Anethum graveolens Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
dill garden dill
Anethum graveolens

Medical use

Economic importance of Anethum graveolens

Food additives flavoring
Materials esential oils
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Anethum graveolens Anethum graveolens Anethum graveolens Anethum graveolens Anethum graveolens Anethum graveolens Anethum graveolens Anethum graveolens Anethum graveolens Anethum graveolens Anethum graveolens Anethum graveolens Anethum graveolens Anethum graveolens Anethum graveolens

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Cultivated
    • Western Asia: Turkey
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Korea
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Indochina
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Cultivated
    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales
  • EUROPE
    Cultivated
    • Europe
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • North America
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • Mesoamerica: Central America
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Western South America: Ecuador; Peru
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1624 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (101369 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (6281 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (542 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1083 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Esculetin found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
ABeta-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3400 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (2100 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (15600 ppm);found in Seed (924 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Quercetin-3-o-beta-d-glucuronide found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
AHH-Inhibitor
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanadium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
ATPase-Stimulant
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Abortifacient
Apiole found in Root
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Acaricide
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3400 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (2100 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Plant (11175 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Adrenergic
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3400 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (2100 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (15600 ppm);found in Seed (924 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Essential Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Terpinolene found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant
Camphor found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (145000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (455800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (774300 ppm);found in Seed (46200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (6365 ppm);found in Essential Oil (456000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Dipentene found in Plant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Flavone found in Plant
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (15600 ppm);found in Seed (924 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (101369 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (101369 ppm)
Amphetaminagenic
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Analeptic
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Analgesic
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Camphor found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Esculetin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Flavone found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (15600 ppm);found in Seed (924 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Essential Oil
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (21700 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Seed (3775 ppm);found in Leaf (4460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Trans-anethole found in Seed (539 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Ancylostomicide
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Boron found in Plant (35 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (101369 ppm)
Anesthetic
Camphor found in Root
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Linalyl-acetate found in Seed
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Trans-anethole found in Seed (539 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (128000 ppm);found in Seed (264869 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (76450 ppm);found in Seed (14122 ppm)
Ankylostomacide
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Plant (0.06 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Sabinol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
AntiADD
Apigenin found in Leaf
Phenylalanine found in Seed (7256 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (0.29 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (0.29 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
AntiEBV
Beta-eudesmol found in Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Seed (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Anethole found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (435 ppm);found in Seed (18 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiSubstance-P
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
AntiTNF
Anethole found in Plant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3400 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (2100 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (145000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (455800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (774300 ppm);found in Seed (46200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (6365 ppm);found in Essential Oil (456000 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (21700 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Seed (3775 ppm);found in Leaf (4460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Camphor found in Root
Chromium found in Plant (0.29 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (11175 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Plant (4.7 ppm)
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Antiaflatoxin
Apigenin found in Leaf
Flavone found in Plant
Imperatorin found in Seed Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Seed
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiaggregant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1624 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Elemicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Flavone found in Plant
Imperatorin found in Seed Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (945 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Antiaging
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chromium found in Plant (0.29 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf ;found in Seed (230 ppm);found in Plant (755 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (435 ppm);found in Seed (18 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Seed (11242 ppm)
Antiallergic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Seed
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Antialopecic
Imperatorin found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (101369 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (6281 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (101369 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (6281 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf ;found in Seed (230 ppm);found in Plant (755 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (435 ppm);found in Seed (18 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ergosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antianoxic
Beta-eudesmol found in Essential Oil
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Antiapertif
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Apigenin found in Leaf
Butyl-phthalide found in Root
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Esculetin found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (76450 ppm);found in Seed (14122 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Seed (3466 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Silicon found in Plant (700 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (435 ppm);found in Seed (18 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (11175 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Trans-carveol found in Seed (270 ppm)
Z-ligustilide found in Root
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Chromium found in Plant (0.29 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Vanadium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (21700 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Seed (3775 ppm);found in Leaf (4460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antibacterial
