Allium sativum var. sativum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
common garlic garlic ophio garlic rocambole serpent garlic Spanish garlic
Allium sativum var. sativum

Economic importance of Allium sativum var. sativum

Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Allium sativum var. sativum

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Cultivated
    • Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West Tropical Africa: Burkina Faso; Guinea; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Cultivated
    • Western Asia: Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Korea
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Indochina; Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Cultivated
    • Australia: Australia - Victoria
  • EUROPE
    Cultivated
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • Canada
    • Mexico
    • United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • Mesoamerica: Central America
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Western South America: Ecuador

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant (720 ppm)
Arachidonic-acid found in Bulb
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (1200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (3600 ppm)
5-HETE-Inhibitor
Eicosapentaenoic-acid found in Bulb
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Glutathione found in Bulb (0 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-e-2 found in Bulb
Absorbent
Starch found in Root (80000 ppm)
Acantholytic
Allyl-mercaptan found in Bulb ;found in Plant
Allylmethylsulfide found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Fruit Juice
Acaricide
Linalool found in Bulb
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Bulb (10570 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Bulb (12000 ppm);found in Leaf
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Bulb (0.7 ppm)
Addictive
Acetaldehyde found in Bulb
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Bulb (1560 ppm);found in Leaf
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Bulb (70000 ppm);found in Leaf
Alcohol-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Inulin found in Bulb
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
Allergenic
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Allyl-disulfide found in Bulb
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Bulb
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bulb
Linalool found in Bulb
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (1200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (1200 ppm)
Amebicide
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Analgesic
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Linalool found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Boron found in Bulb (10 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (1200 ppm)
Anesthetic
Linalool found in Bulb
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Fiber found in Bulb (45000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm);found in Leaf (132000 ppm);found in Flower (69000 ppm)
Potassium found in Bulb (14830 ppm);found in Shoot (12242 ppm);found in Root (11800 ppm);found in Leaf (23971 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bulb
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
AntiADD
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Bulb (4392 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Chromium found in Bulb (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
AntiAddisonian
Cysteine found in Bulb (0 ppm);found in Leaf
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Chromium found in Bulb (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Plant
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
AntiHIV
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allyl-alcohol found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Lignin found in Bulb (16000 ppm);found in Epidermis (16000 ppm)
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bulb (3 ppm);found in Flower (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (10.3 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
S-allyl-l-cysteine found in Bulb (10 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Manganese found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
AntiPSA
S-allylmercaptocysteine found in Bulb (5 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Linalool found in Bulb
Antiacid
Glycine found in Bulb (4800 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Chromium found in Bulb (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Sulfur found in Bulb (10570 ppm)
Tin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Root (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Bulb (1.7 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antiaging
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chromium found in Bulb (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
S-allyl-l-cysteine found in Bulb (10 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Bulb (129 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Root (3 ppm);found in Shoot (76 ppm);found in Flower (78 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Fructose found in Bulb (14000 ppm);found in Leaf
Glutamine found in Bulb (2300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Manganese found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Bulb (4800 ppm);found in Leaf
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Bulb (6552 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Bulb
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Citral found in Bulb
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Bulb
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Pantothenic-acid found in Bulb (7.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antialopecic
Biotin found in Bulb (22 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (1200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (3600 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antialzheimeran
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Choline found in Bulb
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Phosphatidyl-choline found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Bulb
Linalool found in Bulb
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (1200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (3600 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Bulb (9.7 ppm)
Iron found in Bulb (129 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Root (3 ppm);found in Shoot (76 ppm);found in Flower (78 ppm)
Manganese found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antianorectic
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Plant
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Bulb (3 ppm);found in Flower (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (10.3 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Potassium found in Bulb (14830 ppm);found in Shoot (12242 ppm);found in Root (11800 ppm);found in Leaf (23971 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Bulb (8300 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Silicon found in Bulb ;found in Root
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Copper found in Bulb (9.7 ppm)
Eicosapentaenoic-acid found in Bulb
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Manganese found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Bulb (7.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Sulfur found in Bulb (10570 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antiasthenic
Citrulline found in Bulb
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
S-allyl-l-cysteine found in Bulb (10 ppm)
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Bulb (3000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (270000 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Chromium found in Bulb (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antiatherotic
Eicosapentaenoic-acid found in Bulb
Antibackache
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Alliin found in Bulb (40000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (76.5 ppm);found in Fruit Juice
Allistatin-i found in Bulb
Allistatin-ii found in Bulb
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bulb
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Chlorophyll found in Bulb
Citral found in Bulb
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Bulb (99 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Fruit Juice
Diallyl-tetrasulfide found in Bulb (119 ppm)
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Endolysin found in Bulb (0.096 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bulb
Iodine found in Bulb (0.7 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lignin found in Bulb (16000 ppm);found in Epidermis (16000 ppm)
Linalool found in Bulb
Muramidase found in Bulb (0.096 ppm)
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (13 ppm);found in Plant
Pectin found in Bulb (3000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (270000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Bulb (2 ppm);found in Plant (27 ppm)
Tin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Root (6 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Antibiotic
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Alliin found in Bulb (40000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (76.5 ppm);found in Fruit Juice
Cysteine found in Bulb (0 ppm);found in Leaf
Anticancer
Allixin found in Bulb
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Bulb
Citral found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lignin found in Bulb (16000 ppm);found in Epidermis (16000 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
S-allyl-l-cysteine found in Bulb (10 ppm)
S-allylmercaptocysteine found in Bulb (5 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Bulb (129 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Root (3 ppm);found in Shoot (76 ppm);found in Flower (78 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Plant
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Anticardiospasmic
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Geraniol found in Bulb
Linalool found in Bulb
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Bulb (3 ppm);found in Flower (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (10.3 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Cysteine found in Bulb (0 ppm);found in Leaf
Methionine found in Bulb (9900 ppm);found in Leaf
