Allium cepa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
bulb onion ever-ready onion multiplier onion onion potato onion shallot Spanish onion spring onion
Allium cepa

Medical use

Economic importance of Allium cepa

Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Allium cepa Allium cepa Allium cepa Allium cepa Allium cepa Allium cepa Allium cepa Allium cepa Allium cepa Allium cepa Allium cepa Allium cepa Allium cepa Allium cepa Allium cepa

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Cultivated
    • Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Cultivated
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Korea; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Indochina
    • Malesia: Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Cultivated
    • Australia: Australia
  • EUROPE
    Cultivated
    • Europe
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • Canada
    • Mexico
    • United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • Caribbean: West Indies
    • Mesoamerica: Central America
    • Brazil: Brazil

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Bulb
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (2230 ppm);found in Seed Oil (292900 ppm);found in Seed (46800 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (2325 ppm);found in Seed Oil (73000 ppm);found in Seed (13140 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Bulb (195 ppm);found in Seed (6300 ppm);found in Seed Oil (35000 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Glutathione found in Bulb
Isoquercitrin found in Bulb
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Acantholytic
Allylmethylsulfide found in Bulb
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Bulb (10 ppm);found in Leaf
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Bulb (4075 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Acidifier
Tartaric-acid found in Bulb
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Bulb
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Tartaric-acid found in Bulb
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Bulb (2289 ppm)
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Albuminurigenic
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Bulb
Alcohol-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Allicin found in Bulb
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Spiraeoside found in Bulb (11300 ppm);found in Epidermis
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (258 ppm)
Allelochemic
Catechol found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (258 ppm)
Allergenic
Allicin found in Bulb
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Bulb
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Catechol found in Bulb
Citric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Ethanol found in Bulb
Mufa found in Bulb (2230 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (2230 ppm);found in Seed Oil (292900 ppm);found in Seed (46800 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (2230 ppm);found in Seed Oil (292900 ppm);found in Seed (46800 ppm)
Amebicide
Allicin found in Bulb
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Analgesic
Adenosine found in Bulb
Alpha-amyrin found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
P-cymene found in Fruit Juice
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Anaphrodisiac
Melatonin found in Bulb
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Boron found in Bulb (45 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Mufa found in Bulb (2230 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (2230 ppm);found in Seed Oil (292900 ppm);found in Seed (46800 ppm)
Anesthetic
Ethanol found in Bulb
Ethylene found in Bulb
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Fiber found in Bulb (126000 ppm);found in Leaf (141000 ppm)
Potassium found in Bulb (22164 ppm)
Anhydrotic
Ethanol found in Bulb
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Bulb (0.076 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Allicin found in Bulb
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Bulb
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (258 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Bulb (3270 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Chromium found in Bulb (4 ppm);found in Seed (4.8 ppm)
AntiAddisonian
Cysteine found in Bulb
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Chromium found in Bulb (4 ppm);found in Seed (4.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Methanol found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bulb (15 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Pufa found in Bulb (6005 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Lithium found in Bulb (0.324 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Manganese found in Bulb (38 ppm);found in Seed (19.4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Antiacetylcholinesterase
P-cymene found in Fruit Juice
Antiacid
Glycine found in Bulb (5341 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Chromium found in Bulb (4 ppm);found in Seed (4.8 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Pufa found in Bulb (6005 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Sulfur found in Bulb (4075 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Bulb (2.5 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Adenosine found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb
Alliin found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Cycloalliin found in Bulb
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Melatonin found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Salicylates found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Chromium found in Bulb (4 ppm);found in Seed (4.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Bulb (135 ppm);found in Leaf (436 ppm);found in Seed (235 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Glutamine found in Bulb
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Manganese found in Bulb (38 ppm);found in Seed (19.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Bulb (5341 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Bulb (6104 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Pantothenic-acid found in Bulb (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Tuliposide-a found in Root
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (2230 ppm);found in Seed Oil (292900 ppm);found in Seed (46800 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (2325 ppm);found in Seed Oil (73000 ppm);found in Seed (13140 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Choline found in Bulb (830 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (2230 ppm);found in Seed Oil (292900 ppm);found in Seed (46800 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (2325 ppm);found in Seed Oil (73000 ppm);found in Seed (13140 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Bulb (11 ppm);found in Seed (18.2 ppm)
Iron found in Bulb (135 ppm);found in Leaf (436 ppm);found in Seed (235 ppm)
Manganese found in Bulb (38 ppm);found in Seed (19.4 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Antiapoptotic
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Bulb (15 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Adenosine found in Bulb
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Potassium found in Bulb (22164 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Bulb (2071 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Silicon found in Bulb (75 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Copper found in Bulb (11 ppm);found in Seed (18.2 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Manganese found in Bulb (38 ppm);found in Seed (19.4 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Bulb (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Sulfur found in Bulb (4075 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Bulb
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Bulb
Antiatherosclerotic
Allicin found in Bulb
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Chromium found in Bulb (4 ppm);found in Seed (4.8 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Ethanol found in Bulb
Lutein found in Bulb (0.02 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Fruit Juice
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Antibacterial
Acetic-acid found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb
Alliin found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Bulb
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Citric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Cycloartenol found in Bulb