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Alpha-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (525100 ppm);found in Seed (7469 ppm);found in Leaf (8025 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Cis-ocimene found in Essential Oil
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Dillapiol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3100 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (266300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Dipentene found in Plant
Esculetin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Flavone found in Plant
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Lauric-acid found in Seed (108 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (15600 ppm);found in Seed (924 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Essential Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (21700 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Seed (3775 ppm);found in Leaf (4460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Sabinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf ;found in Seed (230 ppm);found in Plant (755 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Esculetin found in Seed
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Seed (3 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (1549 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Seed (3 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Seed (3 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Seed (3 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf ;found in Seed (230 ppm);found in Plant (755 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Anticonstrictive
Butyl-phthalide found in Root
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (15600 ppm);found in Seed (924 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Essential Oil
N-butylphthalide found in Root
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Plant (0.29 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (11175 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Seed (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Elemicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Phenylalanine found in Seed (7256 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (76450 ppm);found in Seed (14122 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Chromium found in Plant (0.29 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (128000 ppm);found in Seed (264869 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (435 ppm);found in Seed (18 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Vanadium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Root
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Plant (435 ppm);found in Seed (18 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Camphor found in Root
Esculetin found in Seed
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Plant (435 ppm);found in Seed (18 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Apiole found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (1549 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Root
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Seed (13678 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (10018 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (12130 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (435 ppm);found in Seed (18 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Esculetin found in Seed
Flavone found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antiestrogenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Flavone found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (0.29 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (76450 ppm);found in Seed (14122 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Camphor found in Root
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Elemicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Terpinolene found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (6281 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Root
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Ergosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (21700 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Seed (3775 ppm);found in Leaf (4460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Anethole found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Trans-anethole found in Seed (539 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Seed (77 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antiglucuronidase
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Plant (0.29 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antigout
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Plant (11175 ppm)
Antihalitosic
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Paraffin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Seed (13678 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Antihepatotic
Anethole found in Plant
Methionine found in Seed (1549 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Hyperoside found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant (420 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Seed
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Plant
Lysine found in Seed (11242 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Elemicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Flavone found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Antihypertensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1624 ppm)
Arginine found in Seed (13678 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (128000 ppm);found in Seed (264869 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (76450 ppm);found in Seed (14122 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Seed
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Seed (13678 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Arginine found in Seed (13678 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Vanadium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1624 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Esculetin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Imperatorin found in Seed Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (101369 ppm)
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercetin-3-o-beta-d-glucuronide found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (945 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant (420 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiinsulinogenic
Vanadium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Antiintegrase
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antijet-lag
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antileucodermic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antileukemic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Flavone found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Antileukodermic
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Seed Essent. Oil
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1624 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (101369 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antimalarial
Apiole found in Root
Osthole found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Antimange
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Antimanic
Vanadium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Antimelanomic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1624 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf ;found in Seed (230 ppm);found in Plant (755 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1624 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Seed (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Antimitotic
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Seed Essent. Oil
Umbelliferone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Antimutagenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Essential Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Esculetin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Flavone found in Plant
Imperatorin found in Seed Essent. Oil
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (15600 ppm);found in Seed (924 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Antimycotic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antinarcotic
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Seed (3466 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Apiole found in Root
Camphor found in Root
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3400 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (2100 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (15600 ppm);found in Seed (924 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Essential Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (15600 ppm);found in Seed (924 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant (420 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (0.29 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (128000 ppm);found in Seed (264869 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Plant (700 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant (420 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Boron found in Plant (35 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (11175 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Boron found in Plant (35 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (435 ppm);found in Seed (18 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant (7625 ppm);found in Seed (3723 ppm)