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bulb (3 ppm);found in Flower (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (10.3 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Bulb (7.5 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bulb (3 ppm);found in Flower (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (10.3 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bulb (3 ppm);found in Flower (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (10.3 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Bulb (129 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Root (3 ppm);found in Shoot (76 ppm);found in Flower (78 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bulb (3 ppm);found in Flower (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (10.3 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Bulb (4.8 ppm)
Anticholesteremic
Ornithine found in Bulb (2 ppm);found in Leaf
Anticholesterogenic
S-allyl-l-cysteine found in Bulb (10 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Antichoreic
Choline found in Bulb
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Bulb
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Anticolic
Linalool found in Bulb
Anticolitic
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Anticomplementary
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Linalool found in Bulb
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Anticorneitic
Taurine found in Bulb (0.2 ppm);found in Plant
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Bulb (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Lignin found in Bulb (16000 ppm);found in Epidermis (16000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Anticryptococcic
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Bulb
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Anticytotoxic
Cysteine found in Bulb (0 ppm);found in Leaf
Glutathione found in Bulb (0 ppm)
Antidandruff
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Sulfur found in Bulb (10570 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antidecubitic
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Bulb
Riboflavin found in Bulb (3 ppm);found in Flower (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (10.3 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Antideliriant
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Choline found in Bulb
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Glutamine found in Bulb (2300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Bulb (4392 ppm)
Potassium found in Bulb (14830 ppm);found in Shoot (12242 ppm);found in Root (11800 ppm);found in Leaf (23971 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Arachidonic-acid found in Bulb
Biotin found in Bulb (22 ppm)
Eicosapentaenoic-acid found in Bulb
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Bulb (7.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Alliin found in Bulb (40000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (76.5 ppm);found in Fruit Juice
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Choline found in Bulb
Chromium found in Bulb (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Copper found in Bulb (9.7 ppm)
Fiber found in Bulb (45000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm);found in Leaf (132000 ppm);found in Flower (69000 ppm)
Fructose found in Bulb (14000 ppm);found in Leaf
Inulin found in Bulb
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Manganese found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb (3000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (270000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
S-allyl-l-cysteine found in Bulb (10 ppm)
S-methyl-cysteine-sulfoxide found in Bulb (5715 ppm)
Xylose found in Root
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antidiarrheic
Inulin found in Bulb
Lignin found in Bulb (16000 ppm);found in Epidermis (16000 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb (3000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (270000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Bulb
Manganese found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Antieczemic
Arachidonic-acid found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Glutathione found in Bulb (0 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Methionine found in Bulb (9900 ppm);found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Glucose found in Bulb (12000 ppm);found in Leaf
Linalool found in Bulb
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Arginine found in Bulb (30316 ppm)
Glycine found in Bulb (4800 ppm);found in Leaf
Leucine found in Bulb (7392 ppm);found in Leaf
Ornithine found in Bulb (2 ppm);found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Bulb (6200 ppm);found in Leaf
Valine found in Bulb (6984 ppm);found in Leaf
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Antiendotoxic
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Bulb (3000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (270000 ppm)
Xyloglucan found in Bulb (3000 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Bulb (19320 ppm);found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Manganese found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antifatigue
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Chromium found in Bulb (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Copper found in Bulb (9.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Bulb (7.5 ppm)
Potassium found in Bulb (14830 ppm);found in Shoot (12242 ppm);found in Root (11800 ppm);found in Leaf (23971 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (3600 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Eicosapentaenoic-acid found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antiflu
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb (3000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (270000 ppm)
Antigastric
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antigastritic
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Glycine found in Bulb (4800 ppm);found in Leaf
Pectin found in Bulb (3000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (270000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antigiardial
Allyl-alcohol found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Allyl-mercaptan found in Bulb ;found in Plant
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Bulb (3 ppm);found in Flower (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (10.3 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Bulb
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Bulb (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Bulb (0.7 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antigout
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Bulb (10570 ppm)
Antihalitosic
Chlorophyll found in Bulb
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Fructose found in Bulb (14000 ppm);found in Leaf
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antiheartburn
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Bulb
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Plant
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Taurine found in Bulb (0.2 ppm);found in Plant
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Plant
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Bulb (30316 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Glutathione found in Bulb (0 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Bulb (1200 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Citrulline found in Bulb
Methionine found in Bulb (9900 ppm);found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Alliin found in Bulb (40000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (76.5 ppm);found in Fruit Juice
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Glucose found in Bulb (12000 ppm);found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
S-allyl-l-cysteine found in Bulb (10 ppm)
S-allylmercaptocysteine found in Bulb (5 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Bulb (2 ppm);found in Plant (27 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Bulb
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lysine found in Bulb (6552 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Bulb (70000 ppm);found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Bulb
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Bulb
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Bulb (1560 ppm);found in Leaf
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Bulb (19320 ppm);found in Leaf
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Pantothenic-acid found in Bulb (7.5 ppm)
S-methyl-cysteine-sulfoxide found in Bulb (5715 ppm)
Antihyperglycemic
Trigonelline found in Bulb (890 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant (720 ppm)
Arginine found in Bulb (30316 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Fiber found in Bulb (45000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm);found in Leaf (132000 ppm);found in Flower (69000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Potassium found in Bulb (14830 ppm);found in Shoot (12242 ppm);found in Root (11800 ppm);found in Leaf (23971 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Tyrosinase found in Bulb
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Bulb (30316 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Arginine found in Bulb (30316 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antiinflammatory
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant (720 ppm)
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Bulb
Copper found in Bulb (9.7 ppm)
Eicosapentaenoic-acid found in Bulb
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Bulb
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (1200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Salicylates found in Bulb (4 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Eicosapentaenoic-acid found in Bulb
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Bulb (3 ppm);found in Flower (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (10.3 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Bulb (14000 ppm);found in Leaf
Glucose found in Bulb (12000 ppm);found in Leaf
Antileishmanic
Citral found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antileukemic
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Eicosapentaenoic-acid found in Bulb
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Bulb
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
S-allylmercaptocysteine found in Bulb (5 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Antileukotriene-B4
Arachidonic-acid found in Bulb
Eicosapentaenoic-acid found in Bulb
Antileukotriene-D4
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant (720 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (1200 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antilipemic
