Brassica rapa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
annual turnip rape biennial turnip rape bird rape bok-choy broad-beak mustard brown sarson caisin canola celery cabbage celery mustard Chinese cabbage Chinese flat cabbage Chinese mustard Chinese savoy Chinese white cabbage choisum colbaga colza false pak-choi field mustard flowering white cabbage Indian colza Indian rape Italian kale kabuna mock pak-choi mustard cabbage napa cabbage nappa cabbage pak-choi pe-tsai Peking cabbage Polish canola purple-stem mustard rapini seven-top turnip Shantung cabbage spinach mustard summer turnip rape tendergreen toria turnip turnip greens turnip rape tyfon white celery mustard wild turnip winter turnip rape yellow sarson zairainatane

Brassica rapa L. is a plant consisting of various widely cultivated subspecies including the turnip; the mizuna, napa cabbage, and cime di rapa; and turnip rape. The oilseed is sometimes confused with rapeseed oil, which however comes from a different Brassica species. In the 18th century the turnip and the oilseed-producing variants were seen as being different species by Carolus Linnaeus who named them B. rapa and B. campestris. 20th-century taxonomists found that the plants were cross fertile and thus belonged to the same species. Since the turnip had been named first by Linnaeus, the name Brassica rapa was adopted. The oilseeds known as canola are sometimes particular varieties of Brassica rapa but mostly related species Brassica napus and Brassica juncea. Many butterflies, including small white pollinate the B. rapa flowers.

Brassica rapa

Medical use

Economic importance of Brassica rapa

Human food vegetable vegetable vegetable
Gene sources disease resistance for rape progenitor of mustard progenitor of rape secondary genetic relative of cabage/kale secondary genetic relative of rape tertiary genetic relative of Abysinian cabage tertiary genetic relative of arugula tertiary genetic relative of black mustard tertiary genetic relative of crambe tertiary genetic relative of mustard tertiary genetic relative of radish tertiary genetic relative of white mustard disease resistance for rape progenitor of mustard progenitor of rape secondary genetic relative of cabage/kale secondary genetic relative of rape tertiary genetic relative of Abysinian cabage tertiary genetic relative of arugula tertiary genetic relative of black mustard tertiary genetic relative of crambe tertiary genetic relative of mustard tertiary genetic relative of radish tertiary genetic relative of white mustard disease resistance for rape progenitor of mustard progenitor of rape secondary genetic relative of cabage/kale secondary genetic relative of rape tertiary genetic relative of Abysinian cabage tertiary genetic relative of arugula tertiary genetic relative of black mustard tertiary genetic relative of crambe tertiary genetic relative of mustard tertiary genetic relative of radish tertiary genetic relative of white mustard
Vertebrate poisons mamals mamals mamals

Gallery

Brassica rapa Brassica rapa Brassica rapa Brassica rapa Brassica rapa Brassica rapa Brassica rapa Brassica rapa Brassica rapa Brassica rapa Brassica rapa Brassica rapa Brassica rapa Brassica rapa

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
    Adventive
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • South Tropical Africa: Mozambique; Zimbabwe
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Naturalized
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Adventive
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy ; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Canada
    • Mexico
    • United States
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Caribbean: Hispaniola
    • Mesoamerica: Nicaragua
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay - Alto Paraguay; Uruguay
    Adventive
    • Caribbean: Barbados; Guadeloupe; Martinique
    • Brazil: Brazil

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Analgesic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
AntiAGE
Chromium found in Seed (2.8 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
AntiCFS
Chromium found in Seed (2.8 ppm)
AntiCRP
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (486 ppm)
AntiHIV
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
AntiPMS
Manganese found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiacne
Chromium found in Seed (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Seed (2 ppm)
Antiaging
Chromium found in Seed (2.8 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (93 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Manganese found in Seed (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Seed (6 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (93 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (6 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (2.8 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (486 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (486 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (93 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (93 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Anticolitic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Seed (2.8 ppm)
Anticoronary
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (2.8 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (6 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antieczemic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Manganese found in Seed (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antifatigue
Chromium found in Seed (2.8 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Seed (2.8 ppm)
Antihangover
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Copper found in Seed (6 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (486 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Antilepric
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (93 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Seed (6 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antiobesity
Chromium found in Seed (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Copper found in Seed (6 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (486 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antiplaque
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (486 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antiseptic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Chromium found in Seed (2.8 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Seed (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (486 ppm)
Antiulcer
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Seed (0.6 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (2.8 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (6 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (486 ppm)
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Collagenic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Seed (6 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (486 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Seed (2.8 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Seed (0.6 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Chromium found in Seed (2.8 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (6 ppm)
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (486 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Chromium found in Seed (2.8 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (20 ppm)
Hypotensive
Chromium found in Seed (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Oil (189 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (2.8 ppm)
Copper found in Seed (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Seed (2 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Seed (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Seed (2.8 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (486 ppm)
Natriuretic
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (486 ppm)
PKC-Inhibitor
Gamma-tocopherol found in Oil (486 ppm)
Pesticide
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Prooxidant
Iron found in Seed (93 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Seed (6 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Seed (15 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alpha-tocopherol Oil 189
Chromium Seed 2.8
Cobalt Seed 0.6
Copper Seed 5 6
Gamma-tocopherol Oil 486
Iron Seed 93
Manganese Seed 20
Nickel Seed 1 2
Zinc Seed 15
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]