Withania somnifera Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
winter-cherry

Withania somnifera, known commonly as ashwagandha, Indian ginseng, poison gooseberry, or winter cherry, is a plant in the Solanaceae or nightshade family. Several other species in the genus Withania are morphologically similar. It is used as an herb in Ayurvedic medicine.

Withania somnifera

Medical use

Economic importance of Withania somnifera

Medicines folklore

Gallery

Withania somnifera Withania somnifera Withania somnifera Withania somnifera Withania somnifera Withania somnifera Withania somnifera Withania somnifera Withania somnifera Withania somnifera

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West Tropical Africa: Liberia; Mali; Nigeria
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa - Cape Province, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal; Swaziland
    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran ; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Southeastern Europe: Greece ; Italy - Sardinia, Sicily
    • Southwestern Europe: Spain

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Plant
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
ANS-Paralytic
Nicotine found in Root
ANS-Stimulant
Nicotine found in Root
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Absorbent
Starch found in Root
Addictive
Nicotine found in Root
Adjuvant
Cystine found in Fruit
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Root (1000 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Daucosterol found in Root (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Allergenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Amblyopic
Isopelletierine found in Root
Analgesic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Nicotine found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Anesthetic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Anorectic
Nicotine found in Root
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
AntiAddisonian
Cysteine found in Fruit
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Leaf
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiLegionella
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Antiadenocarcinomic
Withaferin-a found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiaging
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiallergic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Antialzheimeran
Choline found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Withaferin-a found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antiasthmatic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Withaferin found in Leaf
Withaferin-a found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antibiotic
Cysteine found in Fruit
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Plant
Anticancer
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Withaferin-a found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticataract
Cysteine found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antichoreic
Choline found in Root
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Root
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Root
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticytotoxic
Cysteine found in Fruit
Antidementia
Choline found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Choline found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Root
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Withaferin-a found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Nicotine found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Nicotine found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Withanolide-e found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiflu
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifumitory
Nicotine found in Root
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antiglaucomic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihemolytic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture
Antiherpetic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Root
Antihomocystinuric
Cystine found in Fruit
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihypercholesterolemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihyperthyroid
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
N-hentriacontane found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture
Withaferin-a found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Withanolide-d found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Root (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Withaferin-a found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Antileukotriene
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimanic
Choline found in Root
Antimelanogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimitotic
Withaferin-a found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root
Antinitrosaminic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture
Antiophthalmic
Cysteine found in Fruit
Sucrose found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antioxidant
4-o-caffeoylquinic-acid found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Campesterol found in Tissue Culture
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cysteine found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture
Sucrose found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplaque
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Antiradicular
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antisarcomic
Antiseptic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Withaferin-a found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Withanolide-d found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Antispasmodic
