Berberis vulgaris Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
barberry common barberry European barberry jaundice-berry piprage

Berberis vulgaris L., also known as European barberry or simply Barberry, is a shrub in the genus Berberis. It produces edible but sharply acidic berries, which people in many countries eat as a tart and refreshing fruit. The shrub native to central and southern Europe, northwest Africa and western Asia; it is also naturalised in northern Europe, including the British Isles and Scandinavia, and North America. In the United States and Canada, it has become established in the wild over an area from Nova Scotia to Nebraska, with additional populations in Colorado, Idaho, Washington State, Montana, and British Columbia. Although not naturalised, in rural New Zealand it has been widely cultivated as a hedge on farms. It is cultivated for its fruits in many countries. It is a deciduous shrub growing up to 4 m high. The leaves are small oval, 2–5 cm long and 1–2 cm broad, with a serrated margin; they are borne in clusters of 2-5 together, subtended by a three-branched spine 3–8 mm long. The flowers are yellow, 4–6 mm across, produced on 3–6 cm long panicles in late spring.

Berberis vulgaris

Medical use

Economic importance of Berberis vulgaris

Food additives flavoring
Harmful organism host crop diseases
Medicines source of berberine
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Berberis vulgaris Berberis vulgaris Berberis vulgaris Berberis vulgaris Berberis vulgaris Berberis vulgaris Berberis vulgaris Berberis vulgaris Berberis vulgaris Berberis vulgaris

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Turkey
    • Caucasus: Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Fruit
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Esculetin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Abortifacient
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Hydrastine found in Plant
Palmatine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root
Absorbent
Starch found in Bark (90000 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Plant
Acidifier
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Additive
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Adrenocorticotrophic
Palmatine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root
Adrenolytic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Fruit
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citric-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Plant
Amebicide
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Fruit
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Palmatine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Anesthetic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm);found in Root (4370 ppm)
Anorexic
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Fruit
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (9.4 ppm);found in Root (9.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (6 ppm);found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit (72 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiTGF-beta
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antiacne
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Tin found in Bark (26 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antiadrenergic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chromium found in Bark (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Bark (141 ppm);found in Root (141 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Plant
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (6 ppm);found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit (72 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Antialopecic
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Isotetrandrine found in Plant
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Antiamnesic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antianemic
Iron found in Bark (141 ppm);found in Root (141 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (6 ppm);found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit (72 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Fruit
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Bark (9.4 ppm);found in Root (9.4 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Esculetin found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Palmatine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm);found in Root (4370 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiarteriosclerotic
Silicon found in Bark (2.3 ppm);found in Root (2.3 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (6 ppm);found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit (72 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Fruit
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Chromium found in Bark (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Plant
Lutein found in Plant
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antibacillus
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citric-acid found in Plant
Columbamine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Stem Bark (2900 ppm);found in Root
Esculetin found in Fruit
Hydrastine found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnoflorine found in Plant ;found in Root
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Oxyacanthine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark (10000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Palmatine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Tin found in Bark (26 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antibiotic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Hydrastine found in Plant
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Anticanker
Iron found in Bark (141 ppm);found in Root (141 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Anticapillary-Fragility
Esculetin found in Fruit
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Isotetrandrine found in Plant
Oxyacanthine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark (10000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Bark (9.4 ppm);found in Root (9.4 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Bark (9.4 ppm);found in Root (9.4 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (9.4 ppm);found in Root (9.4 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (9.4 ppm);found in Root (9.4 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Bark (141 ppm);found in Root (141 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (9.4 ppm);found in Root (9.4 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Antichlamydial
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Anticholecystitic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Anticholera
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Anticholinesterase
Palmatine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root
Anticirrhotic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Fruit
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Anticomplement
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticonjunctivitic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Bark (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidandruff
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Isotetrandrine found in Plant
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (9.4 ppm);found in Root (9.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm);found in Root (4370 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Chromium found in Bark (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Fructose found in Plant
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (6 ppm);found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit (72 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antidiarrheic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Bark (6 ppm);found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit (72 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Esculetin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Bark (6 ppm);found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit (72 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Glucose found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Antiendotoxic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Fruit
