Achyranthes aspera Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
burweed chaff-flower chaffbur devil's horsewhip prickly chaff-flower

Achyranthes aspera is a species of plant in the Amaranthaceae family. It is distributed throughout the tropical world. It can be found in many places growing as an introduced species and a common weed. It is an invasive species in some areas, including many Pacific Islands environments. It is one of the 21 leaves used in the Ganesh Patra Pooja done regularly on Ganesh Chaturthi day. In Uttar Pradesh the plant is used for a great many medicinal purposes, especially in obstetrics and gynecology, including abortion, induction of labor, and cessation of postpartum bleeding. The Maasai people of Kenya use the plant medicinally to ease the symptoms of malaria.

Achyranthes aspera

Medical use

Economic importance of Achyranthes aspera

Harmful organism host crop diseases
Environmental potential as soil improver
Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Achyranthes aspera Achyranthes aspera Achyranthes aspera Achyranthes aspera Achyranthes aspera Achyranthes aspera Achyranthes aspera Achyranthes aspera Achyranthes aspera Achyranthes aspera Achyranthes aspera Achyranthes aspera Achyranthes aspera Achyranthes aspera Achyranthes aspera Achyranthes aspera Achyranthes aspera

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Egypt; Morocco; Tunisia
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon
    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria
    • China: China - Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales , Northern Territory, Queensland , Western Australia
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Southeastern Europe: Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Quintana Roo
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Caribbean: Barbados; Dominica; Grenada; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines
    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname
    • Western South America: Bolivia ; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

Biological activities

Abortifacient
Betaine found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Plant
Analeptic
Achyranthine found in Plant
Analgesic
Ecdysterone found in Shoot
AntiHIV
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiallergic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiarrhythmic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antibacterial
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Xylose found in Plant
Antiedemic
Glucose found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antifertility
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antigastritic
Betaine found in Root
Antigingivitic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Glucose found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antihomocystinuric
Betaine found in Root
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Plant
Antileukemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antileukotriene
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antimalarial
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antimyoatrophic
Betaine found in Root
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antioxidant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiplaque
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antipyretic
Achyranthine found in Plant
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiseptic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiulcer
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Plant
Antiviral
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Bruchiphobe
Betaine found in Root
COX-2-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Cardiodepressant
Achyranthine found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Betaine found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Plant
Diuretic
Achyranthine found in Plant
Betaine found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Dye
Xylose found in Plant
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Emmenagogue
Betaine found in Root
Ethanolytic
Betaine found in Root
Expectorant
Betaine found in Root
Hepatoprotective
Betaine found in Root
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Plant
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Hypotensive
Achyranthine found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Juvabional
Ecdysterone found in Shoot
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Lipotropic
Betaine found in Root
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Plant
Mucogenic
Betaine found in Root
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Pesticide
Betaine found in Root
Ecdysterone found in Shoot
Phagocytotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Proteinogenic
Ecdysterone found in Shoot
Purgative
Achyranthine found in Plant
Respirostimulant
Achyranthine found in Plant
Sedative
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Spasmogenic
Achyranthine found in Plant
Sweetener
Galactose found in Plant
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Vasodilator
Achyranthine found in Plant
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Achyranthine Plant
Betaine Root
Ecdysterone Shoot
Galactose Plant
Glucose Plant
Hentriacontane Seed
Oleanolic-acid Plant
Rhamnose Plant
Sapogenins Plant
Xylose Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]