Vigna subterranea Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Bambara groundnut Bambara-bean Congo goober ground-bean hog-peanut

Vigna subterranea is a member of the family Fabaceae. The plant originated in West Africa. Vigna subterranea ripens its pods underground, much like the peanut. They can be eaten fresh or boiled after drying.

Vigna subterranea

Economic importance of Vigna subterranea

Human food pulse vegetable

Gallery

Vigna subterranea Vigna subterranea Vigna subterranea Vigna subterranea Vigna subterranea Vigna subterranea Vigna subterranea Vigna subterranea Vigna subterranea Vigna subterranea Vigna subterranea Vigna subterranea

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad ; Sudan
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon ; Central African Republic
    • West Tropical Africa: Nigeria

Biological activities

Abortifacient
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Analgesic
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (142000 ppm);found in Plant (31700 ppm);found in Seed (70000 ppm)
AntiLyme
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Antiaging
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (136 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Seed (136 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (136 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Anticataract
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (136 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Antidementia
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Fiber found in Fruit (142000 ppm);found in Plant (31700 ppm);found in Seed (70000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Antiendoccytotic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Antifatigue
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Antifertility
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Antigastritic
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Antihangover
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (142000 ppm);found in Plant (31700 ppm);found in Seed (70000 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiischemic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Antileukemic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (136 ppm)
Antimicrobial
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Antimigraine
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Antimitogenic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Antineuroblastomic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (142000 ppm);found in Plant (31700 ppm);found in Seed (70000 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (6042 ppm)
Antioxidant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Antiradicular
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antistress
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (142000 ppm);found in Plant (31700 ppm);found in Seed (70000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (142000 ppm);found in Plant (31700 ppm);found in Seed (70000 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Antiviral
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (6042 ppm)
Apoptotic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (142000 ppm);found in Plant (31700 ppm);found in Seed (70000 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (142000 ppm);found in Plant (31700 ppm);found in Seed (70000 ppm)
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Fiber found in Fruit (142000 ppm);found in Plant (31700 ppm);found in Seed (70000 ppm)
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Catechol-O-Methyltransferase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
DOPA-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Diuretic
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (142000 ppm);found in Plant (31700 ppm);found in Seed (70000 ppm)
Estrogen-Agonist
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Estrogenic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Flatulent
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Fungicide
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Fungistat
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Histidine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (142000 ppm);found in Plant (31700 ppm);found in Seed (70000 ppm)
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (142000 ppm);found in Plant (31700 ppm);found in Seed (70000 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (142000 ppm);found in Plant (31700 ppm);found in Seed (70000 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (6042 ppm)
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (142000 ppm);found in Plant (31700 ppm);found in Seed (70000 ppm)
Lipase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
MDR-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
NADH-Ubiquinone-Oxidoreductase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Natriuretic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Seed (6042 ppm)
PTK-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Peroxidase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Pesticide
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Thiamin found in Seed (5.2 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Pituitary-sensitizer
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Iron found in Seed (136 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Poison
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Trypanosomastat
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Seed (0.11 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (6 ppm)
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Seed (945 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (142000 ppm);found in Plant (31700 ppm);found in Seed (70000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (20 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Ash Fruit 54,000
Plant 75,000
Seed 18,000 42,000
Beta-carotene Seed 0 0.11
Calcium Seed 100 945
Carbohydrates Fruit 709,000
Plant 748,000
Seed 300,000 703,000
Fat Fruit 55,000
Plant 18,000
Seed 31,000 92,000
Fiber Fruit 142,000
Plant 31,700
Seed 30,000 70,000
Genistein Leaf Diffusate 6
Hydroxygenistein Leaf Diffusate 20
Iron Seed 12 136
Kilocalories Seed 1,520 4,120
Niacin Seed 18 20
Phosphorus Seed 2,240 6,042
Protein Fruit 182,000
Plant 159,000
Seed 78,000 213,000
Riboflavin Seed 1.4 1.6
Thiamin Seed 1.8 5.2
Water Seed 101,000 573,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]