Silicon found in Plant (700 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Plant (435 ppm);found in Seed (18 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Campesterol found in Plant (490 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (3466 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Lauric-acid found in Seed (108 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Seed
Manganese found in Plant (435 ppm);found in Seed (18 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (1549 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (15600 ppm);found in Seed (924 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Myristic-acid found in Seed (108 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (6281 ppm)
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Seed (3 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant (420 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Trans-anethole found in Seed (539 ppm)
Vicenin found in Seed
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (1549 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Seed (7256 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Seed (8307 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antipeptic
Beta-eudesmol found in Essential Oil
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Vicenin found in Seed
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiphotophobic
Riboflavin found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Seed (3 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiplaque
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplatelet
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Seed Essent. Oil
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Antiproctalgic
Paraffin found in Plant
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-elemene found in Seed (77 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Flavone found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (145000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (455800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (774300 ppm);found in Seed (46200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (6365 ppm);found in Essential Oil (456000 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Butyl-phthalide found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Antiprostatitic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1624 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Plant (1240 ppm)
Antiproteolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antipsoriac
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antipulmonotic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Antipyretic
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Apiole found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Esculetin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (945 ppm)
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Trans-anethole found in Seed (539 ppm)
Antireproductive
Apiole found in Root
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (21700 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Seed (3775 ppm);found in Leaf (4460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Anethole found in Plant
Beta-eudesmol found in Essential Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Antiscleromyxoedemic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Sulfur found in Plant (11175 ppm)
Antiseptic
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Camphor found in Root
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (145000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (455800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (774300 ppm);found in Seed (46200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (6365 ppm);found in Essential Oil (456000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Esculetin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Furfural found in Plant
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Methyl-benzoate found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Sabinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Sulfur found in Plant (11175 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiserotonic
Elemicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Seed
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Antishock
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antisickling
Phenylalanine found in Seed (7256 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Plant (210 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3400 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (2100 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Anethole found in Plant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Apiole found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Butyl-phthalide found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Camphor found in Root
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Linalyl-acetate found in Seed
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (15600 ppm);found in Seed (924 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (76450 ppm);found in Seed (14122 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Z-ligustilide found in Root
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Alpha-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (525100 ppm);found in Seed (7469 ppm);found in Leaf (8025 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Cis-ocimene found in Essential Oil
Esculetin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Flavone found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Antistress
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Elemicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (76450 ppm);found in Seed (14122 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (0.29 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (435 ppm);found in Seed (18 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Vanadium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Antithyreotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antithyroid
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antitrichinosic
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Plant (0.29 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Seed Essent. Oil
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antitumor
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ergosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Fiber found in Leaf (128000 ppm);found in Seed (264869 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Antitussive
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Essential Oil
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (128000 ppm);found in Seed (264869 ppm)
Histidine found in Seed (3466 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Sabinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (6227 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Seed (3466 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Seed (945 ppm)
Antiuterocontractant
Butyl-phthalide found in Root
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Plant (210 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Dipentene found in Plant
Ergosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Lauric-acid found in Seed (108 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Plant
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (21700 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Seed (3775 ppm);found in Leaf (4460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant (420 ppm)
Antivitiligic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Seed Essent. Oil
Phenylalanine found in Seed (7256 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antiyeast
Anethole found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Flavone found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Plant (7625 ppm);found in Seed (3723 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (76450 ppm);found in Seed (14122 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Seed (13678 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Apoptotic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Seed (77 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant (420 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Aryl-Hydrocarbon-Hydroxylase-Inhibitor
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Ataxigenic
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Bacteristat
Flavone found in Plant
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (128000 ppm);found in Seed (264869 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (76450 ppm);found in Seed (14122 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Bruchifuge
Xanthophyll found in Seed
Bufocide
Imperatorin found in Seed Essent. Oil
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
CNS-Depressant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
CNS-Inhibitor
Beta-eudesmol found in Essential Oil
CNS-Stimulant
Apiole found in Root
