Arum italicum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Italian arum Italian cuckoo-pint Italian lords-and-ladies

Arum italicum is a species of flowering herbaceous perennial plant in the family Araceae, also known as Italian arum and Italian lords-and-ladies. It is native to the Mediterranean region plus Great Britain, the Netherlands, Crimea, Caucasus, Canary Islands, Madeira, and the Azores. It is also naturalized in Argentina and in scattered locations in the United States. It grows 1–1.5 feet high, with equal spread. It blooms in Spring with white flowers that turn to showy red fruit. It is cultivated as an ornamental plant for traditional and woodland shade gardens. Some gardeners use this arum to underplant with hosta, as they produce foliage sequentially; when the hosta withers away, the arum replaces it, leaving the ground covered. Numerous cultivars have been developed for garden use, of which A. italicum subsp. italicum 'Marmoratum' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Arum italicum can be invasive in some areas. Arum italicum may hybridize with Arum maculatum. In 1778, Lamarck noticed that the inflorescence of this plant produces heat.

Arum italicum

Medical use

Economic importance of Arum italicum

Environmental ornamental

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Morocco ; Tunisia
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Switzerland
    • East Europe: Russian Federation - European part ; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece ; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

Emetic
Coniine found in Plant
Paralytic
Coniine found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Coniine Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]