Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Health effects and herbal facts

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi is a plant species of the genus Arctostaphylos. Its common names include kinnikinnick and pinemat manzanita, and it is one of several related species referred to as bearberry.

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Medical use

Gallery

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Abortifacient
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Acaricide
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Avicularin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Hyperin found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Resorcinol found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Allelochemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Arbutin found in Leaf (186000 ppm);found in Plant (107000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (30 ppm)
Cyanidin found in Leaf
Delphinidin found in Leaf
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Resorcinol found in Leaf
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Syringic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Delphinidin found in Leaf
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (121000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (3830 ppm);found in Leaf (3830 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Betulinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
AntiEBV
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
AntiGTF
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (16.5 ppm);found in Leaf (16.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Resorcinol found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Tin found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Chromium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (105 ppm);found in Leaf (105 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (16.5 ppm);found in Leaf (16.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Myricetin found in Leaf
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antianacarditic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antianaphylactic
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antianemic
Iron found in Leaf (105 ppm);found in Leaf (105 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (16.5 ppm);found in Leaf (16.5 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Potassium found in Leaf (3830 ppm);found in Leaf (3830 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiarteriosclerotic
Silicon found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (16.5 ppm);found in Leaf (16.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Antibacterial
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Arbutin found in Leaf (186000 ppm);found in Plant (107000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (30 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Hyperin found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Resorcinol found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
Tin found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Antibiotic
Avicularin found in Leaf
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (105 ppm);found in Leaf (105 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Anticapillary-Fragility
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Fluoride found in Leaf (3.2 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (105 ppm);found in Leaf (105 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Asperuloside found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Resorcinol found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidandruff
Allantoin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (3830 ppm);found in Leaf (3830 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatotic
Resorcinol found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (121000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (16.5 ppm);found in Leaf (16.5 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antidiarrheic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Leaf (16.5 ppm);found in Leaf (16.5 ppm)
Antidote
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antidysenteric
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Leaf (16.5 ppm);found in Leaf (16.5 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Resorcinol found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Arbutin found in Leaf (186000 ppm);found in Plant (107000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (30 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Taraxasterol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Antienteritic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (16.5 ppm);found in Leaf (16.5 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (3830 ppm);found in Leaf (3830 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Pentagalloyl-glucose found in Leaf
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Antigargantitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antigastric
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Leaf
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigout
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antihemorrhoidal
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antihepatomic
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Pentagalloyl-glucose found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Myricetin found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antihyperglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (121000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (3830 ppm);found in Leaf (3830 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antiischemic
Hyperin found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antileukemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Antileukotriene
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Arbutin found in Leaf (186000 ppm);found in Plant (107000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (30 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Plant
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Antimelasmic
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (105 ppm);found in Leaf (105 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Asperuloside found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Alpha-amyrin-acetate found in Leaf
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Betulinic-acid found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (121000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Fluoride found in Leaf (3.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (16.5 ppm);found in Leaf (16.5 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (370 ppm);found in Leaf (370 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiosteosclerotic
Fluoride found in Leaf (3.2 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (16.5 ppm);found in Leaf (16.5 ppm)
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antipeptic
Allantoin found in Leaf
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf
Antipertussive
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (0 ppm);found in Leaf (0 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Antiplaque
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Myricetin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Antipodagric
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Uvaol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antipruritic
Resorcinol found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Allantoin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Resorcinol found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Resorcinol found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Antisickling
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Leaf (719 ppm);found in Leaf (719 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Potassium found in Leaf (3830 ppm);found in Leaf (3830 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antistreptococcic
Arbutin found in Leaf (186000 ppm);found in Plant (107000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (30 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (3830 ppm);found in Leaf (3830 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (16.5 ppm);found in Leaf (16.5 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antithyreotropic
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Resorcinol found in Leaf
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antitonsilitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Antitrypanosomic
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (121000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Antitussive
Arbutin found in Leaf (186000 ppm);found in Plant (107000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (30 ppm)
Hyperin found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Leaf (719 ppm);found in Leaf (719 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antiviral
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf
Hyperin found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Myricetin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Pentagalloyl-glucose found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Antiyeast
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (370 ppm);found in Leaf (370 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (3830 ppm);found in Leaf (3830 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Myricetin found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Artemicide
Arbutin found in Leaf (186000 ppm);found in Plant (107000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (30 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Astringent
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (121000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Potassium found in Leaf (3830 ppm);found in Leaf (3830 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf
COMP-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Leaf (719 ppm);found in Leaf (719 ppm)
Arbutin found in Leaf (186000 ppm);found in Plant (107000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (30 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Capillarifortificant
Hyperin found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Capillarigenic
Hyperin found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (1.7 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (121000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Potassium found in Leaf (3830 ppm);found in Leaf (3830 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (7 ppm);found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Cardiotoxic
Gallo-tannin found in Leaf (200000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (3830 ppm);found in Leaf (3830 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cathartic
Asperuloside found in Leaf
Monotropein found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (250 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Quinic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Choline-Sparing
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Comedolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Convulsant
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Counterirritant
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Avicularin found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Pentagalloyl-glucose found in Leaf
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Deliriant
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Depigmentor
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Diuretic
Arbutin found in Leaf (186000 ppm);found in Plant (107000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (30 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Avicularin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (121000 ppm)
Hyperin found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Myricetin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Potassium found in Leaf (3830 ppm);found in Leaf (3830 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Dye
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Emetic
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Leaf (719 ppm);found in Leaf (719 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (1.7 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
FLavor
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Resorcinol found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Fungistat
Formic-acid found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Hemostatic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Herbicide
Asperuloside found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Hypertensive
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Sodium found in Leaf (60 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (121000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chromium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (16.5 ppm);found in Leaf (16.5 ppm)
Myricetin found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Asperuloside found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (121000 ppm)
Hyperin found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Potassium found in Leaf (3830 ppm);found in Leaf (3830 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (121000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Insectiphile
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Insulin-Sparing
Arbutin found in Leaf (186000 ppm);found in Plant (107000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (30 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Insulinogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Chromium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Irritant
