Boswellia sacra Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
frankincense olibanum-tree

Boswellia sacra is a tree in the Burseraceae family. It is the primary tree in the genus Boswellia from which frankincense, a resinous dried sap, is harvested. It is native to the Arabian Peninsula, and northeastern Africa.

Boswellia sacra

Economic importance of Boswellia sacra

Materials gum/resin
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Boswellia sacra Boswellia sacra Boswellia sacra Boswellia sacra Boswellia sacra Boswellia sacra Boswellia sacra Boswellia sacra Boswellia sacra Boswellia sacra Boswellia sacra

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Somalia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Yemen

Biological activities

5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (166.7 ppm)
Acetyl-beta-boswellic-acid found in Plant ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (4333 ppm)
Alpha-boswellic-acid found in Latex Exudate ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (106.7 ppm)
Beta-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (426.7 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Resin Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (36000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Acaricide
Alpha-terpinene found in Resin Essent. Oil
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Resin Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (36000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Verbenone found in Essential Oil
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Camphene found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.7 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Carvone found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Dipentene found in Essential Oil (3925 ppm)
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (36000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Analgesic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (36000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (87000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (35300 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.5 ppm)
Anesthetic
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Alpha-terpinene found in Resin Essent. Oil
Carvone found in Essential Oil
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (87000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (35300 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.5 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Antiallergic
Alpha-boswellic-acid found in Latex Exudate ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (106.7 ppm)
Beta-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (426.7 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-boswellic-acid found in Latex Exudate ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (106.7 ppm)
Beta-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (426.7 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-boswellic-acid found in Latex Exudate ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (106.7 ppm)
Beta-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (426.7 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (87000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (35300 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.5 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (24000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (0.6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Dipentene found in Essential Oil (3925 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (36000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (87000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (35300 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.5 ppm)
Sabinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (94400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Anticolitic
Alpha-boswellic-acid found in Latex Exudate ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (106.7 ppm)
Beta-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (426.7 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (36000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Antiedemic
Acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (166.7 ppm)
Beta-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (426.7 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (32900 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Cadinene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (32900 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (87000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (35300 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.5 ppm)
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Essential Oil
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (94400 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (166.7 ppm)
Acetyl-beta-boswellic-acid found in Plant ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (4333 ppm)
Alpha-boswellic-acid found in Latex Exudate ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (106.7 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Beta-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (426.7 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (32900 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Antileukemic
Acetyl-beta-boswellic-acid found in Plant ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (4333 ppm)
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (166.7 ppm)
Acetyl-beta-boswellic-acid found in Plant ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (4333 ppm)
Alpha-boswellic-acid found in Latex Exudate ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (106.7 ppm)
Beta-boswellic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (426.7 ppm)
Antilithic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Antimalarial
Alpha-selinene found in Essential Oil
Beta-selinene found in Essential Oil
Trans-pinocarveol found in Essential Oil
Antimange
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Antimite
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Anisaldehyde found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (36000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Resin Essent. Oil
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (36000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (36000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Antioxidant
Alpha-boswellic-acid found in Latex Exudate ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (106.7 ppm)
Camphene found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.7 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (36000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Alpha-selinene found in Essential Oil
Beta-selinene found in Essential Oil
Trans-pinocarveol found in Essential Oil
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Antiproliferative
Carvone found in Essential Oil
Antipyretic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (87000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (35300 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.5 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Aromadendrene found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Resin Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Carvone found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Sabinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (94400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antishock
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Resin Essent. Oil