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Bulb (19320 ppm);found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb (3000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (270000 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Linalool found in Bulb
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antimalarial
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antimange
Linalool found in Bulb
Antimanic
Choline found in Bulb
Phosphatidyl-choline found in Bulb
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Eicosapentaenoic-acid found in Bulb
Geraniol found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
S-allyl-l-cysteine found in Bulb (10 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antimeningitic
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Antimenorrhagic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant (720 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Bulb
Iron found in Bulb (129 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Root (3 ppm);found in Shoot (76 ppm);found in Flower (78 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant (720 ppm)
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Eicosapentaenoic-acid found in Bulb
Pectin found in Bulb (3000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (270000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antimigraine
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bulb (3 ppm);found in Flower (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (10.3 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Bulb (890 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Antimite
Linalool found in Bulb
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Bulb (11736 ppm);found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Allixin found in Bulb
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Chlorophyll found in Bulb
Diallyl-sulfide found in Bulb (99 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Fruit Juice
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Bulb
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (13 ppm);found in Plant
Pectin found in Bulb (3000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (270000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Saponins found in Bulb (1200 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antimycotic
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Antimyocarditic
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Bulb (14000 ppm);found in Leaf
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Bulb (8300 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root (80000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Alliin found in Bulb (40000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (76.5 ppm);found in Fruit Juice
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Biotin found in Bulb (22 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Antineuritic
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Antineuroblastomic
S-allyl-l-cysteine found in Bulb (10 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Lignin found in Bulb (16000 ppm);found in Epidermis (16000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Bulb
Copper found in Bulb (9.7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Chromium found in Bulb (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Fiber found in Bulb (45000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm);found in Leaf (132000 ppm);found in Flower (69000 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb (3000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (270000 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Bulb ;found in Root
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiophthalmic
Cysteine found in Bulb (0 ppm);found in Leaf
Sucrose found in Bulb (70000 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Boron found in Bulb (10 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Sulfur found in Bulb (10570 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Boron found in Bulb (10 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Copper found in Bulb (9.7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Manganese found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Bulb (5220 ppm);found in Flower (3966 ppm);found in Leaf (3382 ppm);found in Root (4460 ppm);found in Shoot (2332 ppm);found in Root
Silicon found in Bulb ;found in Root
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antiotitic
Chlorophyll found in Bulb
Antiototic
Manganese found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Bulb (7000 ppm)
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Alliin found in Bulb (40000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (76.5 ppm);found in Fruit Juice
Allixin found in Bulb
Allyl-mercaptan found in Bulb ;found in Plant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Campesterol found in Bulb (150 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Chlorophyll found in Bulb
Cholesterol found in Bulb (80 ppm)
Citral found in Bulb
Cysteine found in Bulb (0 ppm);found in Leaf
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Diallyl-heptasulfide found in Bulb
Diallyl-hexasulfide found in Bulb
Diallyl-pentasulfide found in Bulb
Diallyl-sulfide found in Bulb (99 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Fruit Juice
Diallyl-tetrasulfide found in Bulb (119 ppm)
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Glutathione found in Bulb (0 ppm)
Histidine found in Bulb (8300 ppm)
Ionol found in Bulb (950 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lignin found in Bulb (16000 ppm);found in Epidermis (16000 ppm)
Manganese found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Methionine found in Bulb (9900 ppm);found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Bulb (614 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (13 ppm);found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (3600 ppm)
Pentadecanoic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bulb (3 ppm);found in Flower (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (10.3 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
S-allyl-l-cysteine found in Bulb (10 ppm)
S-allylmercaptocysteine found in Bulb (5 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Bulb (2 ppm);found in Plant (27 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Sucrose found in Bulb (70000 ppm);found in Leaf
Taurine found in Bulb (0.2 ppm);found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Methionine found in Bulb (9900 ppm);found in Leaf
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Bulb (4392 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Tyrosine found in Bulb (6200 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Bulb (5208 ppm);found in Leaf
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bulb (3 ppm);found in Flower (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (10.3 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antiperistaltic
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Diallyl-pentasulfide found in Bulb
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Bulb (2 ppm);found in Plant (27 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Tyrosine found in Bulb (6200 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bulb (3 ppm);found in Flower (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (10.3 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antiplatelet
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Alliin found in Bulb (40000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (76.5 ppm);found in Fruit Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Antipodagric
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antiproliferant
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Eicosapentaenoic-acid found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
S-allyl-l-cysteine found in Bulb (10 ppm)
S-allylmercaptocysteine found in Bulb (5 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Antipromoter
Allixin found in Bulb
Antiprostaglandin
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant (720 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Bulb (19320 ppm);found in Leaf
Glycine found in Bulb (4800 ppm);found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Bulb (80 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Plant
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Bulb (4800 ppm);found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Antipsoriatic
Arachidonic-acid found in Bulb
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Plant
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Salicylates found in Bulb (4 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Antiradicular
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Alliin found in Bulb (40000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (76.5 ppm);found in Fruit Juice
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (13 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
S-allyl-l-cysteine found in Bulb (10 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Bulb (19320 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Bulb
Antisalmonella
Geraniol found in Bulb
Antisarcomic
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Alliin found in Bulb (40000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (76.5 ppm);found in Fruit Juice
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antischizophrenic
Nicotinic-acid found in Bulb (4.8 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Biotin found in Bulb (22 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Sulfur found in Bulb (10570 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Bulb
Diallyl-sulfide found in Bulb (99 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Fruit Juice
Diallyl-tetrasulfide found in Bulb (119 ppm)
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Bulb
Iodine found in Bulb (0.7 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Bulb
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
Phloroglucinol found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Sulfur found in Bulb (10570 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Bulb (890 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antishigellic
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Antishock
Citral found in Bulb
Linalool found in Bulb
Antisickling
Asparagine found in Bulb (29000 ppm)
Glutamine found in Bulb (2300 ppm)
Glycine found in Bulb (4800 ppm);found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (13 ppm);found in Plant
Phenylalanine found in Bulb (4392 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Antisinusitic