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Antienterotoxic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (6 ppm);found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit (72 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Fruit
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Esculetin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiesherichic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm);found in Root (4370 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antifeedant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antiflu
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Antigiardial
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Bark (9.4 ppm);found in Root (9.4 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Bark (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigonorrhea
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antigout
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Fructose found in Plant
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Fruit
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Fruit
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antihepatomic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Glucose found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Fruit
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm);found in Root (4370 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Antihypotensive
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Palmatine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Fruit
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Isotetrandrine found in Plant
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark ;found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Stem Bark (3600 ppm);found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Palmatine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Bark (9.4 ppm);found in Root (9.4 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Plant
Glucose found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antileukemic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antileukopenic
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antilipogenic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Lutein found in Plant
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antimalarial
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Columbamine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Stem Bark (2900 ppm);found in Root
Isotetrandrine found in Plant
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark ;found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Stem Bark (3600 ppm);found in Plant
Oxyacanthine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark (10000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Palmatine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Bark (141 ppm);found in Root (141 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (9.4 ppm);found in Root (9.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antimitotic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Antimuscarinic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citric-acid found in Plant
Esculetin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antimyalgic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antimycotic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Plant
Antineoplastic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antinephritic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Bark (90000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antineuromuscular
Magnoflorine found in Plant ;found in Root
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Antinyctalopic
Lutein found in Plant
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Bark (2.3 ppm);found in Root (2.3 ppm)
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Fruit
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (6 ppm);found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit (72 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Bark (450 ppm);found in Root (450 ppm)
Silicon found in Bark (2.3 ppm);found in Root (2.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antiototic
Manganese found in Bark (6 ppm);found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit (72 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Capsanthin found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lutein found in Plant
Manganese found in Bark (6 ppm);found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit (72 ppm)
Oxyacanthine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark (10000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Quercetin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Bark (9.4 ppm);found in Root (9.4 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Sucrose found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (9.4 ppm);found in Root (9.4 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antiperistaltic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiphotooxidative
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark ;found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Stem Bark (3600 ppm);found in Plant
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bark (9.4 ppm);found in Root (9.4 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antiplasmodial
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Isotetrandrine found in Plant
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark ;found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Stem Bark (3600 ppm);found in Plant
Oxyacanthine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark (10000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Fruit
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Cyanin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Lutein found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Fruit
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Fruit
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Esculetin found in Fruit
Palmatine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lutein found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Antisecretory
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citric-acid found in Plant
Esculetin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antishigellic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Bark (489 ppm);found in Root (489 ppm)
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Magnoflorine found in Plant ;found in Root
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm);found in Root (4370 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Antispermigenic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Esculetin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antistrep
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm);found in Root (4370 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (6 ppm);found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit (72 ppm)
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antisyphilitic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Fruit
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit
Antitic
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antitrachomic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Bark (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antitrypanosomic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antitubercular
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Plant
Isotetrandrine found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citric-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antitussive
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Pectin found in Fruit
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antiuterotic
Hydrastine found in Plant
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Bark (489 ppm);found in Root (489 ppm)
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Hydrastine found in Plant
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Cyanin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Antiwart
Chelidonic-acid found in Plant
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Bark (450 ppm);found in Root (450 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm);found in Root (4370 ppm)
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Astringent
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Fruit
