Plants with Laxative ethnobotanical use

6244
Christmastree, European silver fir, silver fir, white fir
38382
40262
chocolate-vine, five-leaf akebia, fiveleaf
3351
9910
dill, garden dill
19773
bitter-root, common dogbane, spreading dogbane
19193
American-hemp, dogbane, hemp dogbane, Indian-hemp
43865
beggar's-buttons, burdock, edible burdock, great burdock, greater burdock, lappa
26745
breadfruit, dugdug
4425
jack, jackfruit, jak
2642
common milkweed, silkweed, silky swallowwort, Virginia-silk
41605
Indian-lilac, neem, nimtree, sadao India, sweet neem, Thai neem
26305
horseflyweed, indigo-broom, rattleweed, wild indigo, yellow wild indigo, yellow-broom
28690
ash gourd, ash-pumpkin, Chinese preserving-melon, Chinese-watermelon, wax gourd, white gourd, white-pumpkin, winter-melon
5365
barberry, common barberry, European barberry, jaundice-berry, piprage
28849
beebread, beeplant, borage, starflower, talewort
23998
black mustard
39682
annual turnip rape, biennial turnip rape, bird rape, bok-choy, broad-beak mustard, brown sarson, caisin, canola, celery cabbage, celery mustard, Chinese cabbage, Chinese flat cabbage, Chinese mustard, Chinese savoy, Chinese white cabbage, choisum, colbaga, colza, false pak-choi, field mustard, flowering white cabbage, Indian colza, Indian rape, Italian kale, kabuna, mock pak-choi, mustard cabbage, napa cabbage, nappa cabbage, pak-choi, pe-tsai, Peking cabbage, Polish canola, purple-stem mustard, rapini, seven-top turnip, Shantung cabbage, spinach mustard, summer turnip rape, tendergreen, toria, turnip, turnip greens, turnip rape, tyfon, white celery mustard, wild turnip, winter turnip rape, yellow sarson, zairainatane
39682
annual turnip rape, biennial turnip rape, bird rape, bok-choy, broad-beak mustard, brown sarson, caisin, canola, celery cabbage, celery mustard, Chinese cabbage, Chinese flat cabbage, Chinese mustard, Chinese savoy, Chinese white cabbage, choisum, colbaga, colza, false pak-choi, field mustard, flowering white cabbage, Indian colza, Indian rape, Italian kale, kabuna, mock pak-choi, mustard cabbage, napa cabbage, nappa cabbage, pak-choi, pe-tsai, Peking cabbage, Polish canola, purple-stem mustard, rapini, seven-top turnip, Shantung cabbage, spinach mustard, summer turnip rape, tendergreen, toria, turnip, turnip greens, turnip rape, tyfon, white celery mustard, wild turnip, winter turnip rape, yellow sarson, zairainatane
39682
annual turnip rape, biennial turnip rape, bird rape, bok-choy, broad-beak mustard, brown sarson, caisin, canola, celery cabbage, celery mustard, Chinese cabbage, Chinese flat cabbage, Chinese mustard, Chinese savoy, Chinese white cabbage, choisum, colbaga, colza, false pak-choi, field mustard, flowering white cabbage, Indian colza, Indian rape, Italian kale, kabuna, mock pak-choi, mustard cabbage, napa cabbage, nappa cabbage, pak-choi, pe-tsai, Peking cabbage, Polish canola, purple-stem mustard, rapini, seven-top turnip, Shantung cabbage, spinach mustard, summer turnip rape, tendergreen, toria, turnip, turnip greens, turnip rape, tyfon, white celery mustard, wild turnip, winter turnip rape, yellow sarson, zairainatane
4785
box, boxtree, boxwood, boxwoodtree, Caucasian boxwood, common box, common boxwood, European box, French boxwood, Persian boxwood, Turkish boxwood
1931
caraway, carum
14796
appleblossom cassia, coral shower, horse cassia, pink shower
48536
American senna, wild senna
34670
catawba, cigartree, common catalpa, Indian-bean, Indian-bean-tree, smoking-bean, southern catalpa
33075
carob, locust-bean, St. John's-bread
8525
celandine, great celandine, greater celandine, nipplewort, swallowwort
31944
