Asparagus officinalis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
asparagus garden asparagus
Asparagus officinalis

Medical use

Economic importance of Asparagus officinalis

Human food vegetable
Gene sources primary genetic relative of asparagus
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Asparagus officinalis Asparagus officinalis Asparagus officinalis Asparagus officinalis Asparagus officinalis Asparagus officinalis Asparagus officinalis Asparagus officinalis Asparagus officinalis Asparagus officinalis Asparagus officinalis Asparagus officinalis

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Gorno-Altay, Khakassia, Krasnoyarsk , Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tyumen
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • China: China - Xinjiang
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Finland; Norway; Sweden
    • East Europe: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Canada
    • United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador - Galapagos Islands
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Uruguay

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Shoot (645 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Shoot (774 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Shoot (5806 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Shoot (129 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Shoot (387 ppm)
5-HETE-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Root
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Vanadium found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Shoot (864 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Shoot
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Shoot
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Shoot (4645 ppm)
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Rhizome
Alcohol-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Inulin found in Root
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Allelochemic
O-cresol found in Shoot
P-cresol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Allelopathic
Asparagusic-acid found in Shoot
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Mufa found in Shoot (903 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Shoot (774 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Shoot (774 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Phenol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Androgenic
Boron found in Shoot (104 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Mufa found in Shoot (903 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Shoot (774 ppm)
Anesthetic
Guaiacol found in Shoot
Phenol found in Shoot
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Fiber found in Shoot (141000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (33500 ppm);found in Shoot (55200 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Shoot (0.006 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Shoot (9290 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Root
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Root
AntiHIV
Quercetin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
AntiMD
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Phenol found in Shoot
Pufa found in Shoot (12387 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Lithium found in Shoot (0.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
AntiSpina-Bifida
Folacin found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Shoot (12774 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Pufa found in Shoot (12387 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Sulfur found in Shoot (864 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Shoot (1.8 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Antiaggregant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Shoot (645 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (12 ppm);found in Shoot (240 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Rhizome
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Shoot (12774 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Shoot (18710 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Shoot (22.4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Antialopecic
Inositol found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Shoot (774 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Shoot (5806 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Choline found in Rhizome
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Shoot (774 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Shoot (5806 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Folacin found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Iron found in Root (12 ppm);found in Shoot (240 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Root
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (33500 ppm);found in Shoot (55200 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Shoot (6065 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Silicon found in Root
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Copper found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Shoot (22.4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Sulfur found in Shoot (864 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Root
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Lutein found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Guaiacol found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Root
Lauric-acid found in Shoot (129 ppm)
Phenol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Silver found in Shoot (0.12 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-carotene found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (12 ppm);found in Shoot (240 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Root
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Methionine found in Shoot (3742 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm)
Rutin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Shoot (22.4 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Folacin found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Folacin found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Iron found in Root (12 ppm);found in Shoot (240 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Antichorea
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antichoreic
Choline found in Rhizome
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Rhizome
Inositol found in Shoot
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Root
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Root
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Root
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Rutin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Rhizome
