Actaea racemosa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
black cohosh black snakeroot

Actaea racemosa is a species of flowering plant of the family Ranunculaceae. It is native to eastern North America from the extreme south of Ontario to central Georgia, and west to Missouri and Arkansas. It grows in a variety of woodland habitats, and is often found in small woodland openings. The roots and rhizomes have long been used medicinally by Native Americans. Extracts from these plant materials are thought to possess analgesic, sedative, and anti-inflammatory properties. Today, black cohosh extracts are being studied as effective treatments for symptoms associated with menopause.

Actaea racemosa

Medical use

Economic importance of Actaea racemosa

Environmental ornamental ornamental
Medicines folklore folklore

Gallery

Actaea racemosa Actaea racemosa Actaea racemosa Actaea racemosa Actaea racemosa Actaea racemosa Actaea racemosa Actaea racemosa Actaea racemosa Actaea racemosa Actaea racemosa Actaea racemosa

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts , New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois , Missouri
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama , Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Root
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Abortifacient
Formononetin found in Root
Absorbent
Starch found in Plant
Acaricide
Formic-acid found in Plant
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (119000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Anorexic
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Root
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
AntiHIV
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Zinc found in Root
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.65 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Plant
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Tin found in Root
Zinc found in Root
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (38 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Antialopecic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Root
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Antianacarditic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Antianemic
Iron found in Root (38 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Root (0.65 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Silicon found in Root (2.7 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Antibacterial
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Tin found in Root
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (38 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Root (0.65 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.65 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Anticephalagic
Formononetin found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.65 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.65 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Root (38 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.65 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Anticolitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antidandruff
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.65 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (119000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antidiarrheic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Antidote
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Root
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Isoferulic-acid found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Antienteritic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiescherichic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Antifeedant
Formononetin found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiflu
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Antigargantitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Root (0.65 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Antigout
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (119000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Root
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Isoferulic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Root (0.65 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antileukemic
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Antileukotriene
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Root
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Root
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Root (38 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.65 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Root
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Plant
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (119000 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Root
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Root (2.7 ppm)
Antiophidic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (2080 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (2.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Isoferulic-acid found in Plant
Manganese found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Root (0.65 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.65 ppm)
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Root
Antiperoxidant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.65 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Antipodagric
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Root
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Root
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Root
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (226 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Root
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Root
Antitonsilitic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Antitumor-Promoter
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Root (119000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (119000 ppm)
Racemoside found in Root
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Zinc found in Root
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Aluminum found in Root (226 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (2080 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Root
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Root (119000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Bruchifuge
Butyric-acid found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (119000 ppm)
Formononetin found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Root (0.65 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root (226 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (119000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (2.7 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Root
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Choleretic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Comedolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Plant
Counterirritant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Cytotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root
Depressant
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (119000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Emetic
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Emollient
Starch found in Plant
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (226 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Root (3.8 ppm)
Estrogenic
Formononetin found in Root
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Plant
FLavor
Formic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Formononetin found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Fungistat
Formic-acid found in Plant
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Hemostat
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Herbicide-Safener
Formononetin found in Root
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (119000 ppm)
Formononetin found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (1.4 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Formononetin found in Root
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Hypotensive
Actein found in Plant ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (119000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Hypothermic
Isoferulic-acid found in Plant
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Root (119000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Phosphorus found in Root (2080 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Root
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Zinc found in Root
Insectifuge
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Irritant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Keratolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (119000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Root (1.8 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Formononetin found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Nematicide
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Nematistat
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Root (2080 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Pesticide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Aluminum found in Root (226 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Butyric-acid found in Plant
Formic-acid found in Plant
Formononetin found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (58 ppm)
Tin found in Root
Zinc found in Root
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Plant
Preservative
Formic-acid found in Plant
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Iron found in Root (38 ppm)
Propecic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Root
Sedative
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Plant
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Root
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Taenicide
Tin found in Root
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Formononetin found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Root
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
VAM-Stimulant
Formononetin found in Root
VEGF-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (3.2 ppm)
Vasodilator
Actein found in Plant ;found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (5970 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (119000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1740 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (31.5 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Plant
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (21 ppm)
Zinc found in Root
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
12-acetylactein Plant
27-deoxyactein Root
27-desoxyacetylacteol Plant
Acetic-acid Plant
Actein Plant
Root
Aluminum Root 226
Ascorbic-acid Root 21
Beta-carotene Root 2.4
Butyric-acid Plant
Calcium Root 5,970
Carbohydrates Root 813,000
Chromium Root 1.8
Cimicifugin Root 150,000 200,000
Cimicifugoside Rhizome
Cimifugoside Root
Cimigenol-xyloside Rhizome
Cimigonite Root
Cimigoside Plant
Cobalt Root 3.8
Eo Plant 1,000 4,000
Fat Root 15,000
Seed 326,000 451,000
Fiber Root 119,000
Formic-acid Plant
Formononetin Root
Gallic-acid Plant
Iron Root 38
Isoferulic-acid Plant
Kilocalories Root 3,200
Magnesium Root 1,740
Manganese Root 1.4
N-methyl-cytisine Plant
Niacin Root 31.5
Oleic-acid Plant
Palmitic-acid Plant
Phosphorus Root 2,080
Potassium Root 10,300
Protein Root 82,000
Seed 162,000 238,000
Racemoside Root
Racemosin Plant
Resin Root
Riboflavin Root 0.65
Salicylic-acid Plant
Selenium Root 3.2
Silicon Root 2.7
Starch Plant
Tannic-acid Plant
Tannin Root
Thiamin Root 58
Tin Root
Water Root 790,000
Zinc Root
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]