Tragopogon porrifolius Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
oysterplant salsify vegetable-oyster
Tragopogon porrifolius

Medical use

Economic importance of Tragopogon porrifolius

Environmental ornamental
Human food vegetable
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Tragopogon porrifolius Tragopogon porrifolius Tragopogon porrifolius Tragopogon porrifolius Tragopogon porrifolius Tragopogon porrifolius Tragopogon porrifolius Tragopogon porrifolius Tragopogon porrifolius Tragopogon porrifolius Tragopogon porrifolius Tragopogon porrifolius Tragopogon porrifolius Tragopogon porrifolius Tragopogon porrifolius Tragopogon porrifolius Tragopogon porrifolius Tragopogon porrifolius

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Libya ; Morocco; Tunisia
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
    • Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan
    Naturalized
    • China: China
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Southeastern Europe: Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Ireland; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Netherlands
    • East Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southwestern Europe: Spain
    Adventive
    • Northern Europe: Denmark
    • Middle Europe: Czech Republic; Germany; Poland; Switzerland
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Utah
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Isovitexin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Vitexin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Alcohol-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Inulin found in Root
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Vitexin found in Plant
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (78300 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16964 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Root (0.11 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
AntiHIV
Luteolin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (10 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (67 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Root (1 ppm)
Iron found in Root (67 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Luteolin found in Plant
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16964 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Vitexin found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Copper found in Root (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Chlorine found in Root (460 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antibradiquinic
Vitexin found in Plant
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (67 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Luteolin found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Root (10 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Root (10 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (10 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (10 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Root (67 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Luteolin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antidandruff
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (10 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16964 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Vitexin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Copper found in Root (1 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (78300 ppm)
Inulin found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Inulin found in Root
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Copper found in Root (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16964 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antifeedant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiflu
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Chlorine found in Root (460 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Vitexin found in Plant
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (78300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16964 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Copper found in Root (1 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Orientin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Vitexin found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antileukemic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Luteolin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Root (67 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (10 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Root (1 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (78300 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Copper found in Root (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (3262 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Isoorientin found in Plant
Isovitexin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Orientin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Root (10 ppm)
Vitexin found in Plant
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Isoorientin found in Plant
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (10 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Antipolio
Luteolin found in Plant
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Chlorine found in Root (460 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antiserotoninic
Vitexin found in Plant
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (56 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16964 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16964 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antithyroid
Vitexin found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (78300 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antitussive
Luteolin found in Plant
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (78300 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Root (56 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Chlorine found in Root (460 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (3262 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16964 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Plant
Vitexin found in Plant
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Root (78300 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16964 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Bifidogenic
Inulin found in Root
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (78300 ppm)
Isovitexin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Orientin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Root (10 ppm)
Vitexin found in Plant
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root (56 ppm)
Chlorine found in Root (460 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Copper found in Root (1 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (78300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16964 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (16964 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Choleretic
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Root (1 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Cyclin-B1-Inhibitor
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Cyclin-D1-Inhibitor
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Quercitrin found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Luteolin found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Differentiator
Luteolin found in Plant
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (78300 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16964 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Dye
Quercitrin found in Plant
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (56 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Estrogenic
Luteolin found in Plant
Expectorant
Inulin found in Root
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Fungicide
Chlorine found in Root (460 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Gastrostimulant
Inulin found in Root
Goitrogenic
Vitexin found in Plant
Hemostat
Quercitrin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Luteolin found in Plant
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Root (870 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Copper found in Root (1 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (78300 ppm)
Inulin found in Root
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Inulin found in Root
Manganese found in Root (12 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (78300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16964 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Vitexin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Root (78300 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
IKK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Copper found in Root (1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Inulin found in Root
Phosphorus found in Root (3262 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Insectiphile
Quercitrin found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Larvistat
Isoorientin found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (78300 ppm)
Inulin found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Lipolytic
Inulin found in Root
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Plant
MAPK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Root (3262 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Root (56 ppm)
Arsenic found in Root (0.11 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Chlorine found in Root (460 ppm)
Isoorientin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Prebiotic
Inulin found in Root
Probiotic
Inulin found in Root
Probiotigenic
Inulin found in Root
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Plant
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Iron found in Root (67 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Radioprotective
Vicenin-2 found in Plant
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Root (250 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Root (1 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Thyroid-Peroxidase-Inhibitor
Vitexin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Root (0.268 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (2610 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (78300 ppm)
Luteolin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Root (1000 ppm)
Niacin found in Root (22 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (16964 ppm)
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Plant
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Root (491 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (2 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Orientin found in Plant
Vitexin found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
9,10-epoxystearic-acid Plant
Aluminum Root 56
Arsenic Root 0.11
Ascorbic-acid Root 80 491
Beta-carotene Root 0 0.268
Calcium Root 480 2,610
Caoutchouc Root 2,000
Carbohydrates Root 186,000 888,000
Chlorine Root 460
Copper Root 1
Fat Root 2,000 39,150
Fiber Root 2,000 78,300
Gum Seed 10,000
Hydroxydien-acid Plant
Inulin Root
Iron Root 7 67
Isoorientin Plant
Isovitexin Plant
Lucenin-1 Plant
Luteolin Plant
Magnesium Root 140 1,000
Manganese Root 12
Niacin Root 5 22
Orientin Plant
Phosphorus Root 500 3,262
Potassium Root 1,830 16,964
Protein Root 14,000 143,550
Seed 177,000
Quercitrin Plant
Riboflavin Root 1 10
Sodium Root 80 870
Sulfur Root 250
Thiamin Root 1 3
Vicenin-1 Plant
Vicenin-2 Plant
Vitexin Plant
Water Root 768,000 776,000
Zinc Root 2
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]