Armoracia rusticana Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
horseradish
Armoracia rusticana

Medical use

Economic importance of Armoracia rusticana

Food additives flavoring
Gene sources tertiary genetic relative of cabage/kale
Materials chemicals
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Armoracia rusticana Armoracia rusticana Armoracia rusticana Armoracia rusticana Armoracia rusticana Armoracia rusticana Armoracia rusticana Armoracia rusticana Armoracia rusticana Armoracia rusticana Armoracia rusticana Armoracia rusticana

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Cultivated
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Naturalized
    • Caucasus: Armenia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Turkmenistan
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East
    • China: China - Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu
    Cultivated
    • China: China
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Cultivated
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
    Cultivated
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • East Europe: Moldova
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia; Turkey - Kirklareli
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
    Cultivated
    • Northern Europe: Ireland
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Germany
    • Southeastern Europe: Italy
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California, Utah
    Cultivated
    • Canada
    • United States

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Absorbent
Starch found in Root (37000 ppm);found in Root (220000 ppm)
Acantholytic
Allyl-sulfide found in Root
Acaricide
Limonene found in Plant
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Root (10000 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Root
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Trifolin found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
Allelochemic
Limonene found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Allelopathic
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
Allergenic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Root (2592 ppm)
Allyl-sulfide found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Analgesic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Boron found in Root (27 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (94000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (31150 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Root (0.04 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (3.5 ppm);found in Root (0.15 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (3.5 ppm);found in Root (0.15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (8.2 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Limonene found in Plant
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (3.5 ppm);found in Root (0.15 ppm)
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (10000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Allyl-sulfide found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutoside found in Leaf
Salicylates found in Root (2 ppm)
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chromium found in Root (3.5 ppm);found in Root (0.15 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (106 ppm);found in Root (8 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (8.2 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Root (9 ppm)
Iron found in Root (106 ppm);found in Root (8 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (8.2 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (31150 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Silicon found in Root (19 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Copper found in Root (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (8.2 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (10000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Root (2592 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Ethyl-isothiocyanate found in Root
Limonene found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Root
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (3.5 ppm);found in Root (0.15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antibacterial
Aesculetin found in Plant
Allyl-sulfide found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorine found in Root (745 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root (14 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Raphanin found in Plant
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (106 ppm);found in Root (8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Aesculetin found in Plant
Rutoside found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Root (106 ppm);found in Root (8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Root (3.5 ppm);found in Root (0.15 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (10000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (31150 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (3.5 ppm);found in Root (0.15 ppm)
Copper found in Root (9 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (94000 ppm)
Fructose found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (8.2 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Root
Tannin found in Plant
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (8.2 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Aesculetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Root (8.2 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Glucose found in Root
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Root
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (8.2 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (3.5 ppm);found in Root (0.15 ppm)
Copper found in Root (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (31150 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
Antifeedant
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Root (2592 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Sinigrin found in Root (3000 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Root (3.5 ppm);found in Root (0.15 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigout
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Root (10000 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Fructose found in Root
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Glucose found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Root (0 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorine found in Root (745 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (94000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (31150 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Root
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Aesculetin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Copper found in Root (9 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylates found in Root (2 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root (0 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Root
Glucose found in Root
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Root (106 ppm);found in Root (8 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Antimutagenic
3-butenyl-isothiocyanate found in Root
Aesculetin found in Plant
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Root (2592 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root (14 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Root
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Plant
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root (37000 ppm);found in Root (220000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Root (9 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Root (0 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (3.5 ppm);found in Root (0.15 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (94000 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Pectin found in Root
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Root (19 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Root (0 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Boron found in Root (27 ppm)
