Plants with Tonic ethnobotanical use

32515
musk okra, musk-mallow, tropical jewel-hibiscus
37322
milfoil, yarrow
1906
cat-powder, silvervine
38382
39642
five-finger fern, northern maidenhair, pointerweed
47271
horse-chestnut
30468
alligator-pepper, grains-of-paradise, Guinea-grains, Guinea-pepper, melegueta-pepper
25885
agrimony
14019
ground-pine, yellow bugle, yellow bugleweed
2282
ajuga, blue bugle, bugle, bugleherb, bugleweed, common bugle
40262
chocolate-vine, five-leaf akebia, fiveleaf
45922
mimosa, mimosa-tree, pink siris, silktree, silktree albizia, siris, varay-cotton
27985
acacia-tree, Broome raintree, East Indian-walnut, frywood, Indian siris, koko, lebbek, lebbektree, powderpuff-tree, siristree, women's-tongue-tree
28345
agueroot, colicroot, crow-corn, mealy star-grass, mealy starwort, unicorn-root, white star-grass
11669
alder, black alder, European alder
43805
Oregon alder, red alder
44502
speckled alder, swamp alder, tag alder
41084
Chinese-ginger, lesser galanga, lesser galangal
18348
bishop's-weed, bullwort, false bishop's-weed, greater ammi, laceflower, lady's-lace
31588
angelica, angelique, garden angelica, wild parsnip
34631
bullock's-heart, custard-apple, ox-heart
37222
chervil, garden chervil
7145
celeriac, celery, celery-root, Chinese celery, cutting celery, knob celery, leaf celery, root celery, smallage, soup celery, stalk celery, turnip-root celery, wild celery
19773
bitter-root, common dogbane, spreading dogbane
19193
American-hemp, dogbane, hemp dogbane, Indian-hemp
16931
agarwood, aloeswood, eaglewood, Indian aloewood, lign-aloes, Malayan eaglewoodtree
32477
Japanese-asparagus, Japanese-spikenard, spikenard, udo
16670
arbutus, Irish strawberry-tree, strawberry-tree
16230
5584
baby wood-rose, elephant-climber, elephant-creeper, elephant-vine, silken-cord, silver-morning-glory, wood-rose, woolly-morning-glory
32595
21892
serpentary, snakeroot, Virginia serpentary, Virginia snakeroot
28265
arnica, European arnica, leopardsbane, mountain arnica, mountain-tobacco
33491
lad's-love, old-man, slovenwood, southern wormwood, southernwood
31509
absinthe, absinthe wormwood, absinthium, wormwood
32496
sea wormwood, wormseed
21499
Adam-and-Eve, cuckoopint, lords-and-ladies
18945
American wild ginger, Canada snakeroot, wild ginger
2563
Chinese asparagus
6425
39982
membranous milk-vetch
47851
oat, red oat, side oat, tree oat
41605
Indian-lilac, neem, nimtree, sadao India, sweet neem, Thai neem
26305
horseflyweed, indigo-broom, rattleweed, wild indigo, yellow wild indigo, yellow-broom
7384
buchu, honey buchu, mountain buchu
28690
ash gourd, ash-pumpkin, Chinese preserving-melon, Chinese-watermelon, wax gourd, white gourd, white-pumpkin, winter-melon
5365
barberry, common barberry, European barberry, jaundice-berry, piprage
19993
paper-mulberry, tapa-cloth-tree
4785
box, boxtree, boxwood, boxwoodtree, Caucasian boxwood, common box, common boxwood, European box, French boxwood, Persian boxwood, Turkish boxwood
44322
calendula, garden-marigold, marigold, pot-marigold, ruddles, Scotch-marigold, Scottish-marigold
23599
giant stock-bean, gotani-bean, horse-bean, jack-bean, seaside-bean, sword-bean, wonder-bean
24597
caper, caperbush, Flinders-rose
48478
3370
bird pepper, capsicum, hot pepper, red chili, spur pepper, Tabasco pepper
1931
caraway, carum
11769
American chestnut
14455