Camphor found in Root
Carveol found in Leaf (600 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (145000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (455800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (774300 ppm);found in Seed (46200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (6365 ppm);found in Essential Oil (456000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Seed (108 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Lauric-acid found in Seed (108 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Apiol found in Essential Oil ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot ;found in Seed
Apiole found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Beta-eudesmol found in Essential Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Imperatorin found in Seed Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Seed
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Osthole found in Root
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Trans-anethole found in Seed (539 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1624 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Beta-myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Camphor found in Root
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (145000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (455800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (774300 ppm);found in Seed (46200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (6365 ppm);found in Essential Oil (456000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Esculetin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Fiber found in Leaf (128000 ppm);found in Seed (264869 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Imperatorin found in Seed Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (1549 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (108 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (101369 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (3 ppm);found in Seed (3 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant (420 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Plant (210 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Seed (108 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Candidistat
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (145000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (455800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (774300 ppm);found in Seed (46200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (6365 ppm);found in Essential Oil (456000 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Capillarifortificant
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Capillarigenic
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Cardiodepressant
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Esculetin found in Seed
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Plant (0.29 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Chromium found in Plant (0.29 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (128000 ppm);found in Seed (264869 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (76450 ppm);found in Seed (14122 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Silicon found in Plant (700 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Plant (76450 ppm);found in Seed (14122 ppm)
Carminative
Anethole found in Plant
Camphor found in Root
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (145000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (455800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (774300 ppm);found in Seed (46200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (6365 ppm);found in Essential Oil (456000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Catecholaminogenic
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (15600 ppm);found in Seed (924 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Essential Oil
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Choleretic
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Esculetin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (101369 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Umbelliferone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Clastogenic
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Coagulant
Vitamin-k found in Seed (200 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Plant (11175 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Controlled
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Convulsant
Camphor found in Root
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Cosmetic
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Camphor found in Root
Esculetin found in Seed
Myristic-acid found in Seed (108 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1083 ppm)
Counterirritant
Camphor found in Root
Fenchone found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Culicide
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Flavone found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed Essent. Oil
Cytochrome-P488-Inducer
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Esculetin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Flavone found in Plant
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
DME-Inhibitor
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Seed Essent. Oil
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
DNA-Binder
Elemicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Methyl-chavicol found in Seed
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Decongestant
Camphor found in Root
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Deliriant
Camphor found in Root
Dentifrice
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (525100 ppm);found in Seed (7469 ppm);found in Leaf (8025 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed Essent. Oil
Dermatitigenic
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Anethole found in Plant
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Esculetin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (101369 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Differentiator
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Digestive
Anethole found in Plant
Diuretic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Apiole found in Root
Arginine found in Seed (13678 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Fiber found in Leaf (128000 ppm);found in Seed (264869 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Potassium found in Plant (76450 ppm);found in Seed (14122 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Dye
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Root
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (525100 ppm);found in Seed (7469 ppm);found in Leaf (8025 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed Essent. Oil
Camphor found in Root
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (1549 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Emmenagogue
Apiole found in Root
Sabinol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Emollient
Paraffin found in Plant
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Plant (210 ppm)
Toluene found in Shoot Essent. Oil
Endorphinogenic
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Plant (0.29 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Enterorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Enterotoxic
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Root
Epinephrininergic
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Plant (0.29 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Seed (3466 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Seed (8307 ppm)
Leucine found in Seed (10018 ppm)
Lysine found in Seed (11242 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (1549 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (6227 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (12130 ppm)
Estrogenic
Anethole found in Plant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Boron found in Plant (35 ppm);found in Seed (50 ppm)
Flavone found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant (420 ppm)
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant
Beta-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (169300 ppm);found in Seed (1925 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (2100 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (31600 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Camphene found in Plant
Camphor found in Root
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Dipentene found in Plant
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (525100 ppm);found in Seed (7469 ppm);found in Leaf (8025 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3400 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (2100 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (145000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (455800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (774300 ppm);found in Seed (46200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (6365 ppm);found in Essential Oil (456000 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Dihydrocarveol found in Leaf (400 ppm);found in Plant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Fenchone found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Furfural found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Linalyl-acetate found in Seed
