Aralia cordata Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Japanese-asparagus Japanese-spikenard spikenard udo

Aralia cordata is an upright herbaceous perennial plant growing up to 2 to 3 metres in height, native to Japan, Korea and eastern China. It is known as udo in Japanese, and also as Japanese spikenard or "mountain asparagus". It is commonly found on the slopes of wooded embankments. Aralia cordata is a species of Aralia in the Araliaceae family. The plant yields new shoots every spring, which are blanched and then eaten as a vegetable. In Korea, the dried root of the plant has been traditionally used as medicine. The young shoots have a strong yet pleasant distinct aromatic flavor. In addition to food and medicinal use, the plant is cultivated as an ornamental.

Aralia cordata

Medical use

Economic importance of Aralia cordata

Human food vegetable

Gallery

Aralia cordata Aralia cordata Aralia cordata Aralia cordata Aralia cordata Aralia cordata Aralia cordata Aralia cordata Aralia cordata Aralia cordata Aralia cordata Aralia cordata Aralia cordata

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea, South - Kyongsang Puk
    Cultivated
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Root (22 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
D-carvone found in Plant
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Root (7 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root (22 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Root (0.75 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Verbenone found in Root (3 ppm)
Allelopathic
Camphene found in Stem (3 ppm)
Grandifloric-acid found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (6 ppm)
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (37 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root (22 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Root (0.75 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root (22 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root (5 ppm)
Paeonal found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (106380 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (65950 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
AntiEBV
Beta-eudesmol found in Root (2 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
D-carvone found in Plant
P-cymene found in Root (5 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (6 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Root (7 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Root (0.75 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (6 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (6 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antianoxic
Beta-eudesmol found in Root (2 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (65950 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (6 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Root (5 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Root (2 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Root (7 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root (22 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Root (0.75 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root (5 ppm)
Paeonal found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Sabinene found in Root (15 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (6 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Delta-cadinene found in Root (7 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Root (0.75 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
D-carvone found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Myrcene found in Root (22 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (65950 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (106380 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (65950 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Grandifloric-acid found in Plant
Nerolidol found in Root (0.75 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root (5 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Root (15 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (106380 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (65950 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (37 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antimalarial
Trans-pinocarveol found in Plant
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Root (2 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root (22 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Root (22 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Myrcene found in Root (22 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (106380 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5320 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Camphene found in Stem (3 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root (22 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (6 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antipeptic
Beta-eudesmol found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Trans-pinocarveol found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Paeonal found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Root (5 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Beta-sesquiphellandrene found in Root (8 ppm)
Zingiberene found in Root (8 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Beta-eudesmol found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (37 ppm)
Sabinene found in Root (15 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (6 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (37 ppm)
Ethyl-acetate found in Stem (3 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root (22 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (65950 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (6 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Delta-cadinene found in Root (7 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Root (0.75 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Antistroke
Potassium found in Leaf (65950 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Grandifloric-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Root (11 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (106380 ppm)
Antitussive
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (6 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Root (2 ppm)
Beta-sesquiphellandrene found in Root (8 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (106380 ppm)
Sabinene found in Root (15 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (6 ppm)
Zingiberene found in Root (8 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root (5 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5320 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (65950 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (6 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (106380 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (65950 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Ethyl-acetate found in Stem (3 ppm)
CNS-Inhibitor
Beta-eudesmol found in Root (2 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Root (2 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (106380 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-pinene found in Root (37 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (106380 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (65950 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (65950 ppm)
Carminative
Ethyl-acetate found in Stem (3 ppm)