European chestnut, Spanish chestnut, sweet chestnut
17131
purple cockspur, purple star thistle, red star thistle, saucy-bob, star thistle
4645
bachelor's-button, blaver, blue bottle, blue-poppy, bluebonnets, brushes, corn-pinks, cornflower, hurtsickle, thimbles, witch's-bells
2735
night-blooming cereus, queen-of-the-night
43745
chamomile, common chamomile, corn chamomile, English chamomile, garden chamomile, noble chamomile, Roman chamomile, Russian chamomile, sweet chamomile
15990
pipsissewa, prince's-pine
42229
David's milkberry, David's-root, Davisroot, milkberry, snowberry, West Indian snowberry
40942
10110
feverfew
26785
star-apple
2342
Bengal gram, chickpea, garbanzo, gram
11609
endive, escarole
18186
Belgium endive, chicory, coffee chicory, French endive, succory, witloof
39382
black cohosh, black snakeroot
25726
Chinabark, ledgerbark, quinine, yellow cinchona, yellowbark
7741
8179
Egyptian lime, Indian lime, Key lime, lime, Mexican lime, sour lime, West Indian lime
34650
bigarade, bitter orange, Seville orange, sour orange
34650
bigarade, bitter orange, Seville orange, sour orange
45283
lemon
28387
blood orange, navel orange, orange, sweet orange, Valencia orange
36682
blessed thistle
33831
22618
16810
abata cola, cola, colatree, goora-nut, kola
23638
northern horsebalm, richweed, stoneroot
28548
Japanese goldthread
19333
Jew's-mallow, Nalta jute, tossa jute
27065
American-boxwood, dogwood, eastern flowering dogwood, flowering dogwood, white dogwood
47510
Asiatic dogwood, Japanese cornel, Japanese cornelian-cherry
13209
seaside balsam
14375
Indian-saffron, turmeric
38662
20033
European dodder, greater dodder
37123
quince
19933
Chinese daphne, lilac daphne
10529
black carrot, carrot, eastern carrot, Mediterranean carrot, purple carrot, Queen Anne's-lace, queen's-lace, salosi, sea carrot, wild carrot
31332
20973
border carnation, carnation, clove pink, divine-flower, gilly-flower
44662
burningbush, dittany, fraxinella, gasplant
44165
digitalis, Grecian foxglove, woolly digitalis, woolly foxglove
10930
digitalis, foxglove
44642
dillenia, elephant-apple
40662
29068
Winter's-bark
16510
durian
28161
Indian globe thistle
13880
spiny oleaster
1998
eucommia, gutta-percha-tree
9239
boneset, common boneset, thoroughwax, thoroughwort
16390
eyebright
31863
18826
sumbul
7344
alder buckthorn, frangula, glossy buckthorn
24038
American ash, white ash
19434
flowering ash, manna, manna ash
4085
galega, goat's-rue
25157
37822
checkerberry, creeping wintergreen, mountain-tea, teaberry, wintergreen
38482
Carolina-jasmine, evening trumpet-flower, gelsemium, woodbine, yellow-jessamine
22598
genip, genipap, marmalade-box
23179
great yellow gentian, yellow gentian
47550
spotted geranium, wild geranium
24317
gill-over-the-ground, ground-ivy
46550
climbing-lily, creeping-lily, flame-lily, glory-lily
5164
licorice, licorice-root, liquorice
48616
gmelina, Malay bush-beech
9259
logwood
36623
witch-hazel
44422
sinicuichi, willow-leaf heimia
8919
earth-apple, Jerusalem-artichoke, sunchoke, topinambur
23720
East Indian-sarsaparilla, Indian-sarsaparilla
11190
damask-violet, dame's rocket, dame's-violet, sweet rocket
27205
Indian-sorrel, Jamaica-sorrel, red-sorrel, roselle, sorrel
27686
bine, common hop, European hop, hop
45822
sevenbark, smooth hydrangea, tree hydrangea, wild hydrangea
28025
goldenseal, orangeroot, yellow-puccoon
