Amorphophallus campanulatus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
elephant-yam pungapung sweet-yam telinga-potato telingo-potato
Amorphophallus campanulatus

Medical use

Economic importance of Amorphophallus campanulatus

Human food starch vegetable
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Amorphophallus campanulatus Amorphophallus campanulatus Amorphophallus campanulatus Amorphophallus campanulatus Amorphophallus campanulatus Amorphophallus campanulatus Amorphophallus campanulatus Amorphophallus campanulatus Amorphophallus campanulatus Amorphophallus campanulatus Amorphophallus campanulatus

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India; Sri Lanka
    • North Indian Ocean: India - Andaman and Nicobar
    • Indo-China: Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia - Northern Territory

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Root (747747 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Root (530 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Androgenic
Boron found in Root (7.7 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (65315 ppm);found in Shoot (142000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (28020 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
AntiHIV
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (14 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (530 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (112 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (14 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Root (8 ppm)
Iron found in Root (112 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (14 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (28020 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Copper found in Root (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (14 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (530 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (112 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Root (112 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antidandruff
Sulfur found in Root (530 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (28020 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Copper found in Root (8 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (65315 ppm);found in Shoot (142000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (14 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (14 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Root (14 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (14 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Copper found in Root (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (28020 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Root (530 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (65315 ppm);found in Shoot (142000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (28020 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Copper found in Root (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Root (112 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root (747747 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Root (8 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (65315 ppm);found in Shoot (142000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Boron found in Root (7.7 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (530 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Boron found in Root (7.7 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Copper found in Root (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (14 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (3020 ppm);found in Shoot (8100 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (14 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (14 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Sulfur found in Root (530 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (530 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (18 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (28020 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (28020 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (14 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (65315 ppm);found in Shoot (142000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (65315 ppm);found in Shoot (142000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Root (18 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (3020 ppm);found in Shoot (8100 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (28020 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Root (65315 ppm);found in Shoot (142000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (28020 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (65315 ppm);found in Shoot (142000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root (18 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Copper found in Root (8 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (65315 ppm);found in Shoot (142000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (28020 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (28020 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Root (530 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Root (8 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (65315 ppm);found in Shoot (142000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (28020 ppm)
Emetic
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (17200 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Root (747747 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (18 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Estrogenic
Boron found in Root (7.7 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Root (233 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Copper found in Root (8 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (65315 ppm);found in Shoot (142000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (14 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (65315 ppm);found in Shoot (142000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (28020 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Root (65315 ppm);found in Shoot (142000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Copper found in Root (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (3020 ppm);found in Shoot (8100 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Inflammatory
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (17200 ppm)
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Root (530 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (17200 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (65315 ppm);found in Shoot (142000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (530 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (17200 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Root (3020 ppm);found in Shoot (8100 ppm)
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Root (530 ppm)
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Root (18 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (530 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (2.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Root (747747 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Iron found in Root (112 ppm)
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Root (530 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Root (8 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5720 ppm);found in Shoot (15200 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (65315 ppm);found in Shoot (142000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3120 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (79 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (28020 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (279 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (50 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Aluminum Root 4 18
Ascorbic-acid Root 15 279
Ash Root 3,100 66,000
Shoot 163,000
Beta-carotene Root 0 6.8
Boron Root 1.7 7.7
Calcium Root 260 5,720
Shoot 15,200
Calcium-oxalate Root 3,820 17,200
Carbohydrates Root 184,000 856,000
Shoot 651,000
Citrates Root 2,560 11,530
Copper Root 1.8 8
Fat Root 600 16,000
Shoot 33,000
Fiber Root 7,000 65,315
Shoot 142,000
Iron Root 5 112
Kilocalories Root 771 3,770
Magnesium Root 220 3,120
Malates Root 5,130 23,100
Manganese Root 3 14
Niacin Root 7 79
Oxalate Root 2,880 12,975
Phosphorus Root 320 3,020
Shoot 8,100
Potassium Root 4,160 28,020
Protein Root 5,600 198,000
Shoot 153,000
Riboflavin Root 0.2 3.2
Sodium Root 41 233
Starch Root 67,200 747,747
Succinates Root 3,390 15,270
Sugar Root 1,400 6,306
Sulfur Root 118 530
Thiamin Root 0.5 2.8
Water Root 750,000 894,000
Zinc Root 10 50
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]