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Root
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Sulfur found in Shoot (864 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Choline found in Rhizome
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Rutin found in Root
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Folacin found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Lithium found in Shoot (0.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Shoot (9290 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (33500 ppm);found in Shoot (55200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Guaiacol found in Shoot
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Shoot (22.4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Choline found in Rhizome
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Copper found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Fiber found in Shoot (141000 ppm)
Fructose found in Rhizome
Inulin found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Inulin found in Root
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (2 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Rhizome
Manganese found in Root (2 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Guaiacol found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Methionine found in Shoot (3742 ppm)
Pufa found in Shoot (12387 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antiedemic
4-vinyl-guaiacol found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Glucose found in Shoot
Rutin found in Root
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Root
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Shoot (18452 ppm)
Glycine found in Shoot (12774 ppm)
Leucine found in Shoot (17161 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Shoot (6194 ppm)
Valine found in Shoot (15226 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Shoot (64645 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antiepitheleomic
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Root
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Root
Antiesophagitic
Guaiacol found in Shoot
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Root
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Copper found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Shoot (22.4 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (33500 ppm);found in Shoot (55200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Antifeedant
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Succinic-acid found in Shoot
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Root
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Shoot (5806 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Root
Antifibrositic
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antiflu
Quercetin found in Root
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Root
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Glycine found in Shoot (12774 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Folacin found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Rutin found in Root
Antiglossitic
Folacin found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm)
Antiglycosation
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Root
Antigout
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Shoot (864 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Fructose found in Rhizome
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Root
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Plant (0.6 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Phenol found in Shoot
Rutin found in Root
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Shoot (18452 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Shoot (3742 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Glucose found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root
Lysine found in Shoot (18710 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Rhizome
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Rhizome
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Shoot (4645 ppm)
Antihydrocoele
Phenol found in Shoot
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Root
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Shoot (64645 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Pantothenic-acid found in Shoot (22.4 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Shoot (645 ppm)
Arginine found in Shoot (18452 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Fiber found in Shoot (141000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (33500 ppm);found in Shoot (55200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Lithium found in Shoot (0.6 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Root
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Shoot (18452 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antiincontinence
Phenol found in Shoot
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Shoot (18452 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
4-vinyl-guaiacol found in Shoot
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Shoot (645 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Copper found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Mufa found in Shoot (903 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Shoot (774 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Antiinsulinogenic
Vanadium found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Antiischemic
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Rhizome
Glucose found in Shoot
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Root
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antileukemic
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Shoot (645 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Mufa found in Shoot (903 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Shoot (774 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Shoot (64645 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Root
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Lutein found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Antimanic
Choline found in Rhizome
Lithium found in Shoot (0.6 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Shoot (645 ppm)
Iron found in Root (12 ppm);found in Shoot (240 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Shoot (645 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Shoot (45805 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root
O-cresol found in Shoot
P-cresol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Antimyelotoxic
Folacin found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Root
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Antimyoclonic