Chlorophyll found in Bulb
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antispasmodic
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Citral found in Bulb
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Bulb
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
Phloroglucinol found in Plant
Potassium found in Bulb (14830 ppm);found in Shoot (12242 ppm);found in Root (11800 ppm);found in Leaf (23971 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Allyl-mercaptan found in Bulb ;found in Plant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bulb
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Bulb (99 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Fruit Juice
Diallyl-tetrasulfide found in Bulb (119 ppm)
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Kaempferol found in Plant
S-allylmercaptocysteine found in Bulb (5 ppm)
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Bulb
Antistomatitic
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antistress
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Potassium found in Bulb (14830 ppm);found in Shoot (12242 ppm);found in Root (11800 ppm);found in Leaf (23971 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Chromium found in Bulb (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Manganese found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antitachycardic
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Plant
Antithrombotic
2-vinyl-4h-1,3-dithiin found in Bulb (158 ppm)
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Alliin found in Bulb (40000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (76.5 ppm);found in Fruit Juice
Antithyroid
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Dimethyl-disulfide found in Bulb (2.5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Rutin found in Plant
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Bulb (0.7 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Bulb (4.8 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antitriglyceride
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Chromium found in Bulb (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antitrypanosomic
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antitubercular
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bulb
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Phloroglucinol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
Antitumor
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Alliin found in Bulb (40000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (76.5 ppm);found in Fruit Juice
Allixin found in Bulb
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Bulb
Cysteine found in Bulb (0 ppm);found in Leaf
Desgalactotigonin found in Root (400 ppm)
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Bulb (99 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Fruit Juice
Eicosapentaenoic-acid found in Bulb
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Fiber found in Bulb (45000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm);found in Leaf (132000 ppm);found in Flower (69000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lignin found in Bulb (16000 ppm);found in Epidermis (16000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
Antitussive
Pectin found in Bulb (3000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (270000 ppm)
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Chlorophyll found in Bulb
Citral found in Bulb
Cysteine found in Bulb (0 ppm);found in Leaf
Fiber found in Bulb (45000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm);found in Leaf (132000 ppm);found in Flower (69000 ppm)
Glutamine found in Bulb (2300 ppm)
Glycine found in Bulb (4800 ppm);found in Leaf
Histidine found in Bulb (8300 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Pectin found in Bulb (3000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (270000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Threonine found in Bulb (10000 ppm);found in Leaf
Tyrosine found in Bulb (6200 ppm);found in Leaf
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Bulb (8300 ppm)
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Bulb (4 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Bulb (12000 ppm);found in Leaf
Rutin found in Plant
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Antiviral
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Allyl-alcohol found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Bulb
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Iodine found in Bulb (0.7 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lignin found in Bulb (16000 ppm);found in Epidermis (16000 ppm)
Linalool found in Bulb
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Bulb (4392 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Bulb (19320 ppm);found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Bulb (5220 ppm);found in Flower (3966 ppm);found in Leaf (3382 ppm);found in Root (4460 ppm);found in Shoot (2332 ppm);found in Root
Potassium found in Bulb (14830 ppm);found in Shoot (12242 ppm);found in Root (11800 ppm);found in Leaf (23971 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Bulb (30316 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Citral found in Bulb
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
S-allylmercaptocysteine found in Bulb (5 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Arteriodilator
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Arylamine-N-Acetyltransferase-Inhibitor
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Bulb (99 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Fruit Juice
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Bulb
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Bulb (70000 ppm);found in Leaf
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Avifuge
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Bulb
Linalool found in Bulb
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Bulb (45000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm);found in Leaf (132000 ppm);found in Flower (69000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Potassium found in Bulb (14830 ppm);found in Shoot (12242 ppm);found in Root (11800 ppm);found in Leaf (23971 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Bifidogenic
Inulin found in Bulb
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Bulb
Linalool found in Bulb
Bruchiphobe
Succinic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Linalool found in Bulb
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Geraniol found in Bulb
COMP-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Eicosapentaenoic-acid found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Citral found in Bulb
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Trans-ajoene found in Bulb (268 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Bulb (7000 ppm)
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant (720 ppm)
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Arachidonic-acid found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Chlorophyll found in Bulb
Citral found in Bulb
Cysteine found in Bulb (0 ppm);found in Leaf
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Fiber found in Bulb (45000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm);found in Leaf (132000 ppm);found in Flower (69000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bulb
Glutathione found in Bulb (0 ppm)
Glycine found in Bulb (4800 ppm);found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Bulb
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Methionine found in Bulb (9900 ppm);found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Bulb (614 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (1200 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (13 ppm);found in Plant
Pantothenic-acid found in Bulb (7.5 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb (3000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (270000 ppm)
Phloroglucinol found in Plant
Phytic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Plant
Prostaglandin-a-1 found in Bulb
Prostaglandin-e-1 found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bulb (3 ppm);found in Flower (5.2 ppm);found in Leaf (10.3 ppm);found in Shoot (2.7 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Serine found in Bulb (4560 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Bulb (2 ppm);found in Plant (27 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Taurine found in Bulb (0.2 ppm);found in Plant
Tyrosine found in Bulb (6200 ppm);found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
Candidicide
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Aluminum found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Eruboside-b found in Bulb (13 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bulb
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Candidistat
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Linalool found in Bulb
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Citral found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Taurine found in Bulb (0.2 ppm);found in Plant
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Bulb
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Bulb (2.5 ppm);found in Root (10 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Chromium found in Bulb (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Copper found in Bulb (9.7 ppm)
Fiber found in Bulb (45000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm);found in Leaf (132000 ppm);found in Flower (69000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Potassium found in Bulb (14830 ppm);found in Shoot (12242 ppm);found in Root (11800 ppm);found in Leaf (23971 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Silicon found in Bulb ;found in Root
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Bulb (14830 ppm);found in Shoot (12242 ppm);found in Root (11800 ppm);found in Leaf (23971 ppm)
Carminative
Linalool found in Bulb
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Bulb
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Catabolic
Glutamine found in Bulb (2300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Bulb
Chelator
Lignin found in Bulb (16000 ppm);found in Epidermis (16000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Allixin found in Bulb
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Bulb
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb (3000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (270000 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
S-allyl-l-cysteine found in Bulb (10 ppm)
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Choleretic