Cycloeucalenol found in Bulb
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Endolysin found in Bulb (0.033 ppm);found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Ethanol found in Bulb
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Bulb
Isorhamnetin found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Muramidase found in Bulb (0.033 ppm);found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Fruit Juice
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (107 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Silver found in Bulb (0.054 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (258 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Antibiotic
Allicin found in Bulb
Alliin found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Bulb
Cysteine found in Bulb
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Anticancer
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (258 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Bulb (135 ppm);found in Leaf (436 ppm);found in Seed (235 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Bulb (15 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Cysteine found in Bulb
Methionine found in Bulb (1090 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bulb (15 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Bulb (16 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bulb (15 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bulb (15 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Bulb (135 ppm);found in Leaf (436 ppm);found in Seed (235 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bulb (15 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
Allicin found in Bulb
Antichoreic
Choline found in Bulb (830 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Bulb (830 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Anticollegenase
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Melatonin found in Bulb
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Bulb (4 ppm);found in Seed (4.8 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Anticryptococcic
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Bulb (830 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Anticytotoxic
Cysteine found in Bulb
Glutathione found in Bulb
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Sulfur found in Bulb (4075 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bulb (15 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Choline found in Bulb (830 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Glutamine found in Bulb
Lithium found in Bulb (0.324 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Melatonin found in Bulb
Phenylalanine found in Bulb (3270 ppm)
Potassium found in Bulb (22164 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Fumaric-acid found in Bulb
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Bulb (16 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Allicin found in Bulb
Alliin found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Choline found in Bulb (830 ppm)
Chromium found in Bulb (4 ppm);found in Seed (4.8 ppm)
Copper found in Bulb (11 ppm);found in Seed (18.2 ppm)
Diphenylamine found in Bulb (23000 ppm);found in Plant (500 ppm)
Fiber found in Bulb (126000 ppm);found in Leaf (141000 ppm)
Fructose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Manganese found in Bulb (38 ppm);found in Seed (19.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Xylose found in Bulb
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Bulb
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Bulb (38 ppm);found in Seed (19.4 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Adenosine found in Bulb
Antidote
Methanol found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Bulb (830 ppm)
Manganese found in Bulb (38 ppm);found in Seed (19.4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Glutathione found in Bulb
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Methionine found in Bulb (1090 ppm)
Pufa found in Bulb (6005 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Glucose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Antielastase
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Bulb (17222 ppm)
Glycine found in Bulb (5341 ppm)
Leucine found in Bulb (4469 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Bulb (3161 ppm)
Valine found in Bulb (2943 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Antiendotoxic
Adenosine found in Bulb
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Bulb
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Bulb
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Manganese found in Bulb (38 ppm);found in Seed (19.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Chromium found in Bulb (4 ppm);found in Seed (4.8 ppm)
Copper found in Bulb (11 ppm);found in Seed (18.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Bulb (16 ppm)
Potassium found in Bulb (22164 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (258 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (2325 ppm);found in Seed Oil (73000 ppm);found in Seed (13140 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antiflu
Allicin found in Bulb
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
P-cymene found in Fruit Juice
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Glycine found in Bulb (5341 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Antigiardial
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Antiglaucomic
Allicin found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Bulb (15 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Bulb (4 ppm);found in Seed (4.8 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Melatonin found in Bulb
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Catechol found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antigout
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Bulb (4075 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Fructose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Xylitol found in Bulb
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Bulb (17222 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Glutathione found in Bulb
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Antihepatocarcinogenic
Fumaric-acid found in Bulb
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Bulb
Antihepatotic
Methionine found in Bulb (1090 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Alliin found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Glucose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Pyrocatechol found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Bulb (40 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed Oil
Antiherpetic
Allicin found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Lysine found in Bulb (6104 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Isorhamnetin found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Bulb (830 ppm)
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Bulb (2289 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Bulb
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Pantothenic-acid found in Bulb (16 ppm)
Antihyperglycemic
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Trigonelline found in Seed (13 ppm)
Antihyperinsulinemic
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Antihyperleptinemic
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Antihypertensive
Adenosine found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Bulb
Arginine found in Bulb (17222 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Fiber found in Bulb (126000 ppm);found in Leaf (141000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Potassium found in Bulb (22164 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Lithium found in Bulb (0.324 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Bulb (17222 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Arginine found in Bulb (17222 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Allicin found in Bulb
Alpha-amyrin found in Bulb
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Bulb
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Copper found in Bulb (11 ppm);found in Seed (18.2 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Bulb
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Bulb
Isorhamnetin found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Mufa found in Bulb (2230 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (2230 ppm);found in Seed Oil (292900 ppm);found in Seed (46800 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Quercetin-3-o-beta-d-glucoside found in Bulb (40 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Salicylates found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Bulb (40 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed Oil