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Rhizome
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Shoot (6065 ppm)
Rutin found in Root
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Folacin found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Rhizome
Copper found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Antinyctalopic
Lutein found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Fiber found in Shoot (141000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antionychogryphotic
Phenol found in Shoot
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Root
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Rhizome
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Boron found in Shoot (104 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Sulfur found in Shoot (864 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Boron found in Shoot (104 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Copper found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (7460 ppm);found in Shoot (10244 ppm)
Silicon found in Root
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antiotitic
Phenol found in Shoot
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (2 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Seed (18581 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Histidine found in Shoot (6065 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root
Lauric-acid found in Shoot (129 ppm)
Lutein found in Plant
Manganese found in Root (2 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Methionine found in Shoot (3742 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Shoot (129 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Shoot (5806 ppm)
Phenol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm)
Rutin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Sucrose found in Rhizome
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Root
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Methionine found in Shoot (3742 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Shoot (9290 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Shoot (6194 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Shoot (14452 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Root
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Root
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Folacin found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Root
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Root
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Root
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Shoot (6194 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Antiplaque
Folacin found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Root
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Root
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Root
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Antipolyneuritic
Pufa found in Shoot (12387 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-carotene found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Lutein found in Plant
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
4-vinyl-guaiacol found in Shoot
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Root
Antiprostatitic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Shoot (645 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Shoot (64645 ppm)
Glycine found in Shoot (12774 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Phenol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Shoot (3097 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Root
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Shoot (12774 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Sarsapogenin found in Shoot
Antipsychotic
Folacin found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Lithium found in Shoot (0.6 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Root
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Sarsapogenin found in Shoot
Antipyruvetic
Phenol found in Shoot
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root
Lutein found in Plant
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Shoot (64645 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Antischizophrenic
Lithium found in Shoot (0.6 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Sulfur found in Shoot (864 ppm)
Antisenility
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Guaiacol found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Root
M-cresol found in Shoot
O-cresol found in Shoot
P-cresol found in Shoot
Phenol found in Shoot
Sulfur found in Shoot (864 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Root
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Antisickling
Asparagine found in Shoot
Glycine found in Shoot (12774 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Shoot (9290 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Shoot (700 ppm)
Antisinusitic
Phenol found in Shoot
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (33500 ppm);found in Shoot (55200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Antispastic
Phenol found in Shoot
Antistaphylococcic
Kaempferol found in Root
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Rhizome
Antisterility
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Root
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (33500 ppm);found in Shoot (55200 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (2 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antithalassemic
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Root
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Root
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Root
Antithrombotic
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antithromboxane-B2
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Root
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antitoxemic
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Antituberculic
Guaiacol found in Shoot
Antitumor-Promoter
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Fiber found in Shoot (141000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Fiber found in Shoot (141000 ppm)
Glycine found in Shoot (12774 ppm)
Histidine found in Shoot (6065 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Threonine found in Shoot (10968 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Shoot (6194 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Shoot (6065 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Shoot (700 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Shoot
Rutin found in Root
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root
Lauric-acid found in Shoot (129 ppm)
Lithium found in Shoot (0.6 ppm)
Phenol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Shoot (9290 ppm)