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (10000 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Boron found in Root (27 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Copper found in Root (9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (8.2 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (7100 ppm);found in Root (5000 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (19 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (8.2 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Campesterol found in Root (200 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (8.2 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root (14 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Root (0 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Root (910 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Salicylates found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root (14 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Sulfur found in Root (10000 ppm)
Antiseptic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Root (2592 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorine found in Root (745 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Sulfur found in Root (10000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Antisickling
Asparagine found in Root
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root (14 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (30 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (31150 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (31150 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (3.5 ppm);found in Root (0.15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (8.2 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm)
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Root (3.5 ppm);found in Root (0.15 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Root (94000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
Antitussive
Pectin found in Root
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (94000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Root (2 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Root (30 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Root
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorine found in Root (745 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Root (0 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (7100 ppm);found in Root (5000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (31150 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Root
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root (0 ppm)
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Root (94000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (31150 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Plant
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutoside found in Leaf
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Aesculetin found in Plant
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Root (2592 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Root (94000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root (14 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Root (4 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Sinigrin found in Root (3000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root (0 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root (30 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Chlorine found in Root (745 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Candidistat
Limonene found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
Cardiodepressant
Aesculetin found in Plant
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Root ;found in Root (0.08 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (3.5 ppm);found in Root (0.15 ppm)
Copper found in Root (9 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (94000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (31150 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (19 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (31150 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Pectin found in Root
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Choleretic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Rutoside found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Plant
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Root (10000 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Root (9 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cosmetic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Counterirritant
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Root (2592 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Decongestant
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Root (2592 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Demulcent
Pectin found in Root
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Arginine found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Asparagine found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (94000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (31150 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Embryotoxic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Root (2592 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Root (37000 ppm);found in Root (220000 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (30 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Root (3.5 ppm);found in Root (0.15 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Plant
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Root ;found in Root (0.08 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Boron found in Root (27 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Root (0 ppm)
Expectorant
Limonene found in Plant
FLavor
Limonene found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Fungicide
Aesculetin found in Plant
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Root (2592 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorine found in Root (745 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Raphanin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Plant
Fungistat
Limonene found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root (14 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hemostat
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Aesculetin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Herbicide
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Root (2592 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Histaminic
Limonene found in Plant
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Root
Salicylates found in Root (2 ppm)
Hypertensive
Aesculetin found in Plant
Cadmium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Sodium found in Root (1200 ppm);found in Root (315 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Root
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Campesterol found in Root (200 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (3.5 ppm);found in Root (0.15 ppm)
Copper found in Root (9 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (94000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Phytosterols found in Root (910 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root (0 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (3.5 ppm);found in Root (0.15 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (8.2 ppm);found in Root (19 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylates found in Root (2 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (3.5 ppm);found in Root (0.15 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (94000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (31150 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Root (94000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (3.5 ppm);found in Root (0.15 ppm)
Copper found in Root (9 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Phosphorus found in Root (7100 ppm);found in Root (5000 ppm)
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root (14 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insecticide
Limonene found in Plant
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Insectiphile
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Root (2592 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Root (1.2 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Root (3.5 ppm);found in Root (0.15 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Irritant
