Canarium indicum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
canarium-nut galip galipnut Java-olive
Canarium indicum

Economic importance of Canarium indicum

Environmental shade/shelter
Human food nut oil/fat
Materials esential oils gum/resin wod
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Canarium indicum Canarium indicum Canarium indicum Canarium indicum Canarium indicum Canarium indicum Canarium indicum Canarium indicum Canarium indicum

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Irian Jaya, Moluccas; Papua New Guinea
    Naturalized
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Celebes
  • PACIFIC
    Native
    • Southwestern Pacific: Solomon Islands; Vanuatu

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (290632 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (222162 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (74297 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil (1500 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (500 ppm)
Dipentene found in Gum
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (290632 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (290632 ppm)
Analgesic
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (3750 ppm)
Terpineol found in Gum
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (290632 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Essential Oil (750 ppm)
Terpineol found in Gum
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
AntiTNF
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (500 ppm)
Elemol found in Essential Oil (37500 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (3750 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Elemicin found in Essential Oil (8750 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Terpineol found in Gum
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (290632 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (222162 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (290632 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (222162 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Terpineol found in Gum
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (3750 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (37750 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Dipentene found in Gum
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Essential Oil (750 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (3750 ppm)
Terpineol found in Gum
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Anticancer
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Terpineol found in Gum
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Methyl-eugenol found in Essential Oil (750 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Antidepressant
Elemicin found in Essential Oil (8750 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Elemicin found in Essential Oil (8750 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Essential Oil (750 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil (1500 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (222162 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (3750 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Elemicin found in Essential Oil (8750 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (290632 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (290632 ppm)
Antilithic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil (1500 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm)
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Antioxidant
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Essential Oil (750 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (222162 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil (1500 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Terpineol found in Gum
Antiproliferative
Carvone found in Plant (500 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Antiradicular
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Essential Oil (750 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (3750 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (500 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Essential Oil (750 ppm)
Terpineol found in Gum
Antiserotonic
Elemicin found in Essential Oil (8750 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm)
Terpineol found in Gum
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (37750 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Antistress
Elemicin found in Essential Oil (8750 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Essential Oil (250 ppm)
Amyrin found in Gum
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Terpineol found in Gum
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Elemol found in Essential Oil (37500 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Dipentene found in Gum
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (3750 ppm)
Antiyeast
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Apoptotic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (500 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (500 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Essential Oil (750 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (290632 ppm)
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Candidistat
Carvone found in Plant (500 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Essential Oil (750 ppm)
Carminative
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (500 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm)
Cholagogue
Terpineol found in Gum
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (290632 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Seed (74297 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Culicide
Terpineol found in Gum
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
DNA-Binder
Elemicin found in Essential Oil (8750 ppm)
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil (1500 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (37750 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (290632 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Digestive
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (37750 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Estrogenic
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm)
Dipentene found in Gum
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Terpineol found in Gum
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (37750 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (500 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Essential Oil (750 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (290632 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (3750 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (222162 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (74297 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil (1500 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (37750 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm)
Elemicin found in Essential Oil (8750 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Essential Oil (750 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (3750 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil (1500 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Fungistat
Carvone found in Plant (500 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Essential Oil (750 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Gastrostimulant
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Hallucinogenic
Elemicin found in Essential Oil (8750 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (222162 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (3750 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (222162 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (290632 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (74297 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Elemicin found in Essential Oil (8750 ppm)
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (500 ppm)
Elemicin found in Essential Oil (8750 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Terpineol found in Gum
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (500 ppm)
Elemicin found in Essential Oil (8750 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Essential Oil (750 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (290632 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (3750 ppm)
Terpineol found in Gum
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (37750 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (37750 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Dipentene found in Gum
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (290632 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (3750 ppm)
Lactagogue
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Larvicide
Elemicin found in Essential Oil (8750 ppm)
Terpineol found in Gum
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (37750 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (3750 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (222162 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (74297 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Carvone found in Plant (500 ppm)
Mutagenic
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Essential Oil (750 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Narcotic
Methyl-eugenol found in Essential Oil (750 ppm)
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (500 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Essential Oil (750 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (222162 ppm)
Nephroprotective
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Elemicin found in Essential Oil (8750 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (290632 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-humulene found in Essential Oil (250 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (37750 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (2000 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (500 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Essential Oil (750 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (290632 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (74297 ppm)
Terpineol found in Gum
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil (1500 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (37750 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (500 ppm)
Dipentene found in Gum
Elemicin found in Essential Oil (8750 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Essential Oil (750 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (6000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (3750 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (222162 ppm)
Terpineol found in Gum
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil (1500 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (136210 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (290632 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (222162 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (74297 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Schistosomicide
Elemicin found in Essential Oil (8750 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Secretolytic
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (500 ppm)
Dipentene found in Gum
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Essential Oil (750 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (3750 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (222162 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (74297 ppm)
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Sweetener
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Sympathomimetic
Anethole found in Plant (85000 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (135250 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil (6250 ppm)
Carvone found in Plant (500 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (3750 ppm)
Vermicide
Carvone found in Plant (500 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,8-cineole Essential Oil 2,500 6,250
Alpha-humulene Essential Oil 100 250
Alpha-phellandrene Essential Oil 15,100 37,750
Alpha-pinene Essential Oil 400 1,000
Amyrin Gum
Anethole Plant 34,000 85,000
Ash Seed 38,500
Beta-phellandrene Essential Oil 800 2,000
Brein Gum
Carvone Plant 200 500
Carvotanacetone Essential Oil 100 250
Dipentene Gum
Elemadienolic-acid Gum
Elemadienonic-acid Gum
Elemicin Essential Oil 3,500 8,750
Elemol Essential Oil 15,000 37,500
Eo Gum 100,000 250,000
Fat Seed 728,400
Gamma-terpinene Essential Oil 400 1,000
Limonene Essential Oil 54,100 135,250
Linoleic-acid Seed 136,210
Linolenic-acid Seed 5,099
Maniladiol Gum
Methyl-eugenol Essential Oil 300 750
Myrcene Essential Oil 2,400 6,000
Oleic-acid Seed 290,632
P-cymene Essential Oil 1,500 3,750
Palmitic-acid Seed 222,162
Protein Seed 195,700
Resin Gum
Stearic-acid Seed 74,297
Terpineol Gum
Terpinolene Essential Oil 600 1,500
Trans-p-menth-1(7),5-dien-2-ol Essential Oil 300 750
Water Seed 37,600
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]