Antiwrinkle
Phenol found in Shoot
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Shoot (64645 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (7460 ppm);found in Shoot (10244 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (33500 ppm);found in Shoot (55200 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Shoot (18452 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Astringent
Silver found in Shoot (0.12 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Rhizome
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Root
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Shoot (141000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (33500 ppm);found in Shoot (55200 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Bifidogenic
Inulin found in Root
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Root
Bruchiphobe
Succinic-acid found in Shoot
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Phenol found in Shoot
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Shoot (129 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root
Lauric-acid found in Shoot (129 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Root
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Seed (18581 ppm)
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Shoot (645 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Fiber found in Shoot (141000 ppm)
Glycine found in Shoot (12774 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Methionine found in Shoot (3742 ppm)
Mufa found in Shoot (903 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Shoot (129 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
O-cresol found in Shoot
Oleic-acid found in Shoot (774 ppm)
P-cresol found in Shoot
Pantothenic-acid found in Shoot (22.4 ppm)
Phenol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm)
Rutin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Serine found in Shoot (14968 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Shoot
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Shoot (6194 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Shoot (700 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Shoot (129 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Carcinogenic
Kaempferol found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Phenol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Root
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Rhizome
Guaiacol found in Shoot
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Root ;found in Shoot (0.12 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Copper found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Fiber found in Shoot (141000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (33500 ppm);found in Shoot (55200 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Silicon found in Root
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Guaiacol found in Shoot
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (33500 ppm);found in Shoot (55200 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Cerebroprotective
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Rhizome
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Rutin found in Root
Choleretic
Kaempferol found in Root
Mufa found in Shoot (903 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Shoot (774 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Inositol found in Shoot
Cholinergic
Choline found in Rhizome
Lithium found in Shoot (0.6 ppm)
Circulatory-Stimulant
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Rhizome
Colorant
Alpha-carotene found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Lutein found in Plant
Zeaxanthin found in Plant
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Shoot (864 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Shoot (129 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Shoot (387 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Root
Cytotoxic
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Deliriant
Lithium found in Shoot (0.6 ppm)
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Rhizome
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Dermal
Guaiacol found in Shoot
Dermatitigenic
Mufa found in Shoot (903 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Shoot (774 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Root
Diuretic
Arginine found in Shoot (18452 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Asparagine found in Shoot
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Fiber found in Shoot (141000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (33500 ppm);found in Shoot (55200 ppm)
Dye
Succinic-acid found in Shoot
Emetic
Guaiacol found in Shoot
Methionine found in Shoot (3742 ppm)
Phenol found in Shoot
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Shoot (700 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Root ;found in Shoot (0.12 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Shoot (6065 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Shoot (14452 ppm)
Leucine found in Shoot (17161 ppm)
Lysine found in Shoot (18710 ppm)
Methionine found in Shoot (3742 ppm)
Threonine found in Shoot (10968 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Valine found in Shoot (15226 ppm)
Estrogenic
Boron found in Shoot (104 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Expectorant
Guaiacol found in Shoot
Inulin found in Root
FLavor
Guaiacol found in Shoot
Mufa found in Shoot (903 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Shoot (774 ppm)
P-cresol found in Shoot
Palmitic-acid found in Shoot (5806 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Shoot (387 ppm)
Threonine found in Shoot (10968 ppm)
Valine found in Shoot (15226 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Rhizome
Fumigant
M-cresol found in Shoot
Fungicide
Kaempferol found in Root
Phenol found in Shoot
Phylloquinone found in Plant (0.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Gastrostimulant
Inulin found in Root
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Shoot (3742 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Hematopoietic
Folacin found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Hemolytic
M-cresol found in Shoot
Palmitic-acid found in Shoot (5806 ppm)
Phenol found in Shoot
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Hepatoprotective
Choline found in Rhizome
Diosgenin found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Methionine found in Shoot (3742 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Zeaxanthin found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Herbicide
Coniferin found in Shoot
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Shoot (129 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Shoot (129 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Shoot (5806 ppm)
