed (16200 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Plant
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Leaf (850 ppm)
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Fruit (699 ppm)
Hypnotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (79000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Mucilage found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Flower (2162 ppm);found in Seed (165600 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Stearic-acid found in Flower (348 ppm);found in Seed (16200 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Choline found in Fruit (370 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (79000 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (79000 ppm)
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Fruit (370 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1350 ppm)
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Plant
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Flower
Insecticide
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (2162 ppm);found in Seed (165600 ppm)
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Insulin-Sparing
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Irritant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Flower (2162 ppm);found in Seed (165600 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Juvabional
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Larvicide
Sinigrin found in Plant
Larvistat
Coumarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (79000 ppm)
Lipotropic
Choline found in Fruit (370 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (1123 ppm);found in Seed (16200 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Flower (348 ppm);found in Seed (16200 ppm)
Lymphocytogenic
Coumarin found in Plant
Lymphokinetic
Coumarin found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Flower
Memorigenic
Choline found in Fruit (370 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Plant
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Mutagenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Sinigrin found in Plant
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Plant
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Myorelaxant
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NO-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Narcotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (1123 ppm);found in Seed (16200 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Flower
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (1350 ppm)
Ovicide
Coumarin found in Plant
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
P21-Inducer
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Flower
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Fruit (370 ppm);found in Leaf (100 ppm);found in Plant
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Flower (2162 ppm);found in Seed (165600 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Flower (2162 ppm);found in Seed (165600 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Flower (348 ppm);found in Seed (16200 ppm)
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (1123 ppm);found in Seed (16200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Sinigrin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Flower (0.72 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Sinigrin found in Plant
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Piscicide
Coumarin found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Flower
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Flower
Prooxidant
Iron found in Leaf (720 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Flower (2115 ppm);found in Seed (183600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Flower (2162 ppm);found in Seed (165600 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (1123 ppm);found in Seed (16200 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Flower (348 ppm);found in Seed (16200 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Protisticide
Iodine found in Fruit (699 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Glucoiberin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Sinigrin found in Plant
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Respirodepressant
Coumarin found in Plant
Rodenticide
Coumarin found in Plant
Sedative
Coumarin found in Plant
Sequestrant
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Flower (1123 ppm);found in Seed (16200 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Flower (348 ppm);found in Seed (16200 ppm)
Sweetener
Dextrose found in Flower
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Flower
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Fruit (699 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (79000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Vitamin-e found in Seed Oil (1340 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Flower (2300 ppm);found in Fruit (1335 ppm);found in Leaf (710 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Shoot
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alkaloids Fruit 740
Leaf 200
Arabinose Plant
Ascorbic-acid Flower 260 2,300
Fruit 1,335
Leaf 710
Ash Flower 79,000 140,000
Leaf 132,000
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Beta-sitosterol-beta-d-glucoside Plant
Calcium Leaf 5,500
Cappaprenols Leaf
Root
Carbohydrates Leaf 477,000 537,000
Choline Fruit 370
Leaf 100
Plant
Citric-acid Plant
Coumarin Plant
Dextrose Flower
Fat Flower 4,700
Fruit 37,500
Seed 316,000 360,000
Leaf 4,900 15,000
Fiber Leaf 68,000 79,000
Glucocapangulin Plant
Glucocapparin Seed
Glucocleomin Plant
Glucoiberin Plant
Glucose Plant
Glucuronic-acid Plant
Indole-glucosinolates Root
Iodine Fruit 699
Iron Leaf 720
Isothiocyanate-gylcoside Flower
Kaempferol-3-0-rutinoside Flower
L-stachydrine Bark
Leaf 100
Fruit 370
Lauric-acid Plant
Linoleic-acid Flower 700 2,115
Seed 142,200 183,600
Linolenic-acid Plant
Mucilage Plant
Myristic-acid Plant
Oleic-acid Flower 277 2,162
Seed 132,720 165,600
Oxalic-acid Plant
Palmitic-acid Flower 1,123
Seed 11,060 16,200
Pectic-acid Flower
Pentosans Flower 40,000
Phosphorus Leaf 1,350
Protein Leaf 138,000 179,000
Seed 190,000 220,000
Quercetin Flower
Quercetin-3-o-glucoside Shoot 60
Quercetin-3-o-glucoside-7-o-rhamnoside Shoot 56
Quercetin-3-o-rutinoside Shoot 44
Quercetin-3-o-[6''-alpha-l-rhamnosyl-6''-beta-d-glucosyl]-beta-dd-glucoside Shoot 185
Quercetin-7-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside-beta-l-rhamnopyranoside Plant
Rhamnose Flower
Riboflavin Flower 0.89 2.16
Rutic-acid Flower
Rutin Flower
Shoot
Rutinase Flower
Rutinose Flower
Saponin Plant
Sinigrin Plant
Sodium Leaf 850
Stearic-acid Flower 348
Seed 11,060 16,200
Tannin Plant
Tartaric-acid Plant
Thiamin Flower 0.7 0.72
Vitamin-e Seed Oil 1,340
Seed 42 50
Water Flower 696,000 795,000
Leaf 696,000
Xylose Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]