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (258 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Adenosine found in Bulb
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Melatonin found in Bulb
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Bulb (15 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Glucose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antileukemic
Allicin found in Bulb
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (258 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Bulb
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Mufa found in Bulb (2230 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (2230 ppm);found in Seed Oil (292900 ppm);found in Seed (46800 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Allicin found in Bulb
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Antilipemic
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Antilipolytic
Adenosine found in Bulb
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Bulb
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Allicin found in Bulb
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Lutein found in Bulb (0.02 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antimalarial
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Antimanic
Choline found in Bulb (830 ppm)
Lithium found in Bulb (0.324 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Antimeningitic
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Bulb
Iron found in Bulb (135 ppm);found in Leaf (436 ppm);found in Seed (235 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Bulb
Pectin found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bulb (15 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Seed (13 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Bulb (6967 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Allicin found in Bulb
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Bulb
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Citric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (107 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Saponins found in Bulb
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Antimyopic
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Antineoplastic
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Bulb
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Bulb (2071 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Allicin found in Bulb
Alliin found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Bulb
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Bulb
Choline found in Bulb (830 ppm)
Copper found in Bulb (11 ppm);found in Seed (18.2 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Bulb (40 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed Oil
Antinyctalopic
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Lutein found in Bulb (0.02 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antiobesity
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Chromium found in Bulb (4 ppm);found in Seed (4.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Bulb (126000 ppm);found in Leaf (141000 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Bulb (75 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Bulb (40 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed Oil
Antiophthalmic
Cysteine found in Bulb
Sucrose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Boron found in Bulb (45 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Sulfur found in Bulb (4075 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Boron found in Bulb (45 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Copper found in Bulb (11 ppm);found in Seed (18.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Manganese found in Bulb (38 ppm);found in Seed (19.4 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Bulb (4038 ppm);found in Leaf (5513 ppm)
Silicon found in Bulb (75 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Bulb
Antiototic
Manganese found in Bulb (38 ppm);found in Seed (19.4 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Methionine found in Bulb (1090 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Bulb (3270 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Bulb (3161 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Bulb (4578 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bulb (15 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (258 ppm)
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Bulb (3161 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bulb (15 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antiplatelet
Allicin found in Bulb
Alliin found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Antipolyneuritic
Pufa found in Bulb (6005 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Allicin found in Bulb
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Lutein found in Bulb (0.02 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Antiprostaglandin
Allicin found in Bulb
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Antiprostatitic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Bulb
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Glutamic-acid found in Bulb
Glycine found in Bulb (5341 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Bulb (1455 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Antipruritic
Ethanol found in Bulb
Glycine found in Bulb (5341 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Lithium found in Bulb (0.324 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Salicylates found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Bulb
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Fruit Juice
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Bulb
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Bulb
Antisarcomic
Allicin found in Bulb
Alliin found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Antischizophrenic
Lithium found in Bulb (0.324 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Sulfur found in Bulb (4075 ppm)
Antiseptic
Allicin found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Catechol found in Bulb
Citric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Ethanol found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Oxalic-acid found in Bulb (10 ppm);found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Phloroglucinol found in Bulb (100 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Pyrocatechol found in Bulb
Sulfur found in Bulb (4075 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Seed (13 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (258 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Antishigellic
Allicin found in Bulb
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Antisickling
Asparagine found in Bulb
Glutamine found in Bulb
Glycine found in Bulb (5341 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (107 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Bulb (3270 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (258 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Bulb (385 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Adenosine found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Isorhamnetin found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Phloroglucinol found in Bulb (100 ppm)
Potassium found in Bulb (22164 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Allicin found in Bulb
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Cycloartenol found in Bulb
Cycloeucalenol found in Bulb
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Bulb (830 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Catechol found in Bulb
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Potassium found in Bulb (22164 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Chromium found in Bulb (4 ppm);found in Seed (4.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Manganese found in Bulb (38 ppm);found in Seed (19.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antitachycardic
Adenosine found in Bulb
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Catechol found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Antithrombotic
Alliin found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Antithyreotropic
Catechol found in Bulb
Melatonin found in Bulb
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Dimethyl-disulfide found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Dipropyl-disulfide found in Bulb
