Viburnum prunifolium Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
black haw

Viburnum prunifolium is a species of Viburnum native to northeastern North America, from Connecticut west to eastern Kansas, and south to Alabama and Texas.

Viburnum prunifolium

Medical use

Economic importance of Viburnum prunifolium

Food additives flavoring
Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Viburnum prunifolium Viburnum prunifolium Viburnum prunifolium Viburnum prunifolium Viburnum prunifolium Viburnum prunifolium Viburnum prunifolium Viburnum prunifolium Viburnum prunifolium Viburnum prunifolium Viburnum prunifolium Viburnum prunifolium Viburnum prunifolium Viburnum prunifolium Viburnum prunifolium Viburnum prunifolium Viburnum prunifolium

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Michigan , New Jersey, New York , Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas , Missouri, Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Oleic-acid found in Bark
Palmitic-acid found in Bark
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
ACE-Inhibitor
Amentoflavone found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Absorbent
Starch found in Bark (55000 ppm)
Acaricide
Formic-acid found in Bark
Oxalic-acid found in Root Bark
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Bark
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Bark
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Bark
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Bark
Amentoflavone found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit Juice
Allelochemic
Arbutin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit Juice
Allergenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Citric-acid found in Root Bark
Oleic-acid found in Bark
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Root Bark
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Bark
Analgesic
Aesculetin found in Bark
Alpha-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Beta-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Salicin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark (2.2 ppm);found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Bark
Anesthetic
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
AntiHIV
Amentoflavone found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
AntiLegionella
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Salicin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark (2.2 ppm);found in Root
Antiallergic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Oleic-acid found in Bark
Palmitic-acid found in Bark
Antialzheimeran
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Oleic-acid found in Bark
Palmitic-acid found in Bark
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Root Bark
Antiarrhythmic
Aesculetin found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antiasthmatic
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Citric-acid found in Root Bark
Malic-acid found in Root Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antibacterial
Acetic-acid found in Bark
Aesculetin found in Bark
Arbutin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Citric-acid found in Root Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Malic-acid found in Root Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit Juice
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antibradykinic
Amentoflavone found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Root Bark
Anticancer
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Anticapillary-Fragility
Aesculetin found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Anticarcinogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Anticarcinomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Scopolin found in Bark
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Root Bark
D-catechin found in Leaf
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Antidandruff
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Antidiabetic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Aesculetin found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Amentoflavone found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Arbutin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Beta-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Glucose found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit Juice
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antiescherichic
Aesculetin found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Salicin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark (2.2 ppm);found in Root
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Palmitic-acid found in Bark
Antifibromyalgic
Malic-acid found in Root Bark
Antifibrosarcomic
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Antigingivitic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Antigonadotropic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Antihemolytic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Antihepatotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Glucose found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antiherpetic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Bark
Antihistaminic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Umbelliferone found in Fruit Juice
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antihypercholesterolemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Antihysteric
Valeric-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Antiinflammatory
Aesculetin found in Bark
Alpha-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Amentoflavone found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Beta-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Oleic-acid found in Bark
Salicin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark (2.2 ppm);found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit Juice
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antiinsomniac
Valeric-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Bark
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antileukemic
Amentoflavone found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Oleic-acid found in Bark
Antileukotriene
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antimalarial
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antimelanogenic
Arbutin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Antimetastatic
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antimitotic
Umbelliferone found in Fruit Juice
Antimutagenic
Aesculetin found in Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Citric-acid found in Root Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit Juice
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Bark (55000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Salicin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark (2.2 ppm);found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Antinitrosaminic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Amentoflavone found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Beta-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Bark
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Bark
Antioxidant
Amentoflavone found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Myristic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Palmitic-acid found in Bark
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Sucrose found in Bark
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antiperiodic
Salicin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark (2.2 ppm);found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antiperoxidant
Amentoflavone found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antiplaque
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antipodagric
Salicin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark (2.2 ppm);found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Antiproliferant
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit Juice
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Antipsoriac
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Antipyretic
Aesculetin found in Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Salicin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark (2.2 ppm);found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Antiradicular
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Salicin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark (2.2 ppm);found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Bark
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Root Bark
Malic-acid found in Root Bark
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Antiseptic
Aesculetin found in Bark
Arbutin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Caprylic-acid found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Citric-acid found in Root Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Formic-acid found in Bark
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Malic-acid found in Root Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Oxalic-acid found in Root Bark
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit Juice
Antispasmodic
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit Juice
Valeric-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antistaphylococcic
Aesculetin found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Umbelliferone found in Fruit Juice
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antistreptococcic
Arbutin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antisunburn
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Bark
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antithyroid
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Antitrypanosomic
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Root Bark
Malic-acid found in Root Bark
Antitumor-Promoter
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Citric-acid found in Root Bark