Sucrose found in Rhizome
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Shoot
Hypertensive
Cadmium found in Shoot (0.07 ppm)
Sodium found in Root (239 ppm);found in Shoot (685 ppm)
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Shoot (18452 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Shoot (18710 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Copper found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Shoot
Fiber found in Shoot (141000 ppm)
Inulin found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Mufa found in Shoot (903 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Shoot (774 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Shoot (3097 ppm)
Rutin found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Shoot (387 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Inulin found in Root
Manganese found in Root (2 ppm);found in Shoot (100 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Hypotensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Shoot (645 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Choline found in Rhizome
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Fiber found in Shoot (141000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Phylloquinone found in Plant (0.6 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (33500 ppm);found in Shoot (55200 ppm)
Rutin found in Root
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Hypotriglyceridemic
Vanadium found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Shoot (141000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Rhizome
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Copper found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Rutin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Shoot (645 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Inulin found in Root
Phosphorus found in Root (7460 ppm);found in Shoot (10244 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Insecticide
Rutin found in Root
Insectifuge
Guaiacol found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Mufa found in Shoot (903 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Shoot (774 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Root
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Shoot (1.8 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root
Irritant
Guaiacol found in Shoot
M-cresol found in Shoot
Mufa found in Shoot (903 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Shoot (774 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Shoot (864 ppm)
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Laxative
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Fiber found in Shoot (141000 ppm)
Fructose found in Rhizome
Inulin found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Sulfur found in Shoot (864 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Lipolytic
Inulin found in Root
Lipotropic
Choline found in Rhizome
Inositol found in Shoot
Methionine found in Shoot (3742 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Cadmium found in Shoot (0.07 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Shoot (129 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Shoot (5806 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Shoot (387 ppm)
Lymphocytogenic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Shoot (645 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Root
Mastogenic
Diosgenin found in Shoot
Memorigenic
Choline found in Rhizome
Chromium found in Root (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.7 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Shoot
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Shoot (9290 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Shoot (6194 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Root
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Rutin found in Root
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Shoot (18452 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Root
Lithium found in Shoot (0.6 ppm)
Nematicide
Asparagusic-acid found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Shoot (129 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Shoot (5806 ppm)
Nemativoistat
Asparagusic-acid found in Shoot
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Rhizome
Nephrotoxic
Cadmium found in Shoot (0.07 ppm)
Lithium found in Shoot (0.6 ppm)
Mercury found in Shoot (0.001 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Shoot (45805 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Shoot (12774 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Shoot (64645 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Root (7460 ppm);found in Shoot (10244 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Root
Oxidant
Alanine found in Seed (18581 ppm)
Histidine found in Shoot (6065 ppm)
P21-Inducer
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Root
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root
Rutin found in Root
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Pancreatoxic
Vanadium found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Parasiticide
M-cresol found in Shoot
P-cresol found in Shoot
Sulfur found in Shoot (864 ppm)
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Rhizome
Percutaneostimulant
Mufa found in Shoot (903 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Shoot (774 ppm)
Perfumery
M-cresol found in Shoot
Mufa found in Shoot (903 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Shoot (774 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Shoot (387 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Shoot
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Shoot (700 ppm)
Arsenic found in Shoot (0.006 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Asparagusic-acid found in Shoot
Coniferin found in Shoot
Guaiacol found in Shoot
Kaempferol found in Root
M-cresol found in Shoot
O-cresol found in Shoot
P-cresol found in Shoot
Palmitic-acid found in Shoot (5806 ppm)
Phenol found in Shoot
Phylloquinone found in Plant (0.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Silver found in Shoot (0.12 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Shoot
Sulfur found in Shoot (864 ppm)
Thiamin found in Shoot (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Shoot (18452 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Root
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Prebiotic
Inulin found in Root
Preservative
Sucrose found in Rhizome
Previtamin-A
Alpha-carotene found in Plant
Probiotic
Inulin found in Root
Probiotigenic
Inulin found in Root
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Root
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Iron found in Root (12 ppm);found in Shoot (240 ppm)