Zingiberene found in Root (8 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Myrcene found in Root (22 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Coleopterifuge
Verbenone found in Root (3 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Convulsant
Isopinocamphone found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Root (7 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Delta-3-carene found in Root (2 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (106380 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (65950 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (6 ppm)
Epileptigenic
Isopinocamphone found in Plant
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Beta-sesquiphellandrene found in Root (8 ppm)
Camphene found in Stem (3 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (37 ppm)
Camphene found in Stem (3 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Root (2 ppm)
Ethyl-acetate found in Stem (3 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root (22 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Root (0.75 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root (5 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Fungicide
Myrcene found in Root (22 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root (5 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (6 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Beta-eudesmol found in Root (2 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (37 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root (5 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (6 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Leaf (425 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (106380 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (106380 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (65950 ppm)
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Root (22 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (106380 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5320 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
D-carvone found in Plant
Ocimene found in Root (7 ppm)
Zingiberene found in Root (8 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (37 ppm)
Camphene found in Stem (3 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Root (2 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root (22 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root (5 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Verbenone found in Root (3 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Irritant
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (37 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Root (2 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root (22 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root (5 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (6 ppm)
Larvicide
Grandifloric-acid found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (106380 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root (5 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Myrcene found in Root (22 ppm)
Nematicide
Nerolidol found in Root (0.75 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (6 ppm)
Neurogenic
Beta-eudesmol found in Root (2 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Isopinocamphone found in Plant
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5320 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root (22 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Root (7 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-humulene found in Root (11 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (37 ppm)
Myrcene found in Root (22 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Root (0.75 ppm)
Ocimene found in Root (7 ppm)
Sabinene found in Root (15 ppm)
Verbenone found in Root (3 ppm)
Zingiberene found in Root (8 ppm)
Pesticide
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Root (2 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (37 ppm)
Beta-sesquiphellandrene found in Root (8 ppm)
Camphene found in Stem (3 ppm)
D-carvone found in Plant
Delta-3-carene found in Root (2 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Root (7 ppm)
Germacrene-d found in Root (16 ppm)
Grandifloric-acid found in Plant
Isopinocamphone found in Plant
Myrcene found in Root (22 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Root (0.75 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root (5 ppm)
Paeonal found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (13 ppm)
Verbenone found in Root (3 ppm)
Zingiberene found in Root (8 ppm)
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Root (16 ppm)
Prooxidant
Iron found in Leaf (64 ppm)
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (6 ppm)
Respirotoxic
Ethyl-acetate found in Stem (3 ppm)
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Root (2 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root (5 ppm)
Paeonal found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (37 ppm)
Camphene found in Stem (3 ppm)
Spermicide
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (6 ppm)
Stimulant
Ethyl-acetate found in Stem (3 ppm)
Stomachic
Beta-sesquiphellandrene found in Root (8 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Root (7 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Root (475 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Root (37 ppm)
Trichomonicide
P-cymene found in Root (5 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Uterotonic
Grandifloric-acid found in Plant
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (2765 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (106380 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (65950 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1065 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root (6 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-epipimaric-acid Plant
(-)-pimara-8(14),15-dien-19-al Plant
(-)-pimara-8(14),15-dien-19-oic-acid Plant
(ent)-pimara-8(14),15-dien-19-oic-acid Plant
7-oxo(-)-pimara-8(14),15-dien-19-oic-acid Plant
7alpha-hydroxy-(-)-pimara-8(14),15-dien-19-oic-acid Plant
7beta-hydroxy-(-)-pimara-8(14),15-dien-19-oic-acid Plant
Abs/10 Plant
Alpha-betulenol Root
Alpha-farnesene Plant
Alpha-guaiene Stem 2
Alpha-humulene Root 11
Alpha-limonene Root 16
Alpha-pinene Root 475
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 50 1,065
Ash Leaf 6,000 127,660
Beta-caryophyllene Root 6
Beta-eudesmol Root 2
Beta-pinene Root 37
Beta-sesquiphellandrene Root 8
Calcium Leaf 130 2,765
Camphene Stem 3
Carbohydrates Leaf 29,000 617,000
Cis-4,11,11-trimethyl-8-methylene-bicyclo(7.2.0)undec-4-ene Root 7
Cis-sabinene-hydrate Root
D-carvone Plant
Delta-3-carene Root 2
Delta-cadinene Root 7
Delta-selinene Root 11
Ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic-acid Plant
Eo Stem 750
Ethyl-acetate Stem 3
Fat Leaf 2,000 42,550
Fiber Leaf 5,000 106,380
Germacrene-d Root 16
Grandifloric-acid Plant
Intermediol Stem 1 2
Iron Leaf 3 64
Isopinocamphone Plant
Kilocalories Leaf 140 2,975
Lavandulol Plant
Myrcene Root 22
N-hexanal Root
Neointermediol Stem 1 2
Nerolidol Root 0.75
Niacin Leaf 8 170
Ocimene Root 7
P-cymene Root 5
P-mentha-dien-4-ol Plant
Paeonal Root 2.5
Phosphorus Leaf 250 5,320
Potassium Leaf 3,100 65,950
Protein Leaf 10,000 212,765
Riboflavin Leaf 0.2 4
Sabinene Root 15
Sodium Leaf 20 425
Terpinen-4-ol Root 6
Thiamin Leaf 0.6 13
Trans-pinocamphone Plant
Trans-pinocarveol Plant
Verbenone Root 3
Water Leaf 953,000
Zingiberene Root 8
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]