Umbellularia californica Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
California bay California-laurel California-nutmeg California-olive headachetree myrtlewood Oregon-myrtle pepperwood
Umbellularia californica

Medical use

Economic importance of Umbellularia californica

Environmental ornamental
Materials beads wod
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Umbellularia californica Umbellularia californica Umbellularia californica Umbellularia californica Umbellularia californica Umbellularia californica Umbellularia californica Umbellularia californica Umbellularia californica Umbellularia californica

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (720 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (520 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Abortifacient
Beta-bisabolene found in Plant (40 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (720 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (720 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (520 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Verbenone found in Plant (40 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant (280 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (920 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (520 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Analgesic
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (520 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (400 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Ancylostomicide
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant (280 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (120 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Ankylostomacide
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (720 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Plant (400 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant (280 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (120 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (520 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (400 ppm)
Sabinene found in Plant (1920 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant (280 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (120 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (520 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant
Antiedemic
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (120 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (400 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Plant (1920 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (920 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Antilepric
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Antilithic
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Antimalarial
Alpha-selinene found in Plant (40 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Benzaldehyde found in Plant (280 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (520 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (720 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (520 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (520 ppm)
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Antioxidant
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (120 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (520 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Plant (280 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Alpha-selinene found in Plant (40 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Antipyretic
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Antiradicular
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (120 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Plant (400 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Beta-bisabolene found in Plant (40 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant (280 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (920 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (120 ppm)
Sabinene found in Plant (1920 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Umbellulone found in Plant (15600 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (720 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant (280 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (920 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (520 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Citronellol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Antitrichinosic
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Plant (180 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant (280 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Plant (40 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Sabinene found in Plant (1920 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Plant (40 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (400 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-elemene found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Plant
Ataxigenic
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (120 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant (280 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (920 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Candidistat
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (120 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant
Carminative
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (520 ppm)
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Circulodepressant
Umbellulone found in Plant (15600 ppm)
Coleopterifuge
Verbenone found in Plant (40 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Controlled
Safrole found in Plant
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Plant
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Culicide
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Cytochrome-P488-Inducer
Safrole found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
DNA-Binder
Safrole found in Plant
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Diuretic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Enterotoxic
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Plant (40 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (720 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant (280 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (920 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Ethyl-benzoate found in Plant (80 ppm)
Ethyl-cinnamate found in Plant (40 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (120 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (520 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (400 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Plant (40 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (120 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (520 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Fungistat
Formic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (120 ppm)
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Plant
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Gastroirritant
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Hemolytic
Umbellulone found in Plant (15600 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Safrole found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Hepatoregenerative
Safrole found in Plant
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Safrole found in Plant
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (920 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Plant (520 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Benzaldehyde found in Plant (280 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (720 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant (280 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (720 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant (280 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (920 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (120 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (520 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (400 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Trans-beta-farnesene found in Plant (180 ppm)
Verbenone found in Plant (40 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (920 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (520 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (400 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Larvicide
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (80 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (400 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Molluscicide
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant (280 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Mutagenic
Safrole found in Plant
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (120 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (520 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Narcotic
Benzaldehyde found in Plant (280 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (120 ppm)
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant (280 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Ethyl-cinnamate found in Plant (40 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (120 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (720 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (520 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-humulene found in Plant (180 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Alpha-selinene found in Plant (40 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (720 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Plant (40 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Plant (40 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (920 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (120 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (520 ppm)
Pinocarvone found in Plant (40 ppm)
Sabinene found in Plant (1920 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Verbenone found in Plant (40 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (80 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (720 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant (280 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (920 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (120 ppm)
Myrcene found in Plant (520 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (400 ppm)
Safrole found in Plant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Trans-beta-farnesene found in Plant (180 ppm)
Umbellulone found in Plant (15600 ppm)
Verbenone found in Plant (40 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Preservative
Formic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Psychoactive
Safrole found in Plant
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Respiradepressant
Umbellulone found in Plant (15600 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant (280 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Plant (120 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (400 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Plant (720 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (920 ppm)
Spermicide
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (1120 ppm)
Sprout-Inhibitor
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Stomachic
Beta-bisabolene found in Plant (40 ppm)
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Plant (280 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Plant
Umbellulone found in Plant (15600 ppm)
Tracheorelaxant
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant (1440 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant (920 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant (160 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Safrole found in Plant
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Plant (9360 ppm)
Citronellol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Geraniol found in Plant (40 ppm)
P-cymene found in Plant (400 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Plant (280 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Urinary-Antiseptic
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Vasodilator
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Vermicide
Thymol found in Plant (1320 ppm)
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Plant (40 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant (960 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Plant (1120 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,8-cineole Plant 2,340 9,360
3,4-dimethoxy-allyl-benzene Leaf 2,530
Alph-p-dimethylstyrene Plant 70 280
Alpha-humulene Plant 45 180
Alpha-phellandrene Plant 20 80
Alpha-pinene Plant 360 1,440
Alpha-santalene Plant 10 40
Alpha-selinene Plant 10 40
Alpha-terpinene Plant 70 720
Alpha-terpineol Plant 240 960
Alpha-terpinyl-acetate Plant 240 960
Benzaldehyde Plant 70 280
Beta-bisabolene Plant 10 40
Beta-elemene Plant 280 1,120
Beta-phellandrene Plant 10 40
Beta-pinene Plant 230 920
Citronellol Plant 10 40
Delta-terpineol Plant 20 80
Eo Essential Oil 46,900
Stem 5,600 11,300
Ethyl-benzoate Plant 20 80
Ethyl-cinnamate Plant 10 40
Eugenol Plant 10 40
Formic-acid Plant
Geraniol Plant 10 40
Guaia-6,9-diene Plant 20 80
Limonene Plant 40 160
Linalol Plant 200 800
Methyl-eugenol Plant 30 120
Myrcene Plant 130 520
P-cymene Plant 100 400
Pinocarvone Plant 10 40
Sabinene Plant 480 1,920
Safrole Plant
Selina-4,11-diene Plant 30 120
Terpinen-4-ol Plant 280 1,120
Terpinolene Plant 40 160
Thymol Plant 330 1,320
Trans-beta-farnesene Plant 45 180
Umbellulone Plant 3,900 15,600
Verbenone Plant 10 40
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]