Aframomum melegueta Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
alligator-pepper grains-of-paradise Guinea-grains Guinea-pepper melegueta-pepper
Aframomum melegueta

Medical use

Economic importance of Aframomum melegueta

Food additives flavoring
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Aframomum melegueta Aframomum melegueta Aframomum melegueta Aframomum melegueta Aframomum melegueta Aframomum melegueta Aframomum melegueta Aframomum melegueta Aframomum melegueta Aframomum melegueta

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Liberia; Nigeria; Sierra Leone; Togo
    Cultivated
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Gabon
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Nigeria; Sierra Leone
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: India
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • Northern South America: Guyana; Suriname

Biological activities

5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Shogaol found in Plant
Zingerone found in Seed
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Absorbent
Starch found in Seed (400000 ppm)
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit
Adrenergic
Zingerone found in Seed
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Allelochemic
Borneol found in Seed
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Analgesic
6-shogaol found in Seed
Borneol found in Seed
Gingerol found in Plant
Shogaol found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (242000 ppm);found in Seed (170000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (3200 ppm)
Anti-5-HT
6-shogaol found in Seed
8-gingerol found in Seed
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Seed
Antiacne
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Antiaggregant
Gingerol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antiallergic
6-shogaol found in Seed
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Gingerol found in Plant
Shogaol found in Plant
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (3200 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Zingerone found in Seed
Antibacterial
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Borneol found in Seed
Antibronchitic
Borneol found in Seed
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (3200 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Fiber found in Fruit (242000 ppm);found in Seed (170000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antiemetic
Gingerol found in Plant
Shogaol found in Plant
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Seed
Antifatigue
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (3200 ppm)
Antifeedant
Borneol found in Seed
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Gingerol found in Plant
Shogaol found in Plant
Antihistaminic
6-shogaol found in Seed
8-gingerol found in Seed
Gingerol found in Plant
Shogaol found in Plant
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (242000 ppm);found in Seed (170000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (3200 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Borneol found in Seed
Gingerol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Shogaol found in Plant
Zingerone found in Seed
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antilithic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Seed (400000 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (242000 ppm);found in Seed (170000 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1900 ppm)
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Seed
Antioxidant
6-shogaol found in Seed
Gingerol found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Antiprostaglandin
6-shogaol found in Seed
Gingerol found in Plant
Antipyretic
6-shogaol found in Seed
Borneol found in Seed
Gingerol found in Plant
Shogaol found in Plant
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Seed
Antischistosomiac
Gingerol found in Plant
Antiseptic
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Gingerol found in Plant
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit
Paradol found in Plant
Shogaol found in Plant
Antispasmodic
6-shogaol found in Seed
Borneol found in Seed
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (3200 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Borneol found in Seed
Antistress
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (3200 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Gingerol found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Antitumor
Fiber found in Fruit (242000 ppm);found in Seed (170000 ppm)
Antitussive
6-shogaol found in Seed
Antiulcer
6-shogaol found in Seed
Fiber found in Fruit (242000 ppm);found in Seed (170000 ppm)
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Seed
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1900 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (3200 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (242000 ppm);found in Seed (170000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (3200 ppm)
Bradycardic
6-shogaol found in Seed
CNS-Depressant
6-shogaol found in Seed
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit
CNS-Stimulant
Borneol found in Seed
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Seed
Calcium-Antagonist
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Fiber found in Fruit (242000 ppm);found in Seed (170000 ppm)
Gingerol found in Plant
Candidicide
Borneol found in Seed
Cardiodepressant
6-shogaol found in Seed
Cardioprotective
Fiber found in Fruit (242000 ppm);found in Seed (170000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (3200 ppm)
Cardiotonic
6-shogaol found in Seed
8-gingerol found in Seed
Gingerol found in Plant
Zingerone found in Seed
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Fruit (3200 ppm)
Cholagogue
Gingerol found in Plant
Choleretic
Borneol found in Seed
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gingerol found in Plant
Shogaol found in Plant
Zingerone found in Seed
Diuretic
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (242000 ppm);found in Seed (170000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (3200 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Seed (400000 ppm)
Enteromotility-Enhancer
6-shogaol found in Seed
8-gingerol found in Seed
FLavor
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Borneol found in Seed
Zingerone found in Seed
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit
Fungicide
Borneol found in Seed
Gingerol found in Plant
Paradol found in Plant
Shogaol found in Plant
Gastrostimulant
6-shogaol found in Seed
Gingerol found in Plant
Shogaol found in Plant
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit
Hepatoprotective
6-shogaol found in Seed
Borneol found in Seed
Gingerol found in Plant
Herbicide
Borneol found in Seed
Hypertensive
6-shogaol found in Seed
Sodium found in Fruit (9200 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (242000 ppm);found in Seed (170000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Hypotensive
6-shogaol found in Seed
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (242000 ppm);found in Seed (170000 ppm)
Gingerol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (3200 ppm)
Shogaol found in Plant
Zingerone found in Seed
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (242000 ppm);found in Seed (170000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1900 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Seed
Inotropic
Gingerol found in Plant
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Seed
Insecticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Insectifuge
Borneol found in Seed
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Irritant
Borneol found in Seed
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit
Larvicide
6-shogaol found in Seed
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (242000 ppm);found in Seed (170000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Molluscicide
6-shogaol found in Seed
Gingerol found in Plant
Shogaol found in Plant
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Mutagenic
6-shogaol found in Seed
Gingerol found in Plant
Shogaol found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Borneol found in Seed
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Nematicide
6-shogaol found in Seed
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Borneol found in Seed
Gingerol found in Plant
Shogaol found in Plant
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1900 ppm)
Paralytic
Zingerone found in Seed
Perfumery
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Borneol found in Seed
Zingerone found in Seed
Pesticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Borneol found in Seed
Gingerol found in Plant
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit
Paradol found in Plant
Shogaol found in Plant
Poultice
Starch found in Seed (400000 ppm)
Pressor
6-shogaol found in Seed
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit
Secretogogue
Zingerone found in Seed
Sedative
6-shogaol found in Seed
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Borneol found in Seed
Gingerol found in Plant
Shogaol found in Plant
Sprout-Inhibitor
6-shogaol found in Seed
Sympathomimetic
6-shogaol found in Seed
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Thermogenic
6-shogaol found in Seed
8-gingerol found in Seed
Tranquilizer
Borneol found in Seed
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit
Vasoconstrictor
6-shogaol found in Seed
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Fruit (9500 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (242000 ppm);found in Seed (170000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1500 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (3200 ppm)
Zingerone found in Seed
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Seed

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
6-paradol Seed
6-shogaol Seed
7-gingerol Seed
7-paradol Seed
8-gingerol Seed
8-paradol Seed
Alpha-terpineol Seed
Ash Fruit 42,000 103,000
Seed 25,000 105,000
Borneol Seed
Calcium Fruit 750 9,500
Carbohydrates Fruit 278,000 352,000
Cineole Seed
Eo Seed 3,000 80,000
Fat Fruit 20,000
Seed 10,000 20,000
Fiber Fruit 242,000
Seed 110,000 170,000
Gingerol Plant
Hydroxyphenylalkanoles Seed
Hydroxyphenylalkanones Seed
Magnesium Fruit 1,500
Oxalic-acid Fruit
Paradol Plant
Phosphorus Fruit 1,900
Potassium Fruit 3,200
Protein Fruit 58,000 95,000
Shogaol Plant
Sodium Fruit 9,200
Starch Seed 220,000 400,000
Tannins Plant
Terpenyl-acetate Seed
Water Fruit 210,000
Zingerone Seed
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]