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm);found in Root (4370 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Bilirubinolytic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Fruit
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
CNS-Depressant
Columbamine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Stem Bark (2900 ppm);found in Root
Hydrastine found in Plant
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark ;found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Stem Bark (3600 ppm);found in Plant
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Magnoflorine found in Plant ;found in Root
Palmatine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark ;found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Stem Bark (3600 ppm);found in Plant
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isotetrandrine found in Plant
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Oxyacanthine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark (10000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Fruit
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Bark (9.4 ppm);found in Root (9.4 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Bark (489 ppm);found in Root (489 ppm)
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Capillarifortificant
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Capillarigenic
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Cardiodepressant
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Esculetin found in Fruit
Hydrastine found in Plant
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Bark (4.2 ppm);found in Root (4.2 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Chromium found in Bark (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm);found in Root (4370 ppm)
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Silicon found in Bark (2.3 ppm);found in Root (2.3 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Cardiotonic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm);found in Root (4370 ppm)
Carminative
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Chelator
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Pectin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit
Cholagogue
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Cholekinetic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Choleretic
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Columbamine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Stem Bark (2900 ppm);found in Root
Esculetin found in Fruit
Hydrastine found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oxyacanthine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark (10000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Yatroricine found in Plant
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Coagulant
Vitamin-k found in Leaf
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Collyrium
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Sucrose found in Fruit
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Capsanthin found in Fruit
Lutein found in Plant
Zeaxanthin found in Plant
Convulsant
Hydrastine found in Plant
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Cosmetic
Esculetin found in Fruit
Curare
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Curaroid
Magnoflorine found in Plant ;found in Root
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Cytotoxic
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Esculetin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oxyacanthine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark (10000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Demulcent
Pectin found in Fruit
Sucrose found in Fruit
Deodorant
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Depressant
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Esculetin found in Fruit
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Plant
Digestive
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm);found in Root (4370 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Elastase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Emetic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Cyanin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Emollient
Starch found in Bark (90000 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Bark (489 ppm);found in Root (489 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Bark (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Enterotonic
Columbamine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Stem Bark (2900 ppm);found in Root
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark ;found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Stem Bark (3600 ppm);found in Plant
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Bark (4.2 ppm);found in Root (4.2 ppm)
Estrogenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
FLavor
Citric-acid found in Plant
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Fruit
Fungicide
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Fruit
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark ;found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Stem Bark (3600 ppm);found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Glaucomagenic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Hemostat
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Plant
Hydrastine found in Plant
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Hepatoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Fruit
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zeaxanthin found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Hypercholesterolemic
Sucrose found in Fruit
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Plant
Hypertensive
Esculetin found in Fruit
Hydrastine found in Plant
Sodium found in Bark (350 ppm);found in Root (350 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Chromium found in Bark (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Manganese found in Bark (6 ppm);found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit (72 ppm)
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Columbamine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Stem Bark (2900 ppm);found in Root
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Hydrastine found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Isotetrandrine found in Plant
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark ;found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Stem Bark (3600 ppm);found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Magnoflorine found in Plant ;found in Root
Palmatine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm);found in Root (4370 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (213 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Chromium found in Bark (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Phosphorus found in Bark (450 ppm);found in Root (450 ppm)
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Palmatine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Insecticide
Rutin found in Fruit
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Insectiphile
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Bark (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Irritant
Chelidonic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Lachrymatory
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Larvicide
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Laxative
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Fructose found in Plant
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Leucocytogenic
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Lipase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Membranomodulator
Oxyacanthine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark (10000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Bark (1.2 ppm);found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Plant
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Musculotropic
Esculetin found in Fruit
Mutagenic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Mycobactericide
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Mydriatic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Myocardiodepressant
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Fruit
Myorelaxant
