Trichosanthes kirilowii Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Chinese snake gourd Chinese-cucumber

Trichosanthes kirilowii is a flowering plant in the family Cucurbitaceae found particularly in Henan, Shandong, Hebei, Shanxi, and Shaanxi. It is one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine, where it shares the name guālóu with the related T. rosthornii. It is known as Chinese cucumber in English.

Trichosanthes kirilowii

Medical use

Economic importance of Trichosanthes kirilowii

Medicines source of trichosanthin

Gallery

Trichosanthes kirilowii Trichosanthes kirilowii Trichosanthes kirilowii Trichosanthes kirilowii Trichosanthes kirilowii Trichosanthes kirilowii Trichosanthes kirilowii Trichosanthes kirilowii

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku; Korea

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Abortifacient
Trichosanthin found in Root
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
AntiAIDS
Trichosanthin found in Root
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antichoriocarcinomic
Trichosanthin found in Root
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Root
Antihepatotoxic
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-spinasterol found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Saponins found in Root
Antinociceptive
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Campesterol found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antipyretic
Alpha-spinasterol found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antitumor
Trichosanthin found in Root
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Root
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Feticide
Trichosanthin found in Root
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Campesterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Root
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Saponins found in Root
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Root
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed
Ribosome-Inactivator
Trichosanthin found in Root
Sedative
Stigmasterol found in Root
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root

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