Thymus longicaulis Health effects and herbal facts

Thymus longicaulis

Gallery

Thymus longicaulis Thymus longicaulis Thymus longicaulis Thymus longicaulis Thymus longicaulis Thymus longicaulis Thymus longicaulis Thymus longicaulis Thymus longicaulis Thymus longicaulis Thymus longicaulis Thymus longicaulis Thymus longicaulis Thymus longicaulis Thymus longicaulis Thymus longicaulis

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Abortifacient
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (355 ppm);found in Shoot (345 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (24 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (1315 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Analgesic
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (550 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Ancylostomicide
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Ankylostomacide
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
AntiEBV
Geranial found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (52 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (550 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Geranial found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (52 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Shoot (550 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Geranial found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (52 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Hexanal found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Neral found in Shoot (42 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (550 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Sabinene found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (185 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Anticancer
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Myrcene found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (550 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Nerol found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Sabinene found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (185 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Isoborneol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (24 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Antilepric
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antilithic
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Antimalarial
Myrtenol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Antioxidant
Camphene found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Ionol found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (14 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Myrtenol found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Antipruritic
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antiradicular
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Shoot (550 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (355 ppm);found in Shoot (345 ppm)
Beta-sesquiphellandrene found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Hexanal found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antiseptic
(e)-2-hexenal found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (24 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Hexanal found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Sabinene found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (185 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (24 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Neral found in Shoot (42 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antitrichinosic
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Shoot (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (355 ppm);found in Shoot (345 ppm)
Beta-sesquiphellandrene found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Sabinene found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (185 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (355 ppm);found in Shoot (345 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Geranial found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (52 ppm)
Isoborneol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (550 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Antiyeast
Geranial found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (52 ppm)
Apoptotic
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Ataxigenic
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (24 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Candidistat
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Carminative
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Geranial found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (52 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Culicide
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Deliriant
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Diuretic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Emetic
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Enterotoxic
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Estrogenic
Geranial found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (52 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Beta-sesquiphellandrene found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (24 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Cumin-alcohol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (1315 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Hexanal found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Methyl-isovalerate found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0.9 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Nonanoic-acid found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (550 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Geranial found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (52 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (550 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Gastroirritant
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Geranial found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (52 ppm)
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (24 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (550 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Insect-Repellent
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (24 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Isoborneol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (550 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (1315 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (24 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Isoamyl-acetate found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (550 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Larvicide
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Laxative
P-cymene found in Shoot (550 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Molluscicide
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Motor-Stimulant