fat-hen, giant fat-hen, lamb's-quarters, white goosefoot
10110
feverfew
26785
star-apple
11609
endive, escarole
18186
Belgium endive, chicory, coffee chicory, French endive, succory, witloof
11389
Afghan-melon, bastard-melon, dessert watermelon, egusi melon, egusi watermelon, watermelon, West African watermelon
8179
Egyptian lime, Indian lime, Key lime, lime, Mexican lime, sour lime, West Indian lime
34650
bigarade, bitter orange, Seville orange, sour orange
34650
bigarade, bitter orange, Seville orange, sour orange
43085
autumn-crocus, colchicum, meadow-saffron
31368
cocoyam, dasheen, eddo, elephant's-ear, taro
43605
42490
buffalo gourd, Missouri gourd, prairie gourd
41122
Calcutta-lucerne, cluster-bean, guar, guar-bean, Siam-bean
44642
dillenia, elephant-apple
22012
greater yam, Guyana arrowroot, ten-months yam, water yam, white yam, winged yam, yam
15554
4766
bitter-ash, burningbush, eastern wahoo, wahoo
9239
boneset, common boneset, thoroughwax, thoroughwort
16390
eyebright
31863
37882
38283
common fig, fig
25845
meadowsweet, queen-of-the-meadow
25925
forsythia, golden-bell, goldenbells, weeping forsythia, weeping goldenbells
20082
alpine strawberry, European strawberry, white-fruit strawberry, wild strawberry, woodland strawberry
7344
alder buckthorn, frangula, glossy buckthorn
19434
flowering ash, manna, manna ash
22598
genip, genipap, marmalade-box
40682
dyer's broom, dyer's greenweed, woadwaxen, woodwaxen
46550
climbing-lily, creeping-lily, flame-lily, glory-lily
45023
edamame, soya, soya-bean, soybean
5164
licorice, licorice-root, liquorice
11890
Chinese licorice
41950
20173
gymnema, miracle-fruit, ram's-horn
7087
common ivy, English ivy, Italian ivy, ivy, poet's ivy, yellow-berry ivy
44422
sinicuichi, willow-leaf heimia
27205
Indian-sorrel, Jamaica-sorrel, red-sorrel, roselle, sorrel
39342
kamyuye
45822
sevenbark, smooth hydrangea, tree hydrangea, wild hydrangea
33810
black-alder, Virginia winterberry, winterberry
2710
balsam, garden balsam, rose balsam, touch-me-not
40102
elecampane, scabwort, velvet-dock
38102
blue flag, purple iris, varied-color iris, water flag
15494
Barbados-nut, bubblebush, physicnut, purgenut, purgingnut
36424
butternut, white walnut
41502
Carpathian walnut, English walnut, Madeira walnut, Persian walnut, walnut
14975
bitter lettuce, great lettuce, wild lettuce
44762
bottle gourd, calabash, calabash gourd, white-flower gourd
32063
American larch, eastern larch, hackmatack, red larch, tamarack
26427
5966
garden cress, pepperwort, tongue cress, town cress
3551
common privet, European privet, privet, privet-hedge, wild privet
7604
flax, linseed
10951
Barbary matrimony-vine, Chinese boxthorn, Chinese wolfberry, Duke of Argyll's teaplant, Duke of Argyll's teatree, goji-berry, Himalayan goji, matrimony-vine, Tibetan goji
37802
common club-moss, elk-moss, ground-pine, running club-moss, running-pine, staghorn club-moss
44442
five-seed plume-poppy, plume-poppy, tree celandine
29111
magnolia-bark
46890
blue mallow, cheeses, common mallow, forest mallow, high mallow, tall mallow
37462
horehound, white horehound
28526
tree-of-life
29868
30108
Cape-lilac, chinaberry, chinaberry-tree, Persian-lilac, Sichuan pagoda-tree, syringa berrytree, Texas umbrella-tree, tulip-cedar, umbrella-cedar, umbrella-tree, white-cedar
18627
common melilot, field melilot, ribbed melilot, yellow melilot, yellow sweet-clover, yellow trefoil
41382
moonseed, yellow parilla
40602
bog-bean, bog-myrtle, buckbean, marsh trefoil, marsh-clover, water trefoil
23538
annual mercury, French mercury, herb mercury
29549
canary-wood, cheesefruit, great morinda, Indian-mulberry, rotten cheesefruit
33135