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nicotinic-acid found in Bulb (4.8 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (1200 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
Cholinergic
Choline found in Bulb
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Coagulant
Arachidonic-acid found in Bulb
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Collagenase-Inhibitor
Eicosapentaenoic-acid found in Bulb
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Bulb (70000 ppm);found in Leaf
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Bulb
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Bulb (10570 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Bulb (9.7 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Bulb (614 ppm)
Culicide
Linalool found in Bulb
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-2E1-Inhibitor
Diallyl-sulfide found in Bulb (99 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Fruit Juice
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Cytostatic
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Cytotoxic
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Citral found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Bulb
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Decalcifier
Phloroglucinol found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Demulcent
Pectin found in Bulb (3000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (270000 ppm)
Sucrose found in Bulb (70000 ppm);found in Leaf
Deodorant
Chlorophyll found in Bulb
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Depressant
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bulb
Dermatitigenic
Iodine found in Bulb (0.7 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (1200 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Cysteine found in Bulb (0 ppm);found in Leaf
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Root
Differentiator
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Eicosapentaenoic-acid found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Diuretic
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Arginine found in Bulb (30316 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Asparagine found in Bulb (29000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citrulline found in Bulb
Fiber found in Bulb (45000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm);found in Leaf (132000 ppm);found in Flower (69000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Potassium found in Bulb (14830 ppm);found in Shoot (12242 ppm);found in Root (11800 ppm);found in Leaf (23971 ppm)
Dye
Chlorophyll found in Bulb
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Xylose found in Root
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Bulb
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bulb
Calcium-oxalate found in Bulb
Geraniol found in Bulb
Methionine found in Bulb (9900 ppm);found in Leaf
Emollient
Starch found in Root (80000 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Bulb (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Epidermal-Stimulant
Trigonelline found in Bulb (890 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Bulb (2.5 ppm);found in Root (10 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Bulb (8300 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Bulb (5208 ppm);found in Leaf
Leucine found in Bulb (7392 ppm);found in Leaf
Lysine found in Bulb (6552 ppm);found in Leaf
Methionine found in Bulb (9900 ppm);found in Leaf
Threonine found in Bulb (10000 ppm);found in Leaf
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Valine found in Bulb (6984 ppm);found in Leaf
Estrogenic
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Boron found in Bulb (10 ppm)
Citral found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Expectorant
Beta-phellandrene found in Bulb
Citral found in Bulb
Geraniol found in Bulb
Inulin found in Bulb
Linalool found in Bulb
FLavor
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bulb
Citral found in Bulb
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Bulb (99 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Fruit Juice
Dimethyl-sulfide found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Bulb
Hexadecanol found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Linalool found in Bulb
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (1200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (3600 ppm)
Threonine found in Bulb (10000 ppm);found in Leaf
Valine found in Bulb (6984 ppm);found in Leaf
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Cycloalliin found in Bulb (4285 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Flatugenic
Raffinose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Stachyose found in Bulb
Sucrose found in Bulb (70000 ppm);found in Leaf
Fungicide
Acetaldehyde found in Bulb
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bulb
Beta-phellandrene found in Bulb
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citral found in Bulb
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Eruboside-b found in Bulb (13 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bulb
Iodine found in Bulb (0.7 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linalool found in Bulb
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb (3000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (270000 ppm)
Phloroglucinol found in Plant
Phytic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Bulb (2 ppm);found in Plant (27 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
Fungistat
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (13 ppm);found in Plant
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Bulb
GT-Inducer
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Gastrostimulant
Inulin found in Bulb
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Bulb
Glucogonogenic
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Glutathione-Sparing
S-allyl-l-cysteine found in Bulb (10 ppm)
Glutathionergic
Cysteine found in Bulb (0 ppm);found in Leaf
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Bulb
Methionine found in Bulb (9900 ppm);found in Leaf
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Bulb (0.7 ppm)
Phloroglucinol found in Plant
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Hemolytic
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (3600 ppm)
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Bulb (18000 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb (3000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (270000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Alliin found in Bulb (40000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (76.5 ppm);found in Fruit Juice
Arachidonic-acid found in Bulb
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Choline found in Bulb
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Methionine found in Bulb (9900 ppm);found in Leaf
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
S-allyl-l-cysteine found in Bulb (10 ppm)
S-allylmercaptocysteine found in Bulb (5 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Herbicide
Citral found in Bulb
Coniferin found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bulb
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Bulb (614 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (3600 ppm)
Sucrose found in Bulb (70000 ppm);found in Leaf
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Bulb (12000 ppm);found in Leaf
Salicylates found in Bulb (4 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Bulb (559 ppm);found in Leaf (294 ppm);found in Root (280 ppm)
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Bulb (0.7 ppm)
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Bulb
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Bulb (30316 ppm)
Ornithine found in Bulb (2 ppm);found in Leaf
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Bulb (6552 ppm);found in Leaf
Ornithine found in Bulb (2 ppm);found in Leaf
Hypocalcemic
Phytic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
2-vinyl-4h-1,3-dithiin found in Bulb (158 ppm)
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Alliin found in Bulb (40000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (76.5 ppm);found in Fruit Juice
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Campesterol found in Bulb (150 ppm)
Chromium found in Bulb (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Copper found in Bulb (9.7 ppm)
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Bulb (99 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Fruit Juice
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Fiber found in Bulb (45000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm);found in Leaf (132000 ppm);found in Flower (69000 ppm)
Inulin found in Bulb
Lignin found in Bulb (16000 ppm);found in Epidermis (16000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Methyl-ajoene found in Bulb
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Bulb (4.8 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (1200 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb (3000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (270000 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Plant
Phytosterols found in Bulb (80 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
S-allyl-l-cysteine found in Bulb (10 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Taurine found in Bulb (0.2 ppm);found in Plant
Trigonelline found in Bulb (890 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Alliin found in Bulb (40000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (76.5 ppm);found in Fruit Juice
Allyl-propyl-disulfide found in Bulb (216 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Chromium found in Bulb (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Inulin found in Bulb
Manganese found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Bulb (4.8 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb (3000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (270000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Salicylates found in Bulb (4 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Bulb (890 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Phytic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Plant
Hypotensive
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant (720 ppm)
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Choline found in Bulb
Chromium found in Bulb (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Eicosapentaenoic-acid found in Bulb