31388
knobweed
46991
hyssop
46991
hyssop
33810
black-alder, Virginia winterberry, winterberry
40102
elecampane, scabwort, velvet-dock
16970
common jasmine, jasmine, jessamine, poet's jasmine, summer jasmine, white jasmine
36424
butternut, white walnut
41502
Carpathian walnut, English walnut, Madeira walnut, Persian walnut, walnut
3810
rhatany, rhatany-root
7564
bonavist-bean, hyacinth-bean, lablab-bean
28105
compassplant, milk thistle, prickly lettuce, scarole
42070
32063
American larch, eastern larch, hackmatack, red larch, tamarack
26427
32279
motherwort
5966
garden cress, pepperwort, tongue cress, town cress
33930
lovage
11529
Japanese privet, Japanese wax-leaf privet, wax-leaf privet
23280
benjamin-bush, spicebush, wild allspice
26445
Mexican oregano, Mexican-sage
18726
cactus pudding, devil's-root, diabolic-root, divine cactus, dry-whiskey, dumpling cactus, Indian-dope, mescal-button, mescal-buttons, turnip cactus, whiskey cactus, white-mule
12969
dishrag gourd, loofah, rag gourd, smooth loofah, sponge gourd, vegetable-sponge
41842
purple loosestrife, purple lythrum, spiked loosestrife
21992
Japanese whitebark magnolia
29111
magnolia-bark
17230
blue barberry, holly barberry, holly mahonia, mountain-grape, Oregon-grape
39402
Japanese ashberry, Japanese mahonia
47910
creeping barberry, creeping mahonia, Oregon barberry, Oregon grape-holly, Oregon-grape
22152
cheeseweed, Egyptian mallow, least mallow, little mallow, ring-leaf mallow, small-flower mallow, whorl-flower mallow, whorled mallow
6767
mammee-apple, mammy-apple, tropical-apricot
38844
chicle, naseberry, sapodilla, sapote
37462
horehound, white horehound
29868
30108
Cape-lilac, chinaberry, chinaberry-tree, Persian-lilac, Sichuan pagoda-tree, syringa berrytree, Texas umbrella-tree, tulip-cedar, umbrella-cedar, umbrella-tree, white-cedar
18627
common melilot, field melilot, ribbed melilot, yellow melilot, yellow sweet-clover, yellow trefoil
37502
balm, beebalm, lemonbalm, melissa
41382
moonseed, yellow parilla
40602
bog-bean, bog-myrtle, buckbean, marsh trefoil, marsh-clover, water trefoil
28988
partridge-berry, squawvine
22838
beebalm, bergamot, fragrantbalm, mountain-mint, Oswego-tea
44363
beebalm, horse-mint, purple beebalm, wild bergamot, wild bergamot beebalm
13654
dotted monarda, horse-mint, spotted beebalm
46063
currybush, curryleaf, Indian bay
33135
bayberry, candleberry, southern bayberry, southern wax-myrtle, wax-myrtle, waxberry
20594
balsam-of-Peru, balsam-of-Peru-tree, balsam-of-Tolu, opobalsam, Peru balsam, Tolu balsam, Tolu-balsam-tree
10330
garden myrrh, myrrh, sweet chervil, sweet cicely
15750
myrtle
46632
20813
watercress
27625
East Indian lotus, lotus, lotusroot, Oriental lotus, sacred lotus
12910
catmint, catnip
28769
black-caraway, black-cumin, fennel-flower, nigella, nutmeg-flower, Roman-coriander
48756
American basil, hoary basil
6724
pot marjoram, sweet marjoram
32223
Algerian oregano, European oregano, Greek oregano, oregano, pot marjoram, Russian oregano, wild marjoram, wintersweet
32223
Algerian oregano, European oregano, Greek oregano, oregano, pot marjoram, Russian oregano, wild marjoram, wintersweet
32223
Algerian oregano, European oregano, Greek oregano, oregano, pot marjoram, Russian oregano, wild marjoram, wintersweet
32223
Algerian oregano, European oregano, Greek oregano, oregano, pot marjoram, Russian oregano, wild marjoram, wintersweet
