Alpinia officinarum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Chinese-ginger lesser galanga lesser galangal

Alpinia officinarum, known as lesser galangal, is a plant in the ginger family, cultivated in Southeast Asia. It originated in China, where its name ultimately derives. It can grow several feet high, with long leaves and reddish-white flowers. The rhizomes, known as galangal, are valued for their spicy flavor and aromatic scent. These are used throughout Asia in curries and perfumes, and were previously used widely in Europe. They are also used as an herbal remedy. Lesser galangal is often misled the name for Kaempferia galanga that is used in Indonesia, Malaysia and other Southeast Asian countries.

Alpinia officinarum

Medical use

Economic importance of Alpinia officinarum

Food additives flavoring
Materials esential oils
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Alpinia officinarum Alpinia officinarum Alpinia officinarum Alpinia officinarum Alpinia officinarum Alpinia officinarum Alpinia officinarum Alpinia officinarum Alpinia officinarum Alpinia officinarum Alpinia officinarum

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Guangdong, Guangxi
    Cultivated
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Cultivated
    • Indo-China: Thailand; Vietnam

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Rhizome
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Absorbent
Starch found in Rhizome (250000 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Limonene found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Delta-cadinene found in Rhizome
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Rhamnocitrin found in Rhizome
Allelochemic
Limonene found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Camphene found in Rhizome
Camphor found in Rhizome
Terpinen-4-ol found in Rhizome
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Beta-pinene found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Limonene found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Analgesic
Camphor found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Linalool found in Rhizome
P-cymene found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Camphor found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Linalool found in Rhizome
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Rhizome
AntiHIV
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
AntiPMS
Manganese found in Plant
Quercetin found in Rhizome
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
P-cymene found in Rhizome
Terpinen-4-ol found in Rhizome
Antiacne
Camphor found in Rhizome
Delta-cadinene found in Rhizome
Terpinen-4-ol found in Rhizome
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Rhizome
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antiaggregant
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antiaging
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antialcoholic
Manganese found in Plant
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Terpinen-4-ol found in Rhizome
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antianemic
Manganese found in Plant
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Manganese found in Plant
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Terpinen-4-ol found in Rhizome
Antiatherosclerotic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Rhizome
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Delta-cadinene found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Rhizome
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
P-cymene found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Rhamnocitrin found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
Terpinen-4-ol found in Rhizome
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Anticancer
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Delta-cadinene found in Rhizome
Fluoride found in Rhizome (5.4 ppm)
Linalool found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Anticolic
Linalool found in Rhizome
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Linalool found in Rhizome
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antidepressant
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antidiabetic
Manganese found in Plant
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Plant
Antiedemic
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Linalool found in Rhizome
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Rhizome
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antiepileptic
Manganese found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Rhizome
Antiestrogenic
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Antifeedant
Camphor found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Limonene found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Rhizome
Antiflu
Limonene found in Rhizome
P-cymene found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Rhamnocitrin found in Rhizome
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Rhizome
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Rhizome
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Antihepatotoxic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
Antiherpetic
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Beta-pinene found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Galangin found in Rhizome (1000 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Rhizome
Kaempferide found in Rhizome (800 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antileukemic
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Rhizome
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antilithic
Limonene found in Rhizome
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antimange
Linalool found in Rhizome
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antimite
Linalool found in Rhizome
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Galangin found in Rhizome (1000 ppm)
Kaempferide found in Rhizome (800 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Rhizome
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Rhizome (250000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Rhizome
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Rhizome
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Rhizome
Antiosteoporotic
Fluoride found in Rhizome (5.4 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant
Antiosteosclerotic
Fluoride found in Rhizome (5.4 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Plant
Antioxidant
Camphene found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Galangin found in Rhizome (1000 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Rhizome
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Manganese found in Plant
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
Terpinen-4-ol found in Rhizome
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Rhamnocitrin found in Rhizome
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antiperoxidant
Galangin found in Rhizome (1000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Rhamnocitrin found in Rhizome
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antiproliferant
Beta-elemene found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antiprostaglandin
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Phenyl-alkyl-ketones found in Rhizome
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Rhizome
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antipyretic
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Antiradicular
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Rhizome
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Rhizome
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Antisalmonella
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Beta-pinene found in Rhizome
Camphor found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
Rhamnocitrin found in Rhizome
Terpinen-4-ol found in Rhizome
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Antishock
Linalool found in Rhizome
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Beta-pinene found in Rhizome
Camphor found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Rhizome
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Terpinen-4-ol found in Rhizome
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Antistreptococcic
Delta-cadinene found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antisyndrome-X
Manganese found in Plant
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Antitumor-Promoter
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
Antitumor
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Terpinen-4-ol found in Rhizome
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
Terpinen-4-ol found in Rhizome
Antiviral
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Galangin found in Rhizome (1000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
P-cymene found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-elemene found in Rhizome
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Galangin found in Rhizome (1000 ppm)
Kaempferide found in Rhizome (800 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Rhizome