Fiber found in Bulb (45000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm);found in Leaf (132000 ppm);found in Flower (69000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Potassium found in Bulb (14830 ppm);found in Shoot (12242 ppm);found in Root (11800 ppm);found in Leaf (23971 ppm)
Prostaglandin-a-1 found in Bulb
Rutin found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Bulb
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Bulb (45000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm);found in Leaf (132000 ppm);found in Flower (69000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
IKK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Bulb
Immunomodulator
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (12 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Chromium found in Bulb (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Copper found in Bulb (9.7 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Saponins found in Bulb (1200 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Immunostimulant
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Alliin found in Bulb (40000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (76.5 ppm);found in Fruit Juice
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant (720 ppm)
Arachidonic-acid found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Inulin found in Bulb
Phosphorus found in Bulb (5220 ppm);found in Flower (3966 ppm);found in Leaf (3382 ppm);found in Root (4460 ppm);found in Shoot (2332 ppm);found in Root
S-allyl-l-cysteine found in Bulb (10 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Immunosuppressant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (13 ppm);found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Inflammatory
Calcium-oxalate found in Bulb
Inotropic
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Insecticide
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Bulb
Rutin found in Plant
Insectifuge
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bulb
Linalool found in Bulb
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (1200 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bulb
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Dimethyl-thiosulfinate found in Bulb
Geraniol found in Bulb
Rutin found in Plant
Insulin-Sparing
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Allyl-propyl-disulfide found in Bulb (216 ppm)
Nickel found in Bulb (1.7 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Nicotinic-acid found in Bulb (4.8 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Insulinic
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Insulinogenic
Arachidonic-acid found in Bulb
Chromium found in Bulb (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Insulinotonic
Nicotinic-acid found in Bulb (4.8 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Irritant
Allyl-mercaptan found in Bulb ;found in Plant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bulb
Dimethyl-sulfide found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Bulb
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (1200 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Keratolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Sulfur found in Bulb (10570 ppm)
Lachrymatory
Cycloalliin found in Bulb (4285 ppm)
Larvicide
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Linalool found in Bulb
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Laxative
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bulb
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Bulb
Fiber found in Bulb (45000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm);found in Leaf (132000 ppm);found in Flower (69000 ppm)
Fructose found in Bulb (14000 ppm);found in Leaf
Inulin found in Bulb
Lignin found in Bulb (16000 ppm);found in Epidermis (16000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Sulfur found in Bulb (10570 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Lipolytic
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Alliin found in Bulb (40000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (76.5 ppm);found in Fruit Juice
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Bulb (99 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Fruit Juice
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Inulin found in Bulb
Nicotinic-acid found in Bulb (4.8 ppm)
Lipotropic
Choline found in Bulb
Methionine found in Bulb (9900 ppm);found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Bulb
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Bulb (614 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (3600 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Lymphocytogenic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant (720 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
MAPK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Memorigenic
Choline found in Bulb
Chromium found in Bulb (1.5 ppm);found in Root (1.5 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Bulb (12000 ppm);found in Leaf
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Bulb (4392 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Tyrosine found in Bulb (6200 ppm);found in Leaf
Mosquitofuge
Linalool found in Bulb
Motor-Depressant
Linalool found in Bulb
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Mucokinetic
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
S-allyl-l-cysteine found in Bulb (10 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Musculotropic
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Mutagenic
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Trigonelline found in Bulb (890 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bulb
Myocontractant
Arachidonic-acid found in Bulb
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Citral found in Bulb
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
NF-kB-Inducer
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Citral found in Bulb
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Bulb (30316 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
NO-Inhibitor
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Citral found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nematicide
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Citral found in Bulb
Geraniol found in Bulb
Linalool found in Bulb
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Bulb (614 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (3600 ppm)
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Bulb (14000 ppm);found in Leaf
Nephroprotective
Eicosapentaenoic-acid found in Bulb
Nephrotoxic
Uranium found in Bulb
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Bulb (11736 ppm);found in Leaf
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Bulb (4800 ppm);found in Leaf
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Bulb (19320 ppm);found in Leaf
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Allyl-propyl-disulfide found in Bulb (216 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Bulb (99 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Fruit Juice
Ophthalmic-Antialkali
Cysteine found in Bulb (0 ppm);found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Osmoregulator
Trigonelline found in Bulb (890 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Bulb (5220 ppm);found in Flower (3966 ppm);found in Leaf (3382 ppm);found in Root (4460 ppm);found in Shoot (2332 ppm);found in Root
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Oxidant
Alanine found in Bulb (7000 ppm)
Chlorophyll found in Bulb
Histidine found in Bulb (8300 ppm)
Oxidase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Oxytocic
Prostaglandin-e-2 found in Bulb
P21-Inducer
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Citral found in Bulb
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Kaempferol found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
PKC-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
PTK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Papain-Inhibitor
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Bulb (10570 ppm)
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Bulb
Pemphigenic
Allyl-mercaptan found in Bulb ;found in Plant
Allylmethylsulfide found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Fruit Juice
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (1200 ppm)
Perfumery
Acetaldehyde found in Bulb
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bulb
Beta-phellandrene found in Bulb
Chlorophyll found in Bulb
Citral found in Bulb
Dimethyl-disulfide found in Bulb (2.5 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Geraniol found in Bulb
Linalool found in Bulb
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (1200 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Bulb (3000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (270000 ppm)
Pesticide
2-vinyl-4h-1,3-dithiin found in Bulb (158 ppm)
Acetaldehyde found in Bulb
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Alliin found in Bulb (40000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (76.5 ppm);found in Fruit Juice
Allistatin-i found in Bulb
Allistatin-ii found in Bulb
Allithiamin found in Bulb (3 ppm)
Allyl-alcohol found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Alpha-phellandrene found in Bulb
Aluminum found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Root (52 ppm)
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Chlorophyll found in Bulb
Citral found in Bulb
Coniferin found in Plant
Cysteine found in Bulb (0 ppm);found in Leaf
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Bulb (99 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Fruit Juice
Diallyl-tetrasulfide found in Bulb (119 ppm)
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Endolysin found in Bulb (0.096 ppm);found in Leaf (1.7 ppm)
Eruboside-b found in Bulb (13 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Plant
Lignin found in Bulb (16000 ppm);found in Epidermis (16000 ppm)
Linalool found in Bulb
Muramidase found in Bulb (0.096 ppm)
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (13 ppm);found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (3600 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb (3000 ppm);found in Fruit Essent. Oil (270000 ppm)
Phloroglucinol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Bulb (2 ppm);found in Plant (27 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Sulfur found in Bulb (10570 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (8 ppm);found in Flower (9.5 ppm);found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Shoot (6.3 ppm)
Tin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Root (6 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Bulb (890 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Phagocytotic
