Aesculus hippocastanum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
horse-chestnut

Aesculus hippocastanum is a large deciduous tree, commonly known as horse-chestnut or conker tree.

Aesculus hippocastanum

Medical use

Economic importance of Aesculus hippocastanum

Environmental boundary/barier/suport ornamental
Materials wod
Medicines source of aescin
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum Aesculus hippocastanum

Geografical distribution

  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria ; Former Yugoslavia; Greece
    Cultivated
    • Europe
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Cultivated
    • North America

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (18990 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1245 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1015 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Seed Coat (4000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Aesculetin found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
ACTH-genic
Beta-aescin found in Seed
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Absorbent
Starch found in Seed (600000 ppm)
Acaricide
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Seed
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Branches
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Bark
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Astragalin found in Flower
Fraxin found in Bark ;found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Juglanin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rhamnocitrin found in Bud ;found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Bark
Allelochemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Seed Coat (4000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
Cyanidin found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Bark
Allelopathic
Camphene found in Flower Essent. Oil (83000 ppm)
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Flower Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (122000 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Bark
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (18990 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Bark
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (18990 ppm)
Anabolic
Epicatechin found in Bark
Analgesic
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Aesculetin found in Bark
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Seed Oil
Esculetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Bark
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Eleutheroside-b-1 found in Stem
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (18990 ppm)
Anesthetic
Benzaldehyde found in Flower Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Bark
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Anthelmintic
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Tannin found in Flower ;found in Wood
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
AntiCVS
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
AntiEBV
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Seed Coat (4000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Epicatechin found in Bark
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
AntiMS
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Antiacrocyanotic
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Bark
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Bark
Antiaging
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antiallergenic
Myricetin found in Plant
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Opcs found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antialopecic
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (18990 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1245 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Choline found in Flower
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antianaphylactic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Seed Coat (4000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Epicatechin found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Opcs found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (18990 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1245 ppm)
Antianemic
Adenine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Antianeurysm
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Bark
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiarrhythmic
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Aesculetin found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Bark
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Fraxetin found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antiasthmatic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Opcs found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Bark
Antiatherogenic
Opcs found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antibiotic
Opcs found in Seed
Antibradykinic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antibronchitic
Fraxetin found in Bark
Luteolol found in Seed
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Bark
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Bark
Anticancer
Alpha-carotene found in Leaf
Benzaldehyde found in Flower Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Tannin found in Flower ;found in Wood
Anticapillarihemorrhagic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Anticapillary-Fragility
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Aesculetin found in Bark
Aesculetol found in Seed
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Aesculoside found in Seed
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Esculetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Luteolol found in Seed
Procyanidin-a-2 found in Fruit ;found in Fruit Epidermis ;found in Seed Coat (1733.3 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetol found in Seed
Quercetoside found in Seed
Rhamnetol found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Rutoside found in Seed
Xanthorhamnoside found in Seed
Anticariogenic
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Flower ;found in Wood
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Anticellulitic
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Anticephalagic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Anticervicobrachialgic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Bark
Scopolin found in Bark ;found in Pericarp
Antichoreic
