Virola surinamensis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
ucahuba-nut white ucuba

Virola surinamensis is a species of plant in the Myristicaceae family. It is found in Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. It has also been naturalized in the Caribbean. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical swamps, and heavily degraded former forest. It is threatened by habitat loss. Virola surinamensis grows 25–40 m tall. The leaves are 10–22 cm long and 2–5 cm wide. The fruits are ellipsoidal to subglobular, measuring about 13–21 mm long and 11–18 mm in diameter.

Virola surinamensis

Medical use

Economic importance of Virola surinamensis

Human food oil/fat
Materials wod

Gallery

Virola surinamensis Virola surinamensis Virola surinamensis Virola surinamensis Virola surinamensis

Geografical distribution

  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Caribbean: Martinique; Trinidad and Tobago
    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela - Amazonas, Anzoategui, Apure, Aragua, Barinas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro, Federal District, Monagas, Sucre
    • Brazil: Brazil - Acre, Amapa, Amazonas, Ceara, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Para, Piaui, Rondonia, Roraima, Tocantins
    • Western South America: Bolivia - Pando; Colombia; Ecuador - Morona-Santiago, Napo, Pastaza, Sucumbios; Peru - Loreto, Madre de Dios, Pasco, San Martin

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (52360 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (29900 ppm)
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (52360 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (52360 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (52360 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (52360 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (29900 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (52360 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (29900 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Antibacterial
Lauric-acid found in Seed (115000 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (29900 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (52360 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (52360 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Antioxidant
Lauric-acid found in Seed (115000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (496000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (29900 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Antiviral
Lauric-acid found in Seed (115000 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Lauric-acid found in Seed (115000 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Lauric-acid found in Seed (115000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (496000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (52360 ppm)
Candidicide
Lauric-acid found in Seed (115000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (52360 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (496000 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (52360 ppm)
FLavor
Decanoic-acid found in Seed (4760 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (52360 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (29900 ppm)
Fungicide
Capric-acid found in Seed (4760 ppm)
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (29900 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Seed (115000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (496000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (29900 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (52360 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (52360 ppm)
Irritant
Capric-acid found in Seed (4760 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (52360 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (496000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (29900 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Nematicide
Decanoic-acid found in Seed (4760 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (496000 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (29900 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (52360 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (52360 ppm)
Pesticide
Capric-acid found in Seed (4760 ppm)
Decanoic-acid found in Seed (4760 ppm)
Galbacine found in Leaf
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (29900 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (34680 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (52360 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (29900 ppm)
Schistosomicide
Galbacine found in Leaf
Surinamensine found in Leaf
Viroline found in Leaf
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (29900 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Capric-acid Seed 4,200 4,760
Decanoic-acid Seed 4,200 4,760
Elemicine Leaf
Fat Seed 600,000 680,000
Galbacine Leaf
Lauric-acid Seed 78,000 115,000
Laurodimyristin Seed
Linoleic-acid Seed 30,600 34,680
Myristic-acid Seed 418,200 496,000
Oleic-acid Seed 46,200 52,360
Palmitic-acid Seed 18,000 29,900
Surinamensine Leaf
Trimyristin Seed
Veraguensine Leaf
Viroline Leaf
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]