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Alliin found in Bulb (40000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (76.5 ppm);found in Fruit Juice
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Phytoalexin
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (13 ppm);found in Plant
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Bulb (30316 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Root (80000 ppm)
Prebiotic
Inulin found in Bulb
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Sucrose found in Bulb (70000 ppm);found in Leaf
Probiotic
Inulin found in Bulb
Probiotigenic
Inulin found in Bulb
Progestational
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Prooxidant
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Iron found in Bulb (129 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Root (3 ppm);found in Shoot (76 ppm);found in Flower (78 ppm)
Linalool found in Bulb
Propecic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant (720 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb (7800 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (1200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (3600 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Bulb (890 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (13 ppm);found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant (720 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Trans-cis-ajoene found in Bulb
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Bulb
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Protisticide
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Allyl-alcohol found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Allyl-mercaptan found in Bulb ;found in Plant
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Iodine found in Bulb (0.7 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Pyrogenic
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Arachidonic-acid found in Bulb
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Diallyl-disulfide found in Bud ;found in Fruit Juice ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Bulb (634 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Radioprotective
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Diallyl-sulfide found in Bulb (99 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Fruit Juice
Rutin found in Plant
Respiraparalytic
Acetaldehyde found in Bulb
Respirastimulant
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Bulb (11736 ppm);found in Leaf
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Bulb (10570 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Bulb (9.7 ppm)
Secretogogue
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (13 ppm);found in Plant
Secretomotor
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Sedative
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Citral found in Bulb
Geraniol found in Bulb
Linalool found in Bulb
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (3600 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Bulb (30316 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Spice
Allyl-mercaptan found in Bulb ;found in Plant
Squalene-Monooxygenase-Inhibitor
Alliin found in Bulb (40000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Essential Oil ;found in Leaf (76.5 ppm);found in Fruit Juice
S-allyl-l-cysteine found in Bulb (10 ppm)
Succinate-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Sunscreen
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Fructose found in Bulb (14000 ppm);found in Leaf
Galactose found in Bulb
Sucrose found in Bulb (70000 ppm);found in Leaf
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Taenicide
Tin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Root (6 ppm)
Teratogenic
Citral found in Bulb
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Termitifuge
Linalool found in Bulb
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Bulb (0.7 ppm)
Tineacide
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Bulb (4392 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Citral found in Bulb
Geraniol found in Bulb
Linalool found in Bulb
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Bulb (70000 ppm);found in Leaf
Triglycerolytic
Diallyl-sulfide found in Bulb (99 ppm);found in Essential Oil ;found in Fruit Juice
Trypanocide
Ajoene found in Bud ;found in Bulb
Citral found in Bulb
Trypanosomastat
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Bud ;found in Bulb (870 ppm);found in Essential Oil
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Bulb
Prostaglandin-e-2 found in Bulb
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1584 ppm);found in Leaf
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Acetaldehyde found in Bulb
Citral found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb (58 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Eicosapentaenoic-acid found in Bulb
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (0.17 ppm);found in Flower (5 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Root (0.2 ppm);found in Leaf (68 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (13 ppm);found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (6 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (555 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Urease-Inhibitor
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Bulb (70000 ppm);found in Leaf
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Glycine found in Bulb (4800 ppm);found in Leaf
Salicylates found in Bulb (4 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Bulb (9900 ppm);found in Leaf
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Bulb (9900 ppm);found in Leaf
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (27 ppm)
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Uterotrophic
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Eicosapentaenoic-acid found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (1.6 ppm);found in Root (1.6 ppm)
Vasodilator
Adenosine found in Bulb (370 ppm);found in Tuber
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Plant (720 ppm)
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Arginine found in Bulb (30316 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (4947 ppm);found in Leaf (4265 ppm);found in Shoot (538 ppm);found in Root (850 ppm);found in Flower (2155 ppm)
Fiber found in Bulb (45000 ppm);found in Shoot (76000 ppm);found in Leaf (132000 ppm);found in Flower (69000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Bulb (1210 ppm);found in Root (1210 ppm)
Myricetin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (17 ppm);found in Leaf (44 ppm);found in Shoot (22 ppm);found in Root (7.4 ppm);found in Flower (34 ppm)
Potassium found in Bulb (14830 ppm);found in Shoot (12242 ppm);found in Root (11800 ppm);found in Leaf (23971 ppm)
Prostaglandin-e-1 found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Vibriocide
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb (788 ppm);found in Leaf (2868 ppm);found in Root ;found in Shoot (1883 ppm);found in Flower (3793 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Chlorophyll found in Bulb
Sucrose found in Bulb (70000 ppm);found in Leaf
Zinc found in Bulb (15.3 ppm);found in Root
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Allicin found in Bulb (27800 ppm)
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Bulb (693 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bulb (200 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-n-(1'-deoxy-1'-d-fructopyranosyl)-s-allyl-l-cysteine-sulfoxide Bulb
(e)-1,2-propene-1-sulfinothiocic-acid-s-methyl-ester Bulb
(e)-2-propenyl-1-propenyl-disulfide Bulb
(z)-2-propenyl-1-propenyl-disulfide Bulb
1,2,3-tri-thi-4-ene Bulb
Essential Oil
1,2-(prop-2-enyl)-disulfane Bulb
1,2-dimercaptocyclopentane Bulb 2.4
1,2-epithiopropane Bulb 0.1 1.66
1,3-dithiane Bulb 0.08 3
1-hexanol Bulb 0.23
1-methyl-1,2-(prop-2-enyl)-disulfane Bulb
1-methyl-2-(prop-2-enyl)-disulfane Bulb
1-methyl-3-(prop-2-enyl)-trisulfane Bulb
1-propenyl-allyl-thiosulfinate Bulb
2,3,4-trithiapentane Bulb
2,5-dimethyl-pyrazine Bulb
2,5-dimethyl-tetrahydrothiophene Bulb 0.6
2,5-dimethylthiophene Bulb 138
2,6-dimethyl-pyrazine Bulb
2-methyl-benzaldehyde Bulb 60
2-propen-1-ol Bulb 0.1 121
2-propene-1-sulfinothiocic-acids-2-propenyl-ester Bulb
2-propenyl-1-propenyl-disulfide Essential Oil
2-propenyl-l-cysteine-sulfoxide Bulb
2-propenyl-tetrasulfide Essential Oil
2-vinyl-1,3-dithiin Fruit Juice
2-vinyl-1,3-dithiine Bulb
2-vinyl-4h-1,3-dithiin Bulb 2 158
2-vinyl-4h-2,3-dithiin Bulb
2-vinyl-di-1,3-thiene Bulb
24-methylene-cycloartenol Plant
3,5-diethyl-1,2,4-trithiolane Bulb 0.15 43
3-ethyl-2,5-dimethyl-pyrazine Bulb
3-methyl-2-cyclopentene-1-thione Bulb 0.16 1.6
3-vinyl-1,2-dithiacyclohex-4-ene Bulb
3-vinyl-1,2-dithiacyclohex-5-ene Bulb
3-vinyl-1,2-dithiin Fruit Juice
3-vinyl-1,2-dithiine Bulb
3-vinyl-4h-1,2-dithiin Bulb 0.34 178
4-methyl-5-vinylthiazole Bulb 0.75
5-butyl-cysteine-sulfoxide Bulb
Acetaldehyde Bulb
Acyl-anthocyanin Leaf
Adenosine Bulb 5.7 370
Tuber
Ajoene Bud
Bulb
Alanine Bulb 6.15 7,000
Allicin Bulb 1,500 27,800
Alliin Bulb 5,000 40,000
Tissue Culture
Essential Oil
Leaf 76.5
Fruit Juice
Alliinase Bulb 3,500 28,500
Allin Bulb 13,000
Allisatin Plant
Allistatin-i Bulb
Allistatin-ii Bulb
Allithiamin Bulb 0 3
Allium-fructan Bulb
Allium-fructan-k-1 Bulb
Allium-fructan-k-2 Bulb
Allium-fructan-k-3 Bulb
Allium-fructan-k-4 Bulb
Allium-fructan-k-5 Bulb
Allium-fructan-k-6 Bulb
Allium-fructan-k-7 Bulb
Allium-fructan-k-8 Bulb
Allium-lectin-as-1 Bulb
Allium-lectin-as-2 Bulb
Allium-sativum-d-galactan Bulb
Allium-sativum-lectin-asa-i Bulb
Allium-sativum-lectin-asa-iii Bulb
Allium-sativum-protease-inhibitor-as-1 Bulb
Allixin Bulb
Allyl-1-propenyl-thiosulfinate Bulb
Allyl-1-propenyltetrasulfide Bulb 99
Allyl-1-propenyltrisulfide Bulb 119
Allyl-2-propenethiosulfinate Bulb 2,000 11,430
Allyl-alcohol Bulb
Essential Oil
Allyl-alliin Bulb
Allyl-compounds Bulb
Allyl-disulfide Bulb
Allyl-mercaptan Bulb
Plant
Allyl-methyl-disulfide Bulb
Essential Oil
Fruit Juice
Allyl-methyl-thiosulfinate Bulb
Allyl-methyl-thiosulfinates Bulb 300 4,285
Allyl-methyl-trisulfide Bulb
Fruit Juice
Essential Oil
Allyl-propenyl-disulfide Fruit Juice
Allyl-propyl-disulfide Bulb 36 216
Allyl-trans-1-propenyl-disulfide Bulb
Allyl-trans-1-propenyl-thiosulfinate Bulb
Allyl-trans-1-propenyl-thiosulfinates Bulb 50 2,855
Allyl-trisulfide Bulb
Allylmethylsulfide Bulb
Essential Oil
Fruit Juice
Alpha-amino-butyric-acid Bulb
Alpha-linolenic-acid Plant 60 720
Alpha-phellandrene Bulb
Alpha-prostaglandin-f-1 Bulb
Alpha-prostaglandin-f-2 Bulb
Alpha-tocopherol Bulb 0.1 12
Aluminum Bulb 52
Root 19 52
Aniline Bulb 10
Apigenin Bulb 693
Arabinose Bulb
Arachidonic-acid Bulb
Arginine Bulb 81 30,316
Ascorbic-acid Bulb 100 788
Leaf 390 2,868
Root
