Aspalathus linearis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
rooibos-tea
Aspalathus linearis

Economic importance of Aspalathus linearis

Human food beverage base
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Aspalathus linearis Aspalathus linearis Aspalathus linearis Aspalathus linearis Aspalathus linearis Aspalathus linearis Aspalathus linearis Aspalathus linearis

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Western Cape
    Cultivated
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Western Cape

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Shoot
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Acaricide
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Hexanoic-acid found in Plant
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4200 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Chrysoeriol found in Shoot (6.6 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Shoot
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot (0.76 ppm)
Allelochemic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
P-cresol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Salicylaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4200 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot (0.76 ppm)
Allergenic
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15900 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Benzyl-alcohol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Beta-ionone found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Ancylostomicide
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Anesthetic
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15900 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Benzyl-alcohol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Cinnamic-acid found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Guaiacol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (240000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5600 ppm);found in Plant
Ankylostomacide
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot (0.76 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Shoot
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4200 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5600 ppm);found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Antibacterial
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Acetophenone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4200 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15900 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Beta-ionone found in Leaf
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Guaiacol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (240000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot (0.76 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4200 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15900 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Rutin found in Shoot
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot (0.76 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Shoot
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4200 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Leaf
Fluoride found in Plant (1.65 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Rutin found in Shoot
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5600 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Guaiacol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (240000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Guaiacol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (240000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Guaiacol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (240000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antiestrogenic
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5600 ppm);found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot (0.76 ppm)
Antifeedant
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antifertility
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antihalitosic
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Shoot
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antihydrocoele
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5600 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antiincontinence
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Antileukemic
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot (0.76 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antimange
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Beta-ionone found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Shoot
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antiodontalgic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antionychogryphotic
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Fluoride found in Plant (1.65 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Antiosteosclerotic
Fluoride found in Plant (1.65 ppm)
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15900 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Shoot
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Shoot
Antipruritic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Shoot
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Antipyruvetic
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antiretroviral
Isoquercetin found in Shoot
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Chrysoeriol found in Shoot (6.6 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antiseptic
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4200 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15900 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Benzyl-alcohol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Guaiacol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (240000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
P-cresol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot (0.76 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Antishock
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Antisickling
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot (0.76 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Shoot (9900 ppm)
Antisinusitic
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15900 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5600 ppm);found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antispastic
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5600 ppm);found in Plant
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Shoot
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antitrichinosic
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Antituberculic
Guaiacol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (240000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot (0.76 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15900 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot (0.76 ppm)
Antitussive
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Aluminum found in Shoot (9900 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Shoot
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Chrysoeriol found in Shoot (6.6 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Isoquercetin found in Shoot
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Antiwrinkle
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
Antiyeast
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5600 ppm);found in Plant
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot (0.76 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Astringent
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Ataxigenic
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5600 ppm);found in Plant
