Arctium lappa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
beggar's-buttons burdock edible burdock great burdock greater burdock lappa
Arctium lappa

Medical use

Economic importance of Arctium lappa

Human food vegetable
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Arctium lappa Arctium lappa Arctium lappa Arctium lappa Arctium lappa Arctium lappa Arctium lappa Arctium lappa Arctium lappa Arctium lappa Arctium lappa Arctium lappa Arctium lappa Arctium lappa

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    Cultivated
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Nepal; Pakistan
    Cultivated
    • Indo-China: Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Java; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    Cultivated
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
    Cultivated
    • Europe
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Canada
    • United States
    Cultivated
    • Canada
    • United States
  • PACIFIC
    Cultivated
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (36000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm);found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Root (120000 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Root
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Root (300 ppm)
Alcohol-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Inulin found in Root (500000 ppm);found in Root (550000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Daucosterol found in Seed (170.6 ppm)
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Allergenic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (36000 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (36000 ppm)
Analeptic
Gaba found in Root (25 ppm)
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (36000 ppm)
Anesthetic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (94700 ppm);found in Root (97000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (16800 ppm)
Anhydrotic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Root (1650 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
AntiEBV
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
AntiHIV
(-)-arctigenin found in Fruit
Arctigenin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (166.6 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Lignin found in Plant
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Trachelogenin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (6 ppm);found in Root (55 ppm)
AntiTNF
Arctigenin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (166.6 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Root (1550 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Chromium found in Root (2 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Tin found in Root (21 ppm);found in Root (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (147 ppm);found in Root (147 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (6 ppm);found in Root (55 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Root (1550 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Root (3350 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (36000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm);found in Root
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (36000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm);found in Root
Antianemic
Copper found in Root (29 ppm)
Iron found in Root (147 ppm);found in Root (147 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (6 ppm);found in Root (55 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antianoxic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (16800 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Root (1550 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (22.5 ppm);found in Root (22.5 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Copper found in Root (29 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (6 ppm);found in Root (55 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (2 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Antibacterial
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Costic-acid found in Root
Dehydrocostus-lactone found in Root
Lauric-acid found in Root
Lignin found in Plant
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Tin found in Root (21 ppm);found in Root (21 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Antibiotic
Arctiopicrin found in Leaf
Antibradycardic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Anticancer
Arctiin found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Lignin found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (147 ppm);found in Root (147 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Caryophyllene found in Root
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (450 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Gaba found in Root (25 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Anticerebrotic
Gaba found in Root (25 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Root (147 ppm);found in Root (147 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Antichoreic
Gaba found in Root (25 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Plant
Gaba found in Root (25 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Root (2 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Lignin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Root (1650 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (16800 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Root
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (2 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Copper found in Root (29 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (94700 ppm);found in Root (97000 ppm)
Fructose found in Root
Inulin found in Root (500000 ppm);found in Root (550000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (6 ppm);found in Root (55 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Inulin found in Root (500000 ppm);found in Root (550000 ppm)
Lignin found in Plant