Daucosterol found in Root (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Root
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistress
Sitoindoside-ix found in Root
Sitoindoside-x found in Root
Sitoindosides found in Root
Antisunburn
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitumor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cysteine found in Fruit
Daucosterol found in Root (2 ppm)
Dulcitol found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Withacnistin found in Leaf
Withaferin found in Leaf
Withaferin-a found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Withanolide-d found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Withanolide-e found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Antiulcer
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cysteine found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture
Withaferin found in Leaf
Withaferin-a found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Root (1000 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bronchorelaxant
Scopoletin found in Plant
CNS-Active
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Withasomnine found in Plant ;found in Root
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
COX-2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cysteine found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Root
Cardioprotective
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cardiovascular
Nicotine found in Root
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Root
Chemopreventive
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Choleretic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quinic-acid found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Cholinergic
Choline found in Root
Nicotine found in Root
Clastogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Collagen-Sparing
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Root (1000 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cosmetic
N-hentriacontane found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Withaferin-a found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Root (1000 ppm)
Detoxicant
Cysteine found in Fruit
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
N-hentriacontane found in Plant
Dopaminigenic
Nicotine found in Root
Ectoparasiticide
Nicotine found in Root
Emetic
Isopelletierine found in Root
Emollient
Starch found in Root
Epinephrininergic
Nicotine found in Root
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture
FLavor
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Root (1000 ppm)
Fungicide
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Withaferin found in Leaf
Withaferin-a found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Glutathionergic
Cysteine found in Fruit
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Choline found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Herbicide
Nicotine found in Root
Scopoletin found in Plant
Histamine-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hypercholesterolemic
Sucrose found in Root (1000 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Nicotine found in Root
Hypnotic
Somniferine found in Root
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Campesterol found in Tissue Culture
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Daucosterol found in Root (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Hypotensive
Choline found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Hypothermic
Visamine found in Root
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Root
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Immunostimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Sitoindoside-ix found in Root
Sitoindoside-x found in Root
Sitoindosides found in Root
Immunosuppressant
Sitoindosides found in Root
Withaferin-a found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Withanolide-d found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insecticide
Nicotine found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Leaf
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Interferonogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Laxative
Isopelletierine found in Root
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Lipotropic
Choline found in Root
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Lubricant
Stearic-acid found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Scopoletin found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Memorigenic
Choline found in Root
Sitoindosides found in Root
Metal-Chelator
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Musculotropic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Mutagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Mydriatic
Isopelletierine found in Root
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Narcotic
Withasomnine found in Plant ;found in Root
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Nematistat
Nicotine found in Root
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Neurotoxic
Nicotine found in Root
Nicotinolytic
Visamine found in Root
Ophthalmic-Antialkali
Cysteine found in Fruit
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Paralytic
Isopelletierine found in Root
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Root
Perfumery
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Cysteine found in Fruit
Nicotine found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Scopoletin found in Plant
Withaferin found in Leaf
Withaferin-a found in Leaf (8600 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Withanolide-d found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Withanolide-e found in Leaf ;found in Shoot
Phagocytotic
Sitoindoside-ix found in Root
