Arisaema triphyllum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Indian-turnip jack-in-the-pulpit

Arisaema triphyllum is a herbaceous perennial plant growing from a corm. It is a highly variable species typically growing 30–65 centimetres in height with three-parted leaves and flowers contained in a spadix that is covered by a hood. It is native to eastern North America, occurring in moist woodlands and thickets from Nova Scotia west to Minnesota, and south to southern Florida and Texas.

Arisaema triphyllum

Medical use

Economic importance of Arisaema triphyllum

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario , Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - Manitoba
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas , Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska , North Dakota , Oklahoma , South Dakota , Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

Biological activities

Absorbent
Starch found in Tuber (170000 ppm)
AntiHIV
Lignin found in Plant
Antibacterial
Lignin found in Plant
Anticancer
Lignin found in Plant
Anticoronary
Lignin found in Plant
Antidiarrheic
Lignin found in Plant
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Tuber (170000 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Lignin found in Plant
Antioxidant
Lignin found in Plant
Antitumor
Lignin found in Plant
Antiviral
Lignin found in Plant
Chelator
Lignin found in Plant
Emetic
Calcium-oxalate found in Plant
Emollient
Starch found in Tuber (170000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Lignin found in Plant
Inflammatory
Calcium-oxalate found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium-oxalate found in Plant
Lignin found in Plant
Lithogenic
Calcium-oxalate found in Plant
Pesticide
Lignin found in Plant
Poultice
Starch found in Tuber (170000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Calcium-oxalate Plant
Fat Seed 28,000
Lignin Plant
Protein Seed 150,000
Starch Tuber 100,000 170,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]