Bryonia alba Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
European white bryony white bryony

Bryonia alba is a vigorous vine in the family Cucurbitaceae from Europe and Northern Iran. It has a growth habit similar to Kudzu, which gives it a highly destructive potential outside its native range as a noxious weed. Other common names include English mandrake, kudzu of the Northwest, and devil's turnip.

Bryonia alba

Medical use

Economic importance of Bryonia alba

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Germany; Poland
    • East Europe: Moldova; Russian Federation - Kursk, Penza, Rostov, Ryazan, Saratov, Tambov, Vladimir, Voronezh; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Sweden
    • Middle Europe: Czech Republic; Slovakia
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania
    • Southwestern Europe: France

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Plant
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Root
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Root
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Root
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Root
AntiHIV
Tannin found in Root
Antialopecic
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Antiandrogenic
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Antibacterial
Tannin found in Root
Anticancer
Tannin found in Root
Anticarcinomic
Cucurbitacin-i found in Plant
Cucurbitacin-j found in Plant
Cucurbitacin-k found in Plant
Cucurbitacin-l found in Plant
Dihydrocucurbitacin-b found in Root
Anticariogenic
Tannin found in Root
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Root
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Root
Antiedemic
Glucose found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Antigibberellin
Cucurbitacin-b found in Plant
Cucurbitacin-e found in Plant
Cucurbitacin-i found in Plant
Cucurbitacin-j found in Plant
Cucurbitacin-k found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Cucurbitacin-b found in Plant
Cucurbitacin-e found in Plant
Glucose found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Root
Antiinflammatory
Cucurbitacin-b found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Plant
Antileukemic
Cucurbitacin-i found in Plant
Antileukotriene-D4
Oleic-acid found in Root
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Root
Antimutagenic
Tannin found in Root
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Root
Antinociceptive
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiophidic
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Antioxidant
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Trimethylamine found in Root
Antiradicular
Tannin found in Root
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Root
Antispasmodic
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Root
Antitumor
Cucurbitacin-b found in Plant
Cucurbitacin-d found in Plant
Cucurbitacin-e found in Plant
Cucurbitacin-i found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Antiulcer
Tannin found in Root
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Plant
Antiviral
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Artemicide
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root
Cancer-Preventive
Cucurbitacin-b found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Carcinogenic
Tannin found in Root
Chelator
Tannin found in Root
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Root
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Root
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Cytotoxic
Cucurbitacin-b found in Plant
Cucurbitacin-d found in Plant
Cucurbitacin-e found in Plant
Cucurbitacin-i found in Plant
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Root
Estrogenic
Stigmasterol found in Plant
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root
Fungicide
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Hepatoprotective
Tannin found in Root
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Oleic-acid found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Root
Insectifuge
Cucurbitacin-b found in Plant
Cucurbitacin-d found in Plant
Cucurbitacin-e found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Root
Insectiphile
Cucurbitacin-b found in Plant
Cucurbitacin-d found in Plant
Cucurbitacin-e found in Plant
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Root
Keratitigenic
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Plant
Nematicide
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Occuloirritant
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Root
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root
Pesticide
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Propecic
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Root
Sedative
Amylase found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Root
Sweetener
Bryodulcoside found in Plant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]