Methyl-benzoate found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (15600 ppm);found in Seed (924 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (101369 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (21700 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Seed (3775 ppm);found in Leaf (4460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (6281 ppm)
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1083 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Threonine found in Seed (6227 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Trans-anethole found in Seed (539 ppm)
Valine found in Seed (12130 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Fungicide
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Alpha-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (525100 ppm);found in Seed (7469 ppm);found in Leaf (8025 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed Essent. Oil
Anethole found in Plant
Beta-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (169300 ppm);found in Seed (1925 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (2100 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (31600 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Butyl-phthalide found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Camphor found in Root
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Cis-ocimene found in Essential Oil
Elemicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Esculetin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Flavone found in Plant
Furfural found in Plant
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Seed
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (15600 ppm);found in Seed (924 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Neocnidolide found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (21700 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Seed (3775 ppm);found in Leaf (4460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Fungistat
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (145000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (455800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (774300 ppm);found in Seed (46200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (6365 ppm);found in Essential Oil (456000 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Gastroirritant
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Gastrostimulant
Anethole found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Seed (1549 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Hallucinogenic
Elemicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (6281 ppm)
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Methyl-chavicol found in Seed
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Beta-eudesmol found in Essential Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Esculetin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Flavone found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Imperatorin found in Seed Essent. Oil
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Methionine found in Seed (1549 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Hepatoregenerative
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Anethole found in Plant
Apiole found in Root
Imperatorin found in Seed Essent. Oil
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Camphor found in Root
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (21700 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Seed (3775 ppm);found in Leaf (4460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Histaminic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Seed (108 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (108 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (6281 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Salicylates found in Seed (945 ppm)
Hypertensive
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Cadmium found in Plant (1 ppm)
Esculetin found in Seed
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Sodium found in Plant (3308 ppm);found in Seed (262 ppm)
Hyperthermic
Phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Hypertrichotic
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Seed (13678 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Seed (11242 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Campesterol found in Plant (490 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (0.29 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (128000 ppm);found in Seed (264869 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (101369 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Plant (1240 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1083 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant (420 ppm)
Vanadium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Chromium found in Plant (0.29 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (435 ppm);found in Seed (18 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (945 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Vanadium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Hypotensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1624 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (0.29 ppm)
Elemicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (128000 ppm);found in Seed (264869 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (76450 ppm);found in Seed (14122 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Vanadium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Methyl-chavicol found in Seed
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (15600 ppm);found in Seed (924 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Hypotriglyceridemic
Vanadium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (128000 ppm);found in Seed (264869 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
IKK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Chromium found in Plant (0.29 ppm)
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1624 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Phosphorus found in Plant (7625 ppm);found in Seed (3723 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Inotropic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Insect-Repellent
Camphor found in Root
Insecticide-Synergist
Dillapiol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3100 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (266300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3400 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (2100 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant
Apiole found in Root
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (145000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (455800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (774300 ppm);found in Seed (46200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (6365 ppm);found in Essential Oil (456000 ppm)
Dillapiol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3100 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (266300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Elemicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Furfural found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Methyl-chavicol found in Seed
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3400 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (2100 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Beta-terpineol found in Plant ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Camphene found in Plant
Camphor found in Root
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (145000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (455800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (774300 ppm);found in Seed (46200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (6365 ppm);found in Essential Oil (456000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Elemicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (15600 ppm);found in Seed (924 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (101369 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (21700 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Seed (3775 ppm);found in Leaf (4460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Xanthophyll found in Seed
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (525100 ppm);found in Seed (7469 ppm);found in Leaf (8025 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Plant (4.7 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Plant (0.29 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Intoxicant
Apiole found in Root
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Irritant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (525100 ppm);found in Seed (7469 ppm);found in Leaf (8025 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant
Apiole found in Root
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Camphor found in Root
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Dihydrocarveol found in Leaf (400 ppm);found in Plant