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (6 ppm);found in Root (55 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Root (6 ppm);found in Root (55 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (450 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Glucose found in Root
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Taraxasterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Taraxasterol-acetate found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Antiemetic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Antiemphysemic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Root (5250 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (1550 ppm)
Leucine found in Root (1600 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (900 ppm)
Valine found in Root (1650 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Antienuretic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Root (7850 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (6 ppm);found in Root (55 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Copper found in Root (29 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (16800 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm);found in Root
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (1550 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Root
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Root (2 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Antigout
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Fructose found in Root
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Root (5250 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Root (450 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Glucose found in Root
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Lysine found in Root (3350 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Root (300 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Root (7850 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Lupeol-acetate found in Plant
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Root (5250 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (94700 ppm);found in Root (97000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root (25 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (16800 ppm)
Trachelogenin found in Fruit
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Root (5250 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Root (5250 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Alpha-amyrin-acetate found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Copper found in Root (29 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (36000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Taraxasterol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Taraxasterol-acetate found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Gaba found in Root (25 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Antiintegrase
(-)-arctigenin found in Fruit
Arctigenin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (166.6 ppm)
Trachelogenin found in Fruit
Antiiritic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Root
Glucose found in Root
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Root
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antilethargic
Gaba found in Root (25 ppm)
Antileukemic
Arctigenin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (166.6 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Seed (170.6 ppm)
Matairesinol found in Fruit (350 ppm);found in Seed (170.6 ppm);found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Trachelogenin found in Fruit
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (36000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Root (7850 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Antilymphomic
(-)-arctigenin found in Fruit
Arctigenin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (166.6 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Trachelogenin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antimalarial
Cyperene found in Root
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Antimelanomic
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Root (147 ppm);found in Root (147 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Root (8850 ppm)
Antimuscarinic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Dehydrocostus-lactone found in Root
Desmutagenic factor found in Root (146 ppm)
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Root
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Root (1550 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root (120000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Lignin found in Plant
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Alpha-amyrin-acetate found in Plant
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Plant
Copper found in Root (29 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (94700 ppm);found in Root (97000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Root
Silicon found in Root (22.5 ppm);found in Root (22.5 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Copper found in Root (29 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (6 ppm);found in Root (55 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (4370 ppm);found in Root (4370 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (22.5 ppm);found in Root (22.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (6 ppm);found in Root (55 ppm)
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Root (1250 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Histidine found in Root (1550 ppm)
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Lauric-acid found in Root
Lignin found in Plant
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Manganese found in Root (6 ppm);found in Root (55 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (450 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm);found in Root