Beta-pinene found in Resin Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (36000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (24000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (0.6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (32900 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Antitussive
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Sabinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (94400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Dipentene found in Essential Oil (3925 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (87000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (35300 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.5 ppm)
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Apoptotic
Beta-elemene found in Essential Oil
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Carvone found in Essential Oil
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
COX-2-Inhibitor
Alpha-boswellic-acid found in Latex Exudate ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (106.7 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (32900 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Aromadendrene found in Essential Oil
Carvone found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Mucilage found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (200000 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-pinene found in Resin Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Candidistat
Carvone found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Carminative
Carvone found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (36000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Choleretic
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Coleopterifuge
Verbenone found in Essential Oil
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Convulsant
D-borneol found in Essential Oil
Culicide
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Cytotoxic
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (200000 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (24000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (0.6 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Differentiator
Acetyl-beta-boswellic-acid found in Plant ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (4333 ppm)
Diuretic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (24000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (0.6 ppm)
D-borneol found in Essential Oil
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Camphene found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.7 ppm)
Dipentene found in Essential Oil (3925 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (24000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (0.6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Resin Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Cadinene found in Essential Oil
Camphene found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.7 ppm)
Carvone found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Ethyl-laurate found in Essential Oil
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (36000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (87000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (35300 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.5 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Fumigant
Thujopsene found in Essential Oil
Fungicide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (24000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (0.6 ppm)
Anisaldehyde found in Essential Oil
Beta-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (32900 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (36000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (87000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (35300 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.5 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Fungistat
Carvone found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Hepatoprotective
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (87000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (35300 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.5 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Hyperthermic
Phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Mucilage found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (200000 ppm)
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (36000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Resin Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Anisaldehyde found in Essential Oil
Carvone found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (32900 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Resin Essent. Oil
Beta-pinene found in Resin Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Camphene found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.7 ppm)
Carvone found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (36000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (87000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (35300 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.5 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Verbenone found in Essential Oil
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (24000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (0.6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Irritant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (24000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (0.6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
D-borneol found in Essential Oil
Dipentene found in Essential Oil (3925 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (36000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (87000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (35300 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.5 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Juvabional
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (24000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (0.6 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (87000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (35300 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.5 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Carvone found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (36000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Nematicide
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Carvone found in Essential Oil
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Resin Essent. Oil
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (36000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Perfume
D-borneol found in Essential Oil
Perfumery
Alpha-humulene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (24000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (0.6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Alpha-selinene found in Essential Oil
Alpha-terpinene found in Resin Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Resin Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Beta-selinene found in Essential Oil
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Cadinene found in Essential Oil
Carvone found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (36000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Sabinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (3000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (94400 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Verbenone found in Essential Oil
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Pesticide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Essential Oil (24000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (0.6 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Resin Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Anisaldehyde found in Essential Oil
