Anamirta cocculus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
fishberry Levantnut poison-berry

Anamirta cocculus is a Southeast Asian and Indian climbing plant. Its fruit, Cocculus indicus, is the source of picrotoxin, a poisonous alkaloid with stimulant properties. The plant is large-stemmed; the bark is "corky gray" with white wood. The "small, yellowish-white, sweet-scented" flowers vary between 6 to 10 centimeters across; the fruit produced is a drupe, "about 1 cm in diameter when dry".

Anamirta cocculus

Medical use

Economic importance of Anamirta cocculus

Medicines source of picrotoxin
Vertebrate poisons fish mamals

Gallery

Anamirta cocculus Anamirta cocculus Anamirta cocculus Anamirta cocculus Anamirta cocculus Anamirta cocculus Anamirta cocculus Anamirta cocculus Anamirta cocculus Anamirta cocculus Anamirta cocculus

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka
    • North Indian Ocean: India - Andaman and Nicobar
    • Indo-China: Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Irian Jaya, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, Sumatra; Papua New Guinea; Philippines

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10980 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (85500 ppm)
Acaricide
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Fruit
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10980 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10980 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Antibacterial
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Anticancer
Butyric-acid found in Fruit
Anticonvulsant
Picrotoxin found in Fruit (50000 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Picrotoxin found in Fruit (50000 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10980 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Fruit
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Fruit
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Antioxidant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10980 ppm)
Sucrose found in Fruit
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Fruit
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Antiseptic
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Antitumor
Butyric-acid found in Fruit
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Apoptotic
Butyric-acid found in Fruit
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Fruit
Bruchifuge
Butyric-acid found in Fruit
CNS-Stimulant
Picrotoxin found in Fruit (50000 ppm)
Picrotoxinin found in Fruit
Cancer-Preventive
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Fruit
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Seed (85500 ppm)
Counterirritant
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Fruit
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
FLavor
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10980 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (85500 ppm)
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Fruit
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Fungistat
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10980 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10980 ppm)
Sucrose found in Fruit
Hypocholesterolemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Phytosterols found in Fruit
Stearic-acid found in Seed (85500 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Insecticide
Picrotoxinin found in Fruit
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Irritant
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10980 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (85500 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Myotic
Picrotoxinin found in Fruit
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10980 ppm)
Nematistat
Butyric-acid found in Fruit
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Stearic-acid found in Seed (85500 ppm)
Pesticide
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Butyric-acid found in Fruit
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10980 ppm)
Picrotoxinin found in Fruit
Piscicide
Picrotoxin found in Fruit (50000 ppm)
Preservative
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Sucrose found in Fruit
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (5616 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10980 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (85500 ppm)
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Respirastimulant
Picrotoxin found in Fruit (50000 ppm)
Sialogogue
Picrotoxinin found in Fruit
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (10980 ppm)
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (85500 ppm)
Sweetener
Sucrose found in Fruit
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Fruit
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Fruit
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Vulnerary
Sucrose found in Fruit

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
8-oxotetrahydropalmatine Plant
Acetic-acid Fruit
Anamirtin Seed
Butyric-acid Fruit
Cocculin Seed
Fat Fruit 110,000 180,000
Formic-acid Fruit
Linoleic-acid Seed 3,432 5,616
Menispermine Fruit
Oleic-acid Fruit
Palmitic-acid Seed 6,710 10,980
Paramenispermine Fruit
Phytosterols Fruit
Picrotin Fruit
Picrotoxin Fruit 6,000 50,000
Picrotoxinin Fruit
Sitosterol Seed
Stearic-acid Seed 52,250 85,500
Sucrose Fruit
Wax Fruit
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]