Lutein found in Plant
Propecic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Shoot (645 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Shoot (11742 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Shoot (774 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Shoot (5806 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Shoot (387 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
4-vinyl-guaiacol found in Shoot
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Shoot (645 ppm)
Guaiacol found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Root
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Root
Lutein found in Plant
Quercetin found in Root
Zeaxanthin found in Plant
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Root
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Shoot (45805 ppm)
Rodenticide
M-cresol found in Shoot
O-cresol found in Shoot
P-cresol found in Shoot
Phenol found in Shoot
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Shoot (864 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Shoot (5806 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Shoot (129 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Shoot (18452 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Root
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Shoot (387 ppm)
Sweetener
Fructose found in Rhizome
Inositol found in Shoot
Sucrose found in Rhizome
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Toxic
Phylloquinone found in Plant (0.6 ppm)
Vanadium found in Shoot (2 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Transdermal
Guaiacol found in Shoot
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Shoot (9290 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Rhizome
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Shoot (3871 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Root
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Root (65 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Inositol found in Shoot
Lutein found in Plant
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Rhizome
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Folacin found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Glycine found in Shoot (12774 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Shoot (3742 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Shoot (3742 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Root
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0.078 ppm)
Vasodilator
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Shoot (645 ppm)
Arginine found in Shoot (18452 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2650 ppm);found in Shoot (3840 ppm)
Fiber found in Shoot (141000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Shoot (7000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (181 ppm);found in Shoot (366 ppm)
Phenol found in Shoot
Potassium found in Root (33500 ppm);found in Shoot (55200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
Tocopherol found in Shoot (256 ppm)
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Root
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (3976 ppm);found in Shoot (5714 ppm)
Sucrose found in Rhizome
Zinc found in Root (2.3 ppm);found in Shoot (124 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Folacin found in Shoot (18 ppm)
Quercetin found in Root
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root
Rutin found in Root
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Root
Quercetin found in Root

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
22-spirostan-3beta-ol Shoot
4-vinyl-guaiacol Shoot
4-vinyl-phenol Shoot
Alanine Seed 1,440 18,581
Alpha-aminodimethyl-gamma-butyrothetin Rhizome
Alpha-carotene Plant
Alpha-linolenic-acid Shoot 50 645
Aluminum Shoot 13 700
Arginine Shoot 1,430 18,452
Arsenic Shoot 0.005 0.006
Ascorbic-acid Root 398 3,976
Shoot 100 5,714
Ash Root 2,900 29,000
Shoot 6,000 171,000
Asparagine Shoot
Asparagosides Shoot
Asparagusic-acid Shoot
Asparasaponins Plant
Aspartic-acid Shoot 3,550 45,805
Barium Shoot 2 70
Beta-carotene Root 6.5 65
Shoot 0.3 120
Boron Shoot 6 104
Cadmium Shoot 0.018 0.07
Calcium Root 265 2,650
Shoot 160 3,840
Carbohydrates Shoot 36,000 602,000
Choline Rhizome
Chromium Root 0.2 1.5
Shoot 0.135 0.7
Cobalt Root
Shoot 0.09 0.12
Coniferin Shoot
Copper Shoot 1 24
Cyanidin-3,5-diglucoside Shoot
Cyanidin-3-monoglucoside Shoot
Cyanidin-3-rhamnosylglucoside Shoot
Cyanidin-3-rhamnosylglucosylglucoside Shoot
Cystine Shoot 360 4,645
Diosgenin Shoot
Fat Root 2,400 24,000
Shoot 2,000 41,000
Fiber Shoot 7,000 141,000
Fiber(crude) Root 141,000
Fiber(dietary) Root 390,000
Folacin Shoot 1 18
Fructose Rhizome
Glucose Shoot
Glutamic-acid Shoot 5,010 64,645
Glycine Shoot 990 12,774
Guaiacol Shoot
Gum Root 11,000 110,000
Histidine Shoot 470 6,065
Inositol Shoot
Inulin Root
Iron Root 1.2 12
Shoot 6 240
Isoleucine Shoot 1,120 14,452
Jamogenin Shoot
Kaempferol Root
Kilocalories Shoot 210 3,130
Lauric-acid Shoot 10 129
Lead Shoot 1.5 30
Leucine Shoot 1,330 17,161
Linoleic-acid Shoot 910 11,742
Lithium Shoot 0.36 0.6
Lutein Plant
Lysine Shoot 1,450 18,710
M-cresol Shoot
Magnesium Root 240 2,400
Shoot 120 7,000
Manganese Root 0.2 2
Shoot 2 100
Mannan Rhizome
Mercury Shoot 0.001 0.001
Methionine Shoot 290 3,742
Molybdenum Shoot 0.63 1.8
Mufa Shoot 70 903
Myristic-acid Shoot 10 129
Niacin Root 18 181
Shoot 11 366
Nickel Shoot 0.9 1.8
O-cresol Shoot
Officinalisin-ii Root
Oleic-acid Shoot 60 774
P-cresol Shoot
Paeonidin-3-glucosylrhamnosylglucoside Shoot
Paeonidinrhamnosylglucoside Shoot
Palmitic-acid Shoot 450 5,806
Palmitoleic-acid Shoot 10 129
Pantothenic-acid Shoot 2 22.4
Pentosans Shoot 70,000
Phenol Shoot
Phenylalanine Shoot 720 9,290
Philothion Shoot
Phosphorus Root 746 7,460
Shoot 390 10,244
Phylloquinone Plant 0.6
Phytosterols Shoot 246 3,097
Potassium Root 3,350 33,500
Shoot 1,870 55,200
Proline Shoot 1,620 20,903
Protein Root 30,000 300,000
Shoot 22,000 394,840
Pseudoasparagose Rhizome
Pufa Shoot 960 12,387
Quercetin Root
Rhamnose Shoot
Riboflavin Root 2.4 24
Shoot 1 36
Rutin Root
Sarsapogenin Shoot
Selenium Root 0.1 1
Shoot 0.041 0.078
Serine Shoot 1,160 14,968
Sfa Shoot 500 6,452
Silicon Root
Silver Shoot 0.09 0.12
Sodium Root 24 239
Shoot 18 685
Stearic-acid Shoot 30 387
Strontium Shoot 19 200
Succinic-acid Shoot
Sucrose Rhizome
Sugar Shoot 15,000
Sulfur Shoot 56 864
Thiamin Shoot 1 26
Thiamine Root 2 22
Threonine Shoot 850 10,968
Titanium Shoot 0.45 180
Tocopherol Shoot 19.8 256
Tryptophan Shoot 300 3,871
Tyrosine Shoot 480 6,194
Valine Shoot 1,180 15,226
Vanadium Shoot 0.3 2
Water Plant 914,000 950,000
Root 900,000
Zeaxanthin Plant
Zinc Root 0.2 2.3
Shoot 12 124
Zirconium Shoot 1.8 2.4
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]