Dipentene found in Plant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Furfural found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Methyl-benzoate found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (15600 ppm);found in Seed (924 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (101369 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (21700 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Seed (3775 ppm);found in Leaf (4460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Osthole found in Root
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Plant (11175 ppm)
Lactagogue
Anethole found in Plant
Larvicide
Elemicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (525100 ppm);found in Seed (7469 ppm);found in Leaf (8025 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed Essent. Oil
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (128000 ppm);found in Seed (264869 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (21700 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Seed (3775 ppm);found in Leaf (4460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Paraffin found in Plant
Sulfur found in Plant (11175 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Anethole found in Plant
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Lipolytic
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Seed Essent. Oil
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Seed (1549 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Esculetin found in Seed
Flavone found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Cadmium found in Plant (1 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (108 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (6281 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1083 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Lymphocytogenic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1624 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
MAPK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Melaninogenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed
Melatoninogenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Plant (0.29 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Molluscicide
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Dillapiol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3100 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (266300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed Essent. Oil
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Seed (7256 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (145000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (455800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (774300 ppm);found in Seed (46200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (6365 ppm);found in Essential Oil (456000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Linalyl-acetate found in Seed
Motor-Stimulant
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Musculotropic
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Apigenin found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Mutagenic
Anethole found in Plant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Flavone found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Myocontractant
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Apigenin found in Leaf
Butyl-phthalide found in Root
Esculetin found in Seed
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (15600 ppm);found in Seed (924 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Seed (13678 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Nematicide
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Camphor found in Root
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (145000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (455800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (774300 ppm);found in Seed (46200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (6365 ppm);found in Essential Oil (456000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (108 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (6281 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Nephroprotective
Anethole found in Plant
Nephrotoxic
Cadmium found in Plant (1 ppm)
Mercury found in Plant (0.06 ppm)
Uranium found in Leaf (0.16 ppm);found in Root (7.9 ppm)
Vanadium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Neurogenic
Beta-eudesmol found in Essential Oil
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Elemicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin found in Leaf
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Root
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Plant (7625 ppm);found in Seed (3723 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant (420 ppm)
Oxidant
Histidine found in Seed (3466 ppm)
Oxytocic
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
P21-Inducer
Apigenin found in Leaf
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3400 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (2100 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Camphor found in Root
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (15600 ppm);found in Seed (924 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Essential Oil
P450-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PKC-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Pancreatoxic
Vanadium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Paralytic
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Parasiticide
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (11175 ppm)
Pediculicide
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (101369 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (525100 ppm);found in Seed (7469 ppm);found in Leaf (8025 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3400 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (2100 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Beta-myrcene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Beta-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (169300 ppm);found in Seed (1925 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (2100 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (31600 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Beta-terpineol found in Plant ;found in Seed
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (145000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (455800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (774300 ppm);found in Seed (46200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (6365 ppm);found in Essential Oil (456000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Fenchone found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Linalyl-acetate found in Seed
Methyl-benzoate found in Plant
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (15600 ppm);found in Seed (924 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (101369 ppm)
Sabinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Sabinol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1083 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Pesticide
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Alpha-phellandrene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (525100 ppm);found in Seed (7469 ppm);found in Leaf (8025 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Seed Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3400 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (2100 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Aluminum found in Plant (210 ppm)
Anethole found in Plant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Apiole found in Root
Arsenic found in Plant (0.06 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Beta-eudesmol found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Beta-terpineol found in Plant ;found in Seed
Butyl-phthalide found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Camphene found in Plant
Camphor found in Root
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (145000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (455800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (774300 ppm);found in Seed (46200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (6365 ppm);found in Essential Oil (456000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf (0.1 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Dillapiol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3100 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (266300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Dipentene found in Plant
Elemicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Ergosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil
Esculetin found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Flavone found in Plant
Furfural found in Plant
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Germacrene-d found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Plant
Methyl-chavicol found in Seed
Myrcene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (15600 ppm);found in Seed (924 ppm);found in Leaf (115 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Neocnidolide found in Root
Osthole found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (21700 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Seed (3775 ppm);found in Leaf (4460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (6281 ppm)
