Verbena hastata Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
American blue vervain American vervain blue vervain simpler's-joy wild hyssop

Verbena hastata is a flowering plant in the vervain family, Verbenaceae. It is a herb with opposite, simple leaves which have double-serate margins, borne on stiffly erect, branching square stems. The flowers appear in summer and are purple. This is a common plant that occurs across North America. They are hardy and drought resistant. This species is a member of the diploid North American vervains which have 14 chromosomes altogether. Hybridization seems to have played some role in its evolution, presumably between some member of a group including the White Vervain, V. lasiostachys or V. menthifolia, and V. orcuttiana or a related species. In the recent evolutionary past, there has been an incident of chloroplast transfer of one of the latter or the Swamp Verbena to the mock vervain Glandularia bipinnatifida which is a close relative of the genus Verbena. It is unknown by what mechanism this happened, but it is suspected that hybridization is not responsible.

Verbena hastata

Medical use

Economic importance of Verbena hastata

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia , Manitoba , Saskatchewan
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho , Montana, Oregon, Washington
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Utah

Biological activities

Abortifacient
Verbenalin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Analgesic
Hastatoside found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Shoot
Antiinflammatory
Hastatoside found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Shoot
CNS-Stimulant
Verbenalin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Cathartic
Verbenalin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Coagulant
Verbenalin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Parasympathicomimetic
Verbenalin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Parasympathomimetic
Hastatoside found in Plant (500 ppm);found in Shoot
Purgative
Verbenalin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Uterotonic
Verbenalin found in Plant ;found in Shoot

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Cornin Plant
Hastatoside Plant 500
Shoot
Verbenalin Plant
Shoot
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]