Isoborneol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Isoborneol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-humulene found in Shoot (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm)
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (355 ppm);found in Shoot (345 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (24 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (1315 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Isoamyl-acetate found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Methyl-isovalerate found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0.9 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Nonanoic-acid found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (7.5 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Sabinene found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0.3 ppm);found in Shoot (185 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Pesticide
(e)-2-hexenal found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (24 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Beta-sesquiphellandrene found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Geranial found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (52 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Germacrene-d found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (14 ppm);found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Hexanal found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm)
Isoborneol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (4 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm);found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Neral found in Shoot (42 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Octanoic-acid found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (2 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (550 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (120 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Shoot (6 ppm);found in Shoot (14 ppm);found in Shoot (33 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (85 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Geranyl-acetate found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (1315 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Isoborneol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (36 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (550 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Shoot (2.5 ppm);found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (115 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (24 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Spasmolytic
Geranial found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (52 ppm)
Spermicide
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Sprout-Inhibitor
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Stimulant
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Stomachic
Beta-bisabolene found in Shoot (100 ppm);found in Shoot (355 ppm);found in Shoot (345 ppm)
Beta-sesquiphellandrene found in Shoot (60 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Termiticide
Neral found in Shoot (42 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Tracheorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (635 ppm);found in Shoot (16 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot ;found in Shoot (24 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (9 ppm);found in Shoot (770 ppm);found in Shoot (5 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (5 ppm);found in Shoot (0.8 ppm);found in Shoot (24 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (5500 ppm)
Nerol found in Shoot (140 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (550 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Cuminaldehyde found in Shoot (3 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm)
Urinary-Antiseptic
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Varroacide
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Vermicide
Thymol found in Shoot (16 ppm);found in Shoot (12 ppm);found in Shoot (1590 ppm)
Vermifuge
Carvacrol found in Shoot (70 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Shoot (1 ppm);found in Shoot (0 ppm);found in Shoot (3 ppm)
Vulnerary
Terpinen-4-ol found in Shoot (1.5 ppm);found in Shoot (30 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(e)-2-hexenal Shoot 2
Shoot 2
Shoot 0.8
(z)-3-hexenol Shoot 0.6
Shoot 0
Shoot 1.5
(z)-3-hexenyl-acetate Shoot 0.3
Shoot 3
Shoot 0
(z)-beta-farnesene Shoot 0
Shoot 9
Shoot 0
(z)-beta-ocimene Shoot 0.8
Shoot 0
Shoot 0
1,8-cineole Shoot 5
Shoot 0.8
Shoot 24
1-dodecanol Shoot 0
Shoot 7
Shoot 0
1-nonen-3-ol Shoot 5
Shoot 2
Shoot 10
1-octen-3-ol Shoot 19
Shoot 0
Shoot 44
3-nonanone Shoot 0
Shoot 0
Shoot 0.3
5-methyl-3-heptanone Shoot 5
Shoot 3
Shoot 6
6-methyl-3-heptanol Shoot 17
Shoot 0
Shoot 23
6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one Shoot 1.5
Shoot 0
Shoot 0
Alpha-bergamotene Shoot 1.5
Shoot 6
Shoot
Alpha-cadinene Shoot 3
Shoot 0
Shoot 0
Alpha-elemene Shoot 0
Shoot 24
Shoot 0
Alpha-humulene Shoot 0.3
Shoot 0
Shoot 0
Alpha-pinene Shoot 3
Shoot 635
Shoot 16
Alpha-terpinene Shoot 0 2.5
Shoot 7 60
Shoot 22 115
Alpha-terpinyl-acetate Shoot 0
Shoot 0
Shoot 13,950
Beta-bisabolene Shoot 100
Shoot 355
Shoot 345
Beta-bourbonene Shoot 0
Shoot 0
Shoot 9
Beta-caryophyllene Shoot 39
Shoot 28
Shoot 22
Beta-phellandrene Shoot 0
Shoot 3
Shoot 0
Beta-pinene Shoot
Shoot 24
Shoot 3
Beta-sesquiphellandrene Shoot 60
Shoot 0
Shoot 0
Bornyl-acetate Shoot 85
Shoot 0
Shoot 0
Butyl-acetate Shoot 0
Shoot 0.8
Shoot 0
Camphene Shoot 40
Shoot 8
Shoot 3
Camphor Shoot 1
Shoot 0
Shoot 3
Carvacrol Shoot 70
Shoot 8
Shoot 8
Cis-p-mentha-2,8-diene-1-ol Shoot 1
Shoot 0
Shoot 0
Cis-sabinene-hydrate Shoot 0
Shoot 4
Shoot 7
Cumin-alcohol Shoot 1.5
Shoot 0
Shoot 0
Cuminaldehyde Shoot 3
Shoot 0
Shoot 0
Eo Shoot 3,000
Shoot 8,000
Shoot 17,000
Geranial Shoot 0
Shoot 0
Shoot 52
Geraniol Shoot 8
Shoot 0
Shoot 5,500
Geranyl-acetate Shoot 0
Shoot 1,315
Shoot 0
Germacrene-d Shoot 6
Shoot 14
Shoot 33
Hexahydrofarnesyl-acetone Shoot 4
Shoot 0
Shoot 1.5
Hexanal Shoot 1
Shoot 0
Shoot 0.8
Ionol Shoot 3
Shoot 9
Shoot 14
Isoamyl-acetate Shoot 1
Shoot 0
Shoot 0
Isoborneol Shoot 70
Shoot 0
Shoot 36
Limonene Shoot 9
Shoot 770
Shoot 5
Limonene-oxide-ii Shoot 0
Shoot 10
Shoot 0
Linalol Shoot 14
Shoot 40
Shoot 24
Methyl-isovalerate Shoot 0
Shoot 0
Shoot 0.9
Myrcene Shoot 4
Shoot 115
Shoot 15
Myrtenol Shoot 0
Shoot 1
Shoot 0
Neral Shoot 42
Shoot 0
Shoot 0
Nerol Shoot 140
Shoot 0
Shoot 0
Nonanal Shoot 0.8
Shoot 0
Shoot 2
Nonanoic-acid Shoot 0
Shoot 7.5
Shoot 0
Octanoic-acid Shoot 0
Shoot 2
Shoot 0
Octanol Shoot 3
Shoot 5
Shoot 0
Octenyl-acetate Shoot 0
Shoot 165
Shoot 0
P-cymen-8-ol Shoot 4
Shoot 0
Shoot 0
P-cymene Shoot 550
Shoot 40
Shoot 3
Patchoulane Shoot 5
Shoot 25
Shoot 7
Sabinene Shoot 0
Shoot 0.3
Shoot 185
Spathulenol Shoot 0
Shoot 0
Shoot 2.4
Terpinen-4-ol Shoot 1.5
Shoot 30
Shoot 40
Terpinolene Shoot 0
Shoot 120
Shoot 3
Thymol Shoot 16
Shoot 12
Shoot 1,590
Trans-dihydrocarvone Shoot 1
Shoot 0
Shoot 5
Trans-sabinene-hydrate Shoot 0
Shoot 11
Shoot 5
Tricyclene Shoot 0
Shoot 1.7
Shoot 0
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]