Choline found in Flower
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Flower
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Anticonvulsant
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Flower
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antidandruff
Allantoin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Branches
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Choline found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antidermatitic
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Procyanidin-b-4 found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antidiabetic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Seed Coat (4000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Choline found in Flower
Epicatechin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Xylose found in Seed
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Flower ;found in Wood
Antidiuretic
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Antidysenteric
Aesculetin found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Fraxetin found in Bark
Tannin found in Flower ;found in Wood
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Flower
Antieclamptic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Antiedemic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Beta-aescin found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Seed Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Glucose found in Seed
Opcs found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Bark
Antielastase
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Procyanidin-a-2 found in Fruit ;found in Fruit Epidermis ;found in Seed Coat (1733.3 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antiencaphalitic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antiendotoxic
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Antienzymatic
Procyanidin-a-2 found in Fruit ;found in Fruit Epidermis ;found in Seed Coat (1733.3 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiepiglottitic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antierythemic
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Opcs found in Seed
Procyanidin-a-2 found in Fruit ;found in Fruit Epidermis ;found in Seed Coat (1733.3 ppm);found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Aesculetin found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antiexudative
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Opcs found in Seed
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Bark
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1245 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antiflu
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
Beta-aescin found in Seed
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antifracture
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antigastric
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Opcs found in Seed
Antigastrotic
Procyanidin-b-4 found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Antigingivitic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Myricetin found in Plant
Rhamnocitrin found in Bud ;found in Flower
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiglucuronidase
Procyanidin-a-2 found in Fruit ;found in Fruit Epidermis ;found in Seed Coat (1733.3 ppm);found in Leaf
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Antigranulocytopenic
Adenine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antihematomic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antihemorrhoidal
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Aesculoside found in Seed
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antihepatitic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Seed Coat (4000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Epicatechin found in Bark
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Seed (280000 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Glucose found in Seed
Glucuronic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Bark
Stigmasterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower ;found in Wood
Antiherpetic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Branches
Antihistaminic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Isorhamnetin found in Bud
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Myricetin found in Plant
Opcs found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Flower
Antihydrathritic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antihyperglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Seed Coat (4000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Epicatechin found in Bark
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Antihypertensive
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Tannin found in Flower ;found in Wood
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Seed
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antileukemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Seed Coat (4000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Astragalin found in Flower
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (18990 ppm)
Antileukotriene
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Seed Coat (4000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Bark
Antilipolytic
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Flower ;found in Wood
Antilipoperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Seed Coat (4000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Epicatechin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antimanic
Choline found in Flower
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antimeningitic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antineoplastic
Leucodelphinidin found in Bark
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Tannin found in Flower ;found in Wood
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Seed (600000 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Beta-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Seed Oil
Choline found in Flower
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Opcs found in Seed
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Flower ;found in Wood
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Branches
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Seed
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antipanniculopathic
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antipeptic