Malic-acid found in Root Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antitussive
Arbutin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Antiulcer
Alpha-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Amentoflavone found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Beta-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Bark
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Bark
Antiviral
Amentoflavone found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Artemicide
Arbutin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Bark
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Bark
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Root Bark
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Bronchorelaxant
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Scopolin found in Bark
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Root Bark
CNS-Active
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
CNS-Depressant
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Scopolin found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Root Bark
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Cancer-Preventive
Aesculetin found in Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
D-catechin found in Leaf
Esculetin found in Bark
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Myristic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Oleic-acid found in Bark
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit Juice
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Candidicide
Arbutin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Caprylic-acid found in Bark
Umbelliferone found in Fruit Juice
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Aesculetin found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Cardioprotective
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Cardiotonic
D-catechin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Chelator
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Cholagogue
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Choleretic
Aesculetin found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Oleic-acid found in Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit Juice
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Clastogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Collagen-Sparing
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Bark
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Bark
Cosmetic
Aesculetin found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Myristic-acid found in Bark
Counterirritant
Formic-acid found in Bark
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Cytotoxic
Aesculetin found in Bark
Alpha-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Bark
Dermatitigenic
Aesculetin found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Oleic-acid found in Bark
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Root Bark
Diuretic
Arbutin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Emollient
Starch found in Bark (55000 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Bark
FLavor
Citric-acid found in Root Bark
Formic-acid found in Bark
Isovaleric-acid found in Root Bark (130 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bark
Palmitic-acid found in Bark
Valeric-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Root Bark
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Bark
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Bark
Aesculetin found in Bark
Amentoflavone found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Caprylic-acid found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit Juice
Fungistat
Formic-acid found in Bark
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Bark
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Beta-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Bark
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Root Bark
Hemostat
Citric-acid found in Root Bark
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Root Bark
Hepatoprotective
Aesculetin found in Bark
Alpha-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Beta-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Herbicide
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Bark
Palmitic-acid found in Bark
Sucrose found in Bark
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Bark
Hypertensive
Aesculetin found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Oleic-acid found in Bark
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Hypotensive
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Valeric-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Immunostimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Oleic-acid found in Bark
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Insulin-Sparing
Arbutin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Interferonogenic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Irritant
Caprylic-acid found in Bark
Citric-acid found in Root Bark
Formic-acid found in Bark
Isovaleric-acid found in Root Bark (130 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bark
Oxalic-acid found in Root Bark
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Bark
Keratolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit Juice
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Root Bark
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Bark
Palmitic-acid found in Bark
MAO-Inhibitor
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Bark
Metal-Chelator
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Bark
Musculotropic
Aesculetin found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Root Bark
Malic-acid found in Root Bark
Mycoplasmistat
Arbutin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Myorelaxant
Aesculetin found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Myristic-acid found in Bark
Palmitic-acid found in Bark
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Root Bark
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Bark
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Bark
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Bark
Isovaleric-acid found in Root Bark (130 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Bark
Umbelliferone found in Fruit Juice
Valeric-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Pesticide
Acetic-acid found in Bark
Aesculetin found in Bark
Amentoflavone found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Arbutin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Caprylic-acid found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Formic-acid found in Bark
Isochlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Malic-acid found in Root Bark
Oxalic-acid found in Root Bark
Palmitic-acid found in Bark
Salicin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark (2.2 ppm);found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit Juice
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Phagocytotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Amentoflavone found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Photoactive
Umbelliferone found in Fruit Juice
Phytoalexin
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Poultice
Starch found in Bark (55000 ppm)
Preservative
Formic-acid found in Bark
Sucrose found in Bark
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Bark
Oleic-acid found in Bark
Palmitic-acid found in Bark
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Bark
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Root Bark
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Root Bark
Sedative
Isovaleric-acid found in Root Bark (130 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Salicin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark (2.2 ppm);found in Root
Valeric-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Root Bark
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Bark
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Stomachic
Salicin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark (2.2 ppm);found in Root
Sunscreen
Aesculetin found in Bark
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Umbelliferone found in Fruit Juice
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Sucrose found in Bark
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Teratogenic
Salicin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark (2.2 ppm);found in Root
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Tonic
Salicin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark (2.2 ppm);found in Root
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Bark
Tranquilizer
Isovaleric-acid found in Root Bark (130 ppm)
Valeric-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Bark
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Arbutin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
UV-Screen
Aesculetin found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Bark
Beta-sitosterol found in Root Bark
Salicylic-acid found in Bark
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Bark
Urinary-Antiseptic
Arbutin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Uterorelaxant
Salicin found in Bark ;found in Root Bark (2.2 ppm);found in Root
Uterosedative
Scopoletin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Root Bark (90 ppm)
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Root Bark
Vasoconstrictor
D-catechin found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Ursolic-acid found in Bark ;found in Root Bark
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Bark
Vulnerary
Chlorogenic-acid found in Bark
Sucrose found in Bark
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Bark
Esculetin found in Bark
Tannin found in Root Bark (20000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Fruit Juice
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Amentoflavone found in Bark ;found in Root Bark