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Shoot (9900 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15900 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Candidistat
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Guaiacol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (240000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5600 ppm);found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5600 ppm);found in Plant
Carminative
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Cataractagenic
Naphthalene found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4300 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Choleretic
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot (0.76 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4200 ppm)
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Counterirritant
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Culicide
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Beta-ionone found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Dentifrice
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Deodorant
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Dermal
Guaiacol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (240000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Differentiator
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5600 ppm);found in Plant
Emetic
Guaiacol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (240000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Shoot (9900 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Enterotoxic
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Estrogenic
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Guaiacol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (240000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4200 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15900 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Benzyl-alcohol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Gamma-nonalactone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3200 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Guaiacol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (240000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Hexanoic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Methyl-phenylacetate found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7900 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
P-cresol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
P-methyl-acetophenone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5000 ppm)
Phenyl-acetaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (17100 ppm)
Salicylaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Acetophenone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Benzyl-alcohol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Beta-ionone found in Leaf
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot (0.76 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Fungistat
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Shoot
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Gastroirritant
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Hemolytic
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Hepatotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Herbicide
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Leaf
Hypnotic
Acetophenone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Manganese found in Shoot (120 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5600 ppm);found in Plant
Rutin found in Shoot
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
IKK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot (0.76 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4200 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15900 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15900 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Beta-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4300 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Guaiacol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (240000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Insectiphile
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4200 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Irritant
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Geranyl-acetone found in Plant
Guaiacol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (240000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Larvicide
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Larvistat
Isoorientin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot (0.76 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Shoot
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
MAPK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Molluscicide
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4200 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4200 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15900 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Mutagenic
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Shoot
Myorelaxant
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Rutin found in Shoot
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Narcotic
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15900 ppm)
Nematicide
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4200 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15900 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Leaf
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Shoot
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
P450-Inducer
Beta-ionone found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Shoot
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
PTK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Parasiticide
P-cresol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Acetophenone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4200 ppm)
Beta-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4300 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Gamma-nonalactone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3200 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Geranyl-acetone found in Plant
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Methyl-phenylacetate found in Leaf Essent. Oil (7900 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
P-methyl-acetophenone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5000 ppm)
Phenyl-acetaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (17100 ppm)
Salicylaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Pesticide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Acetophenone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4200 ppm)
Aluminum found in Shoot (9900 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15900 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Benzyl-alcohol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Beta-ionone found in Leaf
Beta-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4300 ppm)
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Guaiacol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (240000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Isoorientin found in Shoot
Isoquercetin found in Shoot
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
P-cresol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Salicylaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot (0.76 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Phytoalexin
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Prooxidant
