Asarum canadense Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
American wild ginger Canada snakeroot wild ginger

Asarum canadense, commonly known as Canada wild ginger, Canadian snakeroot and broad-leaved asarabaccais, is a herbaceous perennial native to deciduous forest in eastern North America, from the Great Plains east to the Atlantic Coast, and from southeastern Canada south to approximately the fall line in the southeastern United States. Underground shoots are shallow-growing, fleshy rhizomes that branch to form a clump. Leaves are kidney-shaped and persistent. Flowers are hairy and have three sepals, tan to purple on the outside and lighter inside, with tapered tips and bases fused into a cup. The diploid chromosome number is 26. It is protected as a state threatened species in Maine.

Asarum canadense

Medical use

Economic importance of Asarum canadense

Materials esential oils
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Asarum canadense Asarum canadense Asarum canadense Asarum canadense Asarum canadense Asarum canadense Asarum canadense Asarum canadense Asarum canadense Asarum canadense Asarum canadense Asarum canadense Asarum canadense Asarum canadense Asarum canadense

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Ontario, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - Manitoba
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska , North Dakota , Oklahoma , South Dakota , Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    Cultivated
    • United States

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Rhizome
Abortifacient
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Acaricide
Limonene found in Rhizome
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
Allelochemic
Limonene found in Rhizome
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
Allergenic
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Anesthetic
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Anthelmintic
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Limonene found in Rhizome
Antiacne
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
Antiadenocarcinoma
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Antiaggregant
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Elemicin found in Rhizome
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Rhizome
Antibacterial
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Bornyl-acetate found in Rhizome
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Rhizome
Anticarcinomic
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Anticonvulsant
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome
Antidepressant
Elemicin found in Rhizome
Antiedemic
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antieicosanoid
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Rhizome
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Bornyl-acetate found in Rhizome
Elemicin found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome
Antifertility
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antiflu
Limonene found in Rhizome
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antiherpetic
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Elemicin found in Rhizome
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antiimplantation
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antilithic
Limonene found in Rhizome
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Antimelanomic
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Antineoplastic
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Rhizome
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
Antiprostaglandin
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antiradicular
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome
Antisalmonella
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Antiseptic
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome
Antiserotonic
Elemicin found in Rhizome
Antispasmodic
Bornyl-acetate found in Rhizome
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Antistress
Elemicin found in Rhizome
Antithrombic
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Antitonsilitic
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Antitumor
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Antivaccinia
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Antiviral
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Bornyl-acetate found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Rhizome
CNS-Stimulant
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Candidistat
Limonene found in Rhizome
Carcinogenic
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Rhizome
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Rhizome
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
Contraceptive
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Binder
Elemicin found in Rhizome
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Rhizome
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Emetic
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Rhizome
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Expectorant
Bornyl-acetate found in Rhizome
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
FLavor
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
Bornyl-acetate found in Rhizome
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Fungicide
Elemicin found in Rhizome
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Rhizome
Fungistat
Limonene found in Rhizome
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Rhizome
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Hallucinogenic
Elemicin found in Rhizome
Hemangionagenic
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Hepatotoxic
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Herbicide
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Histaminic
Limonene found in Rhizome
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Hypotensive
Elemicin found in Rhizome
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Rhizome
Immunostimulant
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Insecticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
Elemicin found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Insectifuge
Bornyl-acetate found in Rhizome
Elemicin found in Rhizome
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome
Insectiphile
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Irritant
Limonene found in Rhizome
Larvicide
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Elemicin found in Rhizome
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Rhizome
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
Mutagenic
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Myorelaxant
Bornyl-acetate found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Rhizome
Narcotic
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome
Nematicide
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome
Nephrotoxic
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Neurotoxic
Elemicin found in Rhizome
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Rhizome
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Rhizome
P450-Inducer
Limonene found in Rhizome
Papillomagenic
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Perfumery
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Rhizome
Pesticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Bornyl-acetate found in Rhizome
Elemicin found in Rhizome
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome
Phagocytotic
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Rhizome
Schistosomicide
Elemicin found in Rhizome
Sedative
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
Bornyl-acetate found in Rhizome
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Methyl-eugenol found in Rhizome
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
Transdermal
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Trichomonicide
Geraniol found in Rhizome
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Rhizome
Aristolochic-acid found in Plant

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alpha-terpineol Rhizome
Aristolochic-acid Plant
Aristolone Rhizome
Beta-sitosterol Rhizome
Bornyl-acetate Rhizome
Elemicin Rhizome
Eo Rhizome 35,000 45,000
Geraniol Rhizome
Limonene Rhizome
Linalol Rhizome
Linaltl-acetate Rhizome
Methyl-eugenol Rhizome
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]