Aromadendrene found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Resin Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Cadinene found in Essential Oil
Camphene found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.7 ppm)
Carvone found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (32900 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Dipentene found in Essential Oil (3925 ppm)
Farnesene found in Essential Oil
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Gamma-terpinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil (36000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (87000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (35300 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.5 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Thujopsene found in Essential Oil
Verbenone found in Essential Oil
Pheromonal
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Pheromone
Farnesene found in Essential Oil
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Prooxidant
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Carvone found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Dipentene found in Essential Oil (3925 ppm)
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (87000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (35300 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.5 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Resin Essent. Oil
Beta-pinene found in Resin Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Camphene found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.7 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Spermicide
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)
Sweetener
Galactose found in Latex Exudate
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Essential Oil
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Essential Oil (410000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (71600 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (35000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Limonene found in Essential Oil (128000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1.7 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (78200 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Carvone found in Essential Oil
Farnesol found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Essential Oil (87000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (35300 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (0.5 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Resin Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Anisaldehyde found in Essential Oil
Vermicide
Carvone found in Essential Oil
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (29000 ppm);found in Resin Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Resin Essent. Oil (2000 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(s)-1-isopropyl-4,8,12-trimethylcyclotetradeca-3e,73,11e-trien-1-ol Plant
1,8-cineol Resin Essent. Oil 1.6
1-octanol Resin, Exudate, Sap 3,810 12,700
1-octyl-acetate Resin, Exudate, Sap 18,000 60,000
11-keto-alpha-boswellic-acid Plant
11-keto-beta-boswellic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap 253.3
3-acetyl-beta-boswellic-acid Latex Exudate
3-acetyl-beta-boswellic-acid-methyl-ester Resin, Exudate, Sap
4,23-dihydroroburic-acid Plant
4-o-methyl-glucuronic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap 166.7
Acetyl-alpha-boswellic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap 2,166.7
Acetyl-beta-boswellic-acid Plant
Resin, Exudate, Sap 4,333
Allo-aromadendrene Essential Oil
Alpha-boswellic-acid Latex Exudate
Resin, Exudate, Sap 106.7
Alpha-calacorene Essential Oil
Alpha-copaene Essential Oil
Alpha-cubebene Essential Oil
Alpha-guaiene Essential Oil
Alpha-gurjunene Essential Oil
Alpha-humulene Essential Oil
Alpha-muurolene Essential Oil
Resin, Exudate, Sap 66,800
Alpha-phellandrene Essential Oil 24,000
Resin, Exudate, Sap 0.6
Alpha-pinene Essential Oil 410,000
Resin, Exudate, Sap 1,050 71,600
Resin Essent. Oil 35,000
Alpha-selinene Essential Oil
Alpha-terpinene Resin Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpineol Essential Oil 29,000
Resin Essent. Oil 1,000
Alpha-terpinyl-acetate Essential Oil
Alpha-thujene Essential Oil
Resin, Exudate, Sap 192,300
Alpha-ylangene Essential Oil
Anisaldehyde Essential Oil
Arabin Resin, Exudate, Sap
Arabinose Latex Exudate
Aromadendrene Essential Oil
Bassorin Latex Exudate 50,000 80,000
Beta-1-cadinene Essential Oil
Beta-boswellic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap 426.7
Beta-bourbonene Essential Oil
Resin, Exudate, Sap 10,000
Beta-caryophyllene Essential Oil
Resin, Exudate, Sap 49,100
Beta-copaene Essential Oil
Beta-elemene Essential Oil
Beta-guaiene Essential Oil
Beta-humulene Essential Oil
Beta-phellandrene Essential Oil
Beta-pinene Resin Essent. Oil 4,000
Beta-selinene Essential Oil
Beta-ylangene Essential Oil
Borneol Essential Oil
Borneol-acetate Resin Essent. Oil 1.1
Cadinene Essential Oil
Calamenene Essential Oil
Camphene Resin Essent. Oil 0.7
Carvone Essential Oil
Caryophyllene Essential Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide Resin, Exudate, Sap 32,900
Cembrene Resin Essent. Oil 14,000
Cis-beta-ocimene Resin Essent. Oil 2,000
Citronellol-acetate Resin Essent. Oil
D-borneol Essential Oil
Decan-1-ol Resin Essent. Oil 4,000
Decan-1-ol-acetate Resin Essent. Oil 3,000
Delta-cadinene Essential Oil
Delta-elemene Essential Oil
Delta-guaiene Essential Oil
Dipentene Essential Oil 3,925
Eo Latex Exudate 30,000 100,000
Ethyl-laurate Essential Oil
Farnesane Essential Oil
Farnesene Essential Oil
Farnesol Essential Oil
Galactose Latex Exudate
Gamma-cadinene Essential Oil
Gamma-muurolene Essential Oil
Gamma-terpinene Essential Oil
Resin Essent. Oil 1,000
Geraniol-acetate Resin Essent. Oil 3,000
Hexan-1-ol-acetate Resin Essent. Oil 1,000
Hexan-1-ol-hexanoate Resin Essent. Oil 1,000
Hexyl-octanoate Resin Essent. Oil 2,000
Homomyrcene Essential Oil
Incensole Essential Oil
Resin, Exudate, Sap 810 2,700
Resin Essent. Oil 27,000
Incensole-acetate Essential Oil
Incensole-oxide Essential Oil
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Isocembrene Resin Essent. Oil 18,000
Isoincensole Essential Oil
Resin Essent. Oil 8,000
Isoincensole-oxide Essential Oil
Resin, Exudate, Sap
L-alpha-pinene Essential Oil
Limonene Essential Oil 128,000
Resin Essent. Oil 1.7
Resin, Exudate, Sap 78,200
Linalool Resin Essent. Oil 20,000
Mucilage Resin, Exudate, Sap 120,000 200,000
Myrcene Essential Oil 36,000
Resin Essent. Oil 2,000
Nerol-acetate Resin Essent. Oil
O-acetyl-beta-boswellic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
O-methyl-anisole Resin Essent. Oil
Octan-1-ol Resin Essent. Oil 127,000
Octan-1-ol-acetate Resin Essent. Oil 600,000
Octanol Essential Oil
Octyl-acetate Essential Oil
P-cymene Essential Oil 3,925 87,000
Resin, Exudate, Sap 35,300
Resin Essent. Oil 0.5
P-mentha-1,4-dien-8-ol Resin, Exudate, Sap
P-mentha-1,5-dien-7-ol Essential Oil
Phellandrene Essential Oil
Resin Latex Exudate 600,000 700,000
Sabinene Essential Oil
Resin Essent. Oil 3,000
Resin, Exudate, Sap 94,400
Selina-4,11-diene Essential Oil
Selina-5,7(11)-diene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Terpenes Essential Oil 785,000
Terpinen-4-ol Essential Oil
Resin Essent. Oil 2,000
Terpinolene Essential Oil
Resin Essent. Oil 1,000
Thujopsene Essential Oil
Trans-alpha-bergamotene Essential Oil
Trans-beta-ocimene Resin Essent. Oil 13,000
Trans-pinocarveol Essential Oil
Trans-verbenol Essential Oil
Verbenol Essential Oil
Verbenone Essential Oil
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]