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Sabinol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (11175 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant (5 ppm);found in Seed (5 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Xanthophyll found in Seed
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Photoactive
Umbelliferone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Photodermatitigenic
5-methoxy-psoralen found in Seed
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Phototoxic
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Phytoalexin
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Piscicide
Bergapten found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Imperatorin found in Seed Essent. Oil
Xanthotoxin found in Seed
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Seed (13678 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Progestational
Apigenin found in Leaf
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Iron found in Leaf ;found in Seed (230 ppm);found in Plant (755 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Propecic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1624 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (10397 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (101369 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (6281 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1083 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1624 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Seed
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Psychoactive
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Apigenin found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Radioprotective
Apigenin found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Vicenin found in Seed
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Root
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Root
Respirostimulant
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Rubefacient
Camphor found in Root
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Plant (11175 ppm)
Schistosomicide
Elemicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Plant
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Plant (17 ppm);found in Seed (8 ppm)
Secretogogue
Anethole found in Plant
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Secretolytic
Anethole found in Plant
Apiole found in Root
Fenchone found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-eudesmol found in Essential Oil
Butyl-phthalide found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (145000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (455800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (774300 ppm);found in Seed (46200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (6365 ppm);found in Essential Oil (456000 ppm)
Dillapiol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3100 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Plant ;found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (266300 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (200 ppm)
Dipentene found in Plant
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Imperatorin found in Seed Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Linalyl-acetate found in Seed
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (21700 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Seed (3775 ppm);found in Leaf (4460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Stigmasterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Root ;found in Plant (420 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (6281 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed (542 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (3400 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (2100 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Camphene found in Plant
Phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Seed (13678 ppm)
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Sprout-Inhibitor
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Stimulant
Camphor found in Root
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Sunscreen
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Esculetin found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Root
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (1083 ppm)
Sweetener
Anethole found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Trans-anethole found in Seed (539 ppm)
Sympathomimetic
Anethole found in Plant
Synergist
Apiole found in Root
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Tachycardic
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Termitifuge
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Thermogenic
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Thyrostimulant
Piperine found in Seed (28.6 ppm)
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Toxic
Sabinol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (5000 ppm);found in Leaf (3 ppm)
Vanadium found in Leaf (0.84 ppm)
Tracheorelaxant
Butyl-phthalide found in Root
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (31700 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (405 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed (1001 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (13600 ppm)
Camphor found in Root
Limonene found in Shoot Essent. Oil (119200 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (214300 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil (628800 ppm);found in Leaf (3735 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Seed (7256 ppm)
Safrole found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (360 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (145000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (455800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (774300 ppm);found in Seed (46200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (6365 ppm);found in Essential Oil (456000 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Geraniol found in Seed (154 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
P-cymene found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf Essent. Oil (21700 ppm);found in Shoot ;found in Seed (3775 ppm);found in Leaf (4460 ppm);found in Root Essent. Oil
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Isoeugenol found in Plant
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant
Phellandrene found in Essential Oil
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
UV-Screen
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Esculetin found in Seed
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Plant (490 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Salicylates found in Seed (945 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Urinary-Antiseptic
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Seed (1549 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Seed (1549 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Root
Uterotonic
Apiole found in Root
Myristicin found in Shoot Essent. Oil (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (220 ppm);found in Essential Oil (203000 ppm);found in Root ;found in Seed ;found in Root Essent. Oil
Uterotrophic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
VEGF-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Selenium found in Plant (0.012 ppm)
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Vasodilator
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed (1624 ppm)
Apigenin found in Leaf
Apiole found in Root
Arginine found in Seed (13678 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (21453 ppm);found in Seed (17671 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (128000 ppm);found in Seed (264869 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Seed
Magnesium found in Plant (6470 ppm);found in Seed (2893 ppm)
Niacin found in Plant (30 ppm);found in Seed (30 ppm)
Potassium found in Plant (76450 ppm);found in Seed (14122 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Plant ;found in Seed (500 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
Vermicide
Carvone found in Shoot Essent. Oil (145000 ppm);found in Seed Essent. Oil (455800 ppm);found in Leaf Essent. Oil (774300 ppm);found in Seed (46200 ppm);found in Root ;found in Leaf (6365 ppm);found in Essential Oil (456000 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot Essent. Oil (1600 ppm)
Vermifuge
Carvacrol found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (450 ppm)
Eugenol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (750 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Root
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Root
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Essential Oil (83800 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant (1440 ppm);found in Seed (1150 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Seed
Terpinen-4-ol found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (15 ppm);found in Seed (77 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (150 ppm);found in Seed (66 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (1140 ppm);found in Seed
