Bidens pilosa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
beggar-ticks black-jack cobblers'-pegs hairy beggar-ticks hairy bidens Spanish-needles

Bidens pilosa is a species of flowering plant in the aster family, Asteraceae. It is native to the Americas but it is known widely as an introduced species of other regions, including Asia and the Pacific Islands. Its many common names include beggar-ticks, cobbler's pegs, and Spanish needle. This plant is considered a weed in some tropical habitats. However, in some parts of the world it is a source of food or medicine. For example, in sub-Saharan Africa, the tender shoots and young leaves are used fresh or dried as a leaf vegetable, particularly in times of scarcity.

Bidens pilosa

Medical use

Economic importance of Bidens pilosa

Environmental potential for polution control
Human food vegetable
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Bidens pilosa Bidens pilosa Bidens pilosa Bidens pilosa Bidens pilosa Bidens pilosa Bidens pilosa Bidens pilosa Bidens pilosa Bidens pilosa Bidens pilosa Bidens pilosa Bidens pilosa

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Egypt; Libya; Morocco
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Central African Republic; Gabon; Zaire
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Liberia; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Togo
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion
    Adventive
    • Northern Africa: Algeria
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Naturalized
    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Israel
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea, South; Taiwan
    Adventive
    • Western Asia: Lebanon
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Naturalized
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Myanmar; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Java; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Greece; Italy ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
    Adventive
    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Poland
    • East Europe: Estonia
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, Baja Sur, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Colima, Federal District, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Queretaro, Veracruz
    Naturalized
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario, Quebec
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Missouri
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: U.S. Outlying Islands - Midway Islands; United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands
    • South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia; Pitcairn
    • Southwestern Pacific: American Samoa; Fiji; New Caledonia; Niue; Tonga; Wallis and Futuna Islands
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Barbados; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: Guyana; Venezuela
    • Brazil: Brazil - Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay
    Naturalized
    • Western South America: Ecuador - Galapagos Islands
    • Southern South America: Chile - Easter Island, Juan Fernandez