32223
Algerian oregano, European oregano, Greek oregano, oregano, pot marjoram, Russian oregano, wild marjoram, wintersweet
33590
Asian rice, lowland rice, rice, upland rice
10851
moutan peony, tree peony
32183
common peony, cottage peony, European peony, garden peony, piney
44602
Asian ginseng, Asiatic ginseng, Chinese ginseng, ginseng, Korean ginseng, Manchurian ginseng, Oriental ginseng
46202
Himalayan ginseng, Nepal ginseng, pseudoginseng
14958
American ginseng, ginseng, Occidental ginseng, sang, sheng
20653
45424
bitterweed, carrot-grass, false ragweed, feverfew, parthenium-weed, ragweed parthenium, Santa Maria, Santa Maria feverfew, whitetop
43145
American-ivy, five-leaf-ivy, Virginia-creeper, woodbine
23820
35658
beefsteak-mint, beefsteakplant, perilla
47450
boldo
46610
Amur corktree, Chinese corktree, phellodendron, phellodendron-bark
48133
date, date palm
25425
bitter-ash, bitterwood, Jamaica quassia, Jamaica quassiawood, quassia
46870
kava, kava pepper, kava-kava, kawa pepper
18466
Asian plantain, Asian psyllium, psyllium
43545
London plane, London planetree
14915
American plane, American planetree, American sycamore, buttonball, buttontree, buttonwood, eastern sycamore, sycamore
13673
chenar, Oriental plane, Oriental planetree
47771
40305
Himalayan mayapple
41582
American-mandrake, mayapple, wild mandrake
16011
Seneca snakeroot, senega snakeroot, senega-root, sengaroot
14175
Solomon's-seal
4165
American knotweed, common knotweed, doorweed, English knotgrass, knotgrass, knotweed, narrow-leaf knotweed, northern knotweed, prostrate knotweed, wireweed
41722
black poplar, Lombardy poplar
14395
heal-all, self-heal, selfheal
3210
ansu apricot, apricot, Siberian apricot, Tibetan apricot
37342
bird cherry, gean, mazzard cherry, sweet cherry, wild cherry
5705
dwarf cherry, Maraschino cherry, morello cherry, pie cherry, sour cherry, tart cherry
8279
almond, bitter almond, sweet almond
38862
cherry-laurel
19213
Gandhi cherry, mahaleb cherry, perfumed cherry, rock cherry, St. Lucie cherry
19693
blackdot, scurfy-pea
48716
bracken, bracken fern, brake, northern bracken fern
22782
26705
28929
bitterwood, quassia, quassia-wood, Surinam quassia
20013
stave oak, white oak
44302
English oak, European oak, pedunculate oak
40183
black oak, quercitron oak, yellow oak
31648
Chinese radish, fodder radish, garden radish, Japanese radish, oil radish, Oriental radish, radish, rat-tail radish, serpent radish, small radish, tail-pod radish, turnip radish
28969
ajmaline, Java devil-pepper, rauwolfia, serpentine-wood, snakewood
48279
Chinese-foxglove, rehmannia
25947
Chinese rhubarb, Tibetan rhubarb
2522
Chinese rhubarb, ornamental rhubarb
45223
25965
American mangrove, mangrove, red mangrove
10730
red sumac, scarlet sumac, scarlet sumach, smooth sumac, smooth sumach, upland sumach, vinegar-bush, vinegar-tree
3730
black locust, false acacia
16310
29290
damask rose, four-seasons rose, Portland rose, York-and-Lancaster rose
19473
apothecary rose, French rose, Hungarian rose, officinal rose, red rose, red-rose-of-Lancaster
35720
rosemary
31349
Indian madder
3010
20354
garden sorrel, sorrel, sorrel dock, sour dock
6864
30928
blue willow, cricket-bat willow, golden willow, silver willow, white willow
25226
Chinese salvia, redroot sage
14235
sage
25446