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (450 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Root (1650 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (900 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Root (1500 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiperspirant
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Antipertussic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (900 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Cyperene found in Root
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Antipolio
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Arctigenin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (166.6 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Glutamic-acid found in Root (7850 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (1550 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Root
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Root (1550 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Antirenitic
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Root (7850 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Antisialogogue
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Antisickling
Glycine found in Root (1550 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Root (1650 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (231 ppm);found in Root (231 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Daucosterol found in Seed (170.6 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (16800 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Root
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Gaba found in Root (25 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (16800 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (6 ppm);found in Root (55 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Gaba found in Root (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antitopoisomerase-II
Arctigenin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (166.6 ppm)
Trachelogenin found in Fruit
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Root (2 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Arctigenin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (166.6 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Daucosterol found in Seed (170.6 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (94700 ppm);found in Root (97000 ppm)
Lignin found in Plant
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Antiulcer
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Fiber found in Leaf (94700 ppm);found in Root (97000 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (1550 ppm)
Histidine found in Root (1550 ppm)
Lupeol-acetate found in Plant
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Threonine found in Root (1300 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (900 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Root (1550 ppm)
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiuveitic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Aluminum found in Root (231 ppm);found in Root (231 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Root
Antivertigo
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Antiviral
Arctigenin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (166.6 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Lauric-acid found in Root
Lignin found in Plant
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Root (1650 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Gaba found in Root (25 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Root (7850 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (4370 ppm);found in Root (4370 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (16800 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Root (5250 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (94700 ppm);found in Root (97000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (16800 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Bifidogenic
Inulin found in Root (500000 ppm);found in Root (550000 ppm)
Bitter
Arctiopicrin found in Leaf
Bronchodilator
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Bruchifuge
Butyric-acid found in Plant
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
CNS-Depressant
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
CNS-Inhibitor
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
Gaba found in Root (25 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Root
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Root
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Trachelogenin found in Fruit
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Root (1250 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Decan-1-al found in Root
Fiber found in Leaf (94700 ppm);found in Root (97000 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (1550 ppm)
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (450 ppm)
Mucilage found in Plant (120000 ppm);found in Root (120000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (36000 ppm)
Phytol found in Leaf
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.4 ppm);found in Root (3.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Serine found in Root (1250 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Tyrosine found in Root (900 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root (231 ppm);found in Root (231 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root
Lauric-acid found in Root
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Cardiac
Trachelogenin found in Fruit
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Root (12 ppm);found in Root (12 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (2 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Copper found in Root (29 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (94700 ppm);found in Root (97000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (16800 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (22.5 ppm);found in Root (22.5 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (16800 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Gaba found in Root (25 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chelator