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Palmitoleic-acid found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Acaricide
Alpha-cadinol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (110000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Daucosterol found in Plant (450 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Allelochemic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Allergenic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Analgesic
Beta-amyrin found in Plant (307.5 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
AntiEBV
Lupeol found in Plant (50 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Antiangiogenic
Lupeol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Antibacterial
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Phenylheptatriyne found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Squalene found in Leaf
Antibronchitic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Anticancer
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Antidysenteric
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Antiedemic
Beta-amyrin found in Plant (307.5 ppm)
Friedelan-3-beta-ol found in Shoot
Lupeol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antielastase
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Antifeedant
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Antiflu
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Antihepatotoxic
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Lupeol-acetate found in Plant (60 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Beta-amyrin found in Plant (307.5 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Elaidic-acid found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Friedelan-3-beta-ol found in Shoot
Friedelin found in Shoot
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Lupeol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Daucosterol found in Plant (450 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Elaidic-acid found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Antilithic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Antimalarial
Lupeol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Antimite
Alpha-cadinol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (110000 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Beta-amyrin found in Plant (307.5 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antioxidant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Plant
Lupeol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Squalene found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Lupeol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Lupeol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Antipyretic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Antiradicular
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Lupeol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Antiseptic
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Plant (450 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antitumor
Daucosterol found in Plant (450 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Squalene found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Beta-amyrin found in Plant (307.5 ppm)
Lupeol-acetate found in Plant (60 ppm)
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Antiviral
Lauric-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Apoptotic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Artemicide
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Lauric-acid found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Lauric-acid found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Squalene found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Candidicide
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Plant
Phenylheptatriyne found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Candidistat
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Cardiodepressant
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Squalene found in Leaf
Choleretic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Cosmetic
Behenic-acid found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Lupeol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Diuretic
Friedelin found in Shoot
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Estrogenic
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Expectorant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
FLavor
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Fungicide
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Capric-acid found in Plant
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Phenylheptatriyne found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Plant (307.5 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Plant (307.5 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Herbicide
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Plant
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Hypertensive
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Hypoglycemic
Daucosterol found in Plant (450 ppm)
Hypotensive
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Lupeol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Immunostimulant
Squalene found in Leaf
Inhalant
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Insecticide
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Insectiphile
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Irritant
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Capric-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Plant (307.5 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Squalene found in Leaf
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Plant (307.5 ppm)
Musculotropic
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Nematicide
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Perfumery
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Squalene found in Leaf
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Pesticide
Alpha-cadinol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (110000 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Capric-acid found in Plant
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Germacrene-d found in Leaf Essent. Oil (730000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Phenylheptatriyne found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Plant
Squalene found in Leaf
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Leaf Essent. Oil (730000 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Sedative
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Palmitoleic-acid found in Plant
Sunscreen
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Squalene found in Leaf
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Plant (50 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (20000 ppm)
Transdermal
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (100000 ppm)
UV-Screen
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Esculetin found in Plant (300 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1-phenyl-hepta-1-3-5-triyne Plant
2-o-caffeoyl-2-c-methyl-d-erythronic-acid Leaf 7
3-o-caffeoyl-2-c-methyl-d-erythrono-1-4-lactone Leaf 15
7-phenyl-hepta-2-4-6-triyne Leaf
Alpha-cadinol Leaf Essent. Oil 110,000
Behenic-acid Leaf
Beta-amyrin Plant 307.5
Beta-caryophyllene Leaf Essent. Oil 730,000
Borneol Leaf Essent. Oil 20,000
Capric-acid Plant
Daucosterol Plant 450
Elaidic-acid Leaf
Esculetin Plant 300
Friedelan-3-beta-ol Shoot
Friedelin Shoot
Germacrene-d Leaf Essent. Oil 730,000
Isoquercitrin Leaf 12
L-inositol Shoot
Lauric-acid Plant
Limonene Leaf Essent. Oil 100,000
Linoleic-acid Shoot
Linolenic-acid Shoot
Lupeol Plant 50
Lupeol-acetate Plant 60
Myristic-acid Plant
Okanin-3'-4'-diglucoside Flower 100
Okanin-3'-glucoside Flower 1,020
Okanin-3'-o-beta-d-glucoside Leaf 84
Okanin-4'-(6"-o-acetyl)-glucoside Flower 120
Okanin-4'-diglucoside Flower 460
Okanin-4'-glucoside Flower 200
Okanin-4'-o-beta-d-(2"-4"-6"-triacetyl)-glucoside Leaf 176
Okanin-4'-o-beta-d-(2"-4"-diacetyl-6"-trans-p-coumaroyl)-glucoside Leaf
Okanin-4'-o-beta-d-(3"-4"-diacetyl-6"-trans-p-coumaroyl)-glucoside Leaf
Okanin-4'-o-beta-d-(4"-acetyl-6"-trans-p-coumaroyl)-glucoside Leaf
Okanin-4'-o-beta-d-(6"-trans-p-coumaroyl)-glucoside Leaf 21
Okanin-4'-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Leaf 6.5
Okanin-4-methyl-ether-3'-o-beta-d-glucoside Leaf 46
Palmitic-acid Plant
Palmitoleic-acid Plant
Phenylhepta-1-3-5-triyne Flower
Fruit
Leaf
Phenylheptatriyne Leaf
Shoot
Plant
Phytol-heptanoate Leaf
Sandaracopimara-8(14)-15-diene-7-alpha-18-diol Leaf
Squalene Leaf
Stigmasterol Leaf
T-muurolol Leaf Essent. Oil 110,000
Tridec-5-ene-7-9-11-triyne-3-ol Root
Trideca-2-12-diene-4-6-8-10-tetrayn-1-ol Root
Trideca-3-11-diene-5-7-9-triyne-1-2-diol Root
Tridecapentayn-1-ene Root
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]