Shoot 420 1,883
Flower 440 3,793
Ash Bulb 10,000 395,000
Root 12,950 35,000
Shoot 7,000 31,000
Leaf 10,000 74,000
Flower 6,000 52,000
Asparagine Bulb 0 29,000
Aspartic-acid Bulb 0.1 11,736
Leaf
Auxin Bulb
Beta-carotene Bulb 0 0.17
Flower 0.6 5
Shoot 2 9
Root 0.1 0.2
Leaf 9 68
Beta-chlorogenin Bulb
Beta-phellandrene Bulb
Beta-sitosterol Bulb 13 555
Beta-tocopherol Bulb
Biotin Bulb 22
Boron Bulb 3 10
Caffeic-acid Bulb 10 20
Calcium Bulb 130 4,947
Leaf 580 4,265
Shoot 120 538
Root 315 850
Flower 250 2,155
Calcium-fructuronate Plant
Calcium-oxalate Bulb
Campesterol Bulb 0 150
Carbohydrates Bulb 274,000 851,000
Flower 94,000 810,000
Leaf 95,000 699,000
Shoot 201,000 901,000
Cellulose Bulb 6,000 18,000
Chitinase Bulb
Chlorogenic-acid Plant
Chlorophyll Bulb
Cholesterol Bulb 0 80
Choline Bulb
Chromium Bulb 0.1 1.5
Root 0.6 1.5
Cis-2-propenyl-1-propenyl-disulfide Essential Oil
Cis-ajoene Bulb 59.2
Citral Bulb
Citrulline Bulb
Cobalt Bulb 0.5 2.5
Root 3.7 10
Coniferin Plant
Copper Bulb 1.4 9.7
Cyanidin-3-glucoside Bulb
Cyclic-sulfur-s8 Bulb 2,455
Cycloalliin Bulb 500 4,285
Cysteine Bulb 0
Leaf
Cystine Bulb 0 1,560
Leaf
Deoxyalliin Bulb
Desgalactotigonin Root 400
Desoxyribonuclease Bulb
Di-1-propenyl-trisulfide Bulb 139
Di-prop-2-enyl-sulfane Bulb
Di-prop-2-enyl-trisulfide Essential Oil
Diallyl-disulfide Bud
Fruit Juice
Essential Oil
Bulb 16 634
Diallyl-heptasulfide Bulb
Diallyl-hexasulfide Bulb
Diallyl-monosulfide Bulb
Diallyl-pentasulfide Bulb
Diallyl-sulfide Bulb 2 99
Essential Oil
Fruit Juice
Diallyl-tetrasulfide Bulb 119
Diallyl-trisulfide Bud
Bulb 870
Essential Oil
Digalactosyl-diglyceride Bulb
Dimethyl-ajoene Bulb
Dimethyl-difuran Bulb 5 30
Dimethyl-diselenide Bulb
Dimethyl-disulfide Bulb 0.6 2.5
Essential Oil
Dimethyl-hexasulfide Bulb
Dimethyl-pentasulfide Bulb
Dimethyl-selenide Bulb
Dimethyl-sulfide Bulb
Essential Oil
Dimethyl-thiosulfinate Bulb
Dimethyl-trisulfide Bulb 0.8 19
Fruit Juice
Essential Oil
Dimethyltetrasulfide Bulb
Diprop-2-enyl-disulfide Essential Oil
Dipropenyl-disulfide Fruit Juice
Dipropylsulfide Bulb 178
Dipropyltetrasulfide Bulb 20
Disulfides Bulb
Divinyl-ether-synthase Bulb
Eicosapentaenoic-acid Bulb
Endolysin Bulb 0.096
Leaf 1.7
Eo Bulb 600 19,800
Root 370 4,000
Eruboside-b Bulb 0.5 13
Ethanolamine Bulb 0.4
Ethyl-2-propenesulfinate Bulb
F-chlorogenin Bulb 47 135
F-gitonin Root 300
F-stivogenin Bulb 12 34
F-tigogenin Bulb 5 15
Fat Bulb 2,000 12,000
Shoot 3,000 13,000
Flower 2,000 17,000
Leaf 5,000 37,000
Root 3,330 9,000
Ferulic-acid Bulb 7 27
Fiber Bulb 7,000 45,000
Shoot 17,000 76,000
Leaf 18,000 132,000
Flower 8,000 69,000
Fiber(crude) Root 20,000
Fiber(dietary) Root 340,000
Foliacin Bulb 1
Fructans Bulb 230,000 715,000
Fructosans Bulb
Fructose Bulb 14,000
Leaf
Galactose Bulb
Gamma-glutamyl-cysteine Bulb 0
Gamma-glutamyl-methionine Bulb 20 345
Gamma-glutamyl-phenylalanine Bulb
Gamma-glutamyl-s-allyl-mercaptocysteine Bulb 10 85
Gamma-glutamyl-s-allylcysteine Bulb 2,000 17,145
Gamma-glutamyl-s-beta-carboxy-beta-methyl-ethyl-cysteinyl-glycine Bulb
Gamma-glutamyl-s-cis-1-propenylcysteine Bulb 60 430
Gamma-glutamyl-s-methyl-cysteine Bulb 100 1,145
Gamma-glutamyl-s-methylcysteine-sulfoxide Bulb 0
Gamma-glutamyl-s-propyl-cysteine Bulb
Gamma-glutamyl-s-trans-1-propenylcysteine Bulb 3,000 25,715
Gamma-glutamyl-s-trans-1-propenylcysteine-sulfoxide Bulb 0
Gamma-l-glutamyl-5-allyl-cysteine Bulb 736
Gamma-l-glutamyl-cysteines Bulb 5,000 45,715
Gamma-l-glutamyl-isoleucine Bulb
Gamma-l-glutamyl-l-leucine Bulb
Gamma-l-glutamyl-l-phenylalanine Bulb
Gamma-l-glutamyl-l-valine Plant
Gamma-l-glutamyl-methionine Bulb
Gamma-l-glutamyl-phenylalanine Bulb 63.2
Gamma-l-glutamyl-s-(2-carboxy-1-propyl)-cysteineglycine Plant
Gamma-l-glutamyl-s-(trans-1-propenyl)-cysteine Bulb 224
Gamma-l-glutamyl-s-allyl-cysteine Bulb 0
Gamma-l-glutamyl-s-allyl-l-cysteine Bulb
Gamma-l-glutamyl-s-allyl-mercapto-cysteine Bulb
Gamma-l-glutamyl-s-beta-carboxy-beta-methyl-ethyl-cysteinyl-glycine Bulb
Gamma-l-glutamyl-s-methyl-l-cysteine-sulfoxide Bulb
Gamma-l-glutamyl-s-propyl-l-cysteine Bulb
Geraniol Bulb
Germanium Bulb 0 0.3
Gibberellin-a-3 Bulb
Gibberellin-a-7 Bulb
Gitonin Root 300
Gitonin-f Root 300
Glucose Bulb 12,000
Leaf
Glutamic-acid Bulb 5 19,320
Leaf
Glutamine Bulb 0 2,300
Glutathione Bulb 0
Glycerol-sulfoquinovoside Bulb
Glycine Bulb 2,000 4,800
Leaf
Guanosine Bulb 200 400
Tuber
Guanylate-cyclase-inhibitor Bulb
Heptadecanone Bulb 20
Hexa-1,5-dienyl-trisulfide Bulb
Hexadecanol Bulb 20
Hexokinase Bulb
Histidine Bulb 2.4 8,300
Inulin Bulb
Iodine Bulb 0.03 0.7
Ionol Bulb 950
Iron Bulb 8 129
Leaf 6 44
Root 1 3
Shoot 17 76
Flower 9 78
Isoalliin Bulb 200 3,430
Isobutyl-isothiocyanate Bulb 0.14 25
Isoeruboside-b Bulb 5
Isoleucine Bulb 0.5 5,208
Leaf
Jasmonic-acid Bulb
Kaempferol Plant
Kilocalories Bulb 1,170 3,630
Flower 390 3,366
Shoot 760 3,410
Leaf 440 3,240
Leucine Bulb 0.3 7,392
Leaf
Lignin Bulb 16,000
Epidermis 16,000
Linalool Bulb
Linoleic-acid Bulb 1,200 7,800
Linoleic-acid-methyl-ester Bulb
Linolenic-acid Bulb
Plant
Lysine Bulb 10 6,552
Leaf
Magnesium Bulb 160 1,210
Root 448 1,210
Maltotriose Bulb
Manganese Bulb 1.6 15.3
Root 0.5 1.4
Methane-sulfinothiocic-acid-2-propenyl-ester Bulb
Methiin Bulb 500 5,715
Methionine Bulb 0.1 9,900
Leaf
Methyl-1-propenyl-disulfide Bulb 40
Methyl-1-propenyl-thiosulfinate Bulb
Methyl-1-propenyl-trisulfide Bulb 60
Methyl-ajoene Bulb
Methyl-alliin Bulb
Methyl-allyl-disulfide Bulb 6 104
Methyl-allyl-hexasulfide Bulb
Methyl-allyl-pentasulfide Bulb
Methyl-allyl-sulfide Bulb 0.5 40
Methyl-allyl-tetrasulfide Bulb 40
Methyl-allyl-thiosulfinate Bulb
Methyl-allyl-trisulfide Bulb 416
Methyl-cysteine-sulfoxide Tissue Culture
Methyl-disulfide Bulb
Fruit Juice
Methyl-methan-thiosulfinate Bulb 50 285
Methyl-prop-2-enyl-trisulfide Essential Oil
Methyl-propenyl-tetrasulfide Bulb 119
Methyl-propyl-disulfide Bulb 0.03 0.66
Methyl-trans-1-propenyl-disulfide Bulb
Methyl-trans-1-propenyl-thiosulfinate Bulb 20 570
Methyl-trans-propenyl-disulfide Fruit Juice
Methyl-trisulfide Bulb
Methylpropyl-trisulfide Bulb 20
Molybdenum Bulb 0.05 0.8
Monogalactosyl-diglyceride Bulb
Muramidase Bulb 0.096
Muridamase Leaf 1.7
Myricetin Bulb 693
Myristic-acid Bulb 614
Myrosinase Bulb
Niacin Bulb 4 17
Leaf 6 44
Shoot 5 22
Root 3 7.4
Flower 4 34
Nickel Bulb 0.1 1.7
Nicotinic-acid Bulb 4.8
Octadecanol Bulb 20
Oleanolic-acid Plant
Oleic-acid Bulb 60 1,200
Ornithine Bulb 2
Leaf
Oxoamidine Bulb
P-coumaric-acid Bulb 2 58
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid Bulb 13
Plant
Palmitic-acid Bulb 400 3,600
Pantothenic-acid Bulb 2.6 7.5
Pectin Bulb 3,000
Fruit Essent. Oil 270,000
Pentadecanoic-acid Bulb 20
Pentadecanol Bulb 20
Pentadecanone Bulb 60
Peroxidase Bulb
Phenolics Bulb 40
Phenylalanine Bulb 0.44 4,392
Phloroglucinol Plant
Phosphatidic-acid Bulb
Phosphatidyl-choline Bulb
Phosphatidyl-ethanolamine Bulb
Phosphatidyl-inositol Bulb
Phosphatidyl-serine Bulb
Phosphorus Bulb 880 5,220
Flower 460 3,966
Leaf 460 3,382
Root 1,650 4,460
Shoot 520 2,332
Root
Phytic-acid Bulb
Plant
Phytin Bulb 790 2,370
Phytosterols Bulb 18 80
Polysaccharides Bulb
Potassium Bulb 3,600 14,830
Shoot 2,730 12,242
Root 4,366 11,800
Leaf 3,260 23,971
Proline Bulb 1.3 5,800
Leaf
Prop-2-enyl-disulfane Bulb
Prop-cis-1-enyl-allyl-disulfide Bulb
Prop-trans-1-enyl-allyl-trisulfide Bulb
Propene Bulb 0.01 6
Propenethiol Bulb 1 41
Propenyl-methyl-thiosulfinate Bulb
Propenylalliin Bulb
Propyl-allyl-disulfide Bulb 99
Propyl-allyl-trisulfide Bulb 119
Prostaglandin-a Bulb
Prostaglandin-a-1 Bulb
Prostaglandin-a-2 Bulb
Prostaglandin-b Bulb
Prostaglandin-b-1 Bulb
Prostaglandin-b-2 Bulb
Prostaglandin-e-1 Bulb
Prostaglandin-e-2 Bulb
Prostaglandin-f Bulb
Prostaglandin-f-1-alpha Bulb
Prostaglandin-f-2-alpha Bulb
Protein Bulb 35,000 179,000
Flower 14,000 121,000
Root 66,230 179,000
Shoot 12,000 54,000
Leaf 26,000 191,000
Protodegalactotigonin Bulb 10
Root 200
Protodesgalactotigonin Bulb 10
Protoeruboside-b Bulb 100 285
Protoisoeruboside-b Bulb 4.2 4.2
Pseudoscoridinine-a Bulb
Pseudoscoridinine-b Bulb
Quercetin Bulb 0.08 200
Quercetin-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Plant
Raffinose Bulb
Leaf
Rhamnose Bulb
Riboflavin Bulb 0.5 3
Flower 0.6 5.2
Leaf 1.4 10.3
Shoot 0.6 2.7
Root 0.6 1.6
Rutin Plant
S-(2-carboxy-propyl)-glutathione Bulb 90 255
S-1-propenyl-cysteine Bulb 0 20
S-allo-mercapto-cysteine Bulb 2
S-allo-mercapto-l-cysteine Bulb 2
S-allyl-cysteine Bulb 0 75
S-allyl-cysteine-sulfoxide Bulb
S-allyl-cysteine-sulphoxide Bulb
Leaf
Shoot
Tissue Culture
S-allyl-l-cysteine Bulb 10
S-allylmercaptocysteine Bulb 0 5
S-ethyl-cysteine-sulfoxide Bulb
S-methyl-cysteine Bulb
S-methyl-cysteine-sulfoxide Bulb 500 5,715
S-methyl-cysteine-sulphoxide Bulb
Tissue Culture
Leaf
Shoot
S-methyl-l-cysteine-sulfoxide Bulb
S-methyl-methionine Bulb
Leaf 65
S-n-butyl-cysteine-sulfoxide Bulb
S-n-methyl-cysteine Bulb
S-propenyl-cysteine Bulb
S-propyl-cysteine-sulphoxide Bulb
Leaf
Tissue Culture
Shoot
S-trans-l-propenyl-cysteine-sulfoxide Bulb 500 5,715
Salicylates Bulb 1 4
Salicylic-acid Bulb 1
Sapogenins Bulb 140 400
Saponins Bulb 350 1,200
Sativoside-b-1 Bulb 30 85
Sativoside-c Bulb 4
Sativoside-r-1 Root 500
Sativoside-r-2 Root 300
Scordine Bulb 250
Scordinin-a Bulb 39,000
Scordinin-a-1 Bulb
Scordinine-a Bulb
Scordinine-a-1 Bulb 66.7 30,000
Scordinine-a-2 Bulb 250 8,000
Scordinine-b Bulb 800
Scordinine-b-1 Bulb
Scordinine-b-2 Bulb
Scordinine-b-3 Bulb
Scordinins Bulb 30 85
Scordonin-a Bulb 39,000
Scorodinin-a-1 Bulb 67 30,000
Scorodinin-a-2 Bulb 250 8,000
Scorodinin-b Bulb 800
Scorodinine-a-3 Bulb 333
Scorodose Bulb 470,000 530,000
Selenium Bulb 0.1 1.6
Root 0.6 1.6
Serine Bulb 5 4,560
Silicon Bulb
Root
Sinapic-acid Bulb 2
Plant 27
Sinapinic-acid Bulb 2
Sodium Bulb 158 559
Leaf 40 294
Root 104 280
Stachyose Bulb
Starch Root 29,600 80,000
Sterols Bulb 18 50
Stigmasterol Plant
Succinic-acid Plant
Sucrose Bulb 70,000
Leaf
Sugars Root 51,800 140,000
Sulfides Bulb
Sulfolipids Bulb 0 29
Sulfur Bulb 2,300 10,570
Taurine Bulb 0.2
Plant
Tellurium Bulb 0.01 0.8
Tetrahydro-2,5-dimethylthiophene Bulb 40
Thiamacornine Bulb
Thiamamidine Bulb
Thiamin Bulb 0 8
Flower 1.1 9.5
Leaf 1.1 8.1
Shoot 1.4 6.3
Thiamine Root 2 5
Thiosulfinates Bulb 3,500 11,800
Threonine Bulb 2 10,000
Leaf
Tin Bulb 6
Root 2.2 6
Tocopherols Bulb 2 5
Trans-1-propenyl-allyl-thiosulfinate Bulb
Trans-1-propenyl-methyl-disulfide Bulb 0.9
Trans-1-propenyl-methyl-thiosulfinate Bulb
Trans-ajoene Bulb 268
Trans-cis-ajoene Bulb
Trans-s-(propenyl-1-yl)-cysteine-disulfide Bulb
Trigonelline Bulb 100 890
Tryptophan Bulb 0.7 1,584
Leaf
Tyrosinase Bulb
Tyrosine Bulb 0.6 6,200
Leaf
Uranium Bulb
Valine Bulb 0.8 6,984
Leaf
Vanillic-acid Bulb 6
Vit-u Plant
Water Bulb 585,000 678,000
Leaf 864,000
Shoot 777,000
Root 630,000
Flower 884,000
Xyloglucan Bulb 1,000 3,000
Xylose Root
Zinc Bulb 15.3
Root
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]