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Allicin found in Bulb
Chromium found in Bulb (4 ppm);found in Seed (4.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Antitubercular
Allicin found in Bulb
Citric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Phloroglucinol found in Bulb (100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (258 ppm)
Antitumor
Allicin found in Bulb
Alliin found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Alpha-amyrin found in Bulb
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Bulb
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Catechol found in Bulb
Citric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Cysteine found in Bulb
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Fiber found in Bulb (126000 ppm);found in Leaf (141000 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Bulb
Isoquercitrin found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (258 ppm)
Antitussive
Pectin found in Bulb
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Alpha-amyrin found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Cysteine found in Bulb
Fiber found in Bulb (126000 ppm);found in Leaf (141000 ppm)
Glutamine found in Bulb
Glycine found in Bulb (5341 ppm)
Histidine found in Bulb (2071 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Pectin found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Threonine found in Bulb (3052 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Bulb (3161 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Bulb (2071 ppm)
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Bulb
Aluminum found in Bulb (385 ppm)
Antivaricose
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Glucose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Antiviral
Allicin found in Bulb
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Bulb
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Catechol found in Bulb
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Lithium found in Bulb (0.324 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
P-cymene found in Fruit Juice
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Bulb (40 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed Oil
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Bulb (3270 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Adenosine found in Bulb
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Bulb
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Bulb (4038 ppm);found in Leaf (5513 ppm)
Potassium found in Bulb (22164 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Bulb (17222 ppm)
Melatonin found in Bulb
Apoptotic
Allicin found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Bulb (40 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed Oil
Arteriodilator
Adenosine found in Bulb
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Arylamine-N-Acetyltransferase-Inhibitor
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (258 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Astringent
Silver found in Bulb (0.054 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Avifuge
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Bulb (126000 ppm);found in Leaf (141000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Potassium found in Bulb (22164 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Bilirubinolytic
Xylitol found in Bulb
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Succinic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
CNS-Depressant
Ethanol found in Bulb
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Bulb (10 ppm);found in Leaf
CNS-Stimulant
Pyrocatechol found in Bulb
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Melatonin found in Bulb
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Allicin found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Bulb (8597 ppm)
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Bulb
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Catechol found in Bulb
Cysteine found in Bulb
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Fiber found in Bulb (126000 ppm);found in Leaf (141000 ppm)
Glutathione found in Bulb
Glycine found in Bulb (5341 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Bulb
Isorhamnetin found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Methionine found in Bulb (1090 ppm)
Mufa found in Bulb (2230 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Bulb (100 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (2230 ppm);found in Seed Oil (292900 ppm);found in Seed (46800 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (107 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Bulb (16 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb
Phloroglucinol found in Bulb (100 ppm)
Prostaglandin-a-1 found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Prostaglandin-e-1 found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Quercetin-3-o-beta-d-glucoside found in Bulb (40 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Bulb (15 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Serine found in Bulb (3815 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Bulb (40 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed Oil
Succinic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Tyrosine found in Bulb (3161 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (258 ppm)
Candidicide
Allicin found in Bulb
Aluminum found in Bulb (385 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Bulb
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Catechol found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Bulb (830 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Bulb (0.2 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Chromium found in Bulb (4 ppm);found in Seed (4.8 ppm)
Copper found in Bulb (11 ppm);found in Seed (18.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Bulb (126000 ppm);found in Leaf (141000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Potassium found in Bulb (22164 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Silicon found in Bulb (75 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Bulb (22164 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Pyrocatechol found in Bulb
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Catabolic
Glutamine found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Bulb (830 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Pectin found in Bulb
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Mufa found in Bulb (2230 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (2230 ppm);found in Seed Oil (292900 ppm);found in Seed (46800 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Quinic-acid found in Bulb
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (258 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Glycolic-acid found in Bulb
Cholinergic
Choline found in Bulb (830 ppm)
Lithium found in Bulb (0.324 ppm)
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Catechol found in Bulb
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Lutein found in Bulb (0.02 ppm)
Zeaxanthin found in Bulb
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Bulb (4075 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Bulb (11 ppm);found in Seed (18.2 ppm)
Melatonin found in Bulb
Convulsant
Catechol found in Bulb
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Bulb (100 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Stearic-acid found in Bulb (195 ppm);found in Seed (6300 ppm);found in Seed Oil (35000 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Allicin found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Melatonin found in Bulb
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-2E1-Inhibitor
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Alpha-amyrin found in Bulb
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Decalcifier
Phloroglucinol found in Bulb (100 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Deliriant
Lithium found in Bulb (0.324 ppm)
Demulcent
Pectin found in Bulb
Sucrose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Deodorant
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Depressant
Melatonin found in Bulb
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Catechol found in Bulb
Mufa found in Bulb (2230 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (2230 ppm);found in Seed Oil (292900 ppm);found in Seed (46800 ppm)
Pyrocatechol found in Bulb
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Cysteine found in Bulb
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Bulb
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Bulb