bayberry, candleberry, southern bayberry, southern wax-myrtle, wax-myrtle, waxberry
46632
20813
watercress
20194
tobacco
41542
brush-leaf-tea, holy basil, sacred basil
7643
Mexican-potato, potato-bean, yam-bean
48133
date, date palm
38522
emblic, emblic myrobalan, Indian-gooseberry
6284
pigeonberry, poke, pokeberry, pokeroot, pokeweed, Virginia poke
48218
longleaf pine, longleaf yellow pine, pitch pine, southern pine, southern yellow pine
21633
eastern white pine, Weymouth pine, white pine
5905
blond plantain, blond psyllium, blonde ispaghula, Indian plantago, Indian plantain, ispaghul, ispaghula, psyllium, spogel seeds
38722
41582
American-mandrake, mayapple, wild mandrake
4165
American knotweed, common knotweed, doorweed, English knotgrass, knotgrass, knotweed, narrow-leaf knotweed, northern knotweed, prostrate knotweed, wireweed
4025
bullace plum, damson plum, European plum, gage, gardalu, garden plum, greengage, plum, prune plum, wild plum, yellow plum
8279
almond, bitter almond, sweet almond
17171
flat peach, nectarine, peach, pinto peach
4125
blackthorn, sloe
28929
bitterwood, quassia, quassia-wood, Surinam quassia
40183
black oak, quercitron oak, yellow oak
31648
Chinese radish, fodder radish, garden radish, Japanese radish, oil radish, Oriental radish, radish, rat-tail radish, serpent radish, small radish, tail-pod radish, turnip radish
46650
buckthorn, common buckthorn, European buckthorn
45223
10730
red sumac, scarlet sumac, scarlet sumach, smooth sumac, smooth sumach, upland sumach, vinegar-bush, vinegar-tree
45682
4205
3730
black locust, false acacia
29290
damask rose, four-seasons rose, Portland rose, York-and-Lancaster rose
46042
baby rose, Japanese rose, many-flower rose, multiflora rose, seven-sisters rose
6864
48338
box-holly, butcher's-broom
14059
American elder, American elderberry, Canadian elder, elderberry, Florida elder, Mexican elder, sweet elder
16830
American elder, American elderberry, black elder, blue elder, blue elderberry, blueberry elder, Canadian elder, common elder, elder, elderberry, European elder, European elderberry, Florida elder, Mexican elder, sweet elder
25446
bloodroot, bloodwort, red puccoon, redroot, tetterwort
47790
trumpetleaf, trumpets, umbrella-trumpets, yellow pitcherplant
39823
common pitcherplant, huntsman's-cup, pitcherplant, sweet pitcherplant
15095
savory, summer savory
13574
savory, winter savory
12649
marsh scullcap, skullcap
36402
cereal rye, rye
30269
bitter nightshade, bittersweet, bittersweet nightshade, climbing nightshade, dulcamara, woody nightshade
39742
genet, Spanish-broom, weaver's-broom
13453
spinach
35814
hog-plum, Jamaica-plum, yellow mombin
8580
hog-plum, purple mombin, red mombin, Spanish-plum
17050
queen's-delight, queen's-root, stillingia, yawroot
32795
9826
39162
Malay-apple, mountain-apple, Otaheite-apple, pink satin-ash, pomerac, rose-apple
31824
African marigold, American marigold, Aztec marigold, big marigold, marigold, saffron marigold
6104
18970
purple tephrosia, wild indigo
29975
catgut, goat's-rue, rabbit-pea, Virginia tephrosia
3670
black myrobalan, chebulic myrobalan
24217
water germander
9539
garden nasturtium, Indian cress, nasturtium
8119
damiana, Mexican-holly
44902
red elm, slippery elm
23738
European white-hellebore, white false hellebore, white veratrum, white-hellebore
5784
American false hellebore, American white-hellebore, American-hellebore, giant false helleborine, green false hellebore, green veratrum, Indian poke, itchweed
39022
common violet, English violet, florist's violet, garden violet, sweet violet
48011
3650
common grapevine, European grape, grape, grapevine, wild grape, wine grape