Abies alba Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Christmastree European silver fir silver fir white fir

Abies alba, the silver fir or European silver fir, is a fir native to the mountains of Europe, from the Pyrenees north to Normandy, east to the Alps and the Carpathians, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and south to southern Italy and northern Serbia.

Abies alba

Medical use

Economic importance of Abies alba

Environmental ornamental
Materials esential oils wod

Gallery

Abies alba Abies alba Abies alba Abies alba Abies alba Abies alba Abies alba Abies alba Abies alba Abies alba Abies alba Abies alba Abies alba Abies alba Abies alba Abies alba Abies alba

Geografical distribution

  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Acaricide
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Terpinolene found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Allelopathic
Camphene found in Leaf (738 ppm)
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (304 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Myrcene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Analgesic
Myrcene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (10 ppm)
L-limonene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
P-cymene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiarthritic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Myrcene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Sabinene found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Anticonvulsant
Maltol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Antidandruff
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antieczemic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antifatigue
Maltol found in Plant
Antifeedant
Abietic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Succinic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Terpinolene found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
P-cymene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (304 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antilithic
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antimutagenic
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Myrcene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Myrcene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antioxidant
Camphene found in Leaf (738 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Maltol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antipodagric
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antipyretic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiseborrheic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (304 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Sabinene found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (304 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Myrcene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antitumor
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiulcer
Sabinene found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
P-cymene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Apoptotic
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Bruchiphobe
Succinic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
CNS-Sedative
Maltol found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Maltol found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Candidicide
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (304 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Candidistat
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Myrcene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Comedolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dye
Succinic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-phellandrene found in Plant (46 ppm)
Camphene found in Leaf (738 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
FLavor
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (304 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Camphene found in Leaf (738 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Maltol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Fungicide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Plant (46 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Fungistat
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Maltol found in Plant
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (304 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
P-cymene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hypoglycemic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (304 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Camphene found in Leaf (738 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Myrcene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Irritant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (304 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Myrcene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Keratolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (7 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Motor-Depressant
Maltol found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Myrcene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Nematicide
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Myrcene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Perfumery
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-phellandrene found in Plant (46 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (304 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Myrcene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Sabinene found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Terpinolene found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Pesticide
Alpha-phellandrene found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (304 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Camphene found in Leaf (738 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Gamma-terpinene found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Maltol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Succinic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Terpinolene found in Leaf (38 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Protisticide
Abietic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Schistosomicide
Abietic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Maltol found in Plant
P-cymene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (304 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Camphene found in Leaf (738 ppm)
Sweetener
Maltol found in Plant
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (826 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-pinene found in Leaf (304 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Limonene found in Leaf (1197 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Trichomonicide
P-cymene found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Abietic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Abietinolic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Abietospirone Plant
Alpha-&-beta-abietinolic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-fenchene Leaf 50 70
Alpha-phellandrene Leaf 5 7
Alpha-pinene Plant 590 826
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-thujene Leaf
Beta-fenchene Leaf 5 7
Beta-phellandrene Plant 32 46
Beta-pinene Leaf 218 304
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Bornylene Leaf 1 2
Camphene Leaf 528 738
Cyclofenchene Leaf 1
Decyl-aldehyde Leaf
Delta-3-carene Leaf 2 4
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eo Leaf 2,500 3,500
Gamma-terpinene Leaf 8 10
L-alpha-pinene Leaf
L-bornyl-acetate Leaf
L-limonene Leaf
Laevopimaric-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Lauraldehyde Leaf
Limonene Leaf 855 1,197
Resin, Exudate, Sap
Maltol Plant
Myrcene Leaf 25 35
Neoabietinic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
P-cymene Leaf 25 35
Palustrinic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Sabinene Leaf 5 7
Salicylic-acid Plant
Santene Leaf 45 63
Succinic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Terpinolene Leaf 28 38
Tricyclene Leaf 45 63
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]