Esculetin found in Seed
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Seed Essent. Oil ;found in Seed ;found in Root
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Leaf
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf (1400 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-alpha-phellandrene Shoot
(+)-carvone Seed Essent. Oil
Essential Oil
Seed
(+)-cis-carveol Seed Essent. Oil
(+)-limonene Seed Essent. Oil
Essential Oil
(+)-trans-carveol Seed Essent. Oil
(-)-carvone Seed Essent. Oil
(-)-cis-carveol Seed Essent. Oil
(-)-dihydrocarvone Seed
(-)-limonene Seed Essent. Oil
Essential Oil
(-)-trans-carveol Seed Essent. Oil
1,4-terpinenol Plant
1,5-cineol Seed Essent. Oil
1,5-cineole Plant
1-dihydrocarveol Leaf 10 30
Seed 75 490
1-methyl-4-isopropenyl-benzene Essential Oil
Seed
2-dihydrocarveol Leaf 10 30
Seed 155 1,000
2-nonanol Plant
3',4'-dimethoxyquercetin Leaf
3,6-dimethyl-2,3,3a,4,5,7a-hexahydrobenzofuran Leaf 240 750
3,6-dimethyl-2,3,4,5,8,9-hexahydrobenzofuran Plant
3,6-dimethyl-3-alpha-4,5,7-alpha-tetrahydrocoumaran Essential Oil
Seed
Seed
3,6-dimethylcoumaran Essential Oil
Plant
3,7-dimethyl-4,5,6,9-tetrahydrocoumaran Seed
4'-methoxy-kaempferol Leaf
4-alpha-dimethylstyrene Root
4-methyl-aesculetin Seed Essent. Oil
5-methoxy-psoralen Seed
6,7-dihydro-8,8,dimethyl-2h,8h-benzo-(1,2b:5,4')-dipyran-2,6-dione Plant
6,7-dihydro-8,8-dimethyl-2(h),8(h)benzo-(1,2b,5,4b'-dipyran-2-6-dione Seed
Shoot 80
6-octadecenoic-acid Plant
7-octadecenoic-acid Plant
Aesculetin Seed Essent. Oil
Seed
Alpha,alpha-beta-trimethylbenzyl-alcohol Root
Alpha-cadinene Leaf 1 3
Alpha-carvone Seed Essent. Oil 400,000
Alpha-cubebene Shoot
Alpha-dimethylstyrene Root
Alpha-linolenic-acid Seed 1,500 1,624
Alpha-p-dimethyl-styrene Essential Oil
Leaf 5 45
Seed 10 75
Alpha-p-styrene Shoot Essent. Oil 1,800
Alpha-phellandrene Shoot Essent. Oil 248,800 525,100
Seed 125 7,469
Leaf 20 8,025
Root Essent. Oil
Essential Oil
Seed Essent. Oil
Alpha-pinene Shoot Essent. Oil 17,500 31,700
Essential Oil
Leaf 25 405
Seed Essent. Oil
Seed 12 1,001
Alpha-pyronene Leaf 2 6
Alpha-terpinene Shoot Essent. Oil 3,400
Seed Essent. Oil
Leaf 0.1 2,100
Essential Oil
Alpha-terpineol Essential Oil 83,800
Leaf 0.1 20
Alpha-thujene Shoot Essent. Oil 10,600
Seed 36 231
Leaf 10 25
Essential Oil
Leaf Essent. Oil 33,400
Alpha-tocopherol Leaf 16 147
Aluminum Plant 4 210
Anethofuran Essential Oil 169,000
Anethole Plant
Anisic-aldehyde Plant
Apigenin Leaf
Apigenin-7-o-beta-d-glucuronide Leaf
Apiol Essential Oil
Root Essent. Oil
Shoot
Seed
Apiole Root
Arginase Plant
Arginine Seed 12,630 13,678
Arsenic Plant 0.01 0.06
Ascorbic-acid Plant 1,214 1,440
Seed 1,150
Ash Plant 26,000 205,880
Seed 64,000 84,000
Benzoic-acid-methyl-ester Seed Essent. Oil
Benzyl-ether Essential Oil
Plant
Bergapten Seed Essent. Oil
Seed
Beta-caryophyllene Essential Oil
Plant
Beta-elemene Seed 12 77
Beta-eudesmol Essential Oil
Beta-myrcene Seed Essent. Oil
Essential Oil
Plant
Beta-phellandrene Shoot Essent. Oil 82,100 169,300
Seed 25 1,925
Root
Leaf 120 2,100
Root Essent. Oil
Essential Oil 31,600
Seed Essent. Oil
Beta-pinene Shoot Essent. Oil
Essential Oil
Leaf 1 40
Leaf Essent. Oil 13,600
Beta-sitosterol Seed Essent. Oil
Plant 490
Root
Seed
Beta-sitosterol-glucoside Plant
Beta-sitosterol-glycoside Seed
Beta-terpineol Plant
Seed
Boron Plant 4 35
Seed 28 50
Bromine Plant 1 6
Butyl-phthalide Root
Cadmium Plant 0.02 1
Caffeic-acid Leaf 1,140
Seed
Calamenene Leaf 1 3
Calcium Plant 1,900 21,453
Seed 14,003 17,671
Campesterol Plant 490
Camphene Plant
Camphor Root
Carbohydrates Plant 558,200 602,000
Seed 551,700 597,491
Carotene Seed
Carotenoids Leaf 465
Carvacrol Seed Essent. Oil
Leaf 165 450
Carveol Leaf 225 600
Carvone Shoot Essent. Oil 145,000
Seed Essent. Oil 170,000 455,800
Leaf Essent. Oil 774,300
Seed 4,100 46,200
Root
Leaf 0.1 6,365
Essential Oil 273,800 456,000
Carvotanacetone Essential Oil
Seed
Root Essent. Oil
Chlorogenic-acid Seed
Chromium Plant 0.01 0.29
Cineole Plant
Cis-3-hexen-1-ol Leaf 0.1 365
Cis-3-hexen-1-yl-acetate Leaf 0.1 15
Cis-carveol Seed
Cis-dihydrocarvone Essential Oil
Leaf 40 110
Seed 36 12,782
Cis-ligustilide Root
Cis-ocimene Essential Oil
Cobalt Plant 0.002 0.29
Copper Plant 1.7 17
Seed 8
Coumarins Seed
D-(+)-carvone Seed 5,196 37,653
D-(+)-dihydrocarvone Seed 168 1,925
D-(+)-limonene Seed 3,972 31,416
D-8-dehydro-p-cymene Seed
D-alpha-phellandrene Seed 516 7,469
Decanal Seed 24 154
Delta-3-carene Leaf 0.1
Delta-5,6-octadecenoic-acid Plant
Delta-cadinene Leaf 1 3
Dihydrocarveol Leaf 150 400
Plant
Dihydrocarvone Seed Essent. Oil
Root
Essential Oil 400,900
Leaf 390 1,050
Leaf Essent. Oil 1,700
Dill-ether Shoot Essent. Oil 290,200
Seed 45 300
Essential Oil
Leaf 60 3,495
Dill-furan Essential Oil
Dillanol Seed
Dillanoside Seed
Dillapiol Shoot Essent. Oil 3,100
Seed
Plant
Root Essent. Oil
Essential Oil 223,000 266,300
Leaf Essent. Oil 200
Dillapiole Leaf 100 375
Seed 1,440 40,425
Dillapional Seed Essent. Oil
Dipentene Plant
Eicosane Root
Elemicin Shoot Essent. Oil
Plant
Eo Leaf 1,640 15,000
Root 300 500
Shoot
Seed 12,000 77,000
Ergosterol Seed Essent. Oil
Esculetin Seed
Eugenol Essential Oil
Leaf 280 750
Fat Plant 43,000 47,000
Seed 68,000 180,200
Fenchone Leaf 1 15
Ferulic-acid Seed
Fiber Leaf 119,300 128,000
Seed 177,230 264,869
Flavone Plant
Fluorine Plant 0.1 5.3
Furfural Plant
Gamma-pinene Plant
Gamma-sitosterol Seed
Gamma-terpinene Leaf 0.1 30
Seed 12 77
Geraniol Seed 24 154
Germacrene-d Leaf 70 190
Hexadecane Root
Histidine Seed 3,200 3,466
Hyperoside Leaf
Imperatorin Seed Essent. Oil
Iron Leaf
Seed 114 230
Plant 23 755
Isodillapiol Essential Oil
Isoeugenol Plant
Isoleucine Seed 7,670 8,307
Isomyristicin Leaf
Isopiperitenone Shoot Essent. Oil 4,000
Isoquercitrin Leaf
Isorhamnetin Plant
Isorhamnetin-3-glucuronide Plant
Isorhoifolin Leaf
Isothymol Leaf 2 5
Kaempferol Seed
Kaempferol-3-glucuronide Leaf
Kaempferol-3-o-beta-d-glucuronide Seed
Kaempferol-glycoflavone Seed
Lauric-acid Seed 100 108
Lead Plant 0.05 0.8
Leucine Seed 9,250 10,018
Limonene Shoot Essent. Oil 119,200
Leaf Essent. Oil 214,300
Root Essent. Oil
Essential Oil 467,000 628,800
Leaf 125 3,735
Seed Essent. Oil
Linalool Essential Oil
Plant
Linalyl-acetate Seed
Linoleic-acid Plant
Seed 9,600 10,397
Luteolin-7-glucoside Plant
Luteolin-glycoside Seed
Lysine Seed 10,380 11,242
Magnesium Plant 560 6,470
Seed 2,449 2,893
Manganese Plant 8 435
Seed 18
Mercury Plant 0.003 0.06
Methionine Seed 1,430 1,549
Methyl-benzoate Plant
Methyl-chavicol Seed
Molybdenum Plant 0.1
Myrcene Shoot Essent. Oil 15,600
Seed 20 924
Leaf 15 115
Essential Oil
Myristic-acid Seed 100 108
Myristicin Shoot Essent. Oil 2,000
Leaf 45 220
Essential Oil 203,000
Root
Seed
Root Essent. Oil
N-butylphthalide Root
N-undecane Leaf 3 70
Neocnidilide Root
Neocnidolide Root
Neophytadiene Leaf 25 75
Niacin Plant 28 30
Seed 28 30
Nickel Plant 0.1 4.7
Nitrogen Plant 6,800 55,300
Nonadecane Root
Nonanal Seed
Octadeca-5,6-dienoic-acid Seed Oil
Octan-1-al Root Essent. Oil
Octanol Root
Oleic-acid Plant
Seed 78,000 101,369
Osthole Root
P-coumaric-acid Leaf 16
P-cymene Seed Essent. Oil
Essential Oil
Leaf Essent. Oil 21,700
Shoot
Seed 40 3,775
Leaf 30 4,460
Root Essent. Oil
P-cymene-8-ol Leaf 2 6
P-mentha-1,3,8-triene Leaf 5 45
P-mentha-2,4(8)-diene Essential Oil
Palmitic-acid Plant
Seed 5,800 6,281
Palmitoleic-acid Plant
Seed 500 542
Paraffin Plant
Pentadecane Root
Persicarin Seed
Shoot 580
Petroselinic-acid Plant
Seed 816,000
Petroselinic-acid-trigylceride Plant
Phellandrene Essential Oil
Phenylalanine Seed 6,700 7,256
Phosphorus Plant 600 7,625
Seed 2,102 3,723
Phytochelatin-a Tissue Culture
Phytofluene Seed
Phytosterols Plant 1,240
Piperine Seed 28.6
Piperitol Leaf 5 20
Potassium Plant 8,700 76,450
Seed 10,680 14,122
Protein Plant 199,600 216,000
Seed 147,680 226,000
Quercetin Plant
Quercetin-3-0-rutinoside Plant
Quercetin-3-glucuronide Leaf
Seed
Quercetin-3-o-beta-d-glucuronide Leaf
Shoot
Quercetin-3-rhamnoglucoside Leaf
Quercetin-3-sulfate Seed
Shoot 770
Quercitrin Plant
Seed 500
Riboflavin Plant 3
Seed 3
Rosmarinic-acid Plant
Rubidium Plant 1.1 28
Rutin Leaf 1,400
Sabinene Essential Oil
Leaf 5 15
Sabinol Shoot Essent. Oil 5,000
Leaf 1 3
Safrole Seed Essent. Oil
Plant 125 360
Salicaldehyde Plant
Salicylates Seed 70 945
Scopoletin Seed Essent. Oil
Shoot 2
Seed
Root
Selenium Plant 0.001 0.012
Senkyunolide Root
Silicon Plant 30 700
Sodium Plant 1,097 3,308
Seed 158 262
Stearic-acid Seed 1,000 1,083
Stigmasterol Seed Essent. Oil
Root
Plant 420
Sulfur Plant 1,400 11,175
Tannins Plant
Terpinen-4-ol Essential Oil
Leaf 5 15
Seed 0.1 77
Terpinolene Leaf 0.1 50
Tetradecane Root
Tetrahydrocoumarane Plant
Thiamin Plant 4 5
Seed 4 5
Threonine Seed 5,750 6,227
Thymol Shoot Essent. Oil 1,600
Toluene Shoot Essent. Oil
Trans-2-hexen-1-ol Leaf 0.1 15
Trans-anethole Seed 12 539
Trans-beta-ocimene Leaf 6 20
Trans-carveol Seed 42 270
Trans-dihydrocarvone Essential Oil
Seed 24 1,370
Leaf 100 290
Trans-p-mentha-2-en-ol Leaf 10 30
Tridecene Root
Umbelliferone Seed Essent. Oil
Seed
Root
Umbelliprenin Seed Essent. Oil
Seed
Uranium Leaf 0.16
Root 7.9
Urease Plant
Valine Seed 11,200 12,130
Vanadium Leaf 0.84
Vicenin Seed
Vitamin-k Seed 50 200
Vitamin-p Leaf
Water Plant 73,000 830,000
Seed 70,310 83,690
Xanthophyll Seed
Xanthotoxin Seed
Z-ligustilide Root
Zinc Plant 11 150
Seed 43 66
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]