Bixa orellana Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
annatto arnatto lipsticktree

Achiote is a shrub or small tree originating from the tropical region of the Americas. The name derives from the Nahuatl word for the shrub, āchiotl. It is also known as Aploppas, and its original Tupi name uruku. It is best known as the source of the natural pigment annatto, produced from the fruit. The plant bears pink flowers and bright red spiny fruits which contain red seeds. The fruits dry and harden to brown capsules. It is of particular commercial value in the United States because the Food and Drug Administration considers annatto colorants made from it to be "exempt of certification". It is used as a colorant and condiment for traditional dishes such as cochinita pibil, rice, chicken in achiote and caldo de olla. It is also used to add color to butter, cheese, popcorn, drinks, and breads. The main commercial producers are countries in South America, Central America, the Caribbean, Africa, and also India and Sri Lanka, where it was introduced by the Spainish in the 17th century. Production statistics are not usually available, and would not provide a reliable guide to international trade since many of the producing countries utilize significant quantities domestically.

Bixa orellana

Medical use

Economic importance of Bixa orellana

Food additives coloring
Materials tanin/dyestuf
Medicines folklore

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Sinaloa
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Western South America: Bolivia ; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (4225 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1275 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Abortifacient
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Allelochemic
Cyanidin found in Plant
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (32000 ppm);found in Seed (163000 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Seed (4650 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
AntiGTF
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
AntiHIV
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Lignin found in Plant (88200 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit (56 ppm);found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Seed (14250 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antialopecic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (4225 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (4225 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Fruit (56 ppm);found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Seed (3930 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Fruit
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Lutein found in Seed
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Lignin found in Plant (88200 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Lignin found in Plant (88200 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit (56 ppm);found in Seed (56 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Methionine found in Seed (1660 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Fruit (56 ppm);found in Seed (56 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Lignin found in Plant (88200 ppm)
Antidandruff
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (4650 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (32000 ppm);found in Seed (163000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Antidiarrheic
Lignin found in Plant (88200 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Antidyskinetic
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (1660 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Seed (14260 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (8140 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (7730 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Fruit
Antiepileptic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (4225 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Seed (14260 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Seed (475 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Seed (1660 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Lysine found in Seed (14250 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Seed (14260 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (32000 ppm);found in Seed (163000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antihypoxic
Crocetin found in Seed
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Seed (14260 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Seed (14260 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Oleic-acid found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Lutein found in Seed
Antimalarial
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Fruit (56 ppm);found in Seed (56 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Fruit
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Crocetin found in Seed
Cryptoxanthin found in Seed
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Fruit
Saponins found in Seed (475 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Seed (3930 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Lignin found in Plant (88200 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Lutein found in Seed
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (32000 ppm);found in Seed (163000 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (641 ppm);found in Seed (3490 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Bixin found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Crocetin found in Seed
Cyanidin found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Histidine found in Seed (3930 ppm)
Lignin found in Plant (88200 ppm)
Lutein found in Seed
Methionine found in Seed (1660 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (540 ppm)
Norbixin found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (4225 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (1660 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (4650 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Seed (6380 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Antiplaque
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antiplasmodial
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antipodagric
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Lutein found in Seed
Antiprostaglandin
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Lutein found in Seed
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antisickling
Phenylalanine found in Seed (4650 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Antithyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Crocetin found in Seed
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (32000 ppm);found in Seed (163000 ppm)
Lignin found in Plant (88200 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antitussive
Pectin found in Fruit
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (32000 ppm);found in Seed (163000 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (3930 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Threonine found in Seed (7600 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Seed (3930 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Lignin found in Plant (88200 ppm)
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (4650 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Antiyeast
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (641 ppm);found in Seed (3490 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Seed (14260 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Astringent
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (32000 ppm);found in Seed (163000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (32000 ppm);found in Seed (163000 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (1660 ppm)
Mucilage found in Seed (44000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (540 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (32000 ppm);found in Seed (163000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Chelator
Lignin found in Plant (88200 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Choleretic
Crocetin found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Bixin found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Crocetin found in Seed
Lutein found in Seed
Norbixin found in Seed
Zeaxanthin found in Seed
Comedolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (540 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1275 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Seed (44000 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Diuretic
Arginine found in Seed (14260 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (32000 ppm);found in Seed (163000 ppm)
Dye
Bixin found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Emetic
Methionine found in Seed (1660 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Seed (3930 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Seed (6380 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (8140 ppm)
Lysine found in Seed (14250 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (1660 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (7600 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (7730 ppm)
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (4225 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1275 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (7600 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (7730 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Fungicide
Pectin found in Fruit
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Seed (1660 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (4225 ppm)
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Plant (123300 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Hemostatic
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Methionine found in Seed (1660 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Zeaxanthin found in Seed
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (540 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (4225 ppm)
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Seed (14260 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Seed (14250 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Crocetin found in Seed
Fiber found in Fruit (32000 ppm);found in Seed (163000 ppm)
Lignin found in Plant (88200 ppm)
Mucilage found in Seed (44000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1275 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (32000 ppm);found in Seed (163000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (32000 ppm);found in Seed (163000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Saponins found in Seed (475 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (641 ppm);found in Seed (3490 ppm)
Insectifuge
Oleic-acid found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Juvabional
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Keratolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (32000 ppm);found in Seed (163000 ppm)
Lignin found in Plant (88200 ppm)
Lipolytic
Crocetin found in Seed
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Seed (1660 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (540 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (4225 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1275 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Seed (4650 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Seed (14260 ppm)
Nematicide
Myristic-acid found in Seed (540 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (4225 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Crocetin found in Seed
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (641 ppm);found in Seed (3490 ppm)
Oxidant
Histidine found in Seed (3930 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1275 ppm)
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Fruit
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Cyanidin found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Lignin found in Plant (88200 ppm)
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (4225 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Thiamin found in Seed (2.3 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Pigment
Cyanidin found in Plant
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Seed (14260 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Cyanidin found in Plant
Iron found in Fruit (56 ppm);found in Seed (56 ppm)
Lutein found in Seed
Propecic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (5960 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (4225 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1275 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Lutein found in Seed
Zeaxanthin found in Seed
Sedative
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (4225 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Seed (14260 ppm)
Sunscreen
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1275 ppm)
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist
Ellagic-acid found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (4650 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Seed (1680 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (113 ppm)
Lutein found in Seed
Ulcerogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Seed (1660 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Seed (1660 ppm)
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Seed (14260 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (450 ppm);found in Seed (1640 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (32000 ppm);found in Seed (163000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (19 ppm)
Vitamin-A-Activity
Cryptoxanthin found in Seed
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (130 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Plant