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Rhizome
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Rhizome
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Rhizome
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Linalool found in Rhizome
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Camphor found in Rhizome
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Rhizome
COX-1-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Calcium-Antagonist
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Beta-pinene found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Candidistat
Limonene found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
Carminative
Camphor found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Linalool found in Rhizome
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Chelator
Tannin found in Rhizome
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Rhizome
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Rhizome
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Camphor found in Rhizome
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Rhizome
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Camphor found in Rhizome
Culicide
Linalool found in Rhizome
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Galangin found in Rhizome (1000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Delta-cadinene found in Rhizome
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Camphor found in Rhizome
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Deliriant
Camphor found in Rhizome
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Rhizome
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Diuretic
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Terpinen-4-ol found in Rhizome
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Rhizome
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Emetic
Camphor found in Rhizome
Emollient
Starch found in Rhizome (250000 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Rhizome
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Rhizome
Estrogenic
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Camphene found in Rhizome
Camphor found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Beta-pinene found in Rhizome
Camphene found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Limonene found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
Methyl-cinnamate found in Plant
Methyl-isovalerate found in Rhizome
P-cymene found in Rhizome
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Camphor found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
P-cymene found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Terpinen-4-ol found in Rhizome
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Rhizome
Fungistat
Limonene found in Rhizome
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Rhizome
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Rhizome
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Hepatoprotective
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Rhizome
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Beta-pinene found in Rhizome
Camphor found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Limonene found in Rhizome
P-cymene found in Rhizome
Terpinen-4-ol found in Rhizome
Histaminic
Limonene found in Rhizome
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Rhizome
Hypoglycemic
Manganese found in Plant
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Rhizome
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Rhizome
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Rhizome
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Insect-Repellent
Camphor found in Rhizome
Insecticide
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Limonene found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
Methyl-cinnamate found in Plant
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Beta-pinene found in Rhizome
Camphene found in Rhizome
Camphor found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Limonene found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
P-cymene found in Rhizome
Terpinen-4-ol found in Rhizome
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Rhizome
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Beta-pinene found in Rhizome
Camphor found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Limonene found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
P-cymene found in Rhizome
Terpinen-4-ol found in Rhizome
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Larvicide
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Linalool found in Rhizome
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Laxative
P-cymene found in Rhizome
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Rhizome
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Galangin found in Rhizome (1000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Rhizome
MAO-Inhibitor
Isorhamnetin found in Rhizome
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Mosquitofuge
Linalool found in Rhizome
Motor-Depressant
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Linalool found in Rhizome
Mutagenic
Galangin found in Rhizome (1000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Rhizome
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Rhizome
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Rhizome
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Rhizome
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Camphor found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Limonene found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
Methyl-cinnamate found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Rhizome
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Rhizome
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Rhizome
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Camphor found in Rhizome
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Delta-cadinene found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Rhizome
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Rhizome
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Perfumery
Beta-pinene found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Linalool found in Rhizome
Methyl-cinnamate found in Plant
Methyl-isovalerate found in Rhizome
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Rhizome
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Beta-pinene found in Rhizome
Camphene found in Rhizome
Camphor found in Rhizome
Delta-cadinene found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Rhizome
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
Methyl-cinnamate found in Plant
P-cymene found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Rhamnocitrin found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
Terpinen-4-ol found in Rhizome
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Rhizome
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Poultice
Starch found in Rhizome (250000 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Prooxidant
Linalool found in Rhizome
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Rhizome
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Galangin found in Rhizome (1000 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Rhizome
Kaempferide found in Rhizome (800 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Rhizome
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Rhizome
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Rhizome
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Camphor found in Rhizome
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Limonene found in Rhizome
Linalool found in Rhizome
P-cymene found in Rhizome
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Beta-pinene found in Rhizome
Camphene found in Rhizome
Spermicide
Terpinen-4-ol found in Rhizome
Stimulant
Camphor found in Rhizome
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Termiticide
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Termitifuge
Linalool found in Rhizome
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Rhizome
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Galangin found in Rhizome (1000 ppm)
Kaempferide found in Rhizome (800 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Beta-pinene found in Rhizome
Camphor found in Rhizome
Limonene found in Rhizome
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Rhizome
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Linalool found in Rhizome
P-cymene found in Rhizome
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Rhizome
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Ulcerogenic
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Vasodilator
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Rhizome
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Rhizome (400 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Rhizome
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Rhizome
Vulnerary
Terpinen-4-ol found in Rhizome
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Rhizome
Tannin found in Rhizome
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Rhizome