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1-methyl-2,3-dibutyl-hemimellitate Stem Bark
Acetic-acid Bark
Acetyl-oleanolic-acid Bark
Acetylursolic-acid Bark
Aesculetin Bark
Alpha-amyrin Bark
Root Bark
Amentoflavone Bark
Root Bark
Arbutin Bark
Root Bark
Beta-amyrin Bark
Root Bark
Beta-sitosterol Root Bark
Capronic-acid Bark
Caprylic-acid Bark
Chlorogenic-acid Bark
Citric-acid Root Bark
D-catechin Leaf
Dextrin Bark 5,000
Eo Bark 2,800 3,300
Esculetin Bark
Formic-acid Bark
Glucose Bark
Heptacosane Bark
Isochlorogenic-acid Bark
Isovalerianic-acid Bark
Isovaleric-acid Root Bark 130
Linoleic-acid Bark
Malic-acid Root Bark
Myristic-acid Bark
N-heptacosane Bark
Oleanolic-acid Bark
Root Bark
Oleanolic-acid-acetate Root Bark
Oleic-acid Bark
Oxalic-acid Root Bark
Palmitic-acid Bark
Pentosans Bark 160,000
Protein Bark 24,000
Resin Root Bark
Saccharose Bark 3,000
Salicin Bark
Root Bark 2.2
Root
Salicylic-acid Bark
Scopoletin Fruit Juice
Root Bark 4 90
Scopolin Bark
Sitosterol Bark
Starch Bark 55,000
Sucrose Bark
Tannin Root Bark 20,000
Umbelliferone Fruit Juice
Ursolic acid acetate Root Bark
Ursolic-acid Bark
Root Bark
Valeric-acid Bark
Root Bark
Viburnin Bark
Viburnum prunifolium glucoside Bark
Viburnum prunifolium polyene Root Bark
Volatile organic acids Root Bark
Stem Bark
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]