Arracacia xanthorrhiza Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Peruvian-carrot Peruvian-parsnip white-carrot

Arracacia xanthorrhiza is a root vegetable originally from the Andes, somewhat intermediate between the carrot and celery. Its starchy taproot is a popular food item in South America where it is a major commercial crop. The name arracacha was borrowed into Spanish from Quechua raqacha, and is used in the Andean region. The plant is also called apio or apio criollo in Venezuela and Ecuador, virraca in Peru, and mandioquinha or batata-baroa in Brazil. It is sometimes called white carrot in English, but that name properly belongs to white varieties of the common carrot. The leaves are similar to parsley, and vary from dark green to purple. The roots resemble fat short carrots, with lustrous off-white skin. The interior may be white, yellow, or purple.

Arracacia xanthorrhiza

Medical use

Economic importance of Arracacia xanthorrhiza

Human food starch vegetable

Gallery

Arracacia xanthorrhiza Arracacia xanthorrhiza Arracacia xanthorrhiza Arracacia xanthorrhiza

Geografical distribution

  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • Caribbean: West Indies
    • South America

Biological activities

Absorbent
Starch found in Root (250000 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (20760 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.7 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (31 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Root (31 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Root (0.7 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (31 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Root (0.7 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.7 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Root (0.7 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.7 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Root (31 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.7 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.7 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (20760 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Root (0.7 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (20760 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Root (0.7 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Root (31 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.7 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root (250000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (20760 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (1900 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.7 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.7 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.7 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (20760 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (20760 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (1900 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Root (20760 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (20760 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.7 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (20760 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (20760 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Root (250000 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (20760 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (20760 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Root (20760 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (1900 ppm)
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (20760 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Root (1900 ppm)
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Root (250000 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Iron found in Root (31 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (655 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (20760 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (125 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (1070 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Ascorbic-acid Root 310 1,070
Ash Root 9,000 31,150
Beta-carotene Root 1.1 3.8
Calcium Root 190 655
Carbohydrates Root 269,000 930,800
Fat Root 1,000 3,460
Fiber Root 6,000 20,760
Iron Root 9 31
Kilocalories Root 1,120 3,875
Niacin Root 36 125
Phosphorus Root 550 1,900
Protein Root 10,000 34,600
Riboflavin Root 0.2 0.7
Starch Root 100,000 250,000
Thiamin Root 0.7 2.4
Water Root 711,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]