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Apigenin-7-bisulphate Leaf
Apigenin-7-glucoside Leaf
Arginine Seed 14,260
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 20 130
Ash Fruit 10,000 64,100
Seed 47,000 54,000
Beta-beta-carotene Seed
Beta-carotene Fruit 0.9 113
Bixaghanene Leaf
Bixein Seed
Bixin Seed 130,000
Bixol Seed 220 290
Bixorellin Leaf
Calcium Fruit 70 450
Seed 970 1,640
Carbohydrates Fruit 143,000 916,666
Cellulose Plant 123,300
Crocetin Seed
Cryptoxanthin Seed
Cyanidin Plant
Ellagic-acid Plant
Eo Leaf 4,000
Seed 755 844
Fat Fruit 3,000 19,230
Seed 15,000 50,000
Fiber Fruit 5,000 32,000
Seed 158,000 163,000
Hemicellulose Plant 375,000
Histidine Seed 3,620 3,930
Hypolaetin-8-bisulfate Leaf
Hypolaetin-8-sulfate Leaf
Iron Fruit 8 56
Seed 42 56
Ishwarane Leaf 5,400
Isobixin Seed
Isoleucine Seed 5,870 6,380
Kilocalories Fruit 540 3,460
Leucine Seed 6,340 8,140
Lignin Plant 88,200
Lutein Seed
Luteolin-7-bisulphate Leaf
Luteolin-7-glucoside Leaf
Lysine Seed 10,130 14,250
Methionine Seed 1,280 1,660
Methyl(7z,9z,9z')-apo-6'-lycopenoate Seed
Methyl(9'z)-apo-6'-lycopenoate Seed
Methyl(9z)-8'-oxo-8',6-diapocaroten-6-oate Seed
Methyl(9z)-apo-8'-lycopenoate Seed
Methyl(e,e,e)-8'-apo-beta-caroten-8'-oate Seed
Methyl(e,e,e)-apo-6'-lycopenoate Seed
Methyl(e,e,e)-apo-8'-lycopenoate Seed
Methyl-bixin Seed
Mucilage Seed 44,000
Myristic-acid Seed 85 540
Neurosporene Seed
Niacin Fruit 3 19
Nitrogen Seed 24,000 25,200
Norbixin Seed
Oleic-acid Seed 365 5,960
Orellin Seed
Palmitic-acid Seed 660 4,225
Palmitolic-acid Seed 600 3,800
Pectin Fruit
Pentosans Fruit
Seed 136,000
Phenylalanine Seed 4,510 4,650
Phosphorus Fruit 100 641
Seed 2,820 3,490
Phytoene Seed
Phytofluene Seed
Protein Seed 130,000 176,000
Riboflavin Fruit 0.5 3
Seed 5
Salicylic-acid Plant
Saponins Seed 475
Silica Plant 2,200
Stearic-acid Seed 200 1,275
Tannins Fruit
Thiamin Seed 2.3
Threonine Seed 4,360 7,600
Tomentosic-acid Root
Tryptophan Seed 1,340 1,680
Valine Seed 7,620 7,730
Water Fruit 844,000
Seed 114,000
Wax Testa 30,000
Zeaxanthin Seed
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]