2,3-dihydrobenzofuran found in Leaf Essent. Oil (3200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Iron found in Plant (14 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Guaiacol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (240000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Shoot
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Shoot
Rodenticide
P-cresol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
Secretogogue
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Sedative
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4200 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15900 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Soporific
Acetophenone found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Sprout-Inhibitor
Salicylaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (1000 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4200 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15900 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Termitifuge
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (44000 ppm);found in Shoot (44000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Tracheorelaxant
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Borneol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (500 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4200 ppm)
Guaiacol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (240000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Leaf Essent. Oil
Trichomonicide
Beta-ionone found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Leaf Essent. Oil (5400 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf Essent. Oil (15900 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Cinnamic-acid found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Ubiquiot
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Shoot (2.6 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Shoot (0.76 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Urinary-Antiseptic
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (2000 ppm);found in Plant (90 ppm)
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf ;found in Plant (140 ppm);found in Shoot (3300 ppm)
Phenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (700 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (5600 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Shoot
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Shoot
Vermicide
Thymol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (2200 ppm)
Vermifuge
Cinnamic-acid found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Leaf Essent. Oil (4200 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Shoot (94000 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Shoot (0.66 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (1.3 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-catechin Shoot
1,2-dichlorobenzene Leaf Essent. Oil
1-methylnaphthalene Leaf Essent. Oil 4,000
2,2,6-trimethyl-cyclohexanone Leaf Essent. Oil 3,700
2,3-dihydrobenzofuran Leaf Essent. Oil 3,200
2,4-dihydroxy-acetophenone Leaf Essent. Oil 2,100
2,4-dimethylbenzaldehyde Leaf Essent. Oil 1,300
2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexenone Leaf Essent. Oil 7,100
2-methoxy-2-buten-4-olide Plant
2-methyl-hept-2-en-4-one Leaf Essent. Oil 5,900
2-methyl-naphthalene Leaf Essent. Oil 6,800
2-pentyl-furan Leaf Essent. Oil 1,000
2-phenylethanol Plant
3,4,5-trihydroxycinnamic-acid Shoot
3,5,5-trimethylcyclohex-3-en-1-one Leaf Essent. Oil 500
3-methyl-butanoic-acid Plant
4-butanolide Plant
4-hydroxy-benzoic-acid Shoot
5-hydroxy-3',4',7-tri-o-methyl-luteolin Shoot
6,10,14-trimethylpentadecanone Plant
6-methyl-hept-5-en-2-one Leaf Essent. Oil 39,700
6-methyl-hepta-3,5-dien-2-one-isomer-a Leaf Essent. Oil 51,800
6-methyl-hepta-3,5-dien-2-one-isomer-b Leaf Essent. Oil 1,900
Acetic-acid Plant
Acetophenone Leaf Essent. Oil 4,000
Alpha-terpinene Leaf Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpineol Leaf Essent. Oil 4,200
Alpha-tocopherol Plant
Aluminum Shoot 9,900
Ascorbic-acid Shoot 157 94,000
Ash Shoot 25,000
Aspalathin Shoot 17 15,000
Aspalathin-beta-d-glucopyranosides Shoot
Benzaldehyde Leaf Essent. Oil 15,900
Benzoic-acid Shoot
Benzoic-acid-methyl-ester Leaf Essent. Oil 600
Benzothiazole Leaf Essent. Oil 3,400
Benzyl-alcohol Leaf Essent. Oil
Beta-cyclocitral Leaf Essent. Oil 10,200
Beta-damiscenone Plant
Beta-ionone Leaf
Beta-phenylethylalcohol Leaf Essent. Oil 40,700
Beta-terpineol Leaf Essent. Oil 4,300
Borneol Leaf Essent. Oil 500
Caffeic-acid Shoot 0.66
Calcium Leaf
Shoot 2,000
Plant 90
Chrysoeriol Shoot 6.6
Cinnamic-acid Shoot
Damascenone Leaf Essent. Oil 50,500
Delta-valerolactone Leaf Essent. Oil 400
Dihydroactinidiolide Leaf
Plant
Dodecan-1-al Leaf Essent. Oil 1,000
Eugenol Leaf Essent. Oil 13,600
Fat Shoot 17,000
Ferulic-acid Shoot 0.66
Flavanol-o-glycoside Shoot
Flavonoids Leaf
Fluoride Plant 0.44 1.65
Gallic-acid Leaf 44,000
Shoot 44,000
Gamma-nonalactone Leaf Essent. Oil 3,200
Gamma-octalactone Leaf Essent. Oil 4,200
Gamma-terpinene Leaf Essent. Oil
Geranyl-acetone Plant
Guaiacol Leaf Essent. Oil 240,000
Leaf
Plant
Hept-1-en-3-ol Leaf Essent. Oil 2,000
Hept-2-en-1-al Leaf Essent. Oil 1,500
Hept-2-en-1-ol Leaf Essent. Oil 5,000
Hept-4-en-1-al Leaf Essent. Oil 2,000
Hepta-2,4-dien-1-al-isomer-a Leaf Essent. Oil 24,600
Hepta-2,4-dien-1-al-isomer-b Leaf Essent. Oil 27,700
Heptan-1-al Leaf Essent. Oil 1,700
Heptan-1-ol Leaf Essent. Oil 500
Heptan-2-ol Leaf Essent. Oil 9,600
Heptan-2-one Leaf Essent. Oil 6,400
Heptan-3-ol Leaf Essent. Oil 6,700
Heptan-3-one Leaf Essent. Oil 4,700
Heptan-4-ol Leaf Essent. Oil 3,900
Heptan-4-one Leaf Essent. Oil 2,100
Hexan-1-ol Leaf Essent. Oil 700
Hexan-1-ol-acetate Leaf Essent. Oil 400
Hexane-2,5-dione Leaf Essent. Oil 1,500
Hexanoic-acid Plant
Hexanoic-acid-methyl-ester Leaf Essent. Oil 600
Homoorientin Shoot
Iron Plant 14
Shoot 3,300
Isobitexin Shoot
Isoorientin Shoot
Isoquercetin Shoot
Isoquercitrin Shoot 1
Isovitexin Shoot 0.5
Limonene Leaf Essent. Oil
Linalool Leaf Essent. Oil 5,400
Linalool-oxide Leaf Essent. Oil 2,000
Luteolin Leaf
Shoot 0.66 1
Magnesium Leaf
Plant 140
Shoot 3,300
Manganese Shoot 120
Methyl-ethylmaleimide Plant
Methyl-phenylacetate Leaf Essent. Oil 7,900
Myrcene Leaf Essent. Oil
Naphthalene Leaf Essent. Oil 4,300
Nerol-acetate Leaf Essent. Oil 2,000
Non-2-en-1-al Leaf Essent. Oil 5,200
Nona-2,6-dien-1-al Leaf Essent. Oil 4,200
Nonan-1-al Leaf Essent. Oil 2,800
Nonan-2-one Leaf Essent. Oil 1,900
Nothofagin Shoot
Oct-1-en-3-ol Leaf Essent. Oil 6,400
Oct-2-en-1-al Leaf Essent. Oil 4,900
Oct-3-en-2-one Leaf Essent. Oil 4,600
Octa-2,4-dien-1-al Leaf Essent. Oil 3,000
Octa-3,5-dien-2-one-isomer-a Leaf Essent. Oil 24,200
Octa-3,5-dien-2-one-isomer-b Leaf Essent. Oil 11,500
Octan-1-ol Leaf Essent. Oil 2,300
Octan-2-ol Leaf Essent. Oil 4,100
Octan-2-one Leaf Essent. Oil 800
Octanoic-acid-methyl-ester Leaf Essent. Oil 1,300
Orientin Shoot
P-coumaric-acid Shoot 1
P-cresol Leaf Essent. Oil
P-ethyl-phenol Leaf Essent. Oil 1,600
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid Shoot
P-methyl-acetophenone Leaf Essent. Oil 5,000
P-methylbenzaldehyde Leaf Essent. Oil
Phenol Leaf Essent. Oil 700
Phenyl-acetaldehyde Leaf Essent. Oil 17,100
Phosphate Plant 50
Shoot 1,200
Potassium Leaf
Shoot 5,600
Plant
Protein Plant
Shoot 69,000
Protocatechuic-acid Shoot 2.6
Quercetin Plant 7.5
Shoot 1.3
Rutin Shoot
Safranal Leaf Essent. Oil 4,000
Salicylaldehyde Leaf Essent. Oil 1,000
Salicylic-acid-methyl-ester Leaf Essent. Oil 4,200
Sodium Leaf
Sulfate Shoot 1,100
Syringic-acid Shoot
Tannin Shoot 44,000
Thymol Leaf Essent. Oil 2,200
Undecan-1-al Leaf Essent. Oil 6,200
Vanillic-acid Shoot 0.76
Vitamin-c Leaf
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]