Lignin found in Plant
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Choleretic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (36000 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Root (29 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Root
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Cytostatic
Trachelogenin found in Fruit
Cytotoxic
(-)-arctigenin found in Fruit
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Arctigenin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (166.6 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Plant (120000 ppm);found in Root (120000 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (36000 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Differentiator
Arctigenin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (166.6 ppm)
Diuretic
Arctiin found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Arginine found in Root (5250 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Fiber found in Leaf (94700 ppm);found in Root (97000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root (25 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (16800 ppm)
Emetic
Methionine found in Root (450 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Root (120000 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (231 ppm);found in Root (231 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Root (2 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Root (12 ppm);found in Root (12 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Root (1550 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Root (1500 ppm)
Leucine found in Root (1600 ppm)
Lysine found in Root (3350 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (450 ppm)
Threonine found in Root (1300 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Valine found in Root (1650 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Inulin found in Root (500000 ppm);found in Root (550000 ppm)
FLavor
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root
Isovaleric-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (36000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm);found in Root
Phenyl-acetaldehyde found in Root
Propionic-acid found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Root
Threonine found in Root (1300 ppm)
Valine found in Root (1650 ppm)
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Matairesinol found in Fruit (350 ppm);found in Seed (170.6 ppm);found in Plant
Propionic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Gastrostimulant
Inulin found in Root (500000 ppm);found in Root (550000 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Root (450 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Arctigenin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (166.6 ppm)
Trachelogenin found in Fruit
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm);found in Root
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Methionine found in Root (450 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Root
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm);found in Root
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Root
Hyperpyrexic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Root (1520 ppm);found in Root (1520 ppm)
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Root (5250 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Root (3350 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Copper found in Root (29 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (94700 ppm);found in Root (97000 ppm)
Inulin found in Root (500000 ppm);found in Root (550000 ppm)
Lignin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Mucilage found in Plant (120000 ppm);found in Root (120000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (36000 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root (2 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Seed (170.6 ppm)
Inulin found in Root (500000 ppm);found in Root (550000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (6 ppm);found in Root (55 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (94700 ppm);found in Root (97000 ppm)
Gaba found in Root (25 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (16800 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (94700 ppm);found in Root (97000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Arctigenin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (166.6 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (2 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Copper found in Root (29 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Arctigenin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (166.6 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Inulin found in Root (500000 ppm);found in Root (550000 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (4370 ppm);found in Root (4370 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Insecticide-Synergist
Matairesinol found in Fruit (350 ppm);found in Seed (170.6 ppm);found in Plant
Insecticide
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (36000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Root (2 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Irritant
Caryophyllene found in Root
Isovaleric-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (36000 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Plant
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Laxative
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (94700 ppm);found in Root (97000 ppm)
Fructose found in Root
Inulin found in Root (500000 ppm);found in Root (550000 ppm)
Lignin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Lipolytic
Inulin found in Root (500000 ppm);found in Root (550000 ppm)
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Root (450 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm);found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Root (2 ppm);found in Root (2 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Root
