Vernonia cinerea Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
little ironweed
Vernonia cinerea

Medical use

Economic importance of Vernonia cinerea

Harmful organism host crop diseases crop pests
Human food vegetable
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Vernonia cinerea Vernonia cinerea Vernonia cinerea Vernonia cinerea Vernonia cinerea Vernonia cinerea Vernonia cinerea Vernonia cinerea Vernonia cinerea

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo; Swaziland
    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius; Reunion
    Naturalized
    • Western Indian Ocean: Seychelles
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Yemen
    • China: China - Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Marshall Islands; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia; Kiribati - Line Islands; Pitcairn
    • Southwestern Pacific: American Samoa; Fiji; Kiribati - Gilbert Islands, Phoenix Islands; New Caledonia; Niue; Tonga; Wallis and Futuna Islands

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Analgesic
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
AntiEBV
Lupeol found in Seed
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Lupeol found in Seed
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Hcn found in Plant
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anticonvulsant
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Seed
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Antidote
Hcn found in Plant
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Lupeol found in Seed
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Antiflu
Lupeol found in Seed
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Seed
Lupeol-acetate found in Seed
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-spinasterol found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Lupeol found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Antilithic
Lupeol found in Seed
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antimalarial
Lupeol found in Seed
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antinociceptive
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Seed
Antioxidant
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Lupeol found in Seed
Myristic-acid found in Seed (30400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antiperoxidant
Lupeol found in Seed
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Lupeol found in Seed
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Antipyretic
Alpha-spinasterol found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antirheumatic
Lupeol found in Seed
Antitumor
Lupeol found in Seed
Antitussive
Hcn found in Plant
Antiulcer
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Lupeol-acetate found in Seed
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Seed
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Lupeol found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Bronchosedative
Hcn found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (30400 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Cosmetic
Behenic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (30400 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Lupeol found in Seed
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Seed
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Gastroprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (30400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Hypotensive
Lupeol found in Seed
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Insecticide
Hcn found in Plant
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (30400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (30400 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Hcn found in Plant
Lupeol found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (83600 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Hcn found in Plant
Rodenticide
Hcn found in Plant
Sedative
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (15200 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Seed
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Vasomotor-Stimulant
Hcn found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alpha-spinasterol Seed
Arachidic Seed 1,140 11,400
Behenic-acid Seed 1,520 15,200
Beta-amyrin Seed
Beta-amyrin-acetate Seed
Beta-sitosterol Seed
Fat Seed 38,000 380,000
Hcn Plant
Linoleic-acid Seed 8,360 83,600
Lupeol Seed
Lupeol-acetate Seed
Luteolin-7-mono-beta-d-glucoside Seed
Myristic-acid Seed 3,040 30,400
Oleic-acid Seed 1,520 15,200
Palmitic-acid Seed 1,520 15,200
Pentaynene Flower
Stigmasterol Seed
Vernolic-acid Seed
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]