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Esculetin found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Plant
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Bark (450 ppm);found in Root (450 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnoflorine found in Plant ;found in Root
Rutin found in Fruit
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Paralytic
Magnoflorine found in Plant ;found in Root
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Fruit
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Bark (489 ppm);found in Root (489 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Columbamine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Stem Bark (2900 ppm);found in Root
Cyanin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Fruit
Hydrastine found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Isotetrandrine found in Plant
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark ;found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Stem Bark (3600 ppm);found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnoflorine found in Plant ;found in Root
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Oxyacanthine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem Bark (10000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Palmatine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (10 ppm)
Tin found in Bark (26 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Phototoxic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Pigment
Cyanin found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Pelargonin found in Fruit
Piscicide
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Plasmodicide
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Poultice
Starch found in Bark (90000 ppm)
Preservative
Sucrose found in Fruit
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Iron found in Bark (141 ppm);found in Root (141 ppm)
Lutein found in Plant
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Protisticide
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark ;found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Stem Bark (3600 ppm);found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lutein found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Zeaxanthin found in Plant
RNA-Depressant
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
RT-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Fruit
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Respiradepressant
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Palmatine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root
Sedative
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Hydrastine found in Plant
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark ;found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Stem Bark (3600 ppm);found in Plant
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Sequestrant
Tartaric-acid found in Plant
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Fruit
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Stomachic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Esculetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Fructose found in Plant
Sucrose found in Fruit
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Taenicide
Tin found in Bark (26 ppm);found in Root (26 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Berberrubine found in Bark ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Toxic
Magnoflorine found in Plant ;found in Root
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Fruit
Trypanocide
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
UV-Screen
Esculetin found in Fruit
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Bark ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (0 ppm)
Lutein found in Plant
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Fruit
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Uterocontractant
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Jatrorrhizine found in Bark ;found in Root ;found in Stem ;found in Stem Bark (3600 ppm);found in Plant
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Uterotonic
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Hydrastine found in Plant
Palmatine found in Bark ;found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Bark (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Vagostimulant
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Vasoconstrictor
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Hydrastine found in Plant
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Berbamine found in Bark ;found in Stem Bark (5900 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Root Bark
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Calcium found in Bark (19100 ppm);found in Root (19100 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (134000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Bark (1430 ppm);found in Root (1430 ppm)
Magnoflorine found in Plant ;found in Root
Niacin found in Bark (81 ppm);found in Root (81 ppm)
Potassium found in Bark (4370 ppm);found in Root (4370 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Fruit
Ursolic-acid found in Fruit
Vermifuge
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Vibriofuge
Berberine found in Bark (45000 ppm);found in Root Bark (80000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root (64800 ppm);found in Stem (28900 ppm);found in Stem Bark (25000 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Flower (6600 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Root (0 ppm);found in Fruit (3800 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Sucrose found in Fruit
Zinc found in Bark ;found in Root
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Esculetin found in Fruit
Hyperoside found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Fruit (55600 ppm);found in Plant
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Fruit
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Fruit
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alkaloids Bark
Root Bark
Root 30,000
Stem Bark
Alpha-glucan Leaf
Alpha-tocopherol Leaf 213
Aluminum Bark 489
Root 489
Ascorbic-acid Bark
Leaf
Root 0
Fruit 1,560 3,800
Ash Bark 100,000
Root 100,000
Bargustanine Root
Berbamine Bark
Stem Bark 5,900
Plant
Root
Root Bark
Berbamunine Root
Berberine Bark 45,000
Root Bark 25,000 80,000
Plant
Root 4,000 64,800
Stem 1,600 28,900
Stem Bark 20,000 25,000
Leaf 3,000
Flower 6,600
Berberrubine Bark
Root
Plant
Berberubine Plant
Berculcine Plant
Berlambine Root
Bervulcine Plant
Beta-carotene Bark
Fruit
Root 0
Beta-xylan Leaf
Caffeic-acid Fruit
Plant
Calcium Bark 19,100
Root 19,100
Capsanthin Fruit
Carbohydrates Bark 791,000
Root 791,000
Chelidonic-acid Plant
Chlorogenic-acid Fruit
Chromium Bark 1.2
Root 1.2
Chrysanthemumxanthin Plant
Citric-acid Plant
Cobalt Bark 4.2
Root 4.2
Columbamine Bark
Plant
Stem
Stem Bark 2,900
Root
Columbianine Plant
Cyanin Fruit
Leaf
Delphinidin-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Leaf
Esculetin Fruit
Fat Bark 43,000
Root 43,000
Fiber Root 134,000
Fiber(crude) Bark 134,000
Fiber(dietary) Bark 440,000
Flavoxanthin Fruit
Fructose Plant
Glucose Plant
Hydrastine Plant
Hyperoside Fruit
Iron Bark 141
Root 141
Isoquercitrin Fruit
Isotetrandrine Plant
Jatrorrhizine Bark
Root
Stem
Stem Bark 3,600
Plant
Kaempferol Plant
Kilocalories Root 3,120
Lambertine Root
Lutein Plant
Magnesium Bark 1,430
Root 1,430
Magnoflorine Plant
Root
Malic-acid Fruit
Manganese Bark 6
Root 6
Fruit 72
Niacin Bark 81
Root 81
Oxyacanthine Bark
Plant
Stem Bark 10,000
Root
Root Bark
Palmatine Bark
Plant
Stem
Root
Pectin Fruit
Pectose Plant
Pelargonin Fruit
Peonidin-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Leaf
Petunidin-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Fruit
Phosphorus Bark 450
Root 450
Polysaccharide Leaf
Potassium Bark 4,370
Root 4,370
Protein Bark 66,000
Root 66,000
Quercetin Plant
Resin Plant
Riboflavin Bark 9.4
Root 9.4
Rutin Fruit
Selenium Bark 3.4
Root 3.4
Silicon Bark 2.3
Root 2.3
Sinapic-acid Plant
Sodium Bark 350
Root 350
Starch Bark 90,000
Sucrose Fruit
Sugar Fruit
Tannin Fruit 55,600
Plant
Tartaric-acid Plant
Thiamin Root 10
Thiamine Bark 10
Tin Bark 26
Root 26
Ursolic-acid Fruit
Vitamin-k Leaf
Vulcracine Plant
Vulvracine Plant
Yatroricine Plant
Zeaxanthin Plant
Zinc Bark
Root
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]