Aralia spinosa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
American angelica-tree devil's walking-stick Hercules'-club prickly-ash

Aralia spinosa, commonly known as Devil's Walkingstick, is a woody species of plants in the genus Aralia, family Araliaceae, native to eastern North America. The various names refer to the viciously sharp, spiny stems, petioles, and even leaf midribs. It has also been known as Angelica-tree. This species is sometimes called Hercules' Club, Prickly Ash, or Prickly Elder, common names it shares with the unrelated Zanthoxylum clava-herculis. For this reason, Aralia spinosa is sometimes confused with that species and mistakenly called the Toothache Tree, but it does not have the medicinal properties of Zanthoxylum clava-herculis. Aralia spinosa is occasionally cultivated for its exotic, tropical appearance, having large lacy compound leaves. It is closely related to the Asian species Aralia elata, a more commonly cultivated species with which it is easily confused.

Aralia spinosa

Medical use

Economic importance of Aralia spinosa

Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Indiana , New York , Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois , Missouri , Oklahoma
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (102000 ppm)
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (102000 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (102000 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (102000 ppm)
Antialopecic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (102000 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (102000 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Oleic-acid found in Seed (102000 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Oleic-acid found in Seed (102000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Oleic-acid found in Seed (102000 ppm)
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (102000 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (102000 ppm)
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (102000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (102000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Oleic-acid found in Seed (102000 ppm)
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (102000 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (102000 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (102000 ppm)
Propecic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (102000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Oleic-acid Seed 102,000
Petroselinic-acid Fruit 11.3
Seed 711,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]