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Root (1650 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Root (900 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root
Motor-Depressant
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Mydriatic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Root (5250 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Narcotic
Arctiin found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Seed (30000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Nematicide
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm);found in Root
Nematistat
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Root
Nephrotoxic
Mercury found in Root (1.27 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Root (8850 ppm)
Neurogenic
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
Neuroinhibitor
Gaba found in Root (25 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (1550 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Gaba found in Root (25 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Root (7850 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Gaba found in Root (25 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Root (4370 ppm);found in Root (4370 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Oxidant
Alanine found in Root (1250 ppm)
Histidine found in Root (1550 ppm)
Paralytic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (36000 ppm)
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root
Isovaleric-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (36000 ppm)
Phenyl-acetaldehyde found in Root
Propionic-acid found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Root
Tiglic-acid found in Plant
Pesticide
(-)-arctigenin found in Fruit
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Aluminum found in Root (231 ppm);found in Root (231 ppm)
Arctigenin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (166.6 ppm)
Arctiopicrin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Costic-acid found in Root
Dehydrocostus-lactone found in Root
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Lignin found in Plant
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm);found in Root
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Propionic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (11 ppm)
Tin found in Root (21 ppm);found in Root (21 ppm)
Trachelogenin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
(-)-arctigenin found in Fruit
Arctigenin found in Fruit ;found in Seed (166.6 ppm)
Phytohormonal
Dehydrocostus-lactone found in Root
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Root (5250 ppm)
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Root (120000 ppm)
Prebiotic
Inulin found in Root (500000 ppm);found in Root (550000 ppm)
Probiotic
Inulin found in Root (500000 ppm);found in Root (550000 ppm)
Probiotigenic
Inulin found in Root (500000 ppm);found in Root (550000 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Iron found in Root (147 ppm);found in Root (147 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit (124200 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit (36000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm);found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Root
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Psychotomimetic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Psychotropic
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Root (8850 ppm)
Rubefacient
Propionic-acid found in Plant
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Root (29 ppm)
Sedative
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Beta-eudesmol found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root
Gaba found in Root (25 ppm)
Isovaleric-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Root
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (12600 ppm);found in Root
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Root (5250 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Root
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Fructose found in Root
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Tachycardic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Taenicide
Tin found in Root (21 ppm);found in Root (21 ppm)
Termiticide
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Root
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Topoisomerase-Inhibitor
(-)-arctigenin found in Fruit
Trachelogenin found in Fruit
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Gaba found in Root (25 ppm)
Isovaleric-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Transdermal
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Root (1650 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Root (300 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Root
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Root (45 ppm);found in Root (4.5 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Glycine found in Root (1550 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Root (450 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Root (450 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (1.4 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Root (5250 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Atropine found in Root (30 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (7330 ppm);found in Root (8510 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (94700 ppm);found in Root (97000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (5370 ppm);found in Root (5370 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (15 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16800 ppm);found in Root (16800 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (151 ppm);found in Root (85 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Root (39 ppm);found in Root (2.2 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root (2500 ppm)
Polyphenols found in Root (36500 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Matairesinol found in Fruit (350 ppm);found in Seed (170.6 ppm);found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-arctigenin Fruit