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Diuretic
Arginine found in Bulb (17222 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Asparagine found in Bulb
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Fiber found in Bulb (126000 ppm);found in Leaf (141000 ppm)
Glycolic-acid found in Bulb
Isoquercitrin found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Potassium found in Bulb (22164 ppm)
Xylitol found in Bulb
Dye
Pyrocatechol found in Bulb
Succinic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Xylose found in Bulb
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Emetic
Calcium-oxalate found in Bulb
Methionine found in Bulb (1090 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Bulb (385 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Bulb (4 ppm);found in Seed (4.8 ppm)
Epidermal-Stimulant
Trigonelline found in Seed (13 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Bulb (0.2 ppm);found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Bulb (2071 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Bulb (4578 ppm)
Leucine found in Bulb (4469 ppm)
Lysine found in Bulb (6104 ppm)
Methionine found in Bulb (1090 ppm)
Threonine found in Bulb (3052 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Valine found in Bulb (2943 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Boron found in Bulb (45 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Bulb (40 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed Oil
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Bulb
Ethanol found in Bulb
FLavor
Citric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Dimethyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Fumaric-acid found in Bulb
Mufa found in Bulb (2230 ppm)
N-propyl-mercaptan found in Bulb
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (2230 ppm);found in Seed Oil (292900 ppm);found in Seed (46800 ppm)
P-cymene found in Fruit Juice
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (2325 ppm);found in Seed Oil (73000 ppm);found in Seed (13140 ppm)
Propionaldehyde found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Pyruvic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Fruit Juice (1034 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Bulb (195 ppm);found in Seed (6300 ppm);found in Seed Oil (35000 ppm)
Tartaric-acid found in Bulb
Threonine found in Bulb (3052 ppm)
Valine found in Bulb (2943 ppm)
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Bulb (10 ppm);found in Leaf
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Fibrinolytic
Cycloalliin found in Bulb
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Flatugenic
Raffinose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Sucrose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Flatulent
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Bulb
Xylitol found in Bulb
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Bulb
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Fruit Juice
Pectin found in Bulb
Phloroglucinol found in Bulb (100 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (258 ppm)
Fungistat
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (107 ppm)
GABA-nergic
Melatonin found in Bulb
GT-Inducer
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Bulb
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Glucogonogenic
Adenosine found in Bulb
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Glutathionergic
Cysteine found in Bulb
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Bulb (1090 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Phloroglucinol found in Bulb (100 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Melatonin found in Bulb
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Hemolytic
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (2325 ppm);found in Seed Oil (73000 ppm);found in Seed (13140 ppm)
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Hemostat
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Citric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Pectin found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Bulb (10 ppm);found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Alliin found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Alpha-amyrin found in Bulb
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Choline found in Bulb (830 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Isorhamnetin found in Bulb
Isorhamnetin-3-glucoside found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Methionine found in Bulb (1090 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Xylitol found in Bulb
Zeaxanthin found in Bulb
Hepatotonic
Glycolic-acid found in Bulb
Hepatotoxic
Allicin found in Bulb
Ethanol found in Bulb
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Herbicide
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Bulb
Catechol found in Bulb
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
P-cymene found in Fruit Juice
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Bulb (100 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (2325 ppm);found in Seed Oil (73000 ppm);found in Seed (13140 ppm)
Sucrose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Salicylates found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Hypertensive
Cadmium found in Bulb (0.38 ppm)
Ethanol found in Bulb
Sodium found in Bulb (2052 ppm)
Hyperuricemic
Xylitol found in Bulb
Hypnotic
Ethanol found in Bulb
Melatonin found in Bulb
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Bulb (17222 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Bulb (6104 ppm)
Hypocalcemic
Ethanol found in Bulb
Hypocholesterolemic
Adenosine found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb
Alliin found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Campesterol found in Bulb (50 ppm);found in Seed
Chromium found in Bulb (4 ppm);found in Seed (4.8 ppm)
Copper found in Bulb (11 ppm);found in Seed (18.2 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Bulb
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Fiber found in Bulb (126000 ppm);found in Leaf (141000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Melatonin found in Bulb
Mufa found in Bulb (2230 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (2230 ppm);found in Seed Oil (292900 ppm);found in Seed (46800 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb
Phytosterols found in Bulb (1455 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Bulb (195 ppm);found in Seed (6300 ppm);found in Seed Oil (35000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Bulb (40 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed Oil
Trigonelline found in Seed (13 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Adenosine found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb
Alliin found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Allyl-propyl-disulfide found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Chromium found in Bulb (4 ppm);found in Seed (4.8 ppm)
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Diphenylamine found in Bulb (23000 ppm);found in Plant (500 ppm)
Manganese found in Bulb (38 ppm);found in Seed (19.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Salicylates found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Seed (13 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Hypolipidemic
Allicin found in Bulb
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Hypotensive
Adenosine found in Bulb
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Choline found in Bulb (830 ppm)
Chromium found in Bulb (4 ppm);found in Seed (4.8 ppm)
Ethanol found in Bulb
Fiber found in Bulb (126000 ppm);found in Leaf (141000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Potassium found in Bulb (22164 ppm)
Prostaglandin-a-1 found in Bulb (1 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Hypothermic
Melatonin found in Bulb
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Bulb (126000 ppm);found in Leaf (141000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Bulb (830 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Adenosine found in Bulb
Alpha-tocopherol found in Bulb (30 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Chromium found in Bulb (4 ppm);found in Seed (4.8 ppm)
Copper found in Bulb (11 ppm);found in Seed (18.2 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Saponins found in Bulb
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Allicin found in Bulb
Alliin found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Melatonin found in Bulb
Phosphorus found in Bulb (4038 ppm);found in Leaf (5513 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (107 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (258 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Inflammatory