Allantoin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Branches
Benzaldehyde found in Flower Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antiperiodontic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Myricetin found in Plant
Rhamnocitrin found in Bud ;found in Flower
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antiphlebitic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rhamnocitrin found in Bud ;found in Flower
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antipleuritic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Antiproliferant
Alpha-carotene found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Bark
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Stigmast-4-en-3-one found in Seed
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Plant
Antiproteolytic
Procyanidin-a-2 found in Fruit ;found in Fruit Epidermis ;found in Seed Coat (1733.3 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Allantoin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Branches
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antipyretic
Aesculetin found in Bark
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Alpha-spinasterol found in Bark ;found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Fraxetin found in Bark
Antiraucedo
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Flower ;found in Wood
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Fraxetin found in Bark
Antirhinitic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Seed
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Bark
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Antisecretory
Taraxerol found in Seed Oil ;found in Seed
Antiseptic
Aesculetin found in Bark
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Flower Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (122000 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Fraxetin found in Bark
Fraxin found in Bark ;found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Myricetin found in Plant
Rhamnocitrin found in Bud ;found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Bark
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Flower Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (122000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Bud
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Bark
Antistaphylococcic
Aesculetin found in Bark
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
Esculetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Flower
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Antitachycardic
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antithrombotic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antitonsilitic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Bark
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Tannin found in Flower ;found in Wood
Antitumor
Barringtogenol-c-21-angelate found in Fruit (4.7 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Flower Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Bark
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Hippocaesculin found in Fruit (3.1 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Bark
Tannin found in Flower ;found in Wood
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Leaf
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Seed
Antivaricose
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Glucose found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antivasculitic
Beta-aescin found in Seed
Antivertiginous
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Bark
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Arteriodilator
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Branches
Bacteristat
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Scopoletin found in Bark
Scopolin found in Bark ;found in Pericarp
CNS-Depressant
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Bark
Scopolin found in Bark ;found in Pericarp
CNS-Stimulant
Adenine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Bark
COMP-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Seed Coat (4000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Myricetin found in Plant
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutoside found in Seed
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Cancerostatic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Candidicide
Benzaldehyde found in Flower Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (122000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Candidistat
Fraxetin found in Bark
Fraxin found in Bark ;found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Leucocyanidin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Capillaritonic
Opcs found in Seed
Carcinogenic
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Flower ;found in Wood
Cardiodepressant
Aesculetin found in Bark
Choline found in Flower
Esculetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Flower
Chelator
Tannin found in Flower ;found in Wood
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Cholagogue
Scopoletin found in Bark
Choleretic
Aesculetin found in Bark
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Esculetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Kaempferol-3-o-glucoside found in Flower
Oleic-acid found in Seed (18990 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutoside found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Bark
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Choline-Sparing
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Seed Coat (4000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Epicatechin found in Bark
Cholinergic
Choline found in Flower
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Branches
Colorant
Alpha-carotene found in Leaf
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Corticomimetic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Corticosterogenic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Corticosterone-genic
Beta-aescin found in Seed
Cosmetic
Aesculetin found in Bark
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Esculetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Myristic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1015 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Branches
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Glucuronic-acid found in Seed
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Seed
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Bark
Diuretic
