Viola tricolor Health effects and herbal facts

Viola tricolor, known as heartsease, heart's ease, heart's delight, tickle-my-fancy, Jack-jump-up-and-kiss-me, come-and-cuddle-me, three faces in a hood, or love-in-idleness, is a common European wild flower, growing as an annual or short-lived perennial. It has been introduced into North America, where it has spread widely, and is known as the johnny jump up. It is the progenitor of the cultivated pansy, and is therefore sometimes called wild pansy; before the cultivated pansies were developed, "pansy" was an alternative name for the wild form. V. tricolor is a small plant of creeping and ramping habit, reaching at most 15 cm in height, with flowers about 1.5 cm in diameter. It grows in short grassland on farms and wasteland, chiefly on acid or neutral soils. It is usually found in partial shade. It flowers from April to September. The flowers can be purple, blue, yellow or white. They are hermaphrodite and self-fertile, pollinated by bees. As its name implies, heartsease has a long history of use in herbalism. It has been recommended, among other uses, for epilepsy, asthma, skin diseases and eczema.

Viola tricolor

Medical use

Gallery

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Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
5-HETE-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
ACE-Inhibitor
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Allelochemic
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Allelopathic
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Analgesic
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Anaphrodisiac
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Plant
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Flower
AntiHIV
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant
AntiMD
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
AntiMS
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiaggregant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antiaging
Quercetin found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Myricetin found in Flower
Antiallergic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antianginal
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Quercetin found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antibacterial
Myricetin found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant
Antibronchitic
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Anticancer
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antichorea
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antichoreic
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Flower
Anticonvulsant
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Anticoronary
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antidandruff
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antidecubitic
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antidementia
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antidepressant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antidiabetic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Xylose found in Plant
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Plant
Antidysmenorrheic
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antieczemic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antiedemic
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiepitheleomic
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifeedant
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Antifertility
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifibrositic
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antiflu
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigastric
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigingivitic
Myricetin found in Flower
Antiglaucomic
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Antiglycosation
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Myricetin found in Flower
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antiinfertility
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Gaultherin found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Myricetin found in Flower
Orientin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Antiischemic
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antileukemic
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilithic
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antilupus
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antimyoclonic
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antineuralgic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antineuritic
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Plant
Antiophthalmic
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antioxidant
Isoorientin found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Myricetin found in Flower
Orientin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiparkinsonian
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperiodontic
Myricetin found in Flower
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperoxidant
Isoorientin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiplaque
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Antipodagric
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiproliferant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Antipyretic
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antiradicular
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant
Antirheumatalgic
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Antirheumatic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antisecretory
D-glucose found in Plant
Antisenility
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antiseptic
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Myricetin found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antisickling
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antispasmodic
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antisterility
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antistroke
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antitartar
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Antithalassemic
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Flower
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Antithrombotic
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antithromboxane-B2
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Antitoxemic
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antitumor
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Antiulcer
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Antiulcerogenic
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Antiviral
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Apoptotic
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Flower
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Flower
COMP-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Flower
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
COX-2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Calcium-Antagonist
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Flower
Cancer-Preventive
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Mucilage found in Plant (95000 ppm)
Myricetin found in Flower
Orientin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Candidicide
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Carminative
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Cerebroprotective
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant
Chemopreventive
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Choleretic
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Circulatory-Stimulant
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Circulotonic
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Colorant
Violaxanthin found in Flower (700 ppm)
Zeaxanthin found in Flower
Comedolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Flower
Counterirritant
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Cyclin-B1-Inhibitor
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Cyclin-D1-Inhibitor
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Plant (95000 ppm)
Dentifrice
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Dermatitigenic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Plant
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Flower
Diuretic
Gaultherin found in Plant
Myricetin found in Flower
Dye
Xylose found in Plant
Emetic
Violin found in Plant (30 ppm)
Estrogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
FLavor
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Fungicide
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Zeaxanthin found in Flower
Herpetifuge
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Mucilage found in Plant (95000 ppm)
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Hypotensive
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Plant
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Flower
Insecticide
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Insectiphile
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Keratolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Larvistat
Isoorientin found in Plant
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Flower
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Mutagenic
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NO-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Flower
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Oxidase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Flower
P21-Inducer
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Flower
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Perfumery
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Pesticide
Isoorientin found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Plant
Myricetin found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Flower
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Flower
Prostaglandigenic
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Protisticide
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Zeaxanthin found in Flower
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Sweetener
Galactose found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Flower
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Ubiquiot
Violaxanthin found in Flower (700 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Flower
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Vasodilator
Myricetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Tocopherol found in Flower (302 ppm)
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Orientin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Flower (230000 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
15-cis-violaxanthin Flower
Arabinose Plant
Auroxanthin Flower
D-glucose Plant
Delphinidin-triglycoside Plant
Eo Plant 86
Flavonxanthin Flower
Galactose Plant
Galacturonic-acid Plant
Gaultherin Plant
Isoorientin Plant
L-rhamnose Plant
Magnesium-tartrate Plant
Methyl-salicylate Plant
Mucilage Plant 95,000
Myricetin Flower
Myrosine Flower
Myrtillin-a Plant
Orientin Plant
P-coumaric-acid Plant
Paeonidin Plant
Quercetin Flower
Rutin Flower 100,000 230,000
Salicylic-acid Flower
Salicylic-acid-methyl-ester Plant
Saponaretin Plant
Saponarine Plant
Saponin Plant
Scoparine Plant
Tannin Plant
Tocopherol Flower 302
Vicenin-2 Plant
Viola-emetine Plant
Violanine Flower
Violanthin Flower 700
Violaquercitrin Plant
Violaxanthin Flower 500 700
Violeoxanthin Plant
Violin Plant 30
Violutoside Plant
Vitexin-mono-c-glucoside Plant
Xylose Plant
Zeaxanthin Flower
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]