Calcium-oxalate found in Bulb
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Insecticide
Allicin found in Bulb
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Bulb
Di-n-propyl-disulfide found in Bulb
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Bulb
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Mufa found in Bulb (2230 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (2230 ppm);found in Seed Oil (292900 ppm);found in Seed (46800 ppm)
P-cymene found in Fruit Juice
Pyrocatechol found in Bulb
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Insectiphile
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Dipropyl-disulfide found in Bulb
Isoquercitrin found in Bulb
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Allicin found in Bulb
Allyl-propyl-disulfide found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Nickel found in Bulb (2.5 ppm);found in Seed (4 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Insulinic
Adenosine found in Bulb
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Bulb (4 ppm);found in Seed (4.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Irritant
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Bulb
Citric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Dimethyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Glycolic-acid found in Bulb
Mufa found in Bulb (2230 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (2230 ppm);found in Seed Oil (292900 ppm);found in Seed (46800 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Bulb (10 ppm);found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Fruit Juice
Tartaric-acid found in Bulb
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Bulb
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Bulb (4075 ppm)
Lachrymatory
Cycloalliin found in Bulb
Larvicide
Allicin found in Bulb
Di-n-propyl-disulfide found in Bulb
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Laxative
Adenosine found in Bulb
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Bulb
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Bulb
Fiber found in Bulb (126000 ppm);found in Leaf (141000 ppm)
Fructose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
P-cymene found in Fruit Juice
Sulfur found in Bulb (4075 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (258 ppm)
Xylitol found in Bulb
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Lipolytic
Adenosine found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb
Alliin found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Dipropyl-disulfide found in Bulb
Lipotropic
Choline found in Bulb (830 ppm)
Methionine found in Bulb (1090 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Allicin found in Bulb
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Cadmium found in Bulb (0.38 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Bulb
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Bulb (100 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (2325 ppm);found in Seed Oil (73000 ppm);found in Seed (13140 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Bulb (195 ppm);found in Seed (6300 ppm);found in Seed Oil (35000 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Lymphocytogenic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Bulb
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Isorhamnetin found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Memorigenic
Choline found in Bulb (830 ppm)
Chromium found in Bulb (4 ppm);found in Seed (4.8 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Bulb (3270 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Bulb (3161 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Mucokinetic
Allicin found in Bulb
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Bulb
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Mucotropic
Ethanol found in Bulb
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Seed (13 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Allicin found in Bulb
Citric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Adenosine found in Bulb
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Bulb (17222 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Allicin found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
NO-Scavenger
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Lithium found in Bulb (0.324 ppm)
Nematicide
Allicin found in Bulb
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Bulb
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Bulb (100 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (2325 ppm);found in Seed Oil (73000 ppm);found in Seed (13140 ppm)
Pyrocatechol found in Bulb
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Nephrotoxic
Cadmium found in Bulb (0.38 ppm)
Diphenylamine found in Bulb (23000 ppm);found in Plant (500 ppm)
Lithium found in Bulb (0.324 ppm)
Mercury found in Bulb (0.001 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Bulb (6967 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Bulb (5341 ppm)
Neurolytic
Ethanol found in Bulb
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Bulb
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Allyl-propyl-disulfide found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Ophthalmic-Antialkali
Cysteine found in Bulb
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Osmoregulator
Trigonelline found in Seed (13 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Bulb (4038 ppm);found in Leaf (5513 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Bulb
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Bulb (40 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed Oil
Oxidant
Alanine found in Bulb (8597 ppm)
Histidine found in Bulb (2071 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Adenosine found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Papain-Inhibitor
Allicin found in Bulb
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Bulb (4075 ppm)
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Bulb (830 ppm)
Pemphigenic
Allylmethylsulfide found in Bulb
Percutaneostimulant
Mufa found in Bulb (2230 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (2230 ppm);found in Seed Oil (292900 ppm);found in Seed (46800 ppm)
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Bulb
Dimethyl-disulfide found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Mufa found in Bulb (2230 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (2230 ppm);found in Seed Oil (292900 ppm);found in Seed (46800 ppm)
Propionaldehyde found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Bulb (195 ppm);found in Seed (6300 ppm);found in Seed Oil (35000 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Bulb
Pesticide
Acetic-acid found in Bulb
Allicin found in Bulb
Alliin found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Aluminum found in Bulb (385 ppm)
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Arsenic found in Bulb (0.076 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Bulb
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Catechol found in Bulb
Cycloartenol found in Bulb
Cycloeucalenol found in Bulb
Cysteine found in Bulb
Di-n-propyl-disulfide found in Bulb
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Endolysin found in Bulb (0.033 ppm);found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Ethanol found in Bulb
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Bulb
Isorhamnetin found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Muramidase found in Bulb (0.033 ppm);found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Bulb (10 ppm);found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Fruit Juice
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (107 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (2325 ppm);found in Seed Oil (73000 ppm);found in Seed (13140 ppm)
Pectin found in Bulb
Phloroglucinol found in Bulb (100 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Pyrocatechol found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Silver found in Bulb (0.054 ppm)
Sinapic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Succinic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Sulfur found in Bulb (4075 ppm)
Thiamin found in Bulb (6 ppm);found in Leaf (6.4 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Seed (13 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (258 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Allicin found in Bulb
Alliin found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Phytoalexin
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (107 ppm)