Adenine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Fraxin found in Bark ;found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Friedelin found in Seed
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Dye
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Xylose found in Seed
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Emetic
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Seed (600000 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Essential
Guanine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Histidine found in Leaf
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Seed
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
Astragalin found in Flower
Camphene found in Flower Essent. Oil (83000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Flower Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Benzyl-formate found in Flower Essent. Oil (22000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (122000 ppm)
Camphene found in Flower Essent. Oil (83000 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Bark
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (18990 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1245 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1015 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Flatugenic
Stachyose found in Seed
Sucrose found in Branches
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Seed
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Aesculetin found in Bark
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Esculetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Bark
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Seed Oil
Glucogonogenic
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Flower ;found in Wood
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Hemolytic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Cryptoaescin-a found in Seed
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1245 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Hepatotropic
Epicatechin found in Bark
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (122000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Bark
Histaminic
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Opcs found in Seed
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Leaf
Myristic-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1245 ppm)
Sucrose found in Branches
Hyperglycemic
Beta-aescin found in Seed
Glucose found in Seed
Hypertensive
Aesculetin found in Bark
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Esculetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Hyperuricemic
Adenine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Hypocholesterolemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Seed Coat (4000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Campesterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (18990 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1015 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Hypoglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Seed Coat (4000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Epicatechin found in Bark
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Bark
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Hypotensive
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Astragalin found in Flower
Choline found in Flower
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Bark
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Flower
Immunomodulator
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Opcs found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Saponins found in Seed (280000 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Flower ;found in Wood
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Flower Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Insectifuge
Adenine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Flower Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (122000 ppm)
Camphene found in Flower Essent. Oil (83000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (18990 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Insulinic
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Insulinogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Seed Coat (4000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Epicatechin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Interleukin-1-alpha-Inhibitor
Epicatechin found in Bark
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Interleukin-6-mRNA-Inhibitor
Epicatechin found in Bark
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Irritant
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (122000 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Bark
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (18990 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Seed
Keratolytic
Allantoin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Branches
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Seed Oil
Larvistat
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Laxative
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Lipolytic
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Opcs found in Seed
Lipotropic
Choline found in Flower
Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Seed Coat (4000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Seed Coat (4000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Aesculetin found in Bark
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Epicatechin found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Myricetin found in Plant
Procyanidin-d2 found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Tannin found in Flower ;found in Wood
Lithogenic
Adenine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Bark
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1245 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1015 ppm)
Lymphagogue
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
MAO-Inhibitor
Isorhamnetin found in Bud
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Bark
Tannin found in Flower ;found in Wood
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Memorigenic
Choline found in Flower
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Seed
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Microvasculokinetic
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Seed Oil
Motor-Depressant
Benzaldehyde found in Flower Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Musculotropic