bloodroot, bloodwort, red puccoon, redroot, tetterwort
47570
burnet bloodwort, great burnet, salad burnet, sanguisorba
39823
common pitcherplant, huntsman's-cup, pitcherplant, sweet pitcherplant
16170
sassafras, silky sassifras, white sassafras
15095
savory, summer savory
13574
savory, winter savory
32240
costus
16990
California peppertree, peppertree, Peruvian peppertree, Peruvian-mastictree
43885
48298
Chinese magnolia-vine, five-flavor-fruit, magnolia-vine, schisandra
12649
marsh scullcap, skullcap
34550
mad-dog scullcap, scullcap
4446
golden groundsel, golden ragwort, golden squaw-weed, heart-leaf groundsel, liferoot, squaw-weed
39502
beniseed, benneseed, benniseed, sesame
22270
12189
blessed milk thistle, bull thistle, gundagai thistle, holy thistle, lady's thistle, milk thistle, variegated artichoke, variegated thistle
16451
cedron
22878
30169
Chinaroot, Chinese smilax
23078
brown sarsaparilla, Honduran sarsaparilla, Jamaica sarsaparilla, sarsaparilla
6664
European goldenrod, goldenrod
10150
annual sow thistle, common milk thistle, common sow thistle, hare's-lettuce, milk thistle, smooth sow thistle, sow thistle
20863
shrubby sophora
11549
Chinese scholartree, Japanese pagoda-tree, pagoda-tree
16530
betony, bishop's-wort, purple betony, wood betony
17050
queen's-delight, queen's-root, stillingia, yawroot
32795
9826
36602
common lilac, lilac
44562
clove, cloves, clovetree
12569
bitter-grass, eboka, iboga, ibogo, leaf-of-God, sacredwood
31843
Irish-lace, Irish-lace marigold
19853
common tansy, golden-buttons, tansy
6104
45082
5685
trumpet-flower, trumpetbush, yellow trumpetbush, yellow-bells, yellow-elder
18970
purple tephrosia, wild indigo
29975
catgut, goat's-rue, rabbit-pea, Virginia tephrosia
21652
arjun, kumbuk, white murdh
3670
black myrobalan, chebulic myrobalan
35458
wall germander
24217
water germander
9399
wood germander, wood-sage
7184
Breckland thyme, Breckland-garden, creeping thyme, mother-of-thyme, wild thyme
20553
caltrop, cat's-head, common dubbletjie, devil's-thorn, devil's-weed, goat's-head, puncturevine, small caltrops, tribulus
48696
12830
Chinese snake gourd, Chinese-cucumber
11309
Chilean clover, cowgrass clover, mammoth red clover, medium red clover, peavine clover, purple clover, red clover
39882
Dutch clover, ladino clover, Ladino white clover, white clover, white Dutch clover
3602
Carolina-vanilla, deer's-tongue
8119
damiana, Mexican-holly
41462
California nettle, common nettle, European nettle, giant nettle, nettle, stinging nettle
13069
bilberry, blaeberry, dwarf bilberry, European blueberry, whinberry, whortleberry
44782
Indian valerian
20233
common valerian, garden-heliotrope, valerian
11489
Bourbon vanilla, vanilla
5444
common verbena, common vervain, European vervain, herb-of-the-cross, holywort, official vervain, peristerion-wort, pigeon's-grass, simpler's-joy, turkey-grass, vervain, wild verbena
27465
common speedwell, gypsyweed, heath speedwell, speedwell, upland speedwell
20693
black haw
24257
bell-bean, broad-bean, faba-bean, fava-bean, field-bean, horse-bean, tick-bean, Windsor-bean
44982
common periwinkle, lesser periwinkle, running-myrtle
42868
European mistletoe, mistletoe
3650
common grapevine, European grape, grape, grapevine, wild grape, wine grape
18167
winter-cherry
42548
yellowroot
30569
northern prickly-ash, prickly-ash, toothachetree
48419
37542
ginger