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Bulb (17222 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Sucrose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Progesteronigenic
Melatonin found in Bulb
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Prooxidant
Allicin found in Bulb
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Iron found in Bulb (135 ppm);found in Leaf (436 ppm);found in Seed (235 ppm)
Lutein found in Bulb (0.02 ppm)
Propecic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Bulb
Linoleic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Seed (106200 ppm);found in Seed Oil (590600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bulb (2230 ppm);found in Seed Oil (292900 ppm);found in Seed (46800 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (2325 ppm);found in Seed Oil (73000 ppm);found in Seed (13140 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Bulb (195 ppm);found in Seed (6300 ppm);found in Seed Oil (35000 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Seed (13 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (107 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Bulb
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Allicin found in Bulb
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Bulb
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Pyrogenic
Adenosine found in Bulb
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Catechol found in Bulb
Diallyl-disulfide found in Essential Oil
Isorhamnetin found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Lutein found in Bulb (0.02 ppm)
Pyrocatechol found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Spiraeoside found in Bulb (11300 ppm);found in Epidermis
Zeaxanthin found in Bulb
Radioprotective
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Bulb (10 ppm);found in Leaf
Respirastimulant
Adenosine found in Bulb
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Bulb (6967 ppm)
Rubefacient
Ethanol found in Bulb
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Bulb (4075 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Bulb (11 ppm);found in Seed (18.2 ppm)
Sclerosant
Ethanol found in Bulb
Secretogogue
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (107 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Secretomotor
Adenosine found in Bulb
Sedative
Adenosine found in Bulb
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
P-cymene found in Fruit Juice
Stigmasterol found in Bulb (40 ppm);found in Seed ;found in Seed Oil
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Sequestrant
Tartaric-acid found in Bulb
Serotoninergic
Melatonin found in Bulb
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Bulb (2325 ppm);found in Seed Oil (73000 ppm);found in Seed (13140 ppm)
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Bulb
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Bulb (17222 ppm)
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Squalene-Monooxygenase-Inhibitor
Alliin found in Bulb ;found in Essential Oil
Succinate-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Allicin found in Bulb
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Bulb (195 ppm);found in Seed (6300 ppm);found in Seed Oil (35000 ppm)
Surfactant
Ethanol found in Bulb
Sweetener
Fructose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Sucrose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Xylitol found in Bulb
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Teratogenic
Ethanol found in Bulb
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Melatonin found in Bulb
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Bulb (3270 ppm)
Tremorilytic
Ethanol found in Bulb
Trichomonicide
Allicin found in Bulb
P-cymene found in Fruit Juice
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Triglycerolytic
Diallyl-sulfide found in Essential Oil
Dipropyl-disulfide found in Bulb
Trypanosomastat
Diallyl-trisulfide found in Essential Oil
Tumor-Promoter
Catechol found in Bulb
Tryptophan found in Bulb (1853 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Bulb ;found in Root ;found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Bulb (52 ppm);found in Flower (28 ppm);found in Leaf (158 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Cycloartenol found in Bulb
Lutein found in Bulb (0.02 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Bulb (107 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Bulb (17540 ppm);found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Bulb (258 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Bulb
Beta-sitosterol found in Bulb (510 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Ethanol found in Bulb
Urease-Inhibitor
Allicin found in Bulb
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Glycine found in Bulb (5341 ppm)
Salicylates found in Bulb (20 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Bulb (1090 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Bulb (1090 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Bulb (0.5 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Root
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Selenium found in Bulb (0.003 ppm)
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Bulb (10 ppm);found in Leaf
Vasoactive
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Vasodilator
Adenosine found in Bulb
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Bulb
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Arginine found in Bulb (17222 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Calcium found in Bulb (3008 ppm);found in Leaf (5385 ppm)
Fiber found in Bulb (126000 ppm);found in Leaf (141000 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Bulb
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Bulb (1230 ppm)
Niacin found in Bulb (75 ppm);found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Potassium found in Bulb (22164 ppm)
Prostaglandin-e-1 found in Bulb
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Bulb
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
Vasoprotective
Anthocyanins found in Bulb
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Bulb
Vibriocide
Allicin found in Bulb
Viristat
Benzyl-isothiocyanate found in Bulb
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf (5000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Sucrose found in Bulb ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Bulb (53 ppm);found in Seed (34 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Allicin found in Bulb
Caffeic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)
Rutin found in Bulb (14000 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bulb (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bulb (48100 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1(f)-beta-fructosyl-sucrose Bulb
1-(methylsulfinyl)-propyl-methyl-disulfide Bulb
1-(propyl-dithio)-propane Essential Oil
1-methyldithio-propane Essential Oil
1-methyltrithio-propane Essential Oil
1-o-caffeoyl-beta-d-glucose Leaf
1-o-feruloyl-beta-d-glucose Leaf
1-o-p-coumaroyl-beta-d-glucose Leaf
1-propyltrithio-propane Essential Oil
Essential Oil
2,3-dimethyl-(dl)-butane-cis-1-cis-dithial-s,s'-dioxide Bulb
2,3-dimethyl-5,6-dithia-bicyclo(2,2,1)hexane-5-oxide Bulb
2,3-dimethylthiophene Bulb
2,4-dimethylthiophene Bulb
Essential Oil
2,5-dimethylthiophene Essential Oil
2-methyl-but-2-en-1-al Bulb
Essential Oil
2-methyl-butyr-2-aldehyde Bulb
2-methyl-pent-2-en-1-al Essential Oil
2-propenyl-l-cysteine-sulfoxide Bulb
24-methylene-cycloartanol Bulb
28-isofucosterol Bulb
3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dioxo-2,5-dihydrothiophene Essential Oil
3,4-dimethylthiophene Bulb
Essential Oil
31-norcycloartenol Bulb
31-norlanostenol Bulb
4-alpha-methyl-zymostenol Bulb
4-hydroxy-benzoic-acid Bulb
Root
Leaf
5-dehydro-avenasterol Seed
5-hexyl-cyclopenta-1,3-dione Bulb
5-methyl-2-n-hexyl-2,3-dihydrofuran-3-one Bulb
5-octyl-cyclopenta-1,3-dione Bulb
6(g)-beta-fructosyl-sucrose Bulb
9,10,13-trihydroxy-octadec-11-enoic-acid Bulb
9,12,13-trihydroxy-octadec-10-enoic-acid Bulb
Abscisic-acid Bulb
Ace-amp-1 Seed
Acetal Bulb
Acetic-acid Bulb
Adenosine Bulb
Alanine Bulb 330 8,597
Allicin Bulb
Alliin Bulb
Essential Oil
Alliin-gamma-glutamyl-peptide Bulb
Alliofuroside-a Pericarp 220
Alliospiroside-a Pericarp 4,600
Alliospiroside-b Fruit 500
Alliospiroside-c Fruit 491
Alliospiroside-d Fruit 71
Allium-cepa-polysaccharide Bulb
Alloside-b Bulb
Allyl-methyl-disulfide Bulb
Allyl-propenyl-disulfide Bulb
Allyl-propyl-disulfide Bulb
Essential Oil
Allylmethylsulfide Bulb
Allylpropyl-sulfide Bulb
Allylthiol-sulfide Bulb
Alpha-amyrin Bulb
Alpha-linolenic-acid Bulb
Alpha-sitosterol Bulb