Aesculetin found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Scopoletin found in Bark
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Bark
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Myocardiotonic
Adenine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Aesculetin found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Bark
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Narcotic
Benzaldehyde found in Flower Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Natriuretic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Nematicide
Benzaldehyde found in Flower Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1245 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Bark
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Flower ;found in Wood
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Seed
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Oxidant
Histidine found in Leaf
Oxidase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Plant
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
PAF-Inhibitor
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Pancreatogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Seed Coat (4000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Epicatechin found in Bark
Paralytic
Aesculoside found in Seed
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Flower
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (18990 ppm)
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Seed
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (122000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (18990 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1015 ppm)
Tiglic-acid found in Seed
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Peroxynitrite-Scavenger
Epicatechin found in Bark
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Scopoletin found in Bark
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Bark
Pigment
Cyanidin found in Leaf
Pituitary-Stimulant
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Poultice
Starch found in Seed (600000 ppm)
Preservative
Sucrose found in Branches
Previtamin-A
Alpha-carotene found in Leaf
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Prooxidant
Cyanidin found in Leaf
Propecic
Epicatechin found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (6415 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (18990 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1245 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1015 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Bark
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Seed
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Flower ;found in Wood
Purgative
Pyrogenic
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Isorhamnetin found in Bud
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Bark
Respirastimulant
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Seed Coat (4000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Secretomotor
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Sedative
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
Angelic-acid found in Seed
Benzaldehyde found in Flower Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1245 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Leaf
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (122000 ppm)
Camphene found in Flower Essent. Oil (83000 ppm)
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Sunscreen
Aesculetin found in Bark
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Allantoin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Branches
Esculetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Fraxetin found in Bark
Fraxin found in Bark ;found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Opcs found in Seed
Procyanidin-a-2 found in Fruit ;found in Fruit Epidermis ;found in Seed Coat (1733.3 ppm);found in Leaf
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Leaf ;found in Seed (1015 ppm)
Suppurative
Allantoin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Branches
Sweetener
Cinnamtannin-b-1 found in Seed Coat (408.2 ppm)
Galactose found in Pericarp ;found in Seed
Sucrose found in Branches
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Epicatechin found in Bark
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Termiticide
Benzaldehyde found in Flower Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Thymolytic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Toxic
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (177000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower Essent. Oil (122000 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower Essent. Oil (42000 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Geraniol found in Flower Essent. Oil (4000 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Branches
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Flower Essent. Oil (11000 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
UV-Screen
Aesculetin found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Bark ;found in Seed ;found in Leaf
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Branches
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Fraxin found in Bark ;found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Uterosedative
Scopoletin found in Bark
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Vasodilator
(-)-epicatechin found in Bark ;found in Seed Coat (4000 ppm);found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Adenine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Adenosine found in Flower ;found in Seed
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Bud
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Myricetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed
Rutin found in Flower ;found in Plant
Vasoprotective
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Aesculin found in Bark (30000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Esculin found in Bark (30000 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Seed ;found in Pericarp
Venotonic
Aescin found in Bark ;found in Seed (130000 ppm)
Escin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Seed (125300 ppm);found in Tissue Culture
Procyanidin-a-2 found in Fruit ;found in Fruit Epidermis ;found in Seed Coat (1733.3 ppm);found in Leaf
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Seed
Vulnerary
Allantoin found in Bark ;found in Leaf ;found in Branches