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,7-diphenyl-5-hydroxy-3-heptanone Rhizome
1,7-diphenyl-5-hydroxyheptan-3-one Rhizome
1,7-diphenylhept-4-en-3-one Rhizome
1,8-cineole Rhizome
1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-7-phenylheptane-3,5-diol Rhizome 10
1-phenyl-7-(4''-hydroxyphenyl)-hept-4-en-3-one Rhizome 8
1-phenyl-7-(4'-hydroxy-3'-methoxyphenyl)-heptan-3-one Rhizome
3,5,7-trihydroxyflavone Plant
5-epidihydroyashabushiketol Rhizome 65
5-epihexahydrocurcumin Rhizome 5
5-hydroxy-1,7-diphenylheptan-3-one Rhizome 137
5-hydroxy-1-phenyl-7-(4''-hydroxy-3''-methoxyphenyl)-heptan-3-one Rhizome 330
5-hydroxy-7-(4"-hydroxy-3"-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-3-hept... Plant
5-hydroxy-7-(4"-hydroxy-3"-methoxyphenyl)-phenyl-3-heptanone Plant
5-hydroxy-7-(4"-hydroxyphenyl)1-phenyl-3-heptanone Rhizome
5-hydroxy-7-(4''-hydroxy-3''-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenylheptan-3-one Rhizome 367
5-hydroxy-7-(4''-hydroxyphenyl)-1-phenylheptan-3-one Rhizome 30
5-hydroxy-7-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-heptanone Plant
5-methoxy-1,7-diphenylheptan-3-one Rhizome 110
5-methoxy-7-(4"-hydroxy-3"methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-3-hepta... Plant
5-methoxy-7-(4'-hydroxy-3''-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenylheptan-3-one Rhizome 12
5-methoxyphenyl-7-(4''-hydroxyphenyl)-heptan-3-one Rhizome 4
7-(4"-hydroxy-3"-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-3,5-heptadione Rhizome
7-(4"-hydroxy-3"-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenylhept-4-en-3-one Rhizome 48
7-(4"-hydroxy-3"-methoxyphenyl)-phenylhept-4-en-3-one Rhizome
7-(4''-hydroxy-3'-methoxy-phenyl)-phenylhept-3,5-dione Rhizome 1.6
7-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxyflavone Rhizome
Alpha-cadinene Rhizome
Alpinol Rhizome
Beta-elemene Rhizome
Beta-pinene Rhizome
Camphene Rhizome
Camphor Rhizome
D-alpha-pinene Rhizome
Delta-cadinene Rhizome
Diarylheptanoids Rhizome
Dihydroyashabushiketol Rhizome
Dioxyflavonal Plant
Eo Rhizome 3,000 10,000
Eugenol Rhizome 90 400
Fluoride Rhizome 5.4
Galangin Rhizome 1,000
Galangin-3-methyl-ether Rhizome
Galangol Rhizome
Gamma-cadinene Rhizome
Gingerols Rhizome
Isorhamnetin Rhizome
Izalpin Rhizome
Kaempferide Rhizome 600 800
Kaempferol Rhizome
Limonene Rhizome
Linalool Rhizome
Manganese Plant
Methyl-cinnamate Plant
Methyl-isovalerate Rhizome
P-cymene Rhizome
Phenyl-alkyl-ketones Rhizome
Quercetin Rhizome
Quercetin-3'-methylether Rhizome
Rhamnocitrin Rhizome
Starch Rhizome 200,000 250,000
Sterols Rhizome
Tannin Rhizome
Terpinen-4-ol Rhizome
Trans-alpha-bergamotene Rhizome
Yakuchinone Rhizome
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]