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf
Resorcinol found in Leaf
Juvabional
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Keratolytic
Allantoin found in Leaf
Resorcinol found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Larvistat
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Laxative
Asperuloside found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (121000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Monotropein found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (250 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Myricetin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Uvaol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Leaf (1.2 ppm);found in Leaf (1.2 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Mutagenic
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Mycoplasmistat
Arbutin found in Leaf (186000 ppm);found in Plant (107000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (30 ppm)
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (370 ppm);found in Leaf (370 ppm)
Oxidase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Leaf
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Pancreatogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Plant
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Phytoalexin
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Pigment
Cyanidin found in Leaf
Delphinidin found in Leaf
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Cyanidin found in Leaf
Delphinidin found in Leaf
Iron found in Leaf (105 ppm);found in Leaf (105 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Protisticide
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Leaf (399000 ppm);found in Leaf (70000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Leaf
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Gallo-tannin found in Leaf (200000 ppm)
Secretogogue
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Sunscreen
Allantoin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Suppurative
Allantoin found in Leaf
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Taenicide
Tin found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Tinnitigenic
Hydroquinone found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Avicularin found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Arbutin found in Leaf (186000 ppm);found in Plant (107000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (30 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (172 ppm);found in Leaf (172 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf
Syringic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Urinary-Antiseptic
Arbutin found in Leaf (186000 ppm);found in Plant (107000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture (30 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (1.6 ppm);found in Leaf (1.6 ppm)
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf
Vasodilator
(-)-epicatechin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10900 ppm);found in Leaf (10900 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (121000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (1210 ppm);found in Leaf (1210 ppm)
Myricetin found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (12 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (3830 ppm);found in Leaf (3830 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture (454.5 ppm);found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (7500 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Vulnerary
Allantoin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (191 ppm);found in Leaf (191 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Leaf
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Leaf (13000 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-catechin Leaf
(+)-catechol Leaf
(-)-epicatechin Leaf
2,3,6-galloyl-d-glucose Leaf
3-o-beta-d-galactopyranoside-3',4',5,7-tetrahydroxy-flavone Leaf
3-o-beta-glucopyranoside-3',4',5,7-tetrahydroxy-flavone Leaf
4-hydroxyanisole Tissue Culture
Allantoin Leaf
Alpha-amyrin Leaf
Plant
Shoot
Alpha-amyrin-acetate Leaf
Aluminum Leaf 719
Leaf 83 719
Arbutin Leaf 114.3 186,000
Plant 75,000 107,000
Tissue Culture 30
Arbutin-gallic-acid-ester Leaf
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 22 191
Leaf 191
Ash Leaf 5,800 50,000
Leaf 50,000
Seed 6,000 33,000
Asperuloside Leaf
Avicularin Leaf
Beta-amyrin Leaf
Beta-carotene Leaf 172
Leaf 20 172
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Betulinic-acid Plant
Caffeic-acid Leaf
Plant
Calcium Leaf 10,900
Leaf 1,264 10,900
Carbohydrates Leaf 814,000
Leaf 94,424 814,000
Catechol-tannins Leaf 150,000 200,000
Chromium Leaf 1.2
Leaf 0.1 1.2
Citric-acid Leaf
Cobalt Leaf 1.7
Leaf 0.2 1.7
Cyanidin Leaf
Delphinidin Leaf
Ellagic-acid Leaf
Ellagotannins Leaf
Erythrodiol Leaf
Fat Leaf 26,000
Seed 20,000 500,000
Leaf 3,016 26,000
Ferulic-acid Leaf
Fiber Leaf 121,000
Fiber(crude) Leaf 121,000
Fiber(dietary) Leaf 362,000
Fluoride Leaf 3.2
Foeniculin Leaf
Formic-acid Leaf
Gallic-acid Leaf
Plant
Gallo-tannin Leaf 150,000 200,000
Gentisic-acid Leaf
Hexa-o-galloyl-beta-d-glucose Leaf
Homoprotocatechuic-acid Leaf
Hydroquinone Leaf 2,000 5,000
Hydroquinone-glycosides Leaf 50,000 180,000
Hydroquinones Leaf 5,800 180,000
Hyperin Leaf
Hyperoside Leaf 13,000
Iron Leaf 12 105
Leaf 105
Isoquercitrin Leaf
Kilocalories Leaf 2,710
Lupeol Leaf
Plant
Magnesium Leaf 1,210
Leaf 140 1,210
Malic-acid Leaf
Manganese Leaf 2 16.5
Leaf 16.5
Methyl-arbutin Leaf 57
Root
Mo Leaf
Monotropein Leaf
Shoot 250
Myricetin Leaf
Myricetin-3-o-beta-d-galactoside Leaf
Myricetin-3-o-galactoside Leaf
Myricetin-gylcoside Leaf
Niacin Leaf 1.4 12
Leaf 12
O-protocatechuic-acid Leaf
Oleanolic-acid Leaf
Plant
Tissue Culture 454.5
Shoot
Oxalic-acid Leaf
P-coumaric-acid Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid Leaf
P-methoxy-phenol Root
Penta-o-galloyl-beta-d-glucose Leaf
Pentagalloyl-glucose Leaf
Phosphorus Leaf 370
Leaf 43 370
Piceoside Leaf
Po Leaf
Potassium Leaf 444 3,830
Leaf 3,830
Protein Leaf 12,876 111,000
Leaf 111,000
Seed 25,000 256,000
Protocatechuic-acid Leaf
Quercetin Leaf
Quercetin-3-o-(6-o-galloyl-galactoside) Leaf
Quercetin-3-o-arabinofuranoside Leaf
Quercetin-3-o-arabinopyranoside Leaf
Quercetin-3-o-beta-d-(6-o-galloyl-galactoside) Leaf
Quercetin-diglucoside Leaf
Quercetin-mono-glucoside Leaf
Quercitrin Leaf
Quinic-acid Leaf
Resorcinol Leaf
Riboflavin Leaf 0
Leaf 0
Salicylic-acid Leaf
Selenium Leaf 0.2 1.6
Leaf 1.6
Silicon Leaf 0.8 7
Leaf 7
Sinapic-acid Leaf
Sodium Leaf 7 60
Leaf 60
Syringic-acid Leaf
Tannic-acid Leaf
Tannin Leaf 60,000 399,000
Leaf 6,960 70,000
Taraxasterol Plant
Tetragalloyl-glucose Leaf
Thiamin Leaf 1
Thiamine Leaf 0.1 1
Tin Leaf
Leaf
Trigalloyl-glucose Leaf
Unedoside Root 1,296
Ursolic-acid Leaf 4,000 7,500
Plant
Shoot
Uvaol Leaf
Shoot
Vanillic-acid Leaf
Water Leaf 884,000
Leaf 884,000
Zinc Leaf
Leaf
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]