Trifolium subterraneum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
sub clover subterranean clover

Trifolium subterraneum, subterranean clover, is a species of clover native to northwestern Europe, from Ireland east to Belgium. The plant's name comes from its underground seed development, a characteristic not possessed by other clovers. It can thrive in poor-quality soil where other clovers cannot survive, and is grown commercially for animal fodder. There are three distinct subspecies used in agriculture, each with its own ideal climate and soil type, allowing for wide distribution of the plant over varied environments. T. subterraneum subsp. subterraneum is the generalist subspecies, and it can be grown in the widest range of environments. T. subterraneum subsp. yanninicum is grown in moist areas that are prone to flooding. T. subterraneum subsp. brachycalycinum is a more sensitive plant, requiring dry, cracked soil for its germination. Some systematists consider the three plants to be separate species. There are many strains and varieties of these subspecies, but few are in wide use. The technique of mixing the subspecies in one field is popular as a method of ensuring a dense crop.

Trifolium subterraneum

Economic importance of Trifolium subterraneum

Environmental erosion control soil improver
Animal food forage
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Trifolium subterraneum Trifolium subterraneum Trifolium subterraneum Trifolium subterraneum Trifolium subterraneum Trifolium subterraneum Trifolium subterraneum Trifolium subterraneum Trifolium subterraneum Trifolium subterraneum Trifolium subterraneum Trifolium subterraneum Trifolium subterraneum Trifolium subterraneum Trifolium subterraneum

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Iran; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Ireland; United Kingdom
    • East Europe: Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece ; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • United States
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii

Biological activities

Abortifacient
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antiendoccytotic
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antifertility
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antiischemic
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antileukemic
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antimicrobial
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antimitogenic
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antineuroblastomic
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antioxidant
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Antiviral
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Apoptotic
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Catechol-O-Methyltransferase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
DOPA-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Estrogen-Agonist
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Estrogenic
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Flatulent
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Fungicide
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Fungistat
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Histidine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Lipase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
MDR-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
NADH-Ubiquinone-Oxidoreductase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Natriuretic
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
PTK-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Peroxidase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Pesticide
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Pituitary-sensitizer
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Poison
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Trypanosomastat
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf (13500 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Genistein Leaf 1,110 13,500
Genistein-7-0-glucoside-6"-malonate Leaf
Genistein-7-0-glucoside-6"-malonate-methyl-ester Leaf
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]