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (147.2 ppm);found in Seed (24 ppm)
Procyanidin-a-2 found in Fruit ;found in Fruit Epidermis ;found in Seed Coat (1733.3 ppm);found in Leaf
Procyanidin-b-4 found in Leaf ;found in Fruit Epidermis
Sucrose found in Branches
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Bud ;found in Seed
Quercetin found in Bark ;found in Seed

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-catechin Bark
Leaf
Fruit Epidermis
(+)-pinitol Pericarp
(-)-epicatechin Bark
Seed Coat 816.3 4,000
Leaf
Fruit Epidermis
(-)-querbrachitol Pericarp
(-)-quinic-acid Pericarp
1,8-cineol Flower Essent. Oil 66,000
1-kestose Seed
16-desoxy-barringtogenol Seed
2,3-dimethyl-hept-5-en-1-al Flower Essent. Oil
2-carboxyarabinitol Leaf 11
2-kestose Seed
2-methyl-buten-1-al Flower Essent. Oil
24-methylene-cycloartenol Seed Oil
3',4',7-trimethyl-ether Plant
3,5-dihydroxy-3',4'7-trimethoxyflavone Plant
3-methyl-butan-1-al Flower Essent. Oil 4,000
3[2"(beta-d-glucopyranosido)4'(beta-d-glucopyranosido)beta-d-glucuronopyranosido]21-beta-angeloyl-22-alpha-acetyl-protoa Seed
3[2"(beta-d-glucopyranosido)4'(beta-d-glucopyranosido)beta-d-glucuronopyranosido]21-beta-tigloyl-22-alpha-acetyl-protoae Seed
5-alpha-tirucalla-8-23-dien-3-beta-ol Seed Oil
5-hydroxy-methyl-furfural Flower Essent. Oil 4,000
6,7-dihydroxycoumarin Seed
6,7-dihydroxycoumarin-6-glucoside Seed
Acetic-acid Seed
Adenine Flower
Seed
Adenosine Flower
Seed
Aescigenin Seed
Aescin Bark
Seed 130,000
Aesculetin Bark
Aesculetol Seed
Aesculin Bark 30,000
Aesculitannin-a Seed Coat 122.4
Aesculitannin-b Seed Coat 132.7
Aesculitannin-c Seed Coat 15
Aesculitannin-d Seed Coat 2.2
Aesculitannin-e Seed Coat 55.1
Aesculitannin-f Seed Coat 11.4
Aesculitannin-g Seed Coat 17.6
Aesculoside Seed
Allantoic-acid Leaf
Allantoin Bark
Leaf
Branches
Alpha-aescin Fruit
Seed
Alpha-amurin Seed Oil
Alpha-carotene Leaf
Alpha-methyl-beta-hydroxybutyric-acid Seed
Alpha-pinene Flower Essent. Oil 177,000
Alpha-spinasterol Bark
Seed
Amino-acids Leaf
Angelic-acid Seed
Aps-sulfotransferase Leaf
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 147.2
Seed 24
Ash Seed 14,000 30,000
Astragalin Flower
Barringtogenol-c Seed
Barringtogenol-c-21-angelate Fruit 4.7
Barringtogenol-d Seed
Benzaldehyde Flower Essent. Oil 11,000
Benzyl-formate Flower Essent. Oil 22,000
Beta-aescin Seed
Beta-amyrin Bark
Seed Oil
Beta-caryophyllene Flower Essent. Oil 13,000
Beta-pinene Flower Essent. Oil 122,000
Beta-sitosterol Bark
Seed
Leaf
Butyl-acetate Flower Essent. Oil 21,000
Butyrospermol Seed Oil
Seed
Campest-7-en-3-beta-ol Seed
Campesterol Bark
Seed
Leaf
Camphene Flower Essent. Oil 83,000
Carbohydrates Seed 740,000
Castaprenol-10 Leaf
Castaprenol-11 Leaf
Castaprenol-12 Leaf
Castaprenol-13 Leaf
Cholesterol Bark
Seed
Choline Flower
Cinnamtannin-b-1 Seed Coat 408.2
Cinnamtannin-b-2 Seed Coat 132.7
Citric-acid Bark
Cryptoaescigenin Seed
Cryptoaescin Seed
Cryptoaescin-a Seed
Cryptoaescin-b Seed
Cyanidin Leaf
Decan-1-ol Flower Essent. Oil 82,000
Dodec-2-en-1-ol Flower Essent. Oil 14,000
Eleutheroside-b-1 Stem
Epi-catechin-(4-beta-6)-epi-catechin-(4-beta-6)-epi-catechin Fruit Epidermis 46.6
Epi-catechin-(4-beta-8)-epi-catechin-(4-beta-8,2-beta-8)-epi-catechin Fruit Epidermis 22.6
Epi-catechin-(4-beta-8,2-beta-7)-catechin-(4-beta-8)-epi-catechin Fruit Epidermis 30.6
Epi-catechin-(4-beta-8,2-beta-7)-epi-catechin-(4-alpha-8)-ent-epi-catechin Fruit Epidermis 118.6
Epicatechin Bark
Escin Bark
Leaf
Seed 22,000 125,300
Tissue Culture
Esculetin Bark
Seed
Esculin Bark 30,000
Stem
Seed
Pericarp
Fat Seed 30,000 50,000
Flavazide Leaf
Flavones Seed
Fraxetin Bark
Fraxin Bark
Stem
Seed
Pericarp
Friedelin Seed
Galactose Pericarp
Seed
Gamma-butyrolactone Flower Essent. Oil
Geraniol Flower Essent. Oil 4,000
Glucose Seed
Glucuronic-acid Seed
Guanine Flower
Seed
Hippoaesculin Seed
Hippocaesculin Fruit 3.1
Hippocastanine Seed
Hippocastanoside Pericarp
Histidine Leaf
Isokaempferide Bud
Isoquercitrin Flower
Leaf
Isorhamnetin Bud
Juglanin Plant
Kaempferol Bud
Seed
Kaempferol-3-0-glucoside Flower
Kaempferol-3-arabinoside Flower
Leaf
Kaempferol-3-o-glucoside Flower
Kaempferol-3-rhamnofuranoside Flower
Leaf
Kaempferol-3-rhamnoglucoside Flower
Kaempferol-4',7-dimethyl-ether Bud
L-(+)-lysine Seed
L-(-)-tryptophan Seed
Lauric-acid Leaf
Leucoanthocyans Leaf
Leucocyanidin Bark
Leucodelphinidin Bark
Limonene Flower Essent. Oil 42,000
Linoleic-acid Leaf
Seed 6,415
Linolenic-acid Leaf
Seed 620
Luteolol Seed
Myo-inositol Pericarp
Myricetin Plant
Myricetin-3',4',7-trimethyl-ether Bud
Seed
Myristic-acid Leaf
Nonan-1-al Flower Essent. Oil 23,000
Oleic-acid Seed 18,990
Opcs Seed
Palmitic-acid Leaf
Seed 1,245
Palmitoleic-acid Leaf
Parkeol Seed Oil
Phytosterols Plant
Plastoquinone-8 Seed
Polyprenols Leaf
Proanthocyanidin-a-4 Seed
Proanthocyanidin-a-6 Seed Coat 17.9
Proanthocyanidin-a-7 Seed Coat 12.7
Proanthocyanidin-polymer Fruit
Proanthocyanin-a-2 Fruit
Procyanidin-a-1 Leaf
Fruit Epidermis
Procyanidin-a-2 Fruit
Fruit Epidermis
Seed Coat 510.2 1,733.3
Leaf
Procyanidin-a-4 Seed Coat 204.1
Procyanidin-b-1 Leaf
Fruit Epidermis
Seed Coat 240
Procyanidin-b-2 Leaf
Seed Coat 612.2 3,066.7
Fruit Epidermis
Procyanidin-b-3 Leaf
Fruit Epidermis
Procyanidin-b-4 Leaf
Fruit Epidermis
Procyanidin-b-5 Leaf
Fruit Epidermis
Seed Coat 40 204.1
Procyanidin-c-1 Leaf
Seed Coat 13.3 204.1
Fruit Epidermis
Procyanidin-d-1 Leaf
Fruit Epidermis
Procyanidin-d2 Leaf
Fruit Epidermis
Procyanidin-e Leaf
Fruit Epidermis
Procyanidin-g Leaf
Fruit Epidermis
Protein Seed 80,000 110,000
Protoaescigenin Seed
Provitamin-d Seed 0.9
Quebrachitol Branches
Leaf
Quercetin Bark
Seed
Quercetin-3',4',7-trimethyl-ether Bud
Quercetin-3'-glucoside Leaf
Quercetin-3,3'-dimethylether Bud
Quercetin-3-arabinoside Leaf
Quercetin-3-rhamnoside Leaf
Quercetin-3-rhamnosidoglucoside Leaf
Quercetol Seed
Quercetoside Seed
Quercitrin Bark
Leaf
Seed
Quinones Seed
Rhamnazin Bud
Rhamnetol Seed
Rhamnocitrin Bud
Flower
Rutin Flower
Plant
Rutoside Seed
Saponins Seed 55,000 280,000
Scopoletin Bark
Scopolin Bark
Pericarp
Serine Leaf
Sitosterol Leaf
Spinasterol Seed
Stachyose Seed
Starch Seed 300,000 600,000
Stearic-acid Leaf
Seed 1,015
Stigmast-4-en-3-one Seed
Stigmast-7-en-3-beta-ol Seed
Stigmasta-5,7-dien-3-beta-ol Seed
Stigmasterol Bark
Seed
Leaf
Sucrose Branches
Tannin Flower
Wood
Taraxerol Seed Oil
Seed
Tiglic-acid Seed
Triacontane Seed
Tridec-2-en-1-ol Flower Essent. Oil 34,000
Urea Leaf
Uric-acid Plant
Seed
Vitamin-k-1 Leaf
Water Seed 30,000 400,000
Xanthorhamnoside Seed
Xylose Seed
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]