Alpha-tocopherol Bulb 0.4 30
Seed Oil
Aluminum Bulb 0.3 385
Anthocyanins Bulb
Arabinose Bulb
Arachidic-acid Seed Oil
Arginine Bulb 1,580 17,222
Arsenic Bulb 0.002 0.076
Ascorbic-acid Bulb
Leaf 390 5,000
Ash Bulb 4,000 63,000
Leaf 7,000 90,000
Asparagine Bulb
Aspartic-acid Bulb 640 6,967
Barium Bulb 4 28
Benzyl-isothiocyanate Bulb
Beta-carotene Bulb 0 52
Flower 28
Leaf 12 158
Beta-sitosterol Bulb 120 510
Seed Oil
Seed
Beta-tocopherol Seed Oil
Boron Bulb 1 45
Brassicasterol Seed
Bromine Bulb 1 15
Cadmium Bulb 0.005 0.38
Caffeic-acid Bulb
Leaf
Root
Calcium Bulb 200 3,008
Leaf 420 5,385
Calcium-oxalate Bulb
Campesterol Bulb 10 50
Seed
Carbohydrates Bulb 73,200 798,000
Leaf 47,000 603,000
Carotene Flower 28
Catechol Bulb
Cepaene-1 Bulb
Cepaene-2-a Bulb
Cepaene-2-b Bulb
Cepaene-3 Bulb
Cepaene-4-a Bulb
Cepaene-4-b Bulb
Cepanone Bulb
Ceposide-d Seed
Cholest-7-en-3-beta-ol Bulb
Cholesterol Bulb
Seed
Choline Bulb 830
Chromium Bulb 0.057 4
Seed 4.8
Cis-1-(propenyl-dithio)-propane Essential Oil
Cis-2,3-dimethyl-5,6-dithia-cyclo(2,2,1)heptane-5-oxide Bulb
Cis-3,5-diethyl-1,2,4-trithiolane Leaf
Cis-methylsulphinothioic-acid-s-1-propenylester Bulb
Cis-n-propylsulphinothioic-acid-s-1-propenylester Bulb
Cis-propanethial-s-oxide Bulb
Cis-zweibelane Bulb
Citric-acid Bulb
Leaf
Cobalt Bulb 0.001 0.2
Seed 2.5
Copper Bulb 0.3 11
Seed 18.2
Cyanidin-3-o-beta-d-diglycoside Bulb
Cyanidin-3-o-laminariobioside Bulb
Cyanidin-bioside Bulb
Cyanidin-diglycoside Bulb
Cyanidin-monoglycoside Bulb
Cycloalliin Bulb
Cycloartanol Bulb
Cycloartenol Bulb
Cycloeucalenol Bulb
Cysteine Bulb
Cystine Bulb 210 2,289
D-mannitol Bulb
Di-n-propyl-disulfide Bulb
Diallyl-disulfide Essential Oil
Diallyl-sulfide Essential Oil
Diallyl-trisulfide Essential Oil
Dihydroalliin Bulb
Diisopropyl-trisulfide Bulb
Dimethyl-disulfide Bulb
Essential Oil
Dimethyl-furan Essential Oil
Dimethyl-pentasulfide Essential Oil
Dimethyl-sulfide Essential Oil
Dimethyl-trisulfide Bulb
Essential Oil
Dimethyltetrasulfide Essential Oil
Diphenylamine Bulb 23,000
Plant 500
Dipropenyl-disulphide Bulb
Dipropenyl-sulfide Bulb
Dipropyl-disulfide Bulb
Dipropyl-trisulfide Bulb
Essential Oil
Dipropyltetrasulfide Essential Oil
Eicosen-1-ol Seed
Endolysin Bulb 0.033
Leaf 0.3
Eo Bulb 50 150
Ethanol Bulb
Ethylene Bulb
Fat Bulb 1,000 36,079
Leaf 6,000 77,000
Ferulic-acid Bulb 0.5
Leaf
Root
Fiber Bulb 4,400 126,000
Leaf 11,000 141,000
Fluorine Bulb 0.04 0.8
Fructosan Bulb 100,000 400,000
Fructose Bulb
Leaf
Fumaric-acid Bulb
Gamma-glutamyl-leucine Bulb
Gamma-glutamyl-phenylalanine Bulb
Gamma-glutamyl-phenylalanine-ethyl-ester Bulb
Gamma-glutamyl-s-beta-carboxy-beta-methyl-ethyl-cysteinyl-glycine Bulb
Gamma-glutamyl-s-methyl-cysteine Plant
Gamma-l-glutamyl-arginine Bulb
Gamma-l-glutamyl-cysteine Bulb
Gamma-l-glutamyl-isoleucine Bulb
Gamma-l-glutamyl-l-arginine Bulb
Gamma-l-glutamyl-l-valine Bulb
Gamma-l-glutamyl-s(2-carboxy-n-propyl)l-cysteine Bulb
Gamma-l-glutamyl-s-(1-propenyl)-cysteine-sulfoxide Bulb
Gamma-l-glutamyl-s-(2-carboxy-beta-methyl-ethyl)-cysteinyl-glycine Bulb
Gamma-l-glutamyl-s-(2-carboxy-beta-methyl-ethyl)-cysteinyl-glycine-ethyl-ester Bulb
Gibberellin-a-4 Root
Glucofructan Bulb
Leaf
Glucose Bulb
Leaf
Glutamic-acid Bulb
Glutamine Bulb
Glutan Bulb
Glutathione Bulb
Glycine Bulb 490 5,341
Glycolic-acid Bulb
Gramisterol Bulb
Hexadecen-1-ol Seed
Histidine Bulb 190 2,071
Iron Bulb 2 135
Leaf 34 436
Seed 235
Isoleucine Bulb 420 4,578
Isopropyl-propyl-disulfide Bulb
Isopropyl-propyl-trisulfide Bulb
Isoquercitrin Bulb
Isorhamnetin Bulb
Isorhamnetin-3-glucoside Bulb
Kaempferol Bulb 2
Kaempferol-3,4'-di-o-beta-d-glucoside Bulb
Kaempferol-3-o-sophoroside-7-o-glucuronide Epidermis
Kaempferol-4',7-di-o-beta-d-glucoside Bulb
Kaempferol-4'-o-beta-d-glucoside Bulb
Kilocalories Bulb 380 3,750
Leaf 260 3,330
Lead Bulb 0.01 1.4
Leucine Bulb 410 4,469
Linoleic-acid Bulb
Seed 103,500 106,200
Seed Oil 575,000 590,600
Lithium Bulb 0.152 0.324
Lophenol Bulb
Lutein Bulb 0.02
Lysine Bulb 560 6,104
Magnesium Bulb 76 1,230
Malic-acid Bulb
Leaf
Manganese Bulb 1 38
Seed 19.4
Melatonin Bulb
Mercury Bulb 0.001
Methanethiol Bulb
Methanol Bulb
Leaf
Methionine Bulb 100 1,090
Methionine-methylsulfonium-salt Bulb
Methionine-sulfone Bulb
Methyl-alliin Bulb
Methyl-cis-propenyl-disulfide Bulb
Methyl-cis-propenyl-trisulfide Bulb
Methyl-dithio-methane Essential Oil
Methyl-methane-thiosulfinate Fruit Juice
Methyl-n-propane-thiosulfinate Fruit Juice
Methyl-propenyl-trisulfide Plant
Methyl-propyl-disulfide Bulb
Essential Oil
Methyl-propyl-tetrasulfide Essential Oil
Methyl-trans-propenyl-disulfide Bulb
Methyl-trans-propenyl-trisulfide Bulb
Methylpropyl-trisulfide Bulb
Essential Oil
Mevalonic-acid Bulb 0.5
Molybdenum Bulb 0.1 2.3
Mufa Bulb 230 2,230
Muramidase Bulb 0.033
Leaf 0.3
Myristic-acid Bulb 10 100
Seed Oil
Myrosinase Bulb
N-propyl-mercaptan Bulb
N-propyl-methane-thiosulfinate Fruit Juice
N-propyl-n-propane-thiosulfinate Fruit Juice
N-propylsulphinothioic-acid-s-n-propylester Bulb
Neodecanoic-acid Bulb
Niacin Bulb 1 75
Leaf 7 90
Nickel Bulb 0.05 2.5
Seed 0.03 4
Nitrogen Bulb 1,700 17,690
Nonadecanoic-acid Bulb
Norcepanone Bulb
Oleanolic-acid Bulb
Oleic-acid Bulb 230 2,230
Seed Oil 260,000 292,900
Seed 46,800
Oxalic-acid Bulb 10
Leaf
P-coumaric-acid Bulb
Root
Leaf
P-cymene Fruit Juice
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid Bulb 107
Paeonidin-glycoside Bulb
Palmitic-acid Bulb 240 2,325
Seed Oil 73,000
Seed 13,140
Pantothenic-acid Bulb 1 16
Pectin Bulb
Pelargonidin-monoglycoside Bulb
Pentosan Bulb
Peroxidase Bulb
Phenylalanine Bulb 300 3,270
Phloroglucinol Bulb 100
Phloroglucinol-carboxylic-acid Bulb 100
Phosphorus Bulb 275 4,038
Leaf 310 5,513
Phytohormone Bulb
Phytosterols Bulb 150 1,455
Polysaccharides Bulb 100,000 400,000
Potassium Bulb 1,514 22,164
Proline Bulb 370 4,033
Prop-cis-enyl-propyl-disulfide Bulb
Prop-cis-enyl-propyl-trisulfide Bulb
Prop-trans-enyl-propyl-disulfide Bulb
Prop-trans-enyl-propyl-trisulfide Bulb
Propan-1-ol Bulb
Propanal Bulb
Propane-1-thiol Bulb
Propional Bulb
Propionaldehyde Bulb
Leaf
Prostaglandin-a Bulb
Prostaglandin-a-1 Bulb 1
Prostaglandin-b Bulb
Prostaglandin-e-1 Bulb
Prostaglandin-f Bulb
Protein Bulb 10,940 162,000
Leaf 18,000 231,000
Protocatechuic-acid Bulb 4,500 17,540
Leaf
Pufa Bulb 620 6,005
Pyrocatechol Bulb
Pyruvic-acid Bulb
Fruit Juice 1,034
Quercetin Bulb 0 48,100
Quercetin-3,4'-di-o-beta-d-glucoside Bulb 1,700 5,600
Quercetin-3,4'-diglucoside Bulb
Quercetin-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Bulb 0 40
Quercetin-3-o-sophoroside-7-o-glucuronide Epidermis
Quercetin-4',7-di-o-beta-d-glucoside Bulb 0 160
Quercetin-4-o-beta-d-glucoside Bulb 100 800
Quinic-acid Bulb
Raffinose Bulb
Leaf
Rhamnose Bulb
Riboflavin Bulb 0.4 15
Ribose Bulb
Rubidium Bulb 0.14 6.6
Rutin Bulb 14,000
S-(2-carboxy-propyl)-glutathione Bulb 125
S-(beta-carboxy-beta-methyl-ethyl)-cysteine Bulb
S-allyl-cysteine Bulb
S-methyl-cysteine Bulb
S-methyl-cysteine-sulfoxide Bulb
S-prop-1-enyl-cysteine-s-oxide Bulb 26
S-propyl-cysteine-sulfoxide Bulb
Salicylates Bulb 1 20
Saponins Bulb
Satiomem Bulb
Selenium Bulb 0.001 0.003
Seleno-homocystine Plant
Seleno-methionine Plant
Seleno-methyl-selenocysteine Plant
Seleno-methyl-selenomethionine Plant
Selenoside Plant
Serine Bulb 350 3,815
Sfa Bulb 260 2,520
Silicon Bulb 1 75
Silver Bulb 0.038 0.054
Sinapic-acid Bulb
Root
Leaf
Sodium Bulb 8 2,052
Sodium-prop-cis-1-enyl-thiosulfate Bulb
Sodium-prop-trans-1-enyl-thiosulfate Bulb
Sodium-propyl-thiosulfate Bulb
Spiraeoside Bulb 10,000 11,300
Epidermis
Stearic-acid Bulb 20 195
Seed 6,300
Seed Oil 35,000
Stigmast-7-en-3-beta-ol Seed
Stigmasterol Bulb 40
Seed
Seed Oil
Strontium Bulb 57 162
Succinic-acid Bulb
Leaf
Sucrose Bulb
Leaf
Sugars Bulb
Sulfur Bulb 80 4,075
Tartaric-acid Bulb
Thiamin Bulb 0.3 6
Leaf 0.5 6.4
Thiopropanal-s-oxide Bulb
Thiopropional-s-oxide Bulb
Threonine Bulb 280 3,052
Titanium Bulb 0.38 11
Trans-1-(1-propenyl-dithio)-propane Essential Oil
Trans-2,3-dimethyl-5,6-dithia-cyclo(2,2,1)heptane-5-oxide Bulb
Trans-3,5-diethyl-1,2,4,-trithiolane Leaf
Trans-5-ethyl-4,6,7-trithia-2-decene-4-s-oxide Bulb
Trans-cis-5-ethyl-4,6,7-trithia-2,8-decadiene-4-s-oxide Bulb
Trans-methylsulphinothioic-acid-s-1-propenylester Bulb
Trans-n-propylsulphinothioic-acid-s-1-propenylester Bulb
Trans-s-(1-propenyl)-cysteine-sulfoxide Bulb
Trans-trans-5-ethyl-4,6,7-trithia-2,8-decadiene-4-s-oxide Bulb
Tridecan-2-one Bulb
Trigonelline Seed 13
Tryptophan Bulb 170 1,853
Tseposides Seed
Tuliposide-a Root
Tuliposide-b Root
Tyrosine Bulb 290 3,161
Valine Bulb 270 2,943
Vanillic-acid Bulb 258
Vit-b-6 Bulb 1 18
Water Bulb 866,000 918,000
Leaf 922,000
Xylitol Bulb
Xylose Bulb
Zeaxanthin Bulb
Zinc Bulb 2 53
Seed 34
Zirconium Bulb 0.76 1
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]