Limonene found in Plant
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Leaf
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Root (10000 ppm)
Larvicide
Sinigrin found in Root (3000 ppm)
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Laxative
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (94000 ppm)
Fructose found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (10000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Cadmium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Root (3.5 ppm);found in Root (0.15 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Root
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Musculotropic
Aesculetin found in Plant
Mutagenic
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Root (2592 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Sinigrin found in Root (3000 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Aesculetin found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Root
Limonene found in Plant
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Nematicide
Limonene found in Plant
Nematiovistat
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Root (2592 ppm)
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Root
Nephrotoxic
Cadmium found in Root (0.5 ppm)
Mercury found in Root (0.001 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Root (7100 ppm);found in Root (5000 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Root (0 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Plant
P450-Inducer
Limonene found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Root (10000 ppm)
Pemphigenic
Allyl-sulfide found in Root
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Plant
Pectin found in Root
Pesticide
Aesculetin found in Plant
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Root (2592 ppm)
Allyl-sulfide found in Root
Aluminum found in Root (30 ppm)
Arsenic found in Root (0.04 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorine found in Root (745 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Root (15 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root (14 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Raphanin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Plant
Sinigrin found in Root (3000 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (10000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Sinigrin found in Root (3000 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Plant
Phytoalexin
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root (14 ppm)
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Root
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Root (37000 ppm);found in Root (220000 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Iron found in Root (106 ppm);found in Root (8 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root (14 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Glucobrassicanapin found in Plant
Glucoiberin found in Plant
Gluconapin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Sinigrin found in Root (3000 ppm)
Respiradepressant
Allyl-sulfide found in Root
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Root (10000 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Root (9 ppm)
Secretogogue
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root (14 ppm)
Sedative
Amylase found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root (0 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Root
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Spice
Allyl-isothiocyanate found in Root (2592 ppm)
Sunscreen
Aesculetin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Sweetener
Fructose found in Root
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Transdermal
Limonene found in Plant
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
UV-Screen
Aesculetin found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Root (150 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Root (14 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Root (45 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (710 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Salicylates found in Root (2 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root ;found in Root (0.01 ppm)
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (5512 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (94000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1690 ppm);found in Root (9020 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (90 ppm);found in Root (20 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (31150 ppm);found in Root (30000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4560 ppm);found in Root (3189 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Plant (18200 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (2.9 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Leaf ;found in Root (6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
2-butyl-isothiocyanate Seed
3-(methylthio)-propyl-isothiocyanate Root
3-benzylisothiocyanate Root
3-butenyl-isothiocyanate Root
3-o-(2-o-(beta-d-xylopyranosyl)-beta-d-galactopyranosyl)-flavone Leaf 6 20
3-o-(2-o-(beta-d-xylopyranosyl)-beta-d-galactopyranosyl)-quercetin Leaf 1 4
3-o-(beta-d-galactopyranosyl)-kaempferol Leaf
3-o-(beta-d-galactopyranosyl)-quercetin Leaf
3-o-beta-d-glucosyl-beta-d-kaempferol-xyloside Leaf
3-o-beta-d-glucosyl-beta-d-quercetin-xyloside Leaf
3-o-beta-d-kaempferol-glucoside Leaf
3-o-beta-d-quercetin-glucoside Leaf
4-pentenyl-isothiocyanate Root
Aesculetin Plant
Alloxurbasen Root
Allyl-isothiocyanate Root 400 2,592
Allyl-sulfide Root
Aluminum Root 4 30
Amylase Root
Arginine Root
Arsenic Root 0.01 0.04
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 2,440 4,560
Root 220 3,189
Root 1,800 10,000
Plant 1,220 18,200
Ash Plant 200,000
Root 14,000 87,000
Root 10,620 59,000
Asparagine Root
Beta-carotene Root 27 150
Beta-sitosterol Root 710
Bioside Leaf
Boron Root 6 27
Bromine Root 5 19
Butylisothiocyanate Plant 188 2,867
Cadmium Root 0.08 0.5
Caffeic-acid Plant
Calcium Root 1,800 10,000
Root 240 5,512
Campesterol Root 200
Carbohydrates Root 155,000 783,000
Chlorine Root 185 745
Chromium Root 0.6 3.5
Root 0.02 0.15
Cobalt Root
Root 0.005 0.08
Copper Root 1 9
D-2-butylisothiocyanate Seed
Eo Plant 200 3,050
Root 500 2,160
Ethyl-isothiocyanate Root
Fat Root 5,040 28,000
Root 2,000 12,000
Fiber Root 14,000 94,000
Fiber(crude) Root 122,000
Fiber(dietary) Root 430,000
Fluorine Root 0.1
Fructose Root
Gentisic-acid Root 15
Glucoberteroin Plant
Glucobrassicanapin Plant
Glucocapparin Plant
Glucocheirolin Plant
Glucocochlearin Seed
Glucoconringiin Seed
Glucoiberin Plant
Glucoiberverin Plant
Glucolepidin Plant
Gluconapin Plant
Gluconasturtiin Plant
Glucoputranjivin Seed
Glucose Root
Glucosinolates Root
Glucotropaeolin Plant
Haematin Root 13 16
Hydroxycinnamic-acid Plant
Inverstase Root
Iron Root 12 106
Root 1.4 8
Isopropylisothiocyanate Plant
Isothiocyanates Root 12,200 20,400
Kaempferol Leaf
Root 6
Kaempferol-3-o-beta-d-xylofuranoside Shoot
Kaempferol-3-o-beta-d-xylofuranosyl(1,2)-galactopyranoside Shoot
Kilocalories Seed 600 2,370
Lead Root 0.02 0.15
Limonene Plant
Lipase Root
Magnesium Root 358 1,690
Root 1,624 9,020
Manganese Root 1.5 8.2
Root 4 19
Mercury Root 0.001
Methyl-isothiocyanate Root
Molybdenum Root 0.1
Myrosin Root
Myrosinase Root
Niacin Root 16 90
Root 4 20
Nickel Root 0.2 1.2
Nitrogen Root 8,600 38,461
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid Root 14
Pectin Root
Peroxidases Root 350 1,400
Phenylethyl-isothiocyanate Root 292 540
Phenylpropyl-isothiocyanate Root
Phosphatase Root
Phosphorus Root 1,278 7,100
Root 640 5,000
Phytosterols Root 910
Potassium Root 5,640 31,150
Root 5,400 30,000
Protease Root
Protein Leaf 21,000 28,000
Root 45,000 250,000
Root 27,000 136,000
Quercetin Leaf
Raphanin Plant
Riboflavin Root 1 4
Root 4 20
Rubidium Root 0.9 4.6
Rutoside Leaf
Salicylates Root 1 2
Selenium Root
Root 0.001 0.01
Silicon Root 5 19
Root 0.4 2
Sinapic-acid Plant
Sinapin Seed
Sinigrin Root 3,000
Sodium Root 216 1,200
Root 80 315
Starch Root 37,000
Root 39,600 220,000
Stigmasterol Root 0
Sugar Root 73,000
Sulfur Root 1,800 10,000
Tannin Plant
Thiamin Root 0 3
Thiamine Root 0.2 1
Trifolin Shoot
Umecyanin Plant
Vanillic-acid Root 45
Water Root 740,000 802,000
Root 820,000
Zinc Root 13 54
Root 0.5 2.9
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]