Sitoindoside-x found in Root
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Phytoalexin
Scopoletin found in Plant
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Poultice
Starch found in Root
Preservative
Sucrose found in Root (1000 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (600000 ppm);found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protisticide
Rutin found in Leaf
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Sedative
Somniferine found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Plant ;found in Tissue Culture
Visamine found in Root
Withasomnine found in Plant ;found in Root
Serotoninergic
Nicotine found in Root
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Sunscreen
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Plant
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Dulcitol found in Root
Sucrose found in Root (1000 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Toxic
Tropine found in Root
Tranquilizer
Nicotine found in Root
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Root (1000 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture ;found in Root (200 ppm)
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Root (1000 ppm)
Uterosedative
Scopoletin found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Leaf
Vulnerary
Chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Hydroxyproline found in Fruit
Sucrose found in Root (1000 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-anaferine Root
1,3,20-trihydroxy-5,24-withadienolide Plant
14,20r,27-trihydroxy-1-oxo-3,5,24-withatrienolide Plant
14-alpha-hydroxywithanolide Leaf
14-hydroxy-27-deoxywithaferin a Leaf 130
14-hydroxywithanolide-d Plant
17-alpha-hydroxywithanolide Leaf
17-hydroxywithanolide-d Plant
2,3-dehydrosomnifericin Plant 0.1
2,4-methylene-cholesterol Tissue Culture
2-3-dihydrowithaferin Leaf 133
2-3-dihydrowithanolide Leaf
20-28-dihydroxy-1-oxowitha-2-5-8(14)-24-tetraenolide Plant
24-ethylcholest-5-en-3-beta-ol Plant
24-ethylcholesta-5-(z)-24(28)-dien-3-beta-ol Plant
24-ethylidene-cholesterol Tissue Culture
24-methylcholesta-5,24-dien-3beta-ol Plant
24-methylcholesta-5-24(25)-dien-3-beta-ol Plant
27-deoxywithaferin Leaf
27-hydroxywithanolide-d Leaf
Plant
3-alpha-tigloyloxytropane Root
3-tigloylhydroxytropane Root
3-tropyltigloate Root
3alpha-tigloyoxytropane Root
4-beta-20-alpha-(r)-dihydroxy-1-oxo-5-beta-6-beta-epoxywith-2-enolide Leaf 500
4-beta-20-alpha-dihydroxy-1-oxo-5-beta-6-beta-epoxywitha-2-24-dienolide Leaf
4-beta-hydroxy-1-oxo-5-beta-6-beta-epoxywith-2-enolide Leaf 30
4-beta-hydroxywithanolide Leaf
4-deoxyphysalolactone Shoot 80
4-o-caffeoylquinic-acid Leaf
5,20alpha-(r)-dihyroxy-6alpha,7alpha-epoxy-1-oxo-(5alpha)-witha-2,24-dienolide Plant
5,24-stigmastadien-3-ol Plant
5,6-epoxy-20-hydroxy-1,4-dioxo-2,24-withadienolide Plant
5,6-epoxy-20-hydroxy-1,4-dioxo-2-withenolide Plant
5,6-epoxy-4,17-dihydroxy-1-oxo-2,24-withadienolide Plant
5,6-epoxy-4,20-dihydroxy-1-oxo-2-withenolide Plant
5,6-epoxy-4,20-dihydroxy-1-oxo-24-withenolide Plant
5-alpha-20-alpha-(r)-dihydroxy-6-alpha-7-alpha-epoxy-1-oxowitha-2,24-dienolide Root 180
5-alpha-27-hydroxy-6-alpha-7-alpha-epoxy-1-oxowitha-2,24-dienolide Root 5
5-beta-6-beta-epoxy-14-17-20-trihydroxy-1-oxowitha-2-24-dienolide Plant
5-beta-6-beta-epoxy-4-14-17-20-tetrahydroxy-1-oxowitha-2-24-dielolide Plant
5-dehydroxywithanolide Shoot
5alpha,17alpha-(r)-dihyroxy-6alpha,7alpha-epoxy-witha-2,24-dienolide Plant
6,7-epoxy-5,27-dihydroxy-1-oxo-2,24-withadienolide Plant
7-beta-hydroxywithanolide Leaf
Alkaloids Leaf 900
Root 1,300 4,300
Alpha-withananine Plant
Anaferine Root
Anahygrine Root
Beta-sitosterol Leaf
Tissue Culture
Root 4 200
Campesterol Tissue Culture
Chamase Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid Leaf
Choline Root
Cuscohygrine Root
Cysteine Fruit
Cystine Fruit
Daucosterol Root 2
Dihydrowithaferin a Leaf
Dulcitol Root
Hentriacontane Root
Hydroxyproline Fruit
Hygrine Root
Ipuranol Plant
Root
Isochlorogenic-acid-c Leaf
Isopelletierine Root
Kno3 Plant 6,000
Linoleic-acid Seed Oil 600,000
Plant
N-hentriacontane Plant
Nicotine Root
Pseudotropanaol Root
Pseudotropine Root
Pseudowithanine Plant
Quercetin Leaf
Quercetin-3-rutinoside-7-glucoside Leaf
Quinic-acid Leaf
Quresimine-a Plant 0.2
Quresimine-b Plant 0.1
Rutin Leaf
Scopoletin Plant
Sitoindoside-ix Root
Sitoindoside-vii Root 76
Sitoindoside-viii Root 24
Sitoindoside-x Root
Sitoindosides Root
Sominolide Plant 0.05
Sominone Plant 0.08
Somniferanolide Stem Bark 1,400
Somniferawithanolide Stem Bark 150
Somniferianine Plant
Somnifericin Plant 0.06
Somniferine Root
Somniferinine Plant
Somnine Plant
Somnirol Plant
Somnisol Plant
Somnitol Plant
Somniwithanolide Stem Bark 1,500
Starch Root
Stearic-acid Plant
Stigmasterol Plant
Tissue Culture
Sucrose Root 1,000
Tropanaol Root
Tropine Root
Visamine Root
Withacnistin Leaf
Withaferin Leaf
Withaferin-a Leaf 400 8,600
Plant
Shoot
Root
Withaferine Leaf
Withaferinil Plant
Withaferinol a Plant
Withaferins Leaf
Withalactone Plant 0.3
Withananine Root
Withanic-acid Plant
Withanicandrin Leaf
Withanine Root
Withaniol Root 800
Withanolide f Leaf
Withanolide h Leaf
Withanolide i Shoot
Withanolide j Leaf
Withanolide k Leaf
Withanolide l Leaf
Withanolide m Leaf
Withanolide p Leaf
Withanolide q Leaf
Withanolide r Leaf
Withanolide ws-1 Seed 23
Withanolide-d Leaf 500 3,000
Plant
Root
Shoot
Withanolide-e Leaf
Shoot
Withanolide-g Leaf
Shoot
Withanolide-n Leaf
Withanolide-o Leaf
Withanolide-s Leaf
Withanone Leaf
Shoot
Withaoxylactone Plant 0.3 0.6
Withasomine Root
Withasomniferanolide Stem Bark 220
Withasomniferin a Shoot
Withasomniferol-a Root 1.4
Withasomniferol-b Root 4
Withasomniferol-c Root 6
Withasomnilide Stem Bark 270
Withasomnine Plant
Root
Withasonmidienone Plant 0.24
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]