Andira inermis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
angelin angelin-tree cabbagebark cabbagetree

Andira inermis is a nitrogen-fixing tree native to the area from southern Mexico through Central America to northern South America; it has been introduced to the Caribbean, the Antilles, Florida, and Africa. The tree has many names due to its wide distribution and multiple uses: it is also known as the cabbage bark, almendro macho, almendro de río or river almond, bastard cabbage tree, cabbage angelin, cabbage bark, cabbage tree, carne asada, guacamayo, Jamaica cabbage tree, moca, partridge wood, worm bark, or yellow cabbage tree. The tree grows to approximately 35m in height and 0.7m in diameter. It is evergreen and unbuttressed and has a dense crown and pink flowers. It grows primarily in riparian zones in forests along rivers. It can also be found in drier areas, including roadsides, pastures, and woodlands. The tree's wood is used for lumber, and its smooth gray bark reportedly has narcotic, laxative, and vermifuge properties. Synonym: Andira grandiflora Guillemin & Perrottet Andira jamaicensis Urban Geoffroea inermis Wright Geoffroea jamaicensis Wright Var.

Andira inermis

Medical use

Economic importance of Andira inermis

Bee plants honey production
Environmental ornamental shade/shelter
Materials wod
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Andira inermis Andira inermis Andira inermis Andira inermis Andira inermis Andira inermis Andira inermis Andira inermis Andira inermis Andira inermis Andira inermis

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Central African Republic
    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea-Bissau; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Togo
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Sinaloa
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Tabasco
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Trinidad and Tobago; Virgin Islands (U.S.) - St. Croix
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela - Bolivar, Delta Amacuro, Falcon, Federal District, Miranda, Monagas, Tachira, Zulia
    • Brazil: Brazil - Acre, Amapa, Amazonas, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Para

Biological activities

Abortifacient
Berberine found in Bark
Absorbent
Starch found in Bark
Adrenolytic
Berberine found in Bark
Amebicide
Berberine found in Bark
Analgesic
Berberine found in Bark
Anesthetic
Berberine found in Bark
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Berberine found in Bark
Antiacne
Berberine found in Bark
Antiadrenergic
Berberine found in Bark
Antiaggregant
Berberine found in Bark
Antialzheimeran
Berberine found in Bark
Antiamnesic
Berberine found in Bark
Antiangiogenic
Berberine found in Bark
Antiarrhythmic
Berberine found in Bark
Antiarthritic
Berberine found in Bark
Antibacillus
Berberine found in Bark
Antibacterial
Berberine found in Bark
Antibiotic
Berberine found in Bark
Anticancer
Berberine found in Bark
Anticariogenic
Berberine found in Bark
Antichlamydial
Berberine found in Bark
Anticholecystitic
Berberine found in Bark
Anticholera
Berberine found in Bark
Anticirrhotic
Berberine found in Bark
Anticonjunctivitic
Berberine found in Bark
Anticonvulsant
Berberine found in Bark
Antidiarrheic
Berberine found in Bark
Antidysenteric
Berberine found in Bark
Antiedemic
Berberine found in Bark
Antiendotoxic
Berberine found in Bark
Antienterotoxic
Berberine found in Bark
Antiesherichic
Berberine found in Bark
Antigiardial
Berberine found in Bark
Antiglaucomic
Berberine found in Bark
Antigonorrhea
Berberine found in Bark
Antihepatomic
Berberine found in Bark
Antihepatotic
Berberine found in Bark
Antiherpetic
Berberine found in Bark
Antihistaminic
Berberine found in Bark
Antiinflammatory
Berberine found in Bark
Antiischemic
Berberine found in Bark
Antileishmanic
Berberine found in Bark
Antilipogenic
Berberine found in Bark
Antimalarial
Berberine found in Bark
Antimitotic
Berberine found in Bark
Antimuscarinic
Berberine found in Bark
Antimyalgic
Berberine found in Bark
Antimycotic
Berberine found in Bark
Antineoplastic
Berberine found in Bark
Antinephritic
Berberine found in Bark
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Bark
Antiperistaltic
Berberine found in Bark
Antipharyngitic
Berberine found in Bark
Antiphotooxidative
Berberine found in Bark
Antiplasmodial
Berberine found in Bark
Antipneumonic
Berberine found in Bark
Antipyretic
Berberine found in Bark
Antisalmonella
Berberine found in Bark
Antisecretory
Berberine found in Bark
Antiseptic
Berberine found in Bark
Antishigellic
Berberine found in Bark
Antispasmodic
Berberine found in Bark
Antispermigenic
Berberine found in Bark
Antistaphylococcic
Berberine found in Bark
Antistrep
Berberine found in Bark
Antisyphilitic
Berberine found in Bark
Antitrachomic
Berberine found in Bark
Antitrypanosomic
Berberine found in Bark
Antitubercular
Berberine found in Bark
Antiulcer
Berberine found in Bark
Antivaginitic
Berberine found in Bark
Antiviral
Berberine found in Bark
Astringent
Berberine found in Bark
Bilirubinolytic
Berberine found in Bark
COX-2-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Bark
Calcium-Antagonist
Berberine found in Bark
Candidicide
Berberine found in Bark
Cardiodepressant
Berberine found in Bark
Cardiotonic
Berberine found in Bark
Carminative
Berberine found in Bark
Cholagogue
Berberine found in Bark
Cholekinetic
Berberine found in Bark
Choleretic
Berberine found in Bark
Collyrium
Berberine found in Bark
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Bark
Cytotoxic
Berberine found in Bark
Digestive
Berberine found in Bark
Diuretic
Berberine found in Bark
Emetic
Berberine found in Bark
Emollient
Starch found in Bark
Fungicide
Berberine found in Bark
Glaucomagenic
Berberine found in Bark
Hemostat
Berberine found in Bark
Hypocholesterolemic
Berberine found in Bark
Hypoglycemic
Berberine found in Bark
Hypotensive
Berberine found in Bark
Immunostimulant
Berberine found in Bark
Lachrymatory
Berberine found in Bark
Larvicide
Berberine found in Bark
Leucocytogenic
Berberine found in Bark
Lipase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Bark
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Bark
Mutagenic
Berberine found in Bark
Mycobactericide
Berberine found in Bark
Mydriatic
Berberine found in Bark
Myocardiodepressant
Berberine found in Bark
Myorelaxant
Berberine found in Bark
Pesticide
Berberine found in Bark
Phototoxic
Berberine found in Bark
Plasmodicide
Berberine found in Bark
Poultice
Starch found in Bark
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Bark
Protisticide
Berberine found in Bark
RNA-Depressant
Berberine found in Bark
RT-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Bark
Respiradepressant
Berberine found in Bark
Sedative
Berberine found in Bark
Stomachic
Berberine found in Bark
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Bark
Trichomonicide
Berberine found in Bark
Trypanocide
Berberine found in Bark
Uterocontractant
Berberine found in Bark
Uterotonic
Berberine found in Bark
Vagostimulant
Berberine found in Bark
Vasoconstrictor
Berberine found in Bark
Vasodilator
Berberine found in Bark
Vermifuge
Berberine found in Bark
Vibriofuge
Berberine found in Bark

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Andirine Bark
Berberine Bark
Demethyopterocarpin Plant
Fat Bark
Geoffroyine Plant
Inermin Bark
N-methyl-tyrosine Bark
Pterocarpans Bark
Resin Bark
Starch Bark
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]