(4e,6e)-4,6-tetradecadien-8,10,12-triyn-1,3-diyl-diacetate Plant
(4e,6e,12e)-4,6,12-tetradecadien-8,10,12-triyn-1,3-diyl-diac Plant
(4e,6z)-4,6,tetradecadien-8,10,12-triyn-1,3-diyl-diacetate Plant
(4e,6z,12e)-4,6,12-tetradecadien-8,10,12-triyn-1,3-diyl-diac Plant
1,11-tridecadiene Plant
1,11-tridecadiene-3,5,7,9-tetrayne Root 15
1,2-epoxy-tridec-1-ene-5,7,9,11-tetrayne Root
1,2-epoxy-tridec-trans-3-ene-5,7,9-triyne Root
1,3,11-tridecatriene-5,7,9-triyne Plant 2
1-tridecene-3,5,7,9,11-pentayne Root 11
2-alkyl-3-methoxypyrazines Root
2-methoxy-3-methylpyrazine Root
2-methoxy-3-pyrazine Root
2-methyl-butyric-acid Root
2-methyl-propionic-acid Root
3,5,7,9-tetrayne Plant
3-hexenoic-acid Root
3-octenoic-acid Root
5'-(1-propynyl)-2,2'-bithienyl-5-yl... Plant
5,7,9-triyne Plant
9(10)-dehydrofukinone Leaf
Acetic-acid Plant
Alanine Root 250 1,250
Alpha-amyrin Leaf
Plant
Alpha-amyrin-acetate Plant
Alpha-guaiene Root
Aluminum Root 54 231
Root 231
Aplotaxene Root
Arctic-acid Plant
Arctic-acid-b Root 0
Arctic-acid-b-methyl-ester Root
Arctic-acid-c Root 0.1
Arctigenin Fruit
Seed 165.5 166.6
Arctigenin-4-beta-d-glucopyranoside Plant
Arctigenin-4-o-glucoside Fruit
Arctignan-a Fruit 125
Arctignan-b Fruit 150
Arctignan-c Fruit 140
Arctignan-d Fruit 250
Arctignan-e Fruit 270
Arctiin Fruit
Plant
Seed 11.7 30,000
Arctinal Root 0.2
Arctinol Root
Arctinol-a Root 0.1
Arctinol-b Root 0.3
Arctinone Root
Arctinone-a Root 3
Arctinone-a-acetate Root
Arctinone-acetate Plant
Arctinone-b Root 0
Arctiol Leaf
Arctiopicrin Leaf
Arctium-acidic-xylan Plant
Arctium-lappa-antimutagen Root 90
Arctium-lappa-sesquilignan-al-d Fruit
Arctium-lappa-sesquilignan-al-f Fruit
Arctium-xyloglucan-hc-ii-b Plant
Arginine Root 1,050 5,250
Ascorbic-acid Root 30 151
Root 20 85
Ash Leaf 8,200 35,600
Root 7,990 34,000
Root 34,000
Aspartic-acid Root 1,770 8,850
Atropine Root 0.3 30
Benedictinolide Leaf
Benzaldehyde Root
Beta-amyrin Leaf
Plant
Beta-amyrin-acetate Plant
Beta-carotene Root 11 45
Root 4.5
Beta-elemene Root
Beta-eudesmol Leaf
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Bis-5',5'-arctigenin Seed 2.3
Butyric-acid Plant
Caffeic-acid Root 2,500
Calcium Root 1,723 7,330
Root 410 8,510
Carbohydrates Root 200,925 855,000
Root 173,500 870,150
Caryophyllene Root
Chlorogenic-acid Root
Chromium Root 0.5 2
Root 2
Clovene Root
Cnicinolide Leaf
Cobalt Root 12
Root 3 12
Copper Root 29
Costic-acid Root
Cyperene Root
Cystine Root 60 300
Daucosterol Seed 170.6
Decan-1-al Root
Dehydrocostus-lactone Root
Dehydrodihydrocostus-lactone Root
Dehydrofukinone Leaf
Desmutagenic factor Root 146
Dihydroaplotaxene Root
Eo Leaf 285
Root 600 7,500
Eremophilene Leaf
Fat Fruit 150,000 300,000
Leaf 1,300 8,335
Root 1,000 8,000
Root 1,645 7,000
Fiber Leaf 20,000 94,700
Root 19,400 97,000
Fiber(crude) Root 72,000
Fiber(dietary) Root 700,000
Fructose Root
Fukinanolide Leaf
Fukinone Leaf
Fukione Leaf
Gaba Root 25
Gamma-guanidino-n-butyric-acid Root 25
Germacranolide Fruit
Glucose Root
Glutamic-acid Root 1,570 7,850
Glycine Root 310 1,550
Heptadec-1-ene Root
Heptadeca-1-cis-8-cis-15-triene-11,13-diyne Root
Heptan-1-al Root
Hex-2-en-1-al Root
Hex-3-en-1-al Root
Hex-3-en-1-oic-acid Root
Histidine Root 310 1,550
Inulin Root 94,000 500,000
Root 50,000 550,000
Iron Root 35 147
Root 8 147
Isochlorogenic-acid Leaf
Isolappaol-c Seed
Isolappaola Fruit 50
Seed
Isoleucine Root 300 1,500
Isovaleric-acid Plant
Kilocalories Root 720 3,790
Lappanaesthin Seed
Lappaol-b Seed
Lappaol-c Fruit 15
Seed
Lappaol-d Seed
Lappaol-e Fruit 60
Seed
Lappaol-f Fruit 60
Seed 2.3
Lappaol-h Seed
Lappaola Fruit 100
Seed
Lappaphen-a Root 0
Lappaphen-b Root 0
Lappauric-acid Plant
Lappaurin Seed
Lauric-acid Root
Leucine Root 320 1,600
Lignin Plant
Linoleic-acid Fruit 103,500 124,200
Linolenic-acid Fruit 6,000 7,200
Lupeol Leaf
Plant
Lupeol-acetate Plant
Lysine Root 670 3,350
Magnesium Root 1,262 5,370
Root 3,930 5,370
Manganese Root 1.4 6
Root 6 55
Matairesinol Fruit 60 350
Seed 170.6
Plant
Mercury Root 1.27
Methionine Root 90 450
Methyl-arctate-b Plant
Mucilage Plant 50,000 120,000
Root 11,750 120,000
Myristic-acid Plant
Neoarc-b Seed
Neoarctin-b Seed 38
Niacin Root 3 13
Root 3 15
Oct-2-en-1-al Root
Oct-3-en-1-oic-acid Root
Oleic-acid Fruit 30,000 36,000
Palmitic-acid Fruit 10,500 12,600
Root
Pectinesterase Leaf
Pentadec-1-ene Root
Peroxidase Leaf
Petasitolone Leaf
Phenyl-acetaldehyde Root
Phenylalanine Root 330 1,650
Phosphorus Root 1,027 4,370
Root 510 4,370
Phytol Leaf
Phytosterols Root
Polyacetylenes Root 10 20
Polygalacturonase Leaf
Polyphenol-oxidase Leaf
Polyphenols Root 19,000 36,500
Potassium Root 3,948 16,800
Root 3,080 16,800
Proline Root 520 2,600
Propionic-acid Plant
Protein Leaf 32,000 140,150
Root 15,000 120,000
Root 24,910 106,000
Pseudotaraxasterol Plant
Pseudotaraxasterol-acetate Plant
Psi-taraxasterol Leaf
Riboflavin Root 0.8 3.4
Root 0.5 3.4
Selenium Root 0.3 1.4
Root 1.4
Serine Root 250 1,250
Sesquilignans Plant
Silicon Root 5.3 22.5
Root 22.5
Sitosterol Root
Sodium Root 357 1,520
Root 50 1,520
Starch Root 28,200 120,000
Stearic-acid Root
Sterols Root 200
Stigmasterol Plant
Root
Sugars Root 35,250 150,000
Taraxasterol Leaf
Plant
Taraxasterol-acetate Leaf
Plant
Taraxasterol-palmitate Leaf
Tetradeca-trans-4-cis-6-diene-8,12-diyne-1,3-diol-diacetate Root
Tetradeca-trans-4-cis-6-trans-12-triene-8,10-diyne-1,3-diol-diacetate Root
Tetradeca-trans-4-trans-6-diene-8,10,12-triyne-1,3-diol-diacetate Root
Tetradeca-trans-4-trans-6-trans-12-triene-8,10-diyne-1,3-diol-diacetate Root
Thiamin Root 1 11
Thiamine Root 2.6 11
Threonine Root 260 1,300
Tiglic-acid Plant
Tin Root 21
Root 5 21
Trachelogenin Fruit
Tridec-1-ene-3-5-7-9-11-pentayne Root 1
Trideca-1-11-diene-3-5-7-9-tetrayne Root 2
Trideca-1-trans-11-diene-3,5,7,9-tetrayne Root
Trideca-1-trans-3-trans-11-triene-5,7,9-triyne Root
Tryptophan Root 60 300
Tyrosine Root 180 900
Valine Root 330 1,650
Water Leaf 738,000
Root 740,000 860,000
Root 765,000
Zinc Root 2.2 39
Root 0.5 2.2
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]