Angelica archangelica Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
angelica angelique garden angelica wild parsnip

Angelica archangelica, commonly known as garden angelica, Holy Ghost, wild celery, and Norwegian angelica, is a biennial plant from the Apiaceae family, a subspecies of which is cultivated for its sweetly scented edible stems and roots. Like several other species in Apiaceae, its appearance is similar to several poisonous species, and should not be consumed unless it has been identified with absolute certainty. Synonyms include Archangelica officinalis Hoffm., and Archangelica officinalis var. himalaica C.B.Clarke. During its first year it only grows leaves, but during its second year its fluted stem can reach a height of two meters. Its leaves are composed of numerous small leaflets, divided into three principal groups, each of which is again subdivided into three lesser groups. The edges of the leaflets are finely toothed or serrated. The flowers, which blossom in July, are small and numerous, yellowish or greenish in colour, are grouped into large, globular umbels, which bear pale yellow, oblong fruits. Angelica only grows in damp soil, preferably near rivers or deposits of water.

Angelica archangelica

Medical use

Economic importance of Angelica archangelica

Food additives flavoring
Bee plants honey production
Environmental ornamental
Human food beverage base
Materials esential oils
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Angelica archangelica Angelica archangelica Angelica archangelica Angelica archangelica Angelica archangelica Angelica archangelica Angelica archangelica Angelica archangelica Angelica archangelica Angelica archangelica Angelica archangelica Angelica archangelica Angelica archangelica Angelica archangelica

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Caucasus: Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Tyumen
    Cultivated
    • Eastern Asia: Korea
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: India
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Iceland; Norway; Sweden
    • Middle Europe: Czech Republic; Germany; Netherlands; Slovakia
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Croatia; Serbia
    Cultivated
    • Northern Europe: Finland; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland
    • Southeastern Europe: Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • North America

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Seed (133000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Palmitoleic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Osthol found in Root Essent. Oil (530000 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Fruit
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (12 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (380 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Abortifacient
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (72 ppm)
Acaricide
Alpha-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit
Gamma-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Plant
Acidulant
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Addictive
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Root
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Delta-cadinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (101 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (12 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (380 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Terpinolene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (16 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Camphene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (130 ppm);found in Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Carvone found in Root (2 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ethanol found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (380 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (133000 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (133000 ppm)
Analgesic
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (380 ppm)
Osthol found in Root Essent. Oil (530000 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Fruit
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5050 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Trans-anethole found in Root (13 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (133000 ppm)
Anesthetic
Ethanol found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Trans-anethole found in Root (13 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Anhydrotic
Ethanol found in Root
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Sabinol found in Root (34 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Leaf
AntiEBV
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (21 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Methanol found in Root
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Alpha-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit
Carvone found in Root (2 ppm)
Elemol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (18 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5050 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (101 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Antiaflatoxin
Angelicin found in Root Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Imperatorin found in Fruit (66 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antiaggregant
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Imperatorin found in Fruit (66 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Root
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Plant
Glutamine found in Leaf
Antiallergic
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Osthol found in Root Essent. Oil (530000 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Antialopecic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Imperatorin found in Fruit (66 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Seed (133000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Seed (133000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Antiangiogenic
Ergosterol found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antianoxic
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (21 ppm)
Antianxiety
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Antiapertif
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiappetant
Isopimpinellin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Antiarrhythmic
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Ligustilide found in Plant ;found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antiarthritic
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Ligustilide found in Plant ;found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Piperitone found in Root (3 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Trans-carveol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (11 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ethanol found in Root
Lutein found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5050 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Antibacterial
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (678000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil (225000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Root (75 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cis-ocimene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (125 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Root (505 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (101 ppm)
Ethanol found in Root
Lauric-acid found in Fruit
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (380 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5050 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Pimpinellin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Sabinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (95 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antibronchitic
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Antiburn
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (101 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Anticholinesterase
Fenchone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Anticolic
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Anticonstrictive
Ligustilide found in Plant ;found in Root
Anticonvulsant
Angelicin found in Root Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Plant
Imperatorin found in Fruit (66 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (380 ppm)
Xanthoxyletin found in Plant
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antidementia
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Glutamine found in Leaf
Phenylalanine found in Leaf
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antidiabetic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Fructose found in Plant
Antidiuretic
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Antidote
Methanol found in Root
Antidyskinetic
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Glucose found in Plant
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiencephalopathic
Tyrosine found in Leaf
Valine found in Leaf
Antiendotoxic
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Byakangelicin found in Root (13 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Root (75 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (12 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (16 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Antifibromyalgic
Malic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Angelicin found in Root Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ergosterol found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5050 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Trans-anethole found in Root (13 ppm)
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Byakangelicin found in Root (13 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antihangover
Fructose found in Plant
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (95 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatocarcinogenic
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Glucose found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Root
Antihistaminic
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Byakangelicin found in Root (13 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oxypeucedanin-hydrate found in Fruit ;found in Seed (3.8 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root (1500 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Xanthotoxol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Plant
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol-acetate found in Fruit (40 ppm);found in Plant
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Alpha-amyrin-acetate found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cuparene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Root (505 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Fruit (66 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Root
Isopimpinellin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Seed (133000 ppm)
Osthol found in Root Essent. Oil (530000 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Fruit
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antiinsomniac
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Antijet-lag
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antikeratotic
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Plant
Glucose found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Antileucodermic
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Antileukodermic
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Imperatorin found in Fruit (66 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Root
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Seed (133000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Antilipogenic
Byakangelicin found in Root (13 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Antilipolytic
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Antilithic
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Antilymphomic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antimaculitic
Lutein found in Leaf
Antimalarial
Beta-selinene found in Root
Osthol found in Root Essent. Oil (530000 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Fruit
Antimange
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antimenopausal
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antimigraine
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Antimite
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Antimitotic
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Imperatorin found in Fruit (66 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Root
Isopimpinellin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Osthol found in Root Essent. Oil (530000 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Fruit
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Xanthotoxol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Plant
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Angelicin found in Root Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (21 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Imperatorin found in Fruit (66 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (380 ppm)
Osthol found in Root Essent. Oil (530000 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Fruit
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antimycotic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Plant
Antinicotinic
Xanthotoxol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Plant
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (380 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (16 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Alpha-amyrin-acetate found in Fruit (26 ppm)
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Plant
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (380 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antinyctalopic
Lutein found in Leaf
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Root
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Leaf
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (130 ppm);found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (12 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Fruit
Lutein found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (380 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Pentadecanoic-acid found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Sucrose found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (16 ppm)
Trans-anethole found in Root (13 ppm)
Tridecanoic-acid found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Antiparkinsonian
Phenylalanine found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Tyrosine found in Leaf
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Leaf
Antipeptic
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (21 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Tyrosine found in Leaf
Antipityriasic
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antiplasmodial
Beta-selinene found in Root
Antiplatelet
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Imperatorin found in Fruit (66 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Root
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Lutein found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Antiproliferative
Carvone found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ligustilide found in Plant ;found in Root
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Antipruritic
Ethanol found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antipsoriac
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Fruit ;found in Plant
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Lutein found in Leaf
Trans-anethole found in Root (13 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5050 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Antirhinoviral
Ar-curcumene found in Root (6 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (72 ppm)
Beta-sesquiphellandrene found in Root (7 ppm)
Zingiberene found in Root (5 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (21 ppm)
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Antiscleromyxoedemic
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Antiseborrheic
Malic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Antiseptic
2-nonanone found in Root (1 ppm)
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Carvone found in Root (2 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ethanol found in Root
Furfural found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Sabinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (95 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Antishock
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Antisickling
Asparagine found in Leaf
Glutamine found in Leaf
Phenylalanine found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit
Angelicin found in Root Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Archangelicin found in Fruit ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Root (75 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Ligustilide found in Plant ;found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (380 ppm)
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Rutamarin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antistaphylococcic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (678000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil (225000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (125 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (101 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antitachycardic
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antitubercular
Isopimpinellin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Malic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Pimpinellin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Antituberculic
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Imperatorin found in Fruit (66 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Root
Isoimperatorin found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (75 ppm)
Oxypeucedanin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (385 ppm)
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antitumor
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Fruit ;found in Plant
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Alpha-humulene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (50 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ergosterol found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Rutamarin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Antitussive
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Antiulcer
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Ar-curcumene found in Root (6 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (72 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (21 ppm)
Beta-sesquiphellandrene found in Root (7 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Elemol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (18 ppm)
Glutamine found in Leaf
Lupeol-acetate found in Fruit (40 ppm);found in Plant
Sabinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (95 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Leaf
Zingiberene found in Root (5 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Plant
Antiviral
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Angelicin found in Root Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Ar-curcumene found in Root (6 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (72 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Root (75 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ergosterol found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Fruit
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5050 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Antivitiligic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Fruit ;found in Plant
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Imperatorin found in Fruit (66 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Root
Phenylalanine found in Leaf
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Apoptotic
Beta-elemene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (90 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Isoimperatorin found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (75 ppm)
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Arteriodilator
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Root
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Bacteriophagicide
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Bufocide
Imperatorin found in Fruit (66 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Angelicin found in Root Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ethanol found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
CNS-Inhibitor
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (21 ppm)
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Carvone found in Root (2 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Lauric-acid found in Fruit
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Fruit
Cancer-Preventive
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Alanine found in Leaf
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-myrcene found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Carvone found in Root (2 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Imperatorin found in Fruit (66 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Root
Isopimpinellin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Myristic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Seed (133000 ppm)
Osthol found in Root Essent. Oil (530000 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Fruit
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Tyrosine found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Xanthotoxol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Plant
Candidicide
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Fruit
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Candidistat
Carvone found in Root (2 ppm)
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Carcinogenic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Cardioprotective
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Carminative
Carvone found in Root (2 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Zingiberene found in Root (5 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Catabolic
Glutamine found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (380 ppm)
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Choleretic
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (133000 ppm)
Quinic-acid found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Clastogenic
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Root
Colorant
Lutein found in Leaf
Violaxanthin found in Leaf
Zeaxanthin found in Leaf
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Contraceptive
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Cosmetic
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Behenic-acid found in Plant
Myristic-acid found in Fruit
Stearic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Counterirritant
Fenchone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Culicide
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (101 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Imperatorin found in Fruit (66 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Root
Isoimperatorin found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (75 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Angelicin found in Root Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Rutamarin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Xanthotoxol found in Fruit ;found in Seed ;found in Plant
DME-Inhibitor
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Imperatorin found in Fruit (66 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Root
Isoimperatorin found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (75 ppm)
Oxypeucedanin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (385 ppm)
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Inhibitor
Rutamarin found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Root
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (16 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (678000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil (225000 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Delta-3-carene found in Root (505 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (133000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Diuretic
Asparagine found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Isopimpinellin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Pimpinellin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Dye
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (678000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil (225000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Emmenagogue
Sabinol found in Root (34 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Essential
Isoleucine found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Valine found in Leaf
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (5320 ppm);found in Fruit
Beta-sesquiphellandrene found in Root (7 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Root (75 ppm)
Camphene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (130 ppm);found in Fruit
Ethanol found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-methyl-butyric-acid found in Plant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (678000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil (225000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Root (75 ppm)
Camphene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (130 ppm);found in Fruit
Carvone found in Root (2 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Root (505 ppm)
Diacetyl found in Root
Ethyl-laurate found in Root
Ethyl-myristate found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Ethyl-oleate found in Root
Ethyl-palmitate found in Root (10 ppm)
Fenchone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Fumaric-acid found in Plant
Furfural found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (380 ppm)
Octyl-isovalerate found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Seed (133000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5050 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Piperitone found in Root (3 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (16 ppm)
Trans-anethole found in Root (13 ppm)
Valine found in Leaf
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Root
Fumigant
Thujopsene found in Root
Fungicide
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Fruit ;found in Plant
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (678000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil (225000 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (5320 ppm);found in Fruit
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cis-ocimene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (125 ppm)
Furfural found in Root
Isopimpinellin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (380 ppm)
Oxypeucedanin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (385 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5050 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Pimpinellin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (16 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Fungistat
Carvone found in Root (2 ppm)
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Genotoxic
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Glucogonogenic
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Angelicin found in Root Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (21 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Imperatorin found in Fruit (66 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Zeaxanthin found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Ethanol found in Root
Imperatorin found in Fruit (66 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Root
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Coniferin found in Plant ;found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5050 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Piperitone found in Root (3 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Histaminic
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Fruit
Myristic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Sucrose found in Root
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Plant
Hypertensive
Ethanol found in Root
Hypertrichotic
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Hypnotic
Ethanol found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Hypocalcemic
Ethanol found in Root
Hypocholesterolemic
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Seed (133000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Hypotensive
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Angelicin found in Root Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ethanol found in Root
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (380 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Immunostimulant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Osthol found in Root Essent. Oil (530000 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Fruit
Inhalant
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Bisabolangelone found in Plant
Carvone found in Root (2 ppm)
Furfural found in Root
Isopimpinellin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Zingiberene found in Root (5 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Root (75 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (130 ppm);found in Fruit
Carvone found in Root (2 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Delta-3-carene found in Root (505 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (380 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (133000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5050 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Piperitone found in Root (3 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Trans-beta-farnesene found in Root (10 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (678000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil (225000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Insulinic
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Interferonogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Irritant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (678000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil (225000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Root (505 ppm)
Diacetyl found in Root
Furfural found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Malonic-acid found in Root
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (380 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (133000 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5050 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Osthol found in Root Essent. Oil (530000 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Fruit
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Laxative
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (678000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil (225000 ppm)
Fructose found in Plant
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5050 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Lipolytic
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Imperatorin found in Fruit (66 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Oxypeucedanin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (385 ppm)
Phellopterin found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Stearic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lymphocytogenic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
MAO-B-Inhibitor
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Melaninogenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Fruit ;found in Plant
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Melatoninogenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Plant
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Mitogenic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Molluscicide
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Imperatorin found in Fruit (66 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Root
Isopimpinellin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Tyrosine found in Leaf
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Carvone found in Root (2 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Mucotropic
Ethanol found in Root
Musculotropic
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Mutagenic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Isopimpinellin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Oxypeucedanin found in Fruit ;found in Shoot ;found in Root (385 ppm)
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Malic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Myorelaxant
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Angelicin found in Root Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Root (75 ppm)
Ligustilide found in Plant ;found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (380 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Nematicide
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Carvone found in Root (2 ppm)
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Myristic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Plant
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf
Neurogenic
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (21 ppm)
Neurolytic
Ethanol found in Root
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Oxidant
Alanine found in Leaf
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (380 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (101 ppm)
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (133000 ppm)
Perfumery
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
Aconitic-acid found in Plant
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Alpha-humulene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (50 ppm)
Alpha-methyl-butyric-acid found in Plant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (678000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil (225000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (72 ppm)
Beta-myrcene found in Root
Beta-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (5320 ppm);found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-selinene found in Root
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Carvone found in Root (2 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Cedrol found in Root
Fenchone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (12 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (380 ppm)
Octyl-isovalerate found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Seed (133000 ppm)
Piperitone found in Root (3 ppm)
Sabinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (95 ppm)
Sabinol found in Root (34 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (16 ppm)
Tiglic-acid found in Plant
Tridecanoic-acid found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Zingiberene found in Root (5 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Pesticide
2-nonanone found in Root (1 ppm)
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (678000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil (225000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (21 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-sesquiphellandrene found in Root (7 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Bisabolangelone found in Plant
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Root (75 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Camphene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (130 ppm);found in Fruit
Carvone found in Root (2 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Cedrol found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Coniferin found in Plant ;found in Root
Delta-3-carene found in Root (505 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (101 ppm)
Ergosterol found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Ethanol found in Root
Furfural found in Root
Gamma-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (12 ppm)
Germacrene-d found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (26 ppm)
Isoimperatorin found in Fruit (4 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (75 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit ;found in Root (380 ppm)
Osthol found in Root Essent. Oil (530000 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Fruit
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5050 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Pimpinellin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Piperitone found in Root (3 ppm)
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Sabinol found in Root (34 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (16 ppm)
Thujopsene found in Root
Trans-beta-farnesene found in Root (10 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Zingiberene found in Root (5 ppm)
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (26 ppm)
Photoactive
Angelicin found in Root Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Photocarcinogenic
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Photodermatitigenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Fruit ;found in Plant
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Phototoxic
8-methoxy-psoralen found in Plant
Angelicin found in Root Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Pimpinellin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Sphondin found in Plant
Phytoalexin
Pimpinellin found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Piscicide
Bergapten found in Root Essent. Oil (88000 ppm);found in Fruit (1300 ppm);found in Seed (6800 ppm);found in Root ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Imperatorin found in Fruit (66 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Root
Isopimpinellin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Fruit (18 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Fruit (42 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (1900 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Root
Preservative
Sucrose found in Root
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Lutein found in Leaf
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Seed (133000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Stearic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Protisticide
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Pyrogenic
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Lutein found in Leaf
Zeaxanthin found in Leaf
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Respiraparalytic
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
Respirastimulant
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Leaf
Rubefacient
Ethanol found in Root
Sclerosant
Ethanol found in Root
Secretolytic
Fenchone found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Secretomotor
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Sedative
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Angelic-acid found in Plant
Angelicin found in Root Essent. Oil (35000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (21 ppm)
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Bornyl-acetate found in Root (75 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Carvone found in Root (2 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Fruit (66 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed (5000 ppm);found in Root
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5050 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Serotoninergic
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil (60000 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Fruit
Palmitoleic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (6 ppm);found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Camphene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (130 ppm);found in Fruit
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Stomachic
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (72 ppm)
Beta-sesquiphellandrene found in Root (7 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Fruit ;found in Plant
Surfactant
Ethanol found in Root
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Fructose found in Plant
Sucrose found in Root
Trans-anethole found in Root (13 ppm)
Teratogenic
Ethanol found in Root
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Cedrol found in Root
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (20 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (101 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Psoralen found in Fruit (310 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Seed (100 ppm);found in Root (140 ppm)
Toxic
Sabinol found in Root (34 ppm)
Tracheorelaxant
Ligustilide found in Plant ;found in Root
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Borneol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil (149000 ppm);found in Root (5890 ppm);found in Seed (1500 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root (2400 ppm);found in Fruit ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Root Essent. Oil (227000 ppm);found in Root (1320 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Leaf
Tremorilytic
Ethanol found in Root
Trichomonicide
Carvone found in Root (2 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (5050 ppm);found in Root (980 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Root
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Leaf
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Acetaldehyde found in Seed
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Lutein found in Leaf
Violaxanthin found in Leaf
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit ;found in Seed (9.5 ppm)
Ethanol found in Root
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Root
Uterosedative
Scopoletin found in Root ;found in Tissue Culture
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Plant
Vasodilator
Adenosine found in Plant ;found in Root
Visnagin found in Plant
Vermicide
Carvone found in Root (2 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-bisabolol found in Plant
Alpha-terpineol found in Root (12 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Sucrose found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root (10 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Osthol found in Root Essent. Oil (530000 ppm);found in Root (2000 ppm);found in Fruit
Umbelliferone found in Fruit ;found in Plant ;found in Root (200 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-alpha-copaene Seed Essent. Oil
(+)-alpha-curcumene Root Essent. Oil
(+)-cuparene Root
(+)-limonene Root
(+)-oxypeucedanin Root
1,1-diethoxyhexane Root Essent. Oil
Root
1,1-diethoxyoctane Root Essent. Oil
Root
1,8-cineol Fruit Essent. Oil 538,000
1-o-beta-d-glucopyranosyl-(2s,3p)-3-hydroxy-marmesine Plant
12-methyl-13-tridecanolide Root 1 12
12-methyl-omega-tridecanolide Root Essent. Oil
Root
13-tridecanolide Root 15 50
15-hydroxypentadecanoic-acid Root
15-pentadecanolide Root 15 75
17-heptadecanolide Root 2 20
2'-angeloyl-3'-isovaleryl-vaginate Root
2'-beta-d-glucopyranosyloxy-marmesine Plant
2-decanone Root
2-nitro-1,5-p-menthadiene Plant
2-nonanone Root 1
2-pentyl-furan Root 0 4
4,4,6-trimethylcyclohex-2-en-1-one Root
4-ethoxy-1-p-menthene Root 3
4-methoxy-7-hydroxypsoralen Seed
4-methoxy-7h-furo(3,2-g)(1)benzopyran-7-one Root 1 225
5,7-dihydroxy-2-methyl-chromone Plant
5-isopropylbicyclo-(3,1.0)-hexan-2-one Plant 10 30
5-methoxy-gamma-hydroxypsoralen Plant
5-methoxy-psoralen Fruit
Plant
5-methyl-angelicin Plant
5-undecen-3-yne Root 2 15
7-isopropyl-5-methyl-bicyclo(2.2.2)-oct-5-en-2-one Root Essent. Oil 100
7-methoxy-8-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-2h-1-benzopyran-2-one Root 50 2,000
8-(2-(3-methylbutoxy)-3-hydroxy-3-methylbutoxy)psoralen Root
8-hydroxy-5-methoxy-psoralen Fruit 62
Seed
8-methoxy-psoralen Plant
Acetaldehyde Seed
Aconitic-acid Plant
Adenosine Plant
Root
Alanine Leaf
Alpha-alkyl-furocoumarin Plant
Alpha-amyrin Plant
Alpha-amyrin-acetate Fruit 26
Alpha-bisabolol Plant
Alpha-caryophyllene Root
Alpha-copaen-11-ol Root 15 45
Alpha-copaen-8-ol Root
Alpha-copaene Root Essent. Oil
Root 10 190
Alpha-copaene-11-ol Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-copaene-8-ol Root 6 18
Alpha-cubebene Root 0 5
Alpha-humulene Root Essent. Oil
Root 18 50
Alpha-methyl-butyric-acid Plant
Alpha-muurolene Root Essent. Oil
Root 10 120
Alpha-phellandrene Seed Essent. Oil
Leaf Essent. Oil 678,000
Root
Fruit
Root Essent. Oil 225,000
Alpha-phellandrene-8-ol Root Essent. Oil
Root 15 40
Alpha-pinene Seed Essent. Oil 149,000
Root 35 5,890
Seed 170 1,500
Fruit
Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-terpinene Root Essent. Oil
Root 0 6
Fruit
Alpha-terpineol Root 0 12
Alpha-terpinolene Root
Alpha-thujene Root Essent. Oil
Root 1 13
Angalcin Plant
Angelic-acid Plant
Angelicain Plant
Root
Angelicin Root Essent. Oil 35,000
Seed
Root
Apterin Plant
Root
Ar-curcumene Root 0 6
Arachidic-acid Fruit
Plant
Archangelenone Plant
Root 50
Archangelicain Plant
Archangelicin Fruit
Root
Shoot
Archangelin Root 2,000
Asparagine Leaf
Aspartic-acid Leaf
Azulenogenic-hydrocarbon Seed 930 5,890
Behenic-acid Plant
Bergapten Root Essent. Oil 88,000
Fruit 48 1,300
Seed 2 6,800
Root
Plant
Shoot
Beta-amyrin-acetate Plant
Beta-bisabolene Root Essent. Oil
Root 8 72
Beta-caryophyllene Root Essent. Oil 110,000
Seed
Beta-cedrene Root
Beta-copaene Root Essent. Oil
Root 8 20
Beta-cymol Plant
Beta-elemene Root Essent. Oil
Root 0 90
Beta-eudesmol Root Essent. Oil
Root 1 21
Beta-farnesene Root Essent. Oil
Root 5 15
Beta-himachalene Root 0 12
Beta-myrcene Root
Beta-phellandrene Root Essent. Oil
Root 50 5,320
Fruit
Beta-pinene Seed Essent. Oil
Root 2 2,400
Fruit
Root Essent. Oil
Beta-selinene Root
Beta-sesquiphellandrene Root 0 7
Beta-sitosterol Fruit
Seed 1.5 9.5
Beta-sitosterol-palmitate Plant
Beta-sitosteryl-arachinate Plant
Beta-thujene Seed Essent. Oil 870,000
Root 6,900 8,700
Bicyclogermacrene Root
Bisabolangelone Plant
Bisabolene Root Essent. Oil
Bisabolol Root Essent. Oil
Borneol Root Essent. Oil
Root
Plant
Borneol-acetate Root Essent. Oil
Root
Borneol-isovalerate Root Essent. Oil
Bornyl-acetate Root 25 75
Bornyl-isovalerate Root 0 7
Byakangelicin Root 13
Byakangelicin-2'-o-isovalerate Root 2
Byakangelicin-angelate Root 8
Byakangelicol Root
Caffeic-acid Plant
Campeselol Plant
Campesenin Plant
Campesin Plant
Camphene Root Essent. Oil
Root 2 130
Fruit
Car-3-ene Root Essent. Oil
Root
Carvone Root 0 2
Caryophyllene Root Essent. Oil
Root 8 20
Cedrol Root
Chlorogenic-acid Plant
Chrysanthenol-acetate Root
Chrysanthenyl-acetate-i Root 0 7
Chrysanthenyl-acetate-ii Root 1 95
Cis-1-ethoxy-2-p-menthene Root 16
Cis-3-ethoxy-1-p-menthene Root 8
Cis-4-ethoxy-2-pinene Root 5
Cis-4-ethoxy-pin-2-ene Root Essent. Oil
Cis-4-ethoxy-thujane Root Essent. Oil
Root 6
Cis-6-nitro-1(7),2-p-menthadiene Plant
Cis-alpha-copaene-8-ol Plant
Cis-beta-farnesene Root
Cis-carveol-acetate Root Essent. Oil
Cis-carvyl-acetate Root 2
Cis-ocimene Root Essent. Oil
Root 4 125
Cis-p-menth-2-en-1-ol Root 0 62
Cis-piperitol Root Essent. Oil
Root 0 8
Cis-sabinene-hydrate Root Essent. Oil
Root
Cis-thujenol Root
Cis-verbenol Root Essent. Oil
Root 3 10
Coniferin Plant
Root
Cryptone Root Essent. Oil
Root 16 50
Cuminyl-alcohol Root Essent. Oil
Root 2
Cuminyl-aldehyde Root Essent. Oil
Cuparene Root Essent. Oil
Root 3 10
Cymen-8-ol Root 6 18
Cymene Root
D-alpha-phellandrene Root 15 2,660
Seed 1,140 7,220
Deca-trans-2,trans-4-dien-1-al Root
Decan-2-one Root Essent. Oil
Dehydroascorbic-acid Plant
Dehydrodeoxyangelican Plant
Delta-3-carene Root 30 505
Delta-cadinene Root Essent. Oil
Root 1 101
Delta-elemene Root
Deltoin Plant
Diacetyl Root
Dihydrocarvone Plant
Seed 160 1,025
Dihydroeudesmol Root
Dihydrofuranocoumarin Plant
Dihydrofurocoumarin-glycoside Plant
Diprenyl-naringenin Root
Eicosane Root 0 5
Eicosenoic-acid Fruit
Plant
Elemol Root Essent. Oil
Root 0 18
Eo Root 1,000 19,000
Seed 2,000 38,000
Ergosterol Fruit
Plant
Ethanol Root
Ethyl-caprate Root Essent. Oil
Root
Ethyl-laurate Root
Ethyl-linoleate Root 8
Ethyl-linolenate Root
Ethyl-myristate Root Essent. Oil
Root
Ethyl-oleate Root
Ethyl-palmitate Root 10
Ethyl-pentadecanoate Root Essent. Oil
Root
Ethyl-stearate Root
Fat Seed 189,000 203,000
Fenchone Root Essent. Oil
Plant
Fructose Plant
Fumaric-acid Plant
Furanchromone Plant
Furanocoumarin Plant
Furfural Root
Gamma-cadinene Plant
Root 2 14
Gamma-caryophyllene Root 0 6
Gamma-muurolene Root Essent. Oil
Root 1 4
Gamma-terpinene Root Essent. Oil
Root 1 12
Gamma-terpineol Root
Germacrene-d Root Essent. Oil
Root 2 26
Germanium Root 146
Glucose Plant
Glutamine Leaf
Heptadecadienolide Root Essent. Oil 10,000
Heptadecan-1-ol-acetate Root
Heptadecane Root 0 7
Heptadecanolide Root Essent. Oil
Heptyl-isovalerate Root Essent. Oil
Root
Heraclenol-2'-o-isovalerate Root 13
Heraclenol-2'-o-senecioate Root 1
Hexadecan-1-ol Root
Hexadecane Root 0 7
Hexyl-methyl-phthalate Seed 3,600 13,680
Humulene-monoxide Root Essent. Oil
Root 13 40
Hydroxymyristic-acid Seed
Hydroxypentadecanoic-acid Plant
Imperatorin Fruit 66
Plant
Shoot
Seed 50 5,000
Root
Iselin Plant
Isoamyl-isovalerate Root Essent. Oil
Root 2
Isobergapten Root Essent. Oil 88,000
Fruit
Isobergaptin Plant
Isobergaptol Plant
Isocoumarin Plant
Isoimperatorin Fruit 4
Root
Shoot
Seed 12 75
Isoleucine Leaf
Isopimpinellin Root Essent. Oil
Fruit 18
Plant
Root
Kvannin Plant
Lauric-acid Fruit
Lauric-acid-ethyl-ester Root Essent. Oil
Ligustilide Plant
Root
Limonene Root Essent. Oil 227,000
Root 0 1,320
Limonene-1,2-oxide Plant 0 15
Linalool Root Essent. Oil
Root 10
Linoleic-acid Fruit
Linoleic-acid-ethyl-ester Root Essent. Oil
Linolenic-acid-ethyl-ester Root Essent. Oil
Lupeol-acetate Fruit 40
Plant
Lutein Leaf
M-cymen-8-ol Root 9
M-cymene-8-ol Root Essent. Oil
Malic-acid Plant
Root
Malonic-acid Root
Marmesin Plant
Marmesinine Plant
Marmezin Plant
Methanol Root
Methyl-ethyl-acetic-acid Root
Seed
Myrcene Seed Essent. Oil
Root Essent. Oil
Fruit
Root 7 380
Myristic-acid Fruit
Nonadecane Root 0 5
Nonan-1-al Root Essent. Oil
Nonan-2-one Root Essent. Oil
Nonanal Root
O-cymene Root Essent. Oil
Plant
Octadec-9-en-18-olide Root Essent. Oil 20,000
Octadecan-1-ol Root
Octadecane Root 0 5
Octan-1-al Root Essent. Oil
Octanal Root 1
Octyl-isovalerate Root Essent. Oil
Root
Oleic-acid Seed 133,000
Oleic-acid-ethyl-ester Root Essent. Oil
Oroselone Root Essent. Oil 25,000
Plant
Osthenol Fruit
Root 115
Shoot
Osthenole Root
Osthol Root Essent. Oil 530,000
Root 2,000
Fruit
Ostruthol Root 2,000
Seed 9 57
Oxalic-acid Plant
Oxypeucedanin Fruit
Shoot
Root 0 385
Oxypeucedanin-hydrate Fruit
Seed 0.6 3.8
Shoot
Root 1,500
Oxypeucidanin Root
Oxypeucidanin-hydrate Root
Oxypeucidanin-methanolate Root
P-cymen-8-ol Root 1 31
P-cymene Root Essent. Oil
Seed 800 5,050
Root 40 980
P-cymene-8-ol Root Essent. Oil
P-menth-cis-2-en-1-ol Root Essent. Oil
P-menth-trans-2-en-1-ol Root Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid Root Essent. Oil 60,000
Seed
Fruit
Palmitic-acid-ethyl-ester Root Essent. Oil
Palmitoleic-acid Fruit
Seed
Pentadecan-1-al Root Essent. Oil
Root
Pentadecanal Root
Pentadecanoic-acid Plant
Pentadecanolide Root Essent. Oil 60,000
Root 15 37
Petroselinic-acid Fruit
Seed 427,000
Plant
Peucenin-7-methyl-ether Root
Phellandral Root 0 4
Phellopterin Root
Phenylalanine Leaf
Pimpinellin Fruit
Plant
Piperitone Root 0 3
Prangolarin Root
Seed 12 75
Protein Seed 319,000 325,000
Psoralen Fruit 310
Plant
Seed 100
Root 2 140
Quercetin-glycoside Fruit
Quinic-acid Plant
Rosifoliol Root
Rutamarin Plant
Sabinene Root Essent. Oil
Root 2 95
Sabinol Root 0 34
Sabinyl-acetate Root 0 5
Scopoletin Root
Tissue Culture
Sec-o-beta-d-glucopyranosyl-(r)-byakangelicin Plant
Spathulenol Root
Sphondin Plant
Stearic-acid Fruit
Plant
Stearic-acid-ethyl-ester Root Essent. Oil
Stigmasterol Fruit
Plant
Succinic-acid Plant
Sucrose Root
Tannins Root
Terpinen-4-ol Root Essent. Oil
Root 0 10
Terpinenol Root Essent. Oil
Terpinolene Root Essent. Oil
Root 0 16
Tert-o-beta-d-glucopyranosyl-(r)-byakangelicin Plant
Tert-o-beta-d-glucopyranosyl-(r)-heraclenol Plant
Tert-o-beta-d-glucopyranosyl-(r)-isobyakangelicin Plant
Tetradecan-1-al Root
Tetradecan-1-ol-acetate Root
Tetradecanal Root 2
Tetradecane Root 0 2
Thujopsene Root
Tiglic-acid Plant
Trans-1(7),5-p-menthadien-2-yl-acetate Plant
Trans-1-ethoxy-2-p-menthene Root 6
Trans-3-ethoxy-1-p-menthane Root 4
Trans-4-ethoxy-2-pinene Root 79
Trans-4-ethoxy-pin-2-ene Root Essent. Oil
Trans-4-ethoxy-thujane Root Essent. Oil
Root 10
Trans-6-nitro-1(7),2-p-menthadiene Plant
Trans-anethole Root 2 13
Trans-beta-farnesene Root 2 10
Trans-carveol Root Essent. Oil
Root 0 11
Trans-carveol-acetate Root Essent. Oil
Trans-carvyl-acetate Root 2 5
Trans-ocimene Root Essent. Oil
Root 10 268
Trans-p-menth-2-en-1-ol Root 0 25
Trans-pinocarveol-acetate Root Essent. Oil
Trans-pinocarvyl-acetate Root 5 17
Trans-piperitol Root Essent. Oil
Root 30
Trans-sabinene-hydrate Root Essent. Oil
Root 1
Trans-verbenol Root Essent. Oil
Root 20 64
Trans-verbenol-acetate Root Essent. Oil
Trans-verbenol-isovalerate Root Essent. Oil
Trans-verbenyl-2-methyl-butyrate Root 1 4
Trans-verbenyl-acetate Root 15 46
Trans-verbenyl-isovalerate Root 6 17
Tridecan-1-ol Root
Tridecanoic-acid Plant
Tridecanolide Root Essent. Oil
Root 15 45
Tryptophan Leaf
Tyrosine Leaf
Umbelliferen Plant
Umbelliferone Fruit
Plant
Root 200
Umbelliferose Root
Umbelliprenin Fruit
Root
Seed 4 57
Undec-5-en-3-yne Root
Valine Leaf
Violaxanthin Leaf
Visnagin Plant
Xanthotoxin Fruit 42
Plant
Seed 2 1,900
Shoot
Root
Xanthotoxol Fruit
Seed
Plant
Xanthoxyletin Plant
Zeaxanthin Leaf
Zingiberene Root 0 5
Zozymin Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]