Artemisia vulgaris Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
felonherb green-ginger mugwort
Artemisia vulgaris

Medical use

Economic importance of Artemisia vulgaris

Food additives flavoring
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Artemisia vulgaris Artemisia vulgaris Artemisia vulgaris Artemisia vulgaris Artemisia vulgaris Artemisia vulgaris Artemisia vulgaris Artemisia vulgaris Artemisia vulgaris Artemisia vulgaris Artemisia vulgaris Artemisia vulgaris Artemisia vulgaris

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Buryatia, Chita, Gorno-Altay, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Krasnoyarsk, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Tuva, Tyumen, Yakutia-Sakha
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • China: China - Gansu, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan , Xizang
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy ; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Abortifacient
Alpha-thujone found in Plant
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-cadinol found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Plant (2800 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Plant
Alcohol-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Inulin found in Root (100000 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Plant
Aesculin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Analgesic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Aesculin found in Plant
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Borneol found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Terpineol found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Terpineol found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (267700 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (41000 ppm);found in Shoot (22000 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (22 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (22 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Plant
AntiCVS
Aesculin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (170 ppm)
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Plant
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Camphor found in Plant
Chromium found in Plant (22 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (2800 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiacrocyanotic
Aesculin found in Plant
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Plant
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antiaging
Aesculin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (22 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (118 ppm);found in Plant (3900 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (170 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Terpineol found in Plant
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Linalool found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antialopecic
Aesculin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Choline found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Antianemic
Adenine found in Plant
Copper found in Plant (20 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (118 ppm);found in Plant (3900 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (170 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Plant
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (41000 ppm);found in Shoot (22000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Aesculin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (20 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (170 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (2800 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Terpineol found in Plant
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (22 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antibrucellosic
Coumarin found in Plant
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Terpineol found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (118 ppm);found in Plant (3900 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Aesculetin found in Plant
Aesculin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Anticellulitic
Aesculin found in Plant
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (118 ppm);found in Plant (3900 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Antichoreic
Choline found in Leaf
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Leaf
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Plant
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Linalool found in Plant
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Plant (22 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Leaf
Antidandruff
Sulfur found in Plant (2800 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Choline found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (41000 ppm);found in Shoot (22000 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Aesculin found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Choline found in Leaf
Chromium found in Plant (22 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (20 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (267700 ppm)
Inulin found in Root (100000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (170 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Plant
Inulin found in Root (100000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Plant (170 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Aesculetin found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Leaf
Manganese found in Plant (170 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (170 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antierythemic
Aesculin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Antiesherichic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (22 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (20 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (41000 ppm);found in Shoot (22000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Plant
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Neryl-acetate found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Plant
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Plant (22 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Plant
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antigranulocytopenic
Adenine found in Plant
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Plant (2800 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Nerol found in Plant
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Plant
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Aesculin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Chlorine found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Aesculin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Linalool found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Leaf
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (267700 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (41000 ppm);found in Shoot (22000 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Aesculetin found in Plant
Aesculin found in Plant
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Alpha-amyrin-acetate found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Copper found in Plant (20 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Antilymphedemic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antimalarial
Rutin found in Plant
Antimange
Linalool found in Plant
Antimanic
Choline found in Leaf
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Coumarin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (118 ppm);found in Plant (3900 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Coumarin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antimite
Alpha-cadinol found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Antimitotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Antimononuccleotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Antimycoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Plant
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Plant
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Alpha-amyrin-acetate found in Plant
Choline found in Leaf
Copper found in Plant (20 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (22 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (267700 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (2800 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (20 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (170 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3150 ppm);found in Plant (700 ppm);found in Shoot (1900 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Plant
Antiototic
Manganese found in Plant (170 ppm)
Antioxidant
Aesculin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant
Manganese found in Plant (170 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Antipanniculopathic
Aesculin found in Plant
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Rutin found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Terpineol found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Plant
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Plant
Antipsittacotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Plant
Antipyretic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Aesculin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Plant
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Aesculin found in Plant
Sulfur found in Plant (2800 ppm)
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Aesculetin found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Chlorine found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Iodine found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Nerol found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Sulfur found in Plant (2800 ppm)
Terpineol found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Antishock
Linalool found in Plant
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (41000 ppm);found in Shoot (22000 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Terpineol found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Aesculetin found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (41000 ppm);found in Shoot (22000 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (22 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (170 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Plant
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Plant
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antitoxoplasmotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Plant (22 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Rutin found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Rutin found in Plant
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Cis-dehydromatricaria-ester found in Flower ;found in Root (13.3 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (267700 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Vulgarin found in Plant
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Terpineol found in Plant
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (267700 ppm)
Nerol found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Plant
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Antiviral
Adenine found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chlorine found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Iodine found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Neryl-acetate found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3150 ppm);found in Plant (700 ppm);found in Shoot (1900 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (41000 ppm);found in Shoot (22000 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Bacteristat
Aesculin found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (267700 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (41000 ppm);found in Shoot (22000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Bifidogenic
Inulin found in Root (100000 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Bruchiphobe
Coumarin found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Linalool found in Plant
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Adenine found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Aesculetin found in Plant
Aesculin found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (267700 ppm)
Linalool found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Chlorine found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Candidistat
Linalool found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Cardiodepressant
Aesculetin found in Plant
Choline found in Leaf
Coumarin found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (22 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (20 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (267700 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (41000 ppm);found in Shoot (22000 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Aesculin found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Vulgarin found in Plant
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Plant (41000 ppm);found in Shoot (22000 ppm)
Carminative
Camphor found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Catabolic
Rutin found in Plant
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Cholagogue
Scopoletin found in Plant
Terpineol found in Plant
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Aesculetin found in Plant
Aesculin found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Cholinergic
Choline found in Leaf
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Plant (2800 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Plant (20 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Cosmetic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Aesculin found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Culicide
Linalool found in Plant
Terpineol found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Vulgarin found in Plant
DME-Inhibitor
Coumarin found in Plant
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Deliriant
Camphor found in Plant
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Deodorant
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Iodine found in Plant
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Diuretic
Adenine found in Plant
Aesculin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (267700 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (41000 ppm);found in Shoot (22000 ppm)
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Plant
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Emetic
Camphor found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Emmenagogue
Alpha-thujone found in Plant
Energizer
Chromium found in Plant (22 ppm)
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Plant
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Nerol found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Inulin found in Root (100000 ppm)
Linalool found in Plant
Terpineol found in Plant
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Nerol found in Plant
Neryl-acetate found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Aesculetin found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Chlorine found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Iodine found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Plant
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Gastrostimulant
Inulin found in Root (100000 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Plant
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hemorrhagic
Coumarin found in Plant
Hemostat
Rutin found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Rutin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Aesculetin found in Plant
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Choline found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Coumarin found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Cis-dehydromatricaria-ester found in Flower ;found in Root (13.3 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Hypertensive
Aesculetin found in Plant
Aesculin found in Plant
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Plant
Hyperuricemic
Adenine found in Plant
Hypnotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (22 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (20 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (267700 ppm)
Inulin found in Root (100000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chromium found in Plant (22 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Inulin found in Root (100000 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (170 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Choline found in Leaf
Chromium found in Plant (22 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (267700 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (41000 ppm);found in Shoot (22000 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (267700 ppm)
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (22 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (20 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Inulin found in Root (100000 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3150 ppm);found in Plant (700 ppm);found in Shoot (1900 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Inhalant
Borneol found in Plant
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Alpha-thujone found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Terpineol found in Plant
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Adenine found in Plant
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Terpineol found in Plant
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Plant (22 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Juvabional
Coumarin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Plant (2800 ppm)
Larvicide
Alpha-thujone found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Terpineol found in Plant
Larvistat
Coumarin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (267700 ppm)
Inulin found in Root (100000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (2800 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Lipolytic
Inulin found in Root (100000 ppm)
Lipotropic
Choline found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Plant
Aesculin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Lithogenic
Adenine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Lymphocytogenic
Coumarin found in Plant
Lymphokinetic
Coumarin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Scopoletin found in Plant
Memorigenic
Choline found in Leaf
Chromium found in Plant (22 ppm)
Microvasculokinetic
Aesculin found in Plant
Mosquitofuge
Linalool found in Plant
Motor-Depressant
Linalool found in Plant
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Musculotropic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Mutagenic
Rutin found in Plant
Myocardiotonic
Adenine found in Plant
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Aesculetin found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Narcotic
Coumarin found in Plant
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Trans-dehydromatricaria-ester found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Plant
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3150 ppm);found in Plant (700 ppm);found in Shoot (1900 ppm)
Ovicide
Coumarin found in Plant
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Plant
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Plant (2800 ppm)
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Leaf
Vulgarin found in Plant
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Perfumery
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Nerol found in Plant
Neryl-acetate found in Plant
Terpineol found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Coumarin found in Plant
Photoactive
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Phytoalexin
Scopoletin found in Plant
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Plant
Piscicide
Coumarin found in Plant
Prebiotic
Inulin found in Root (100000 ppm)
Probiotic
Inulin found in Root (100000 ppm)
Probiotigenic
Inulin found in Root (100000 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (118 ppm);found in Plant (3900 ppm)
Linalool found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Plant
Protisticide
Iodine found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Plant
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Plant
Respirodepressant
Coumarin found in Plant
Rodenticide
Coumarin found in Plant
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Plant (2800 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Plant (20 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Coumarin found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Linalyl-acetate found in Plant
Nerol found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Stimulant
Camphor found in Plant
Sunscreen
Aesculetin found in Plant
Aesculin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Termitifuge
Linalool found in Plant
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant
Toxic
Aesculin found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Borneol found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Camphor found in Plant
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant
Linalool found in Plant
Nerol found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Plant
UV-Screen
Aesculetin found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (168 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Uterosedative
Scopoletin found in Plant
Vasodilator
Adenine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (6455 ppm);found in Shoot (8600 ppm);found in Plant (11000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (267700 ppm)
Magnesium found in Shoot (2700 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (235 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (41000 ppm);found in Shoot (22000 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Plant
Vasoprotective
Aesculin found in Plant
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Plant
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Plant
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (5670 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (90 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,8-cineole Plant
3-beta-hydroxyurs-12-en-27,28-dionic-acid Plant
5,3'-dihydroxy-3,7,4'trimethoxyflavone Plant
6-methoxy-7,8-methylene-dioxycoumarin Plant
7,8-methylenedioxy-9-methoxycoumarin Plant
Adenine Plant
Aesculetin Plant
Aesculin Plant
Alpha-amyrin Plant
Alpha-amyrin-acetate Plant
Alpha-cadinol Plant
Alpha-pinene Plant
Alpha-thujone Plant
Arsenic Plant
Artemisiketone Root
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 720 5,670
Ash Leaf 22,000 173,220
Barium Plant 27 50
Beta-cadinol Plant
Beta-carotene Leaf 21 168
Beta-pinene Plant
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Borneol Plant
Bromine Plant 12 38
Cadinenol Plant
Calcium Leaf 820 6,455
Shoot 8,600
Plant 8,000 11,000
Camphor Plant
Carbohydrates Leaf 45,000 354,330
Chlorine Plant 7,900 11,000
Choline Leaf
Chromium Plant 11 22
Cis-dehydromatricaria-ester Flower
Root 8.5 13.3
Copper Plant 18 20
Coumarin Plant
Coumarins Plant 19,000
Eo Plant 260 2,000
Root 1,000
Eudesmanes Plant
Fat Leaf 8,000 63,000
Fernenol Plant
Fiber Leaf 34,000 267,700
Gamma-cadinol Plant
Heptadeca-1,7,9-triene-11,13,15-triyne Flower 10.9
Inulin Root 100,000
Iodine Plant
Iron Leaf 15 118
Plant 1,200 3,900
Isorhamnetin-3-o-glucoside Plant
Isorhamnetin-3-o-rhamnodiglucoside Plant
Kilocalories Leaf 350 2,755
Lead Plant
Linalool Plant
Linalyl-acetate Plant
Magnesium Shoot 2,700
Manganese Plant 160 170
Molybdenum Plant
Muurolol Plant
Myrcene Plant
Nerol Plant
Neryl-acetate Plant
Niacin Leaf 30 235
Nickel Plant
Phosphorus Leaf 400 3,150
Plant 270 700
Shoot 1,900
Potassium Plant 31,400 41,000
Shoot 22,000
Protein Leaf 52,000 409,450
Shoot 114,000
Psilostachyin Plant
Psilostachyin-c Plant
Quebrachitol Plant
Quercetin-3'-glucoside Plant
Quercetin-3-rhamnoglucoside Plant
Riboflavin Leaf 1.6 13
Rubidium Plant 19
Rutin Plant
Scopoletin Plant
Spathulenol Plant
Stigmasterol Plant
Strontium Plant 28 50
Sulfur Plant 2,300 2,800
Tauremisin Plant
Terpineol Plant
Tetracosanol Plant
Tetradec-6-en-8,10,12-triyne-1-one Root
Tetradeca-4,6-diene-8,10,12-triyne-1-ol Root 1.2
Tetradeca-6-ene-8,10,12-triyne-3-one Root 17.4
Thiamin Leaf 1.5 12
Titanium Plant 130 290
Trans-dehydromatricaria-ester Root 1.4
Trideca-1,3,5-triene-7,9,11-triyne Root 0.05
Umbelliferone Plant
Vulgarin Plant
Vulgarol Flower
Vulgarole